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Applied Pathology

Complement system- active transport

Dr Smitha Madhavan   BHMS,MD(Hom) Active transport Definition : Movement of solute molecules against a concentration gradient by an energy dependent mechanism. Two basic forms: 1. Primary active transport 2. Secondary active transport Substances that are […]

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Applied Pathology

Hypersensitivity – applied aspects

When adaptive immune response occurs in an exaggerated or inappropriate form, the term hypersensitivity is applied. Hypersensitivity reactions are the result of normally beneficial immune responses acting inappropriately and sometimes cause inflammatory reactions and tissue […]

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Applied Physiology

Leucocytes and its applied Physiology

Dr.Sreekumar.A Leucocytes -Its Development, Functions, Normal Values, Variations. Leucocytes or white blood cells have an important function in defending the body cells against the microbes and other foreign materials. Leucocytes are the largest blood cells […]

Applied Physiology

RBC – Applied Physiology

Dr Sunila BHMS,MD(Hom) RBC (Normal Red Cell) – Erythrocyte Human red cell is normally a circular, non-nucleated, biconcave disc; it is very elastic and can undergo astonishing deformation when passing through narrow capillaries. Normal diameter […]

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Applied Physiology

Clinical enzymology

Dr Smitha Madhavan BHMS,MD(Hom) This branch of medical science deals with the usage of enzymes for diagnosis & prognosis of various diseases. Enzymes – a brief description They are the catalysts of biological reactions in […]

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Applied Physiology

Regulation of Acid Base Balance

Dr Ameer Khalid  BHMSMD(Hom) Regulation of acid-base balance, regulation of hydrogen ion concentration in the body fluids is actually meant. The hydrogen ion concentration in different solutions can vary from less than 10-14 Eq/litre to […]

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Applied Physiology

Glomerular filtration

Dr Bindu K BHMS,MD(Hom) The kidneys are the primary means of eliminating waste products of metabolism that are no longer needed by the body. These products include urea (from the metabolism of aminoacids), creatinine (from muscle […]

Applied Physiology

Cerebrospinal fluid

Dr.Anitha MA BHMS,MD(Hom) Dr.Padiyar Homoeopathic Medical College.Kerala Cerebrospinal fluid is a modified tissue fluid present in the cerebral ventricles, spinal canal and subarachnoid spaces thus bathing the entire nervous system. The central nervous system is […]

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Applied Physiology

The Cerebellum – applied physiology

Dr Anitha MA BHMS,MD(Hom) Dr.Padiyar Homoeopathic Medical College.Kerala Anatomical functional areas of the cerebellum:– Anatomically, the cerebellum is divided into three lobes by two deep fissures. 1.The anterior lobe 2.The posterior lobe 3.The flocculo-nodular lobe. […]