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Homoeopathy Book reviews

Body Language and Homoeopathy

bodylanguageName of the book: Body Language and Homoeopathy

Author: Dr. Ajit Kulkarni

Published by: B. Jain Publishers, New Delhi

Price: Rs. 799/- or 70 USD

Hardcover: 766 pages

ISBN: 978-81-319-0888-4

Book reviewed by: Dr. D. E. Mistry

Homoeopathy in its evolutionary journey has witnessed many milestones since the innovation by Dr. Hahnemann. It began with the experiment on Cinchona bark. Evolution began right at that moment. Various thought processes, experiments and clinical experiences went on to form a portrait of a science of healing, based on sound philosophy and practice. Homoeopathy is evolving at many levels – case taking, philosophy, materia medica, repertory, miasms, clinico-pathological co-relations, understanding of dreams, delusions, sensations and emotions, the study of personality, etc. Many new avenues of prescribing methods are also evolving and facilitating the application of homoeopathy at bedside. This has helped our homoeopathic fraternity to a great extent, thanks to the technology which has made vast literature of our science easily available to the aspiring students of homoeopathy.

Dr. Ajit Kulkarni opens up a new modeling frontier and explores a whole new world of possibilities and avenues of prescribing through his book on ‘Body language and Homoeopathy with Clinical Repertory of Body Language’. In the first instance, I was astonished to see 10 pages of ‘Contents’, 20 pages of ‘Index’ and ‘Bibliography’ of more than 100 References of this bulky volume that gave me a wide panorama of what I am going to visualize. When I started pondering over the minute details of the work, it was spellbinding and kept me reading late into the night. So much rang in my heart as true that I pondered the sections and sub-sections of the book for weeks. During my normal work day, some piece of the book would pop up in my mind and I’d have to stop and absorb it before moving on.

The book is divided into well-defined chapters which are further divided into easy-to-digest sub-sections. Broadly, there are four sections. Section I deals with ‘Introduction’ through Kinesics as a science, History and Understanding language in general. The theme of Section II is ‘Communication’ where the author elaborates through Body language as communication, Communication skills, Intra-psychic communication, Silence and Characters of body language. Section III focuses on the core elements viz. Personal appearance, Gestures, Posture and stance, Facial expressions, Eye expressions, Voice and intonation, Space and Distancing, Tactile communication, Vocabulary of body language and Universal gestures. Section IV takes care of ‘Homoeopathic perspective’ through Relevance of body language to homoeopathy, Basic modes and Materia medica, Kingdoms  and body language, Discovering the patterns, Handy tips for a successful practice, Clinical repertory, Learning through cases and Conclusion. Each section is insightful and you can sense the diligence with which the author has worked upon.

What do our symptoms and physical problems tell us about ourselves? The body constantly sends out the messages and we are unknown to their meanings. In this book Ajit investigates the most powerful and effective communication device, the human body. Ajit has thrown light over the micro human expressions (he calls them as ‘choreography’) and has tried to portray their significance from psychological, philosophical, spiritual and homoeopathic point of view. The explanation of each expression carries an easy understanding supported by relevant scientific observations. He has not hesitated in quoting the observations of some famous faculties in relation to their studies. I cannot afford to forget the fact that Ajit has described the homoeopathic perspective briefly at the end of each chapter and this will certainly help the study of remedies as well as rubrics in an interesting manner. The book keeps a lasting impression on the mind and next time when you observe a peculiar expression in your patient, this book will indeed assist you as a desktop guide.

The most useful contribution is the ‘Clinical Repertory of Body Language’. It’s not a customary repertory. Instead of symptoms, you will find cues of body with the index of homoeopathic remedies against them in an alphabetical manner. So, if you want to search for ‘pouted lips’, this book is the answer to your query. Go into the text material, understand the body cue, interpret it rightly relating with your patient, pick up the related rubric and try to grasp the relevant remedy. Repertory is the very essence of this book and also a boon for a busy physician.

It is obvious that a lot of efforts have gone into the design of this book, to make it an efficient operational tool. The text is fairly large, illustrations are generous, the images are meaningful and relevant and it overall gives an impression of being crisp, clear, unambiguous and profound. Every day we see lots of things around us but are attentive only to those to which we are sensitive. Indeed this book will make us more sensitive to our daily routine and life. We were following homoeopathy through the books only till now but how about following it through our bodies also? The study of body language is not only about the ability to create a definitive dogmatic goal of finding the simillimum in the field of Homoeopathy, it is about unfolding of thought process, of dialogue and continuum and this book fulfills this demand to a large extent. The great benefit of this book is that it widens and expands our consciousness at all levels.

The research is well-placed and well-cited. Smooth transitions, a varied vocabulary, a well prepared index and exclusive, awe-inspiring images with touching quotations make the book more enjoyable. The book is an ideal amalgam of the world of ideas and the world of images intertwined to the holistic science of homoeopathy. Indeed, this book will be useful to all- professors, teachers, doctors, psychologists, psychiatrists, executives, artists, actors, businessmen, students, lay persons and all those directly or indirectly related to homoeopathy and concerned with the art of healing.

Dr. Ajit Kulkarni must be complimented for his scholarly work and enlightening discussions! For a different perspective on the world around us, and the world inside each of us, this book is definitely worth reading. He often emphasizes that the art of deciphering the truth through the body language is a skill which needs constant polishing and that there are limitations of body language too.

Here is a book like a prism – shards of light glancing off in different directions, different colours and tones, but grounded by the actual bedside work of years standing by the author and his team. I now appeal the homoeopathic fraternity to further this work to make the application of homoeopathy more powerful.

Are you ready to dive in and get started? If so, ‘roll up your sleeves’ and enjoy the incredible work Ajit has offered.

A Brief Study of Major Sirker’s Repertory

Review by Dr Krishnendu Maity

Name of The Book : A Hand Book of Repertory.

Author  : Major K. K. Sirker.   MB (CU), AIRO, IMS (Retd.)

SOURCE BOOKS [Basis of Repertory] : It is based on mainly 05 books; viz.

  1. J. T. Kent’s Lecture of Materia Medica.
  2. C. Herring’s Condensed Materia Medica.
  3. W. Bœricke’s Materia Medica.
  4. H. C. Allen’s Keynotes on Materia Medica.
  5. E. B. Nash’s Leaders in Therapeutics.
  6. Other Standard Books of Materia Medica.

Publication : August 01, 1978.

Typography : Major Sirker used 03 types of grades; e.g.

  • (a) Bold – 1ST Grade [Merc.].
  • (b) Italics – 2ND Grade [merc.].
  • (c) Roman – 3RD Grade [merc.]. 

CHAPTERS : 40.

MEDICINE : The Repertory part contains 379 medicines; and in the Relationship part, 184 medicines have been discussed.

This book can be divided into 7 parts – as —-

PART I : It is the “Repertory Part”. It contains 40 chapters. Chapters are arranged alphabetically – starting from ‘Abdomen’ to ‘Vertigo’.

Major Sirker followed the Kentian Concept of ‘Deductive Logic’; but did not follw the schematic division of chapters, as done by Dr. Kent in his repertory. Major Sirker arranged Kent’s sub-chapters of Urinary Organs as individual chapter.

To mention, Major included some separate chapters on ‘Alteration of States’, ‘Sensations as if’ and ‘Sensation of’.

PART II : It is the “Relationship Part”; containing 184 medicines – under different heading – as Follows well, Followed by, Follows, Complementary, Incompatible, Antidote, Similar, Inimical and Compare. In some places, he also mentioned some specific conditions of relations.

PART III contains the names of the “Remedies & Their Abbreviations”.

In PART IV, Major Sirker gave “A Few Important Suggestions” regarding the aspects of practicing Homœopathy. These are —–

Drugs used in Cyclic Order

1. Acon.                   2. Coloc.                      3. Lach.                        4. Merc.

    Spong.                    Caust.                           Lyc.                               Hep.

     Hep.                        Staph.                           Sep.                              Sil.

5. Puls.                    6. Sulph.                      7. Sulph.

     Sil.                           Calc.                             Sars.

     Fl. ac.                      Lyc.                               Sep.

These are the ‘Cognate Relations

Comparison of Drugs – Bell, Hyos, Stram

1.   In fever – (a) Bell (very intense).

    (b) Stram (intense).

    (c) Hyos (less intense or none).

2.   In delirium – (a) Stram (most violent).

     (b) Bell (violent).

     (c) Hyos (less violent or passive).

Arg. met. and Arg. nit.

The metal acts especially on the cartilage.

Where as the nitrate acts more on mucous membrane, the skin, and especially on the bones and periosteum.

A few words about Potency

In this section, there are some valuable view on the potency of some of the stalwarts; such as —-

  1. Arum t. – Higher potencies, most prompt and effective. (Allen)
  2. Dros. – One single dose of 30th potency in epidemic whooping cough. (Hahnemann)
  1. Iod. – During lying-in period, only in high potency. (Herring)
  2. Ka. p. – In single dose of high and highest potencies.
  3. Lac c. – Acts best in single dose.
  4. Lyc. – Should rarely be repeated, after improvement begins. (Allen)
  5. Mag. p. – Acts best when given in hot water. (Allen)
  6. Merc. and Hep. – Low potency hastens suppuration, rather than absorbs.
  7. Variolinum – From 6th cent to c.m. (Allen)
  8. Sepia – Single dose acts curatively for many weeks. (Allen)

PART V deals with the “Therapeutics Index”. Major Sirker clearly mentioned the purpose of such index – ‘For convenience of beginners and to save time of busy practitioners, a Therapeutic Index is appended herewith’.

PART VI is the “Dictionary” part. It is a small dictionary of the medical terms rendering ‘convenience to the amateur Homœopaths’. The meaning of the terminologies other than the mentioned ones, are to be referred to the Pocket Oxford Dictionary or any other Medical Dictionary.

PART VII contains the “Errors & Omissions” in the book. Major Sirker regretted the mistakes in printing.

Advantages: –

  1. It is a repertory based on “General to Particular”; containing ‘Relationship of Remedies’. Those who are acquainted with te Kent’s Repertory, can use it efficiently.
  2. It has got 40 chapters and arranged alphabetically; where as Dr. Kent’s repertory contains 33 chapters.
  3. 3.The relationship part deals with 184 medicines [125 in Bœnninghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book (BTPB) and 141 in Boger-Bœnninghausen’s Characteristic & Repertory(BBCR)] and the relations of each medicine are arranged systematically; even the Nosodes. In some places the specific relations in specific conditions are also mentioned.
  4. The part dealing the ‘Suggestions’ are very helpful to know the sequences of the medicines, especially for the beginners.
  5. Some chapters like ‘Alteration of States’, ‘Sensations as if’ and ‘Sensation of’ are helpful for quick reference in clinical practice; while in Kent’s repertory these are not separated and are found scattered in the concerned chapter of the part, deals with.

Some Practical Hints: –

  1. There is no separate chapter for ‘Neck’. The rubrics related to spine are found in the chapter ‘Back’.
  2. Different types of constitutions are found in the ‘Generalities’ chapter, under rubric Constitution.
  3. Aggravations and Ameliorations are found in the ‘Generalities’ chapter.
  4. Major Sirker divided ‘Time’ in broader aspect like Dr. C. M. Boger in BBCR – as — ‘DAYTIME’, ‘MORNING’, ‘FORENOON’, ‘NOON’, ‘AFTERNOON’, ‘EVENING’, ‘NIGHT’ – along with specific division. 

Drawbacks: –

  1. Though it was published after the publication of Synthetic repertory in India (1973) – but is included only 379 medicines.
  2. There are some medicines, which are mentioned in the sub-sub-rubrics, but are not mentioned in the super-rubric or sub-rubric; e.g. Mouth – Taste, bad, morning: nat. p, phos. mentioned; whereas these two medicines are not mentioned in Mouth – Taste, badEye – Winking – air, open, in: merc. (single medicine); but this medicine is not mentioned under Super-rubric Winking.
  3. A few nosodes are mentioned in this repertory; but the sarcodes are not. In this ‘Era of Complex Diseases’ sarcodes and nosodes are frequently used in clinical practice ‘to clear-up the picture’ or as ‘inter-current remedy’.
  4. Though it is based on Kent’s Lecture on Materia Medica and follows the ‘Deductive Logic’ – but in some places Major Sirker used the nosological name of the disease, as well as, the name of the organs as super- rubric or sub-rubric.
  5. There are separate chapter on ‘Sensations as if’. In spite of that the Generalities chapter contains some rubrics on ‘Sensations’.

Conclusion: –
Every system, every tool, every repertory has some drawbacks or limitations; and Major Sirker’s repertory is no exception. We should remember that the repertory is a tool to bridge the patient and the Materia Medica. “Repertory itself is not an end, but a means to an end”.

In spite of the demerits it can be said that it helps us immensely in the clinical practice, as has been experienced by me.

References: –
Sirker, Major K. K. – A Hand Book of Repertory [Reprint edition 1989; B. Jain].
Tiwari, Dr. S. K. – Essentials of Repertorization [4th Reprint edition 2006; B. Jain].

Dr. Krishnendu Maity
BHMS [Calcutta] MD [Hom. Repertory] [Pune] CFN [IGNOU]
Associate Professor and I/c Dept. of Practice of Medicine
Teaching Practice of Medicine, Materia Medica & Repertory
Lal Bahadur Shastri Homœopathic Medical College, Bhopal – 26 (MP).
Email: dr_krishnendu@yahoo.com

books7

How to use repertory by Dr Bidwell

books7Book Review by Dr Aji Punnen

The author of the book “How to use repertory with the practical analysis of forty homoeopathic remedies” is Glen Irving Bidwell. He is a member of American institute of Homoeopathy, Newyork state Homoeopathic society, the society of Homoeopathicians, & Monroe country Homoeopathic society. Indian publishes the book & periodicals syndicate. The introduction is written by James Tylor Kent. The book has 2 parts. The first part is How to use Repertory & second part is analysis of forty Homoeopathic remedies”. This book deals with second edition of Kent’s Repertory. In the preface Bidwell thanks G.G.Starkey of Chicago for the assistance in revising & editing the book.

Part – I  — How to use repertory
Three mistakes in case taking – Interruption of the patient, asking direct questions & making answers to confirm some remedy

Kent’s Repertory is divided in to 37 chapters

Arrangement of Rubric in Kent’s repertory – Time, conditions in alphabetical succession & where there is condition of pain it is arranged as locality, character, extension

The case must be worked out from generals to particulars

Kent uses three classes of symptoms Generals, particulars, and common. Generals & particulars have greater importance in prescription.

Generals are divided in to 3 classes. Mentals, physicals, things affecting the whole physical body. Mentals are divided in to three   

Will – Perversion of loves & various fears. These are often difficult of all symptoms to obtain as they are most often concealed from the world, friends & physician. Ailments from anger, badnews, grief, love, joy, reproach, sexualexcess, contrariness, cursing, cowardice, hatred, irritability etc.

Perversion of understanding –Delusions, hallucinations, illusions, absorbed, clairvoyance, confusion dullness, comprehension, ecstacy, excitement, imbecility, ailments from mental exertion

Perversion of memory – Absentminded, errors in answers, mistakes in writing & speech etc

Physical symptoms deal with physical love & sensations of the body as a whole. They are divided in to 2 groups

a) Perversion in sexual sphere including menstrual generals, aggravations before during & after menses, effects of coition, urination, character of discharges

b) Symptom pertaining to apetite, food, desires, aversion & thirst

Things affecting the entire physical body – weather & climatic influences, food that aggravates, extremes of temperature, positions, motions etc

Particular & common symptoms – The symptoms that are predicated of a given organ are particular. Particular symptoms that cannot be explained can be considered as peculiar. Common symptoms are common to drugs & diseases.

Grades of drug symptoms – Kent uses 3 grades & Boenninghausen used four grades. The fourth grade in Boenninghausen is included in third in Kent’s classification

Repetition – Never repeat the dose after reaction begins. If more than one dose is necessary repeat the dose until there is an improvement & then stop

Repertory Analysis – Bid well’s method is to take the most prominent general & eliminating remedies from the group. Absolute reliance cannot be placed on numerical superiority of points for any one remedy. The solution must be made from a final comparison of the drug pathogenesis using materiamedica. Regarding prescription diagnosis has little or no value. It is better to forget diagnosis while taking case for prescription

Part-II – Analysis of forty Homoeopathic Remedies
Forty Homoeopathic Remedies are analyzed using twenty-two rubrics

  • Cold & aggravation from cold
  • Warmth & aggravation from warmth
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Fear
  • Tearfulness
  • Aggravation from lying
  • Aggravation from motion
  • Aggravation during afternoon
  • Aggravation after midnight
  • Aggravation after sleep
  • Aggravation from pressure
  • Relief from pressure
  • Thirst
  • Aggravation from eating & after eating
  • Burning pains
  • Cutting pains
  • Sore pains
  • Throbbing pains
  • Cramping pains
  • Bursting pains

The remedies analyzed are aconite, arsenic, apis, antimonium tart, belladonna, bryonia, calcarea carb, carbo veg, causticum, china, chamomilla, colocynth, digitalis, drosera, dulcamara, gelsemium, graphites, hepar, hyosyamus, ignatia, ipecac, lachesis, lycopodium, mercurius, natrum murr, nitric acid, nux vom, phosphorus, phosphoric acid, podophyllum, rhustox, sulphur, sepia, silicea, staphisagria, thuja, veratrum album & zincum

Dr Aji Punnen MD (Repertory)
Email : ajipunnenkocheril@gmail.com

Hahnemann

Review on ‘The Medicine of Experience’ by Hahnemann

HahnemannDr Rajat Chattopadhyay

Abstract
The precursor of Organon of medicine – The Medicine of Experience, is often neglected one in the Homoeopathic Profession. It is thought that when the recent edition of Organon of Medicine is available then there is no necessity to go through the old writings of this type but the author feels the relevancy of this type of writing in the present scenario and to understand a person like Dr Hahnemann it is better to know from the beginning. The writing is available in the Lesser Writing of Dr Hahnemann but this writing/study is intentionally made to make aware the profession specially the students(more specifically the PG students) about the old writings and to think over it in the context of modern society.

In the great chaos in the early part of 19th century the Medicine of Experience brought a fresh air to the therapeutic field. The book, by genius, Dr Hahnemann  said to be precursor of the Organon of Medicine, in which he tried earnestly to throw away all the odds, peculiar , deleterious application of the medicine prevailed at that period and showed a new way through the simple way of the rational art of healing which shouldn’t imitate the nature rather than based on the sound natural law / principle.

The introductory part of the book is nicely narrated by the author. Since the early human life man has been send to the adverse conditions of the earth in most helpless manner but due to the kindness of the God the man only possess the most precious quality of life – the mind which made the man superior from other animals. The mind can be used for the creation, protection, for the higher purpose of our existence and this divine power help the mankind to think about the protection from the disease. So since the evolution of human civilization search for the remedial agents against the disease began. The creator also made various processes to overcome the disease condition in the human body, but those efforts are very limited and dangerous also. Specially the old school medicine thought that it will be a very intelligent work to follow the nature and the sufferings of the mankind only became more prolonged. To remove the disease the remedial agent by old school brought a more severe another form of disease only or in other cases the total vitality of the life principle was lost, damaged, so that the man became diseased artificially. To overcome the disease the nature’s way are too dangerous to follow, because it is in very crude form and haphazard manner without any intension to smooth recovery.

It is nature’s earnest effort to save the mankind without knowing the intensity, depth, virulence of every individual disease. In few cases cure may happen but not in very smooth way and those diseases can be cured radically by the rational art of healing without any deleterious effect on life. But the old school never realized it and they thought after expulsion of the disease products from the body through the various discharges a disease  can be cured and that’s why since that time till today they are inventing the varieties of diuretics, purgatives, emetics etc. But a sensitive physician’s mind never allow him to depend on the nature and the great creator also never want that –we always follow the nature. We must give the minimum dose to cure the disease so that cure   occur more  rapidly, more surely, with less after- suffering and without creating any crisis (which a natural cure might ensue ).

Dr Hahnemann, the most modern man of medicine, at that time realized the necessity of surgical interference to the pure surgical cases. In  those cases what will happen if we only depend on nature ? So according to out great master, at that time surgery was a pure art. It is very surprising that at that era there was mo sophisticated instrument (specially non-invasive)  to diagnose the disease properly, but the clinical eyes were so good that clinically confirmatory diagnosis was sufficient and it is very astonishing that in this very first book ( before publication of organon of Medicine) Hahnemann clearly mentioned to go for surgical interference in the pure surgical cases such as in the bladder stone, strangulated hernia etc. the mechanical obstruction cannot be expelled or wiped out through the remedial agent, the surgery will do this and a Homoeopath will give the dynamic remedy after searching out the dynamic affection of the vital principle, just to prevent after suffering and recurrence.

To be a practitioner of rational art of healing one should of thorough knowledge of diseases, of remedies and of their employment.

Dr Hahnemann repeatedly said about the immaterial effect, dynamic affection of the life as the cause of the disease and also ridiculously, vehemently criticized the materialistic, nosological concept of old school of medicine. Before Hahnemann more than 2000 years spent to discover the reality (though  Hippocrates and others mentioned about the efficacy of similar medicine) and after Hahnemann more than 200 years abused to realize it, yet probably many years will be spent to realize it properly. The so old writing like this one, the Organon of Medicine etc. are too much relevant with today’s therapeutic system (apart from some old terminology). The vast  proved symptoms of Materia Medica Pura covers all the symptoms of the latest modern diseases and I am very proud to say that there are very many symptoms yet to be matched or related to the symptoms of vast diseases.

Hahnemann mentioned about the diseases which have fixed cause such as hydrophobia, venereal disease, the cow pox, the measles etc.- how modern thinking that was ! Without knowing the microbiology and virology he mentioned about the disease which are caused by a fixed virus, bacteria in each cases. Even he mentioned about the contagious character of the disease so that disease can be prevented. He knew that a system of medicine can not be called complete without its preventive aspect and it will not be very overwhelming to say our great master as the father of Community Medicine, if we go through thoroughly to his all writings specially the friend of Health, this one and the Organon of Medicine.

To say about the cause of the disease he has mentioned a huge example which are too much appropriate till today and should be in the prolonged future such as  (1) various unnatural positions and attitudes attendant on different kind of works – so much applicable to the computer professionals and daily desk-workers to create Cervical & Lumber spondylosis  (2)      Neglect of the employment of various parts or general inactivity of the body so much related to the arthritic problem of the women (specially) of this era better be called the era of ultra – modern civilization in which machinery work overcome the manual work.

(3) Abuse of the sexual function – we are all aware about the AIDS which is so  much related to it.

By these numerous examples we can draw the conclusion that there will be very few disease prevailing in the society if the exiting and maintaining causes are wiped away and thus the disease may be prevented also.

The great healer, our Master, also emphasize on individualization and he was the first to show us that the one common disease may come to us in multiple form through different individuals and for those diseases we have to see each case as a separate one. The old school of Medicine is satisfied enough to know the name of pneumonia or enteric fever etc., but to us it is only a type of pneumonia or a type of enteric fever, which depends on each individual. The type of these diseases can be observed very keenly to drain out the common diagnostic feature of the disease and to bring out the totality, the key of the similimum.

In every cases – about the maintaining cause, dynamic cause, individualization – disease and drug, and in much more places Hahnemann used etc. at the last. These etc. was not written casually or carelessly but it was made with great intention as he knew science can not be an ending process. He used the word etc. just to give the space for the future events, future additions which are yet to come.

Our great Master realized the importance of case taking which is an artistic part of this therapeutic system (should be of every therapeutic system) and that’s why for the first time he wrote so detail about the case taking. I must quote “…if we are not desirous of producing a likeness we may draw a dozen faces on a piece of paper or canvass in an hour, but a single striking portrait requires just as much time and a much greater power of observation and fidelity in the representation.

After the case taking he mentioned about the happenings of meetings of two dissimilar affection which he mentioned “maxim of experience”.The term complex disease is mentioned in the footnote of first maxim of experience.

Then he wrote about the process of knowing the pathogenic power of various medicines, after proving it in the healthy body. To know the individual characteristic of each medicine from vegetable, mineral or other kingdoms we should be well weaponed to fight against the diseases.The pathogenetic power and their absolute true action on the healthy human body in the purest manner can only be seen when each one is given singly and uncombined i.e. law of simple.

After knowing the pathogenetic power it is mandatory to know the action of the medicine on the healthy human body. So the primary actions and the secondary actions are elaborately described with vivid manner and two new term, the positive and negative are often in use in relation to cure. The details about the homoeopathic aggravation, medicinal aggravation, are written here.

He very lucidly wrote about the repetition about the dose. The harm of too large dose such as disease aggravation causing artificial disease etc. boldly written with confidence. He also mentioned the dose in palliative treatment, which is required few times. He also mentioned the different condition in which palliation can be justifiable. He also argued that the cure / recovery claimed by the palliative mode of treatment can be justified if the natural course of the disease comes to an end during the period of palliative treatment and providing that  the organism has not been very seriously deranged and during the short time by secondary effects of the palliative the  organism resumes its sway and gradually overcomes the after sufferings caused by the medicines. But it could be happen in natural cure also in which no palliative medicine is required and it is to be noted palliatives have no power to shorten the natural courses of acute diseases.

After then, Hahnemann showed the superiority of the curative (positive) type of treatment which can shorten the natural course of the disease and leaves behind no after sufferings.

Since the dawn of therapeutic system of medicine many patient really cured quickly, permanently by virtue of medicines , but not by a mixture of all sorts of different drugs, only through a single medicinal substance and only in like manner. Hahnemann gave enough example of primary and secondary action and its practical therapeutic application at later part and also he wonderfully described the higher susceptibility / higher sensibility of the body to similar medicinal irritation. The sensitivity of the body of medicinal irritation is so increased in a state of disease that any intelligent, wise observer, clinician except the fools of old school with materialistic view, can realize, that, minutest dose can show the way of cure, it can ignite the vital principle to show the light of cure.

He also mentioned the parts sensitive to medicine. The dynamic property is so pervading that it is quite immaterial what sensitive parts of the body is touched by the medicine, whether the dissolved medicine enter the stomach or merely remain in the mouth or be applied to a wound, though it is said by our Master that the contact of the medicinal substance with the living, sensitive (susceptible) fiber is almost the only condition for its action.

In very short he described about the indisposition in which no medicine is needed.

He also mentioned about the one- sided diseases and their treatment procedure. At last he gave us a wonderful observation of himself after giving a medicine to a diseases person in which he showed what happen when there is too early repetitions or what to infer when patient is in standstill condition or return of old symptoms etc.

Also he gave an idea about the divided dose ( p- 473), the desired homoeopathic aggravation ( an unusual sensation = a feeling of well being ).

The bold writing about the treatment of chronic diseases is praiseworthy. Only one, two or in few cases three medicines are required in the way of sure cure (p- 469).

At the last paragraph of this writing he mentioned about the diet and regimen (specially during acute diseases) during homoeopathic mode of treatment.

Dr.Rajat Chattopadhyay MD(Hom.) N.I.H.
Reader & HOD Medicine
Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Govt. of West Bengal
Email : dr_rajatchatterjee@rediffmail.com

sex

Homeopathy for sexual disorders – repertory of infertility

sexHomeopathy for sexual disorders -repertory of infertility by Dr Nikunj Trivedi

Review by Navin B Gandhi

Printed in USA, By Trafford Publishers
Compact, Black and White,155 Pages, Paper Back
Beautiful cover design with simple layout.
ISBN: 978-1-4253-9113-9
PRICE: $29:99
To purchase contact: Trafford Publishing ( www.trafford.com)

Availability: Available at major leading Homeopathic Book stores

This book is extremely unique as a Repertory cum Therapeutic Index, as it is designed by clinical conditions with symptomatology allowing supportive ease for finding the appropriate remedy.

Book consist of well arranged alphabetical indexing, explaining the much prevalent clinical conditions coming across our day to day routine practice, in both MALE and FEMALE parts.

In MALE and FEMALE , both parts the Author has explained the basic understanding about Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology, which is absolutely vital to understand. Because, Physician`s high and only mission is to restore the sick to health–to restore the abnormal pathology to its normal physiology.

Homeopaths, who gets more interested to treat INFERTILITY cases, this book will prove as valuable assets to their treasure of knowledge.

In MALE part, from Aspermia, Azospermia, Oligospermia to Warts, has covered all possible clinical conditions where Homeopathy has proved its best. Even in FEMALE part also, from Abortion to Warts has been covered with detailed remedies and rubrucs to be correlated for clinical conditions.

It seems from detailed explanation in some chapters that, Author has done a great deal of Research, involving extraction of information from many many advanced and latest Research papers and from the books of well known authors.

Dr.Nikunj Trivedi has practiced Homeopathy and run in patient, Indoor Hospital since very long, the confidence of clinical mastering reflects in his book. I was lucky to have student like him in 1978-79 with an extraordinary skill in clinical diagnosis.He was the Director of Advanced Diagnostic and Clinical Research Center, in India, where he used all modern investigations facilities to prove clinical efficacy of Homeopathy, the Western World is calling Evidence Based Homeopathy.

Navin B Gandhi
Professor, emeritus
LCSH,Bom, O.T.T. Calcutta
Ex.Sr. Research Officer-Homeopathy C.C.R.H. Govt. of India
Ex. Homeopathic Consultant -Air India, Expert Member of Homeopathy LIC for BHMS/ MD of S.P.University-VVN
President: Medical Advisor`s Association-Gujarat State, Examiner: DHMS/ BHMS at various Universities-India
Phone:Mobile:098247-40427

A repertory to Hering's guiding symptoms our materia medica

Book review + Comparison with other repertiries by Dr  Sanil Kumar

Name of the book   : Repertory of  Hering’s Guiding Symptoms of  Our Materia Medica

Author   : Calvin B. Knerr, M.D

Year of publishing    : 1896

Published in India by  : Jain Publishing .Co, Rajguru Road, Paharganj,  New Delhi

Printed by  : Jay Print Pack, Pvt. Ltd.

Dedicated to   : Constantine Hering & Hahnemann

Publisher Acknowledged to   : Drs. Mohan Singh & Devander SinghVirk

Total number of Pages  : 1232

Total number of Drugs  : 408

Contents:
Preface

List of medicines with their abbreviations

  1. Mind and Disposition
  2. Sensorium
  3. Inner Head
  4. Outer Head
  5. Eyes
  6. Ears
  7. Nose
  8. Upper Face
  9. Lower Face
  10. Teeth and Gums
  11. Taste and Tongue
  12. Inner mouth
  13. Throat
  14. Desires, Aversions, Appetite, Thirst
  15. Eating and Drinking
  16. Hiccough, Belching, Nausea and Vomiting
  17. Scrobiculum and Stomach
  18. Hypochondria
  19. Abdomen
  20. Stool and Rectum
  21. Urinary organs
  22. Male sexual Organs
  23. Female Sexual Organs
  24. Pregnancy, Parturition, Lactation
  25. Voice, Larynx, Trachea and Bronchia
  26. Respiration
  27. Cough and Expectoration
  28. Inner Chest and Lungs
  29. Heart , Pulse and Circulation
  30. Outer Chest
  31. Neck and Back
  32. Upper  Limbs
  33. Lower Limbs
  34. Limbs in general
  35. Rest, Position, Motion
  36. Nerves
  37. Sleep
  38. Time
  39. Temperature and Weather
  40. Fever
  41. Attacks, Periodicity
  42. Locality and Direction
  43. Sensation in general
  44. Tissues
  45. Touch, Passive Motion, Injuries
  46. Skin
  47. Stages of Life and Constitution
  48. Drug Relationship.

 Index

Preface:
The Author says that he followed the method of classification put forward by Hahnemann and Hering i.e.; the Anatomical or regional division. Therefor the work contains 48 Chapters. Each Chapter is alphabetically divided into sections and rubrics; without destroying consistency as a whole. Each page is divided into two columns; because it is convenient for the eye and is also space saving.

The section word is repeated down the column; instead of customary “ – ”

The words “ right” and  “left” “ better” and “ worse” etc are printed out in full. Both these are done to avoid confusion or error. But these are not space saving.

The rubric word, rubric heading or the main rubric to each paragraph are arranged in alphabetical order and are printed in some what bolder and blacker type and is followed by a colon (:) which applies to each symptom in the paragraph. The symptoms under each rubric (subrubric) are also arranged in alphabetical order. Time modalities under each heading are also given according to the alphabetic. 

Grading or Marks: There are four marks of distinction. Knerr followed the same grading in Hering’s Guiding symptoms.

I  Single light line; lowest mark; designating –occasionally confirmed  Symptom.

II  Double light line ; more frequently confirmed symptom or if but once  confirmed, strictly in character with the genius of the remedy.

I   Single heavy line; they are  symptoms verified by cures

II  Double heavy line ; they are symptoms repeatedly verified.

“q” (Theta) stands between cured symptom and pathological condition or physiological general state; throughout the Guiding Symptoms is changed by enclosing the pathological or physiological term in Parenthesis for the purpose of economizing space.

: Perpendicular dotted line; marks observations taken from the old school.

t Represents the toxicological extracts.

p  Represents symptoms observed on Sick only. (Page 279 Upper face; Face, beard: falling off)

Hand mark  Indicate cross-reference to related symptoms, diseases and conditions.

(but in Hering’s Guiding symptoms the K is used to represent the approved characteristics eg: in page 29 under Aconite  K is used to indicate ‘fear of death’)

The original words or readings of the prover or Clinician are preserved.

He expresses his gratitude to Dr. Joseph C. Guernsey for valuable assistance with the proofs; to Dr. W.H. Philips, Messrs. Douty, Ziegler and Field his son Bayard and others of his family for clerical assistance and to Walter. E. Hering and Wm. Baetzel for different composition and Press work.

Chapters

1. Mind and Disposition :

A brief comparison between Kent’s and Knerr’s Mind chapter:

1. The chapter  heading in Knerr is “Mind and disposition”

2. Even the Kent’s repertory claims to be complete and latest than the Knerr, many rubrics, sub rubrics and medicines are not well represented in Kent.

The following medicines under the rubrics are not seen in the Kent;

  • Anguish: Gels, Hell, Hydr, Jatr, Lob, Plb, Sars, Sec
  • Anxiety: Hyper, Tarax, Vert.v
  • Death; desires : Rob( Death, longing for in Knerr)
  • Delirium; hysterical, almost : Hyos
  • Fear; menses during : Coff
  • Fear; suffocation, of  : Lob.i
  • Fright; complaints from: Act-sp, Lyss ( Fear; ailments from in Knerr)
  • Hysteria : Art-v ( This is given under the chapter 36 – Nerves in Knerr)
  • Unconsciousness; sudden : Hydr-ac

3. There are 551 main rubrics in Knerr where as  Kent contains 529 rubrics

Certain rubrics not seen in Synthesis are

  • ADDRESSED; hates to be
  • BEHAVIOUR; extravagant, ill, improper, inconstant, thoughtless
  • BURGLARS; imagines they are in the room
  • COMFORTED; cannot be, will not be
  • CRIME as if he had committed
  • DESPERATION
  • DISTRESS
  • DISUNION with himself
  • EXCITABLE
  • EXISTANCE sense of having two
  • EXPLAINING constantly in maina puerperalis
  • FLIES tries to catch
  • FOOD refuses
  • FROLICSOME behavior: changing to sorrow
  • FUN full of
  • GRASPING
  • GRUDGE inclined to have a secrete
  • HEAVEN feels as if in
  • HEAVINESS
  • HYPERAESTHESIA, emotional
  • ILL HUMOR
  • INCOHERENCY
  • INSULTING
  • INSULTS
  • LECTROPHILIE and LECTROPHOBIA
  • MATTER says there is nothing with him
  • MEDICINE, refuses
  • MENTAL EXHAUSTION
  • METAPHYSICAL SUBTLETIES racks brain about
  • MISTRUST
  • MOUTH lays finger on, alternately with stretching hands to fullest extent
  • NOSE inclination when walking, to take people by( mania)
  • OBJECTIONS queerest against whatever was proposed ( melancholia)
  • OPPRESSION
  • PEEVISH (petulant)
  • PICKS air, bed clothes, at flocks
  • PINS, breaks into pieces, half a day at a time (mania)
  • POCKETS fills with anything
  • POINTING to things to express wishes
  • POSITIONS queer: in bed
  • PROPOSES absurd things
  • PURCHASES, makes useless
  • PUSH THINGS desire to
  • RAMBLING manner
  • RANCOR
  • RATS, thinks and talks of
  • RAVING
  • REPRIMANDED
  • REROPHOBIA
  • RIOTS in mental derangement
  • RUINS things
  • SALACITY K Lascivious
  • SELF- DEPRECIATION K Reserved
  • SENSATIONAL
  • SHOCK
  • SLINKS, about like a ghost (ague)
  • SPELLING makes mistakes in
  • SPECULATION, mind dwells on philosophic
  • STOLID K Apathy
  • SYPHILOPHOBIA
  • TEMPER
  • THOUGHTLESS
  • UNCERTAINTY, feeling of
  •  UGLINESS, of disposition of
  • UNPLEASANT THINGS, inclined to dwell on
  • UNSTEADY
  • VACUITY feeling of
  • VEHEMENCE K Anger
  • VIGILENCE, morbid
  • VOICES personifies (delirium tremens)
  • WASPISH K Irritable
  • WINDOW impulse to jump out
  • ZOOMAGNETIC condition

2.      Sensorium:

This chapter contains 12 main headings or rubrics. Important rubrics are;

  • CONFUSION
  • DIZZINESS
  • FALLING
  • GIDDINESS
  • INTOXICATION
  • LIGHTNESS
  • REELING
  • STAGGERING
  • SWAYING
  • VERTIGO

3. Inner Head: Here the rubrics are arranged in the alphabetical order. Different portions of head are also given in the alphabetical order, as main rubric or heading.

Important rubrics in the chapter are:

  • APOPLEXY, The general rubric or the main rubric contains 33 medicines.  Synthesis contains only four medicines.
  • BRAINS, abscesses, affections, atrophy, cerebellum, concussion, hydrocephalus, medulla, meningitis, metastasis, softening.
  • CEREBROSPINAL affections, meningitis
  • FOREHEAD with different sensations in alphabetical order.
  • HEAD
  • HEADACHE (undefined) and different types.
  • HEMICRANIA (migraine or semi lateral headache)
  • MASTOID REGION
  • OCCIPUT with different sensations in alphabetical order
  • SUNSTROKE
  • TEMPLES with different sensations in alphabetical order
  • VERTEX with different sensations in alphabetical order

4. Outer head :

Important rubrics include;

  • DANDRUFF
  • FONTANELLES
  • FOREHEAD in this rubric, no sensations are given as sub rubrics
  • HAIR
  • SCALP
  • SKULL caries, exostoses, fracture, styloid process
  • TUMORS sebaceous

5.  Eyes :
Most of the main rubrics are starting with the parts of eyes, followed by different conditions in alphabetical order as sub rubric. There is no special chapter for vision.  Rubrics to be noted in this chapter are

  • ACCOMMODATION disturbance
  • AQUEOUS HUMOR
  • CANTHI
  • CHOROID inflammation (Choroiditis)
  • CONJUNCTIVA  blenorrhoea, chemosis, inflamed ( conjunctivitis)
  • CORNEA inflammation (Keratitis), injuries, opacity, pannus, staphyloma, ulcers
  • EYES staring, strabismus, sunken
  • ILLUSIONS OF VISION
  • LACHRYMAL APPARATUS fistula, glands
  • LACHRYMATION
  • LENS, cataract, opacity
  • LIDS
  • OPHTHALMIA
  • OPTIC NERVE atrophy, paralysis
  • PHOTOPHOBIA
  • PUPILS
  • RETINA
  • SCLEROTICA yellow
  • SIGHT astigmatic, blindness, hemiopic (half-sighted) hypermetropic, myopic( near sighted)
  • VITREOUS, glaucoma

6.      Ears:

Important rubrics in this chapter include;

  • AUDITIORY NERVE Paralysis, vertigo: in Menier’s disease
  • EARS, aching (otalgia), discharge (otorrhoea), inflammation (otitis), stopped, suppuration, wax
  • EUSTACHIAN TUBES, catarrh, stoppage
  • HEARING acute, impaired, sensitive to noises and sounds
  • ILLUSIONS OF HEARING, ringing, roaring
  • MEMBRANA TYMPANI perforation, ulceration

7. Nose:

This chapter includes only three main headings; they are

  • CORYZA
  • NOSE
  • SMELL

Important sub rubrics under CORYZA are

Bloody, in children, with chills or chilliness, chronic, with cough, in diphtheria, with fever, in hay fever, with headache, with hoarseness, in influenza (grippe), taste loss of.

Important sub rubrics under NOSE are;

Bleeding (epistaxis), cancer, catarrh, diphtheria, inflammation( rhinitis), motion- fan like of alae in pneumonia, ozaena, polypus, sneezing, stopped, tumor.

Important sub rubrics under SMELL are

Diminished (impaired), hallucinations, loss of, sensitive

8. Upper face:

Important rubrics are

  • ERUPTION, acne, comedones (acne punctata, black pores), eczema, herpes, pimples,
  • EXPRESSION anxious, old, painful, sad, suffering, vacant,
  • FACE  anaemic, beard falling off, cancer, grimaces, paralysis, risus- sardonicus, sunken (collapsed, hippocratic, hollow)
  • FACEACHE (prosopalgia) with toothache

9. Lower face:

The important rubrics include:

  • LIPS
  • LOWER JAW dropping, parotid gland, submaxillary glands, trismus (lock jaw)
  • OUTER MOUTH

10.  Teeth and gums:

The following rubrics must be noted in this chapter:

  • DENTITION colic, convulsions, crying, diarrhoea, difficult, with fever, screaming, sleeplessness.
  • GUMS bleeding, inflamed, scorbutic (scurvy), ulcers
  • TEETH caries (decaying), grinding, loose, sensitive
  • TOOTHACHE

11.  Taste and tongue :

SPEECH is given under this chapter. Sub rubrics to be noted under this main heading are;

aphasia( speechlessness), difficult,  hasty, indistinct, stammering.

Other rubrics are

  • TASTE
  • TONGUE cancer, clean, coated (furred), inflamed (glossitis), mapped, ranula( swelling of sublingual gland), sublingual glands.  

12.  Inner mouth :

There are only two rubrics;

  • MOUTH and SALIVA

13.  Throat:

Important main rubrics are

  • FAUCES
  • OESOPHAGUS
  • PALATE
  • PHARYNX
  • SWALLOWING
  • THROAT
  • TONSILS
  • UVULA

14.  Appetite, Thirst, Desires, Aversions

These are given as separate chapter. Important rubrics include

  • APPETITE capricious, lost (anorexia)
  • AVERSION
  • DESIRE
  • HUNGER with aversion to food, eating soon after, in fever
  • THIRST absent (thirstlessness), with chilliness, in diarrhoea, in fever, for small quantities, in tonsillitis

15.  Eating and drinking:

Aggravation, bad effects and amelioration from certain food substances and drinks are given in this chapter. All things concerned with chewing or smoking TOBACCO are given as separate section in this chapter. 

16.  Hiccough, Belching, Nausea and Vomiting

The following are some important rubrics

  • ERUCTATION (belching)
  • GAGGING
  • HEARTBURN
  • HICCOUGH
  • NA– USEA in cholera, colic after/ during, with diarrhoea, in diaphragmitis,

With headache, kidneys- in renal calculus, with mental  symptoms, from smoking, after vaccination,

RETCHING

VOMITING black (malaena), of blood (haematemesis), in cholera Asiatica, in cholera infantum or morbus, of drunkards, fecal (Stercoraceous), in meningitis, mental symptoms, with vertigo

  • VOMITURITIO
  • WATERBRASH( pyrosis)

17.  Scrobiculum and Stomach

This chapter includes EPIGASTRIUM and STOMACH

18.  Hypochondria:

  • DIAPHRAGM inflammation( diaphragmitis), spasms
  • HYPOCHONDRIA
  • LIVER abscess, atrophy (cirrhosis), cancer, colic- biliary, enlarged (hypertrophied, swollen) , gall bladder, gall ducts, gall stones (biliary calculi), inflammation( hepatitis), jaundice, affections with mental symptoms, torpid(inactive)
  • PANCREAS inflammation
  • SPLEEN enlarged(hypertrophy, swelling), inflammation are some rubrics to be noted in this chapter.

19.  Abdomen:

Main rubrics include the following ones:

  • ABDOMEN dropsy( ascites), hernia, mesenteries, peritonitis, portal system-  congestion, solar plexus, tumors
  • COLIC( enteralgia), in children,  colon, intestines- intussusception, from lead poisoning( painter’s), about navel, with worms.
  • FLATULENCE incarcerated, noise( borborygmus)
  • INGUINAL REGION  bubo, hernia,
  • INTESTINES appendicitis,  typhilitis , caecum, colon, duodenum, inflammation (enteritis), intussusception, jejunum, peristaltic motion, ulcers and ulceration
  • PERINEUM intertigo (chafing, rawness)
  • PUBES

20. Stool and Rectum:

They are given as single chapter. This includes rubrics like;

  • ANUS fissure (rhagades), fistula, itching (pruritus)
  • CHOLERA (Asiatic, chlorine, sporadic)
  • CHOLERA INFANTUM
  • CHOLERA MORBUS
  • CONSTIPATION
  • Addison’s disease, in children, chronic (habitual, obstinate, persistent), in dentition, diabetes, with fever, with flatulence, with hemorrhoids, with leucorrhoea, liver: with liver disorder, old people, during pregnancy,  stomach cancer, uterus cancer, in women, with worms.

DIARRHOEA in children, in climaxis, colic, with cramps, in dentition, drugs- abuse of cathartics, with emaciation, with fever, with haemorrhoids, in influenza, liver –chronic in liver affections, with marasmus, mental condition, in phthisis, in pregnancy, in summer, weather

DYSENTERY

FLATUS

HEMORRHOIDS bleeding, chronic, with constipation, with fissure, incarcerated, itching, after operation- for hemorrhoids

  • RECTUM inflammation (proctitis)
  • STOOL
  • Conditions before, during and after defecation are given in:
  • BEFORE STOOL
  • DURING STOOL and
  • AFTER STOOL respectively.

WORMS worm affections (helminthiasis), ascarides (lumbricoids, round  worms), in children, with chorea, with convulsions, fever, oxyuris  (pin, seat, or thread worm), taenia( tape worm), with vomiting.

21.  Urinary organs:

Important rubrics or heading include

  • BLADDER calculi (gravel, stone), cancer with haematuria
  • KIDNEYS, abscess (suppuration), Addison’sdisease, Bright’s disease (albuminous nephritis), calculi, colic, contracted(cirrhosis), affections with dropsy, hemorrhage, inflammation.
  • URETERS spasmodic affection from passage of calculi
  • URETHRA
  • URINATION
  • BEFORE URINATION
  • DURING URINATION
  • AFTER URINATION
  • URINE diabetes, retention, sediment, specific gravity- specific values like 1.002, 1.004 etc are given, uremia, urates

22.  Male Sexual Organs :

Important rubrics to be considered are;

  • COITION
  • GENITALS
  • GLANS
  • GONORRHOEA constitution, first stage(inflammatory), second stage,  secondary , sequelae, suppressed, syphilitic, warts ( condylomata), in women( misplaced rubric),
  • PENIS erections- absent
  • PREPUCE paraphimosis, phimosis
  • PROSTATE GLAND discharge( prostatorrhoea), enlarged, inflammation,
  • SCROTUM
  • SEMEN
  • SEMINAL EMISSIONS (involuntary, nocturnal, spermatorrhoea)
  • SEXUAL EXCESS, coition, masturbation
  • SEXUAL EXCITEMENT
  • SEXUAL POWER impaired, loss of ( impotence)
  • SPERMATIC CORDS veins- varicose
  • SYCOSIS
  • SYPHILIS buboes, chancre, in children( infantile), constitutional ( hereditary), gonorrhoeal, mercurio( abuse of mercury), psora-  complicated with, secondary, ulcers.
  • TESTICLES atrophy, epididymis, hydrocele, inflammation( orchitis), retracted( drawn up), sarcocele, seminal vesicles, varicocele.

23.  Female Sexual Organs :

The chapter includes

  • CLIMATERIC PERIOD
  • CLITORIS
  • COITION
  • GENITALS( external sexual parts, labia, pudenda, vulva), mons veneris, warts ( condylomata)
  • LEUCORRHOEA children, chronic, gonorrhoeal, syphilitic, uterus- cancer
  • MENSES
  • BEFORE MENSES
  • DURING MENSES
  • AFTER MENSES
  • OVARIES cancer, dropsy, inflammation(ovaritis), neuralgia,
  • SEXUAL EXCESS
  • SEXUAL EXCITEMENT nymphomania
  • STERILITY
  • UTERUS bearing down( pressing down), cancer, colic, displacement ( malposition), enlarged( hypertrophy), hemorrhage (metrorrhagia),  inflammation( metritis), neuralgia (hysteralgia), physometra, prolapsus( falling, procedentia), subinvolution, tumors K fibroid

VAGINA

24.  Pregnancy, Parturition, Lactation

Important rubrics include

  • ABORTION disposition to( habitual tendency) , with hamorrhage, sequelae, in syphilis, threatened
  • INFANTS  asphyxia, chafing( intertrigo),  colic, constipation, diarrhoea, head-cephalaematoma, hernia, hydrocele, marasmus,
  • LACTATION milk absent or scanty ( agalactia)
  • LOCHIA
  • MAMMAE atrophy, cancer, inflammation( mastitis), tumors
  • NIPPLES cracked,
  • PARTURITION labor pains,
  • PLACENTA retained,
  • POST-PARTUM haemorrhage, phlegmacia alba dolens (milk leg), uterus                        anteversion
  • PREGNANCY albuminuria, constipation, convulsions, dropsy, false conception, moles (hydatids), morning sickness
  • PUERPERAL  convulsions ( before, during or after parturition), fever,  mania. 

25.  Voice and Larynx. Trachea and Bronchia

The following headings may be useful for finding similimum:

  • AIR PASSAGES(in general) catarrh, foreign bodies, inflammation
  • BRONCHIA dilatation (bronchiectasis), inflammation( bronchitis)
  • EPIGLOTTIS
  • GLOTTIS oedema, spasm( asthma Millari or thymicum, laryngismus- stridulus)
  • LARYNX cancer, croup, diphtheria, foreign body,  inflammation (laryngitis), phthisis, vocal cords
  • TRACHEA inflammation( tracheitis)
  • VOICE aphonia( loss of voice), changing, hoarse, nasal

26.  Respiration :

The main headings include;

  • ASPHYXIA ( apparent death)
  • ASTHMA bronchial, in children, chronic, dry( siccum), dust- from inhaling  dust ( stone cutters), emphysematous, eruption- after suppressed eruptions in general, hay fever, heart- cardiac, humid( pituitous), hysteric, mental conditions- after emotions, in old people, periodic
  • BREATHING impeded( arrested, embarrassed, interrupted, loss of breath,                        obstructed, stopped, suspended), odor of breath, rattling, stertorous ( snoring), wheezing
  • DYSPNOEA(difficult, labored breathing), in albuminuria, in asthma, in diphtheria, dropsy, in pneumonia
  • EXPIRATION
  • INSPIRATION
  • SUFFOCATION(choking, smothering, strangulation)

27.  Cough and Expectoration:

Main headings in this chapter are;

COUGH asthmatic, children, chronic, constant (incessant, unceasing), dentition, in diphtheria, in fever, haemoptysis, heart – with cardiac affections hysterical, influenza( grippe), laryngeal, in phthisis, in pneumonia

Concomitants of cough are given in

  • BEFORE COUGH
  • DURING COUGH and
  • AFTER COUGH

Other rubrics include

  • WHOOPING COUGH
  • EXPECTORATION

28.  Inner Chest and Lungs :

  • CLAVICLES
  • INNER CHEST angina pectoris, dropsy ( hydrothorax),
  • LUNGS abscess, air-capacity diminished, auscultation sounds, cancer, cavity, consumption( phthisis, tuberculosis), emphysema, hemorrhage( haemoptysis), inflammation, oedema, percussion sounds- dull, pneumonia, rales ( rattling), suppuration
  • PLEURA exudation, inflammation( pleurisy),
  • STERNUM are the main headings in this chapter.

29.  Heart, Pulse, and Circulation :

This chapter contains headings like:

  • BLOOD anaemia, chlorosis, corpuscles,  cyanosis, hemorrhage, leukemia  (leucocythaemia), septicemia.
  • BLOOD VESSELS aneurisms, atheroma, capillaries, inflammation, naevus,    Thrombosis ( emboli), varicose veins
  • HEART displaced-in dropsy of chest, fatty degeneration, inflammation (carditis), metastasis of gout, organic affections, sounds, valvular affections, weak action( depression, exhaustion, failure)
  • PALPITATION
  • PERICARDIUM effusion, inflammation
  • PULSE  dicrotic(double) 

30.  Outer Chest :

  • AXILLAE
  • MALE NIPPLES and
  • OUTER CHEST are the main headings in this chapter.

31.  Neck and Back :

This include

  • BACK
  • COCCYX
  • LUMBAR REGION (loins, small of back)
  • NECK
  • SACRUM
  • SCAPULAE
  • SPINAL CORD
  • SPINE

Important subsections include

  • NECK carotids- aneurisms, goiter, wry ( torticollis)
  • SPINAL CORD atrophy( tabes dorsalis), inflammation( myelitis), sclerosis,  softening.
  • SPINE bifida( hydrorachis), curvature, injuries, vertebrae

32.  Upper Limbs :

This include different sections of upper limb;

  • ARMS
  • ELBOW
  • FINGERS
  • HANDS
  • SHOULDERS
  • WRISTS

33.  Lower Limbs

The main headings are

  • ANKLES
  • FEET
  • HEELS
  • HIPS
  • KNEE
  • LEGS
  • NATES
  • TENDO-ACHILLIS
  • THIGHS
  • TOES
  • WALKING

Important subsections include

  • KNEE bursae (housemaid’s knee, hygroma), gonarthrocace K swelling +pain,
  • LEGS sciatica, varicose veins
  • WALKING locomotor ataxia, staggering, stumbling, unsteadiness

34.  Limbs in general :

Important rubrics include

JOINTS inflammation ( arthritis), neuralgia( arthralgia)

LIMBS

35. Rest. Position. Motion:

General modalities concerning these three factors are incorporated in this chapter.

36.  Nerves :

All conditions except sensations , related to nerves are given in this chapter. They are

  • ACTIVITY( strength)
  • CATALEPSY
  • CHOREA
  • CONVULSIONS
  • FAINTING( syncope)
  • FAINTNESS
  • HYSTERIA
  • LASSITUDE(fatigue, loss of energy, indolence, languor, tiredness,  weariness)
  • NERVES anaesthesia, hyperaesthesia, inflammation( neuritis),
  • NERVOUSNESS
  • NEURALGIA
  • PARALYSIS agitans, in apoplexy, diphtheria, hemiplegia, old people, paraplegia,
  • RESTLESSNESS
  • STARTING
  • TREMBLING
  • TWITCHING ( jactitation, jerking, subsultus tendinum)
  • WEAKNESS

37.  Sleep

Main headings are:

  • AWAKING
  • DREAMS
  • DROWSINESS
  • SLEEP
  • FALLING ASLEEP
  • DURING SLEEP
  • AFTER SLEEP
  • SLEEPLESSNESS
  • YAWNING

38.  Time :

General aggravation in relation to time is given in this chapter. No specific time modalities are mentioned. The important headings are

  • AFTERNOON
  • EVENING
  • FORENOON
  • MORNING
  • NIGHT
  • BEFORE MIDNIGHT
  • AFTER MIDNIGHT

39. Temperature and Weather:

 This chapter contains rubrics like

  • AIR
  • COLD taking cold readily (susceptibility)
  • DARK
  • LIGHT
  • SEASONS
  • SUN sunburn, sunstroke
  • TEMPERATURE change of aggravation
  • WARMTH
  • WATER bathing (washing) aggravation, getting wet- aggravation
  • WEATHER change of aggravation, thunderstorm aggravation
  • WIND 

40. Fever:

Fever chapter contains rubrics like

  • CHILL
  • CHILLINESS
  • FEVER in children, dengue (break bone), dentition, diphtheria, eruption, with headache, influenza, injuries, malarial, in measles, puerperal, spotted(Cerebrospinal), typhoid (including typhus), in variola, worm, yellow
  • HEAT
  • SWEAT
  • TEMPERATURE decreased (fallen, low, subnormal), increased (above normal)- specific temperature with the condition are given e.g.: 100 to 104, seldom rises to 105 or 106 (hydrophobia): Lyss; 102, in tonsillitis: ll Lac.c

41. Attacks, Periodicity:

This chapter contains only a single heading, ATTACKS under which the following sub sections are given,

In autumn, intermitting, periodical, in Spring, Sudden, in Summer, weekly, in Winter.

42. Locality and Direction:

It contains two heading namely;

  • DIRECTION
  • LOCALITY one-sided complaints, left side, right side

43. Sensations in General:

This contains about 89 types of sensations, which affect the body as a whole.

44. Tissues:

Various types of tissues and their different pathological conditions are given here, which include:

  • ADIPOSE increase (corpulency, obesity)
  • BONES cancer, caries, curvature, inflammation (osteitis), necrosis, rachitis (Osteomalcia, softening),
  • CANCER colloid, encephaloma, epithelioma, lupus, scirrhus
  • CARTILAGES
  • DECOMPOSITION
  • DEGENERATION fatty
  • EMACIATION children, diabetes, marasmus, of old people, rapid, worms
  • EXCRETIONS
  • FIBROUS
  • FLUID decomposition, ill effects from loss of
  • GANGRENE
  • GLANDS indurated, swelling (enlargement, hypertrophy),
  • GRANULATIONS
  • HYPERTROPHY
  • INDURATION
  • INFLAMMATION
  • LIGAMENTS
  • METAMORPHOSIS
  • MUCOUS MEMBRANES
  • MUSCLES cramps (contraction, knotted)
  • NERVES
  • NUTRITION
  • PARENCHYMATOUS ORGANS
  • PERIOSTEUM
  • PLAGUE
  • PYAEMIA
  • SECRETIONS
  • SEROUS MEMBRANES
  • STENOSIS
  • SUPPURATION anthrax
  • SWELLING dropsical (anasarca, oedema)
  • TENDONS
  • TRICHINOSIS
  • TUBERCLES
  • TUMORS atheroma, cheloid, epithelioma, fatty (lipoma), fibroid, polypus,  sarcoma, wens
  • ULCERS 

45. Touch. Passive motion. Injuries.

This chapter contains;

INJURIES ( in general), bed sores, bites, blows, bruises, burns, concussions, cuts, dislocation, dissecting wounds, ecchymosis, falls, foreign- bodies, fractures, friction, gangrene, gunshot, lacerations, lifting(overlifting),poisoning, punctured wounds, scars- (cicatrices), shock, smoke, sprains, stings, straining, surgical- operations, vaccination, wounds

  • PASSIVE MOTION jarring( shaking), riding
  • TOUCH

46. Skin 

 There are two main sections in this chapter; ERUPTION and SKIN

The main sub sections under ERUPTION are:

Chloasma ( liver spots) ,Ecthyma, eczema, exanthema, herpes, leprosy, measles, pemphigus, pityriasis, psoriasis, purpura hemorrhagica, Rhus poisoning, scabies( itch), tetter, urticaria ( nettle rash, hives), vaccination- following, varicella, variola( small pox), warts

Main sub headings under SKIN are

Anaesthesia, chilblains, desquamation, ecchymosis, elephantiasis, inflammation( dermatitis), injuries, oily, prurigo( pruritis), rhagades, yellow.

47. Stages of Life and Constitution:

This chapter includes the following important rubrics;

  • AGE boys, children, girls, men, old people, puberty, young people, youths.
  • COMPLEXION( including color of eyes and hair) dark( brunette), fair (blonde, light),
  • CONSTITUTION (diathesis), anaemic, asthmatic, cachexia, cancerous, carbo-nitrogenoid, dyspeptic, gouty, hemorrhoidal, herpetic, hydrogenoid, lymphatic( flabby, relaxed, torpid),    plethoric, psoric, rachitic, scorbutic, scrofulous (strumous), sycotic, syphilitic, tuberculous
  • HABIT drunkards, drugged subjects,
  • OCCUPATION  book worms, business men, clergymen- sore throat, nurses  exhausted by long nursing, sedentary, singers- nervous dread, teacher- brain fag
  • SIZE dwarfed, large, tall, thin( emaciated, lean, slender, spare)
  • TEMPERAMENT bilious, choleric (irritable, inclined to anger), mild (bland), melancholic( hypochondriacal), nervous, phlegmatic, sanguine.

48.  Drug Relationship : Relationships of 408 medicines are given in this last chapter. Various types of relationships are explained in the beginning of the chapter-

1. Antidotes: To the effects of massive and molecular doses; chemical antidotes in poisoning; to the lasting or chronic effects super induced by the drug.

2. Collateral : Side relations (congeners) belonging to the same or allied botanical family or chemical group.

3. Compatible : Drugs following well

4. Complementary: Supplying the part of another drug.

5. Inimical : Drugs disagreeing, incompatible, do not follow well

6. Similar : Drugs suggested for comparison by reason of their similarity; usually compatible, unless too smaller, like Nuxvomica and Ignatia.

All these relationships are not mentioned under many drugs.

Advantages:

  1. Source of this repertory is one of the most reliable one.
  2. Contains about 408 medicines
  3. Author followed the same order of 48 sections in the source book; so it is easy for those who are familiar with the source book to; refer the required symptom.
  4. Chapters like Pregnancy, Parturition, Lactation, Stages of life and Constitution and Drug relationship are very useful.
  5. The-mind and disposition chapter contains 551 rubrics and many of them are not seen in latest repertories.
  6. Each section contains many cross-references indicated by “ K”, we can search similar rubrics with the help of this.
  7. Index given at the end of the repertory is very useful one.
  8. Four marks of distinction assigned to the remedies are helpful in selection of more suitable one for the case.
  9. The main headings or rubrics under each chapter are mentioned in the beginning and they are arranged in the alphabetical order.
  10. Rubrics like; CONSTITUTION ,OCCUPATION, TEMPERAMENT, (Stages of life and constitution), NUTRITION, EMACIATION children,  diabetes, marasmus, of old people, rapid, worms (Tissues), INJURIES (Touch, passive motion, Injuries), LUNGS percussion sounds (Inner chest and Lungs), INFANTS, LACTATION, PARTURITION, POST-     PARTUM, PREGNANCY (Pregnancy. Parturition. Lactation), CLIMACTERIC PERIOD (Female Sexual Organs), URINE  diabetes (Urinary Organs) etc are some important rubrics which may help the physician in finding out the similimum.
  11. Over generalization of the rubrics is not seen in this repertory.
  12.  Bad effects from various food and drinks are given in a separate chapter Eating and Drinking (chapter 15).
  13. The relationship chapter contains relationship of all the 408 medicines.
  14. Many concomitant symptoms are given under each main rubric. 

Disadvantages: 

  1. This repertory belongs to the Puritan group of repertories, in which there is no distinctive philosophical background. Many of the symptoms are represented in the language of the provers. Eventhough the rubrics are given in the alphabetical order, the arrangement does not helps in easy search.
  2. It can be used for the purpose of reference, not for the actual process of repertorization.
  3. The cross-reference indicated by  “K”, points only the chapter number not the name, so the Physician should first check the chapter list. Certain mistakes are made in indicating the cross-reference; e.g. In the chapter 47 Stages of Life and Constitution rubric ‘AGE climacteric period’, is referred to chapter 24 by K, but this rubric cannot be seen in the chapter 24; instead this is seen in the chapter 23 Female sexual organs.
  4. There are certain misplaced rubrics; for example in the chapter 22 Male sexual Organs under the rubric GONORRHOEA the subrubric “in Women” is given. The mental complaint Hysteria is given under the section Nerve ( Chapter 36)
  5. The lowest grade medicines are not represented by the light line as mentioned in the preface.
  6. All relationships are not mentioned under many drugs in Drug Relationship chapter.

Dr. Sanil Kumar BHMS,MD(Hom)
Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Govt. Homeopathic Medical College. Calicut.10. India
Email : drsakumkumar@yahoo.co.in

Berkely Squire’s Repertory of Nosodes

Review by Dr Smita Deb Krori (Maity)

Name of the repertory: – a repertory of homœopathic nosodes & sarcodes.

Author: Dr Berkeley squire of scotland.

First published in march 12, 1996 from scotland, great britain.

First published in india in 1997 by b. Jain publishers (p) ltd, new delhi.

Introduction: –
The nosodes are unique remedies with a wide range of actions that closely follow the ‘standard’ medicines of the Materia Medica – but the nosodes are multi-dimensional. The Master of Nosodes and author of another repertory of nosodes, Dr. Othon A Julian sometimes recommended isopathic prescribing of nosodes.

But Homœopathy is not Isopathy. Homœopathy takes the totality of signs & symptoms exhibited by the patient in mind & body – and prescribe on that basis. The homœopathic prescription is purely based on the symptomatology and not upon the presence of an infecting organism. It is said that the mind decides to be ill and the body decides the symptoms.

Sources: –
Dr. Berkeley’s work is the compilation of the work of Dr (s) Kent, von Bœnninghausen, James Bell, Carrol Dunham, Guernsey, Constantine Hering, Samuel Hahnemann, G. H. G. Jahr, Lee, Rushmore, Timothy Allen, Othan Julian and from his own observations in clinical practice.

Remedy relationships: –
This repertory contains the relations of 105 medicines; with other nosodes, sarcodes, imponderabilias and also the medicines belongs to vegetable, animal & mineral kingdoms.

Arrangement of rubrics: –
Dr. Squire adopted the ground plan of Bœnninghausen’s Characteristic & Repertory by Dr. Cyrus Maxwell Boger. Dr. Berkeley Squire states, “….., I have kept the English basis, so that instead of talking about ‘etiology’ and ‘concomitants’ I have stated simply, ‘from’ and ‘with’.” The sub-rubrics are arranged as ——

  • AGGRAVATION
  • AMELIORATION
  • FROM
  • WHEN
  • WITH

Dr. Squire not used the conventional grading of the medicines – because (as clarified by him)

1.  Some authors use only two types of distinction while others use three or more. Thus Allen uses only plain type and italics. [e.g. Kent’s repertory & Synthetic – 3 typography; BTPB & BBCR – 5 typography;  Bœricke’s repertory – 2 typography; Synthesis – 4 typography].

2. There are fewer nosodes and they are quite distinctive in their individual actions.

3. In the main rubric, there are distinctive rubrics attached to the remedies. Dr. Squire hopes that the detailed descriptions will be just as effective as the grading of remedy importance in a given condition.

4. Dr. Berkeley preferred to examine the ‘spread’ of a remedy rather than rely upon what may be the contentious accentuations; so, he had not found this unaccented work any bar for successful prescribing.

5. Many practitioners may criticize this repertory for not grading the remedies and some may criticize for neglecting so-called ‘small’ remedies.

SPECIALITIES: –

1. It deals with 105 medicines (nosodes, sarcodes & imponderabilia).

2. The bibliography contains 30 source books and the ‘Remedy References’ part of the book contains the bibliography numbers of each medicine – which is the symbol of authenticity.

3.  Arrangement of the chapters according to Hahnemannian schema and the arrangement of rubrics according to BBCR. But there are some unique division of chapters & rubrics. E.g. ——

‘Smell’ is not a separate chapter like Kent’s repertory; but mentioned as a rubric under Nose chapter.

There is no sub-chapter. Bladder, Kidney, Prostate, Urethra & Urine (Kentian division) are mentioned in the Urinary chapter.

Male and Female Genitals are separated.

Cardiovascular is a separate chapter after Chest.

Locomotor and Nervous are separated.

4. Some chapters are separated and are very useful clinically. They are AggravationsAmeliorationsPains and SensationsDesires andAversions. They are useful for quick reference.

5. Remedy Relationship chapter deals with all the mentioned 105 medicines used in the repertory.

Drawbacks: –
1.Many new nosodes & sarcodes are included. Materia Medica part is not included and their pathogenicity on healthy human is not available in common Materia Medica. For this, they are less useful in clinical practice.

2.Though Dr. Squire clarified for not grading the drugs – but as majority of us are accustomed with ‘grading of medicines’ in repertorization, it may create confusion; and the practitioners may show lack of interest in using it.

Conclusion: – According to John Paterson, “The motto of the medical profession is still Tolle Causam, find the cause and to-day there are many who consider that germs are the only cause of disease and are working to discover the specific germ or virus for well known clinical entities”.

Earlier to them, Dr. Constantine Hering was the first stalwart to observe the efficiency of the nosodes in his clinical practice. Since then prescribing nosodes has gained its popularity.

In the recent era where mixed miasmatic and complex diseases are spreading their roots for firm hold, nosodes are the aid. Administration of nosode becomes inevitable for CURE, when most well-selected medicine fails.

Dr. Berkeley Squire states, “The Nosodes and Sarcodes are unique remedies with a range of action that follows the ‘standard remedies of the Materia Medica’, yet also add a further important dimension. In fact, there are not too many cases that require and respond to homoeopathic medicine, that do not needs at some point the judicious use of nosodes. Because many are preparations from body substances it stands to reason that they must have a peculiar affinity with the functions of the body.

This is the first detailed repertory of the homoeopathic nosodes and sarcodes and extremely useful for homoeopathic practitioners”.

This repertory deals with nosodes, sarcodes and imponderables, also. So, it is better to be named as “A Repertory of Homœopathic Nosodes, Sarcodes & Imponderables”.

References: –
Squire, Dr. Berkeley – A Repertory of Homœopathic Nosodes & Sarcodes
Tiwari, Dr. Shashi Kant – Essentials of Repertorization.

Dr. Smita Deb Krori (Maity)
B. Sc.(Hons) [NEHU] BHMS (Hons) [Calcutta University] MD (Homœo. Organon) [Pune University]
Associate Professor,Teaching Organon, Psychology & Repertory
Lal Bahadur Shastri Homœopathic Medical College, Bhopal – 26 (MP).
Email: dr.smita01@sify.com

Repertory to Cyclopaedia Drug Pathogenesy by Richard Hughes

Book review by Dr Sanil Kumar

Author : Richard Hughes

Year of publishing – 1900 (This work started in 1892)

Number of remedies – 412

Gradation of remedies – Single grade

Professor Richard Hughes was the teacher to Dr. J.H. Clarke. President, British Homoeopathy Club. This repertory was first time published in Feb. 1900 with 476 pages, the most complete book for Hahnemann’s pathogenesis information.

Other books published by Richard Hughes are:

  • A manual of Pharmacodynamics
  • A cyclopaedia of drug pathogenesy (6 vol.4)
  • The knowledge of the physician
  • Principles and practice of homoeopathy. 

In introduction about its publication author wrote that the “Cyclopaedia of drug pathogenesy” was commenced in the summer of 1884 and finished in the winter of 1891. It was an endeavour to present Materia Medica of Homoeopathy – its collection of the effects of drugs on the Healthy body – in the most genuine and intelligible form. It was the result of much discussion and some tentative on both sides of the Atlantic, and it’s method of presentation was finally determined at a conference held at Deer park, Maryland, USA, on Jan. 9, 1884 between representatives of the two national societies of England & America.

So much novelty characterizes the present index that a full statement of its methods and aims seems necessary at the outset. It purports to be “A Repertory to the Cyclopaedia of Drug Pathogenesy”. Let us see what is embraced under the latter part of the title and explained what the former intends.

1. The “Cyclopaedia” in one way differs from previous collections of the Materia Medica of Homoeopathy as those of Jahr, Noack and Trinks, and Allen that it doesn’t contain the pathogenesis of Hahnemann himself. It has been fully explained however that this omission does not arise from any light regard for the symptoms list in question. It is meant because they’re being no means of improving on Hahnemann’s presentation of them they would have had to be simply transferred bodily to the latter work.

2. The material then to which the repertory is an index is to be understood as consists of –

i.  The three works of Hahnemann – Fragmenta De Viribus, Materia Medica Pura, and Chronic Disease; the second to be used in its entirety, the first and third only to the extent indicated in the foregoing remarks.

ii.  The supplementary matter collected in the “Cyclopaedia of Drug Pathogenesy”.
In preface about arrangement of the last part he wrote, the list of “Corrigenda et addenda” is some what formidable and apologies for its length, which cannot all together be explained by the numerous cross references between square brackets necessarily left blank during the course of the printing. It is mainly due to the ready opportunities of error afforded by figures.

In giving a second appendix to the introduction an outline of the schema adapted as such that the lists of sections would be liable to modification as the final revision went on. The changes necessitated have proved so many that some further guide to the order has seemed necessary; and I have thought it thus to supply such want by an alphabetical index to the headings of the sections, which will accordingly be found at the end of the volume. 

Repertory has

  • Preface.
  • Introduction
  • Appendix – 1 – List of medicines with abbreviation and reference number
  • Appendix – 2 – Ground plan of repertory  

This repertory consists of 12 chapters,

  1. Nervous system: Sensation, motion, intellect, emotion, sleep, post-mortem phenomena consists of brain, spinal cord and nerves.
  2. Head: General, front, sides, vertex, back, scalp.
  3. Eyes: Orbits, lids, canthi, cornea, lens, muscles, retina, globes, vision.
  4. Ear: Meatus, hearing.
  5. Face.
  6. Digestive system: Jaws, lips, teeth, gums, tongue, salivary glands, mouth, throat, stomach, abdomen.
  7. Pelvic organs: Faecal-rectum, anus, defecation, stool; Urinary-kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate, urethra, micturation, urine; Genital-maleorgans, testicles, sexual function; Female organs-mammae, menstruation, pregnancy.
  8. Respiratory organs: Nose, larynx and trachea, bronchi and lungs, chest walls, pleura, diaphragm.
  9. Circulatory system: Heart, pulse, circulation, temperature, vessels, blood.
  10. Back and limbs: Neck, back, limbs, arms, hands, legs, feet.
  11. Skin
  12. Generalities.

An outline of schema is given at the starting of chapters as the second appendix and the rubrics under that. In some rubrics numbers are given as superscript. This indicates the explanation to it is given at the end of that page.

Circulatory system consists of fever, heart symptoms which usually mix up with the respiratory symptoms under chest.

Skin chapter consists of all the cutaneous disorders wherever occurring instead of scattering through the localities like face, hands, etc and sweat also.

Source of each drug is mentioned. Suppose if the drug is of Hahnemann’s then “H” is mentioned and followed by the book code that is “M.M.P”, “Ch.D” or “F.de.V” now for the proving symptom “I” stands, “II” stands for poisoning and “III” stands for experimentation on animals. Numbers are given following this and this indicates the line number as well as page number too given in some areas.

Some information as to the conditions and concomitants are given in heading or sub-headings, mainly in brackets. Some empty square brackets are mentioned for the future additions. Cross reference is given in square brackets.

The eye chapter is divided into five sections. They are orbits, lids, pupils, globes and vision. The first four sections have pain rubrics first followed by the other symptoms belonging to them.

Nervous system is divided into sensations, motion, intellection, emotion and sleep.

Important clinical rubrics in Hughe’s repertory:

Nervous system

  • Sensation: Anesthesia, Hyperaesthesia,
  • Motion: Tonus catalepticus, Convulsion, Spasm (Risus, Trismus, Opisthotonus), Unsteadiness (ataxia, locomotor ataxia)
  • Intellection: Delirium
  • Emotion: Fear (of impeding death, agarophobia)
  • Sleep: Somnambulism, Sopor (coma vigil), Sleepiness (subsultus tendinum)

Head

  • General: Vertigo
  • Front:
  • Sides:
  • Vertex:
  • Back:
  • Scalp: Goose-skin, Hair-affections of the

Eyes

  • Orbits:
  • Lids: Ptosis, Stye
  • Canthi: Inflammation,
  • Pupils: Contraction, Dilation, Irregularity
  • Cornea:
  • Lens: Opacity,
  • Muscles:
  • Retina:
  • Globes: Chemosis, Protrusion, Squinting
  • Vision: Asthenopia, Blindness, Chromatopsia, Diplopia, Hemiopia, Muscae, Myopia, Photophobia, Photopsia, Presbyopia

Ears

  • Auricle: Inflammation, Swelling
  • Meatus: Heat, Inflammation, Itching
  • Hearing: Acute, Deafness, Illusions, Tinnitus,

Face

  • Discoloration, Pallor, Inflammation,

Digestive system

  • Jaws: Grinding of teeth,
  • Lips: Discoloration, Inflammation, Swelling, Tremor
  • Teeth: Caries,
  • Gums: Bleeding, Inflammation, Retraction,
  • Tongue: Fissure, Articulation, Taste
  • Salivary glands: Salivation
  • Mouth: Gangrene, Inflammation, Fetor, Haemorrhage,
  • Throat: Dysphagia, Haemorrhage, Inflammation,
  • Stomach: Acidity, Dyspepsia, Heartburn, Hiccup, Inflammation, Nausea, Qualmishness, Retching, Vomiting, Waterbrash,

Abdomen: Borborygmus, Distension (ascitis), Enteritis, Flatulence

  • Hypochondria:
  • Umbilicus:
  • Hypogastrium

Flanks:

Inguinal glands:Hernia, Swelling

Abdominal contents:

  • Peritoneum: Inflammation,
  • Liver: Inflammation, Bile, Jaundice
  • Gall-bladder:
  • Pancreas: Inflammation
  • Mesentry: Inflammation
  • Intestines:
  • Rectum:Inflammation, Prolapsus, Tenesmus
  • Anus:Congestion-haemorrhoidal, Haemorrhoids, Paresis
  • Defecation:
  • Stool: Diarrhoeic, Dysentric, Undigested
  • Perinaeum: 

Urinary organs:

  • Kidneys:Inflammation, Tenesmus
  • Ureter:
  • Bladder:Inflammation, Tenesmus
  • Prostate:
  • Urethra:Inflammation, Swelling
  • Micturition:Involuntary, Retention, Strangury,
  • Urine:Bloody, Saccharine 

Reproductive system:

  • Male organsHerpes, phacelus, Swelling
  • Penis:                  
  • Scrotum:
  • Testicles:
  • Sexual function:Spermatorrhea, Priapism, Chordee
  • Female organs:Inflammation, Leucorrhoea, Metrorrhagia, Nymphomania
  • Vulvae:
  • Vagina:Leucorrhea,
  • Uterus:
  • Ovaries:
  • Mammae:
  • Catamenia:Delayed, Scanty, Suppressed, Painful,
  • Pregnancy: Abortion, Sterility

Respiratory organs:

  • Nose:
  • External:Inflammations
  • Internal:Catarrh, Coryza, Epistaxis, Inflammation,
  • Smell: Anosmia, Hyperosmia, Illusory
  • Larynx and trachea: Laryngismus, Cough, Voice (Aphonia)
  • Bronchi and lungs: Asthma, Bronchitis, Bronchorrhoea, Catarrh, Emphysema, Haemoptysis, Oedema, Paralysis, Pneumonia
  • Respiration: Dyspnea, Interrupted, Laboured, Quickened, Retarded, Short, Sighing, Suffocation (Asphyxia)
  • Chest walls:
  • Pleura:
  • Diaphragm: 

Circulatory system

  • Heart: Inflammation, Palpitation, Sounds altered, Syncope
  • Pulse: Contracted, Feeble, Intermittent, Irregular, Quick, Small, Slow
  • Vessels:
  • Blood: Anaemia, Haemorrhage, Plethora, Scurvy
  • Circulation: Blood-pressure,
  • Temperature: Coldness, Fever, Heat, Shivering

 Spine and extremities

  • Neck: Cervical glands
  • Back:
  • Limbs:
  • Arms: Inflammation
  • Hands: Carphology, Inflammation, Sweat
  • Legs: Inflammation, stiffness, weakness
  • Feet: Callosities, Inflammation,

Skin: Boils, Chapping, Chilblains, Ecchymosis, Eruptions, Erysipelas, Formication, Horripilation, Inflammation, Mottling, Nodules, Sweat, Ulceration, Hair, Nails 

Generalities: Adiposis, Cachexia, Cancer, Carbuncle, Cyanosis, Dropsy, Emphysema, Erethism, Gangrene, Hysteria, Jaundice, Peripheral neuritis, Oedema, Pthisis, Scrofula, Steatosis, Typhoid condition, Wasting, Weakness, Weariness.

 Merits

  • It’s very much reliable as each remedy source is mentioned 
  • Only reliable symptoms that have been scrutinized are included

Limitations

  • No gradation of remedies. 

Dr. Sanil Kumar BHMS,MD(Hom)
Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Govt. Homeopathic Medical College. Calicut.10. India
Email : drsakumkumar@yahoo.co.in

A study of Hahnemann’s Organon of Medicine by Dr M P Arya

Book review by Dr Mansoor Ali 

Name of the book : A study of Hahnemann’s Organon of Medicine

Author : Dr M P Arya

Based on : English transalation of 6th Edition  by Dr.William Boerick

Published by : B Jain Publishers. New Delhi.55 

Pages : 722

Decoding Hahnemann’s Organon of Medicine….

Dr.M.P.Arya well known teacher, academician and practitioner here decoded the Organon of Medicine by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann.

Organon is known to be as a Bible of Homeopathy and it is difficult to understand as Bible, because many of the words and paragraphs have hidden meaning and difficult to comprehend like a coded book.

Homoeopathy is slow to win its way because of the defective use of the books, as well as defective books, thus producing results that are not striking especially for the new generation students and practitioners. Many of our classical literatures have been defective. In the literatures of the past we observe many incongruities. Hahnemann’s organon is a rich source of knowledge, but it is in long sentences and very condensed, very difficult words for many to understand. The subject is so deep, so difficult to comprehend.

Nearly all our students fails to study these principles, such a state of affairs delays the spread of Homoeopathy.

Here Dr.Arya tried a lot to overcome this problem by years of study on Organon and beautifully decoded the Organon in a simple language with many interesting examples to explain the concepts in a clear way.

He has divided the aphorism into various parts, as Dr. Frederick Schroyens and team  streamlined the rubrics and sub rubrics in to s readable format in Syntheis repertory.

Many students  become embarrassed on seeing the aphorism and foot notes during their early part of BHMS and treating foot notes as separate entities. Here Author  logically integrated   and clubbed the foot notes into concerned aphorism so that the reader will get a complete idea and logic of each aphorism without sacrificing the exact words and interpretations.

Flow charts
Author has used flow charts, graphs  diagrams and examples to communicate the concepts and points covered in each aphorism, so that it is very easy to comprehend and retained long in the memory  of students.

For  Teachers
Once a student master Organon, it is very easy to practice – but it depend on the teacher who teaches Organon”.  This is very true in the case of many Organon teachers. Without in-depth knowledge in the topic  it is not possible to teach Organon.

This book is useful for teachers since this book compiled by the author after years of teaching Organon of medicine and considering the feedback from students and audience. After reading this book we can have a good idea that how to teach Organon of Medicine effectively by maintaining  the interest of the students.

About Sixth Edition of Organon
This is the first section of this book. This 5 pages will give a precise and bird’s eye view on the entire Organon of medicine. Useful for both under graduate and post graduate students

Introduction
Students and teachers must read the introductory part  carefully  because that has been recast and made simple to understand  by the author.

Comments on the Aphorism
Author had made detailed comments after each aphorism so that we can have an idea and logic of each aphorism. After some aphorisms graphs and charts are also given with space for our own notes.

Lay out
Lay out is not so attractive, especially ‘comments on the aphorism’ section printed haphazardly without proper alignment.  Bullets are placed randomly in between single lines that create reading difficult – which may be corrected in subsequent editions.

Contents

  • Aude Sapere
  • Publisher’s note
  • Author’s preface
  • Fore word
  • About sixth edition
  • Translator’s preface
  • About Translator’s preface
  • Introduction
  • Theoretical Part
  • Practical Part
  • Appendix
delivery

Child birth emergencies and homeopathy By W A Yingling

deliveryBook Review by  Dr H L Swamy

It is also popular as “THE ACCOUCHER’S EMERGENCY MANUAL” In the era of modern homoeopathic gurus and their doctrine, we are missing some wonderful books by old masters, which are gems and gives wonderful clinical tips which aids in practice, and this is an attempt to introduce this wonderful book to young homoeopaths and homoeopathic students.

This book is divided into 3 parts namely

  1. Introduction
  2. Therapeutics
  3. Repertories

Introduction:
This part contains 12 pages and the main object of the book is to give assistance in the emergency and at the bedside. The book contains remedies and their application to the abnormal conditions of parturition, those which occur directly before, during, or after labor or abortion. Here the symptoms alone must point to the curative remedy, so this is very useful book in obstetrical practice “Give the remedy the pathogenesis of which entirely covers the symptoms of the patient.” The author has simple plan where the first part contains therapeutic indications of remedies under various rubrics. The author says abnormal labor may be made as natural as the condition and circumstance permits. By this book one can observe the rapid action of the similimum in obstetrical practice. The author has asked to follow the direction of SAMUEL HAHNEMANN as given in the Organon and the Chronic Disease while prescribing to get an effective result.

The author has emphasized that with the help of remedies there is no use of forceps and other obstetrical instruments but should consider them when there is real necessity. With reference to chloroform the author has mentioned that it is used in extreme cases where the similimum cannot be found or where instruments are necessary, as the chloroform lessens the power to cause voluntary muscular efforts. Author makes a note that “A women is more susceptible during labor and pregnancy to the action of remedies than at any other time” to the indicated remedy. For placenta praevia author has explained the method of Dr H.N.GURNSEY which is “In puncturing the membranes through the placenta and evacuating the liquor amnii.” Author informs that by properly selecting similimum the post partum haemorrhage can be controlled and life can be saved. This same can be applied to the puerperal eclampsia.

Author has also mentioned about Potency and Repetition of the dose. Where in author says HIGHER POTENCIES act much more promptly and efficiently and are best in labor cases and are quickest in action especially in emergency cases. If the remedy is similimum then there is no need for repetition as its action is speedy. If there is no change then the selected remedy is wrong and another remedy must be selected. In ordinary complaints of labor half hour can be waited but in emergency with in few moments result is expected. If no result follows a new remedy must be selected. If there is change for better then wait until there is need for repetition.

Therapeutic indications:
It contains 108 remedies i.e., from Acetic Acidum to Zincum Metalicum, all the remedies are arranged according to the alphabetical order. Each remedy has sub headings (rubrics):

  1. Labor,
  2. Abortion
  3. Haemorrhage,
  4. Retained Placenta,
  5. Convulsions,
  6. After Pain,
  7. The Baby, and
  8. Generalities.

Author says the rubrics are distinct in their general features yet the peculiarities of the remedies are also covered. The repetition of symptoms under the various rubrics is intended to impress the prescriber those Red-line peculiarities of the remedy. In generalities he gives a bird eye view of each remedy so as to enable the prescriber to get a totality of the drug. Definite pictures are presented of each remedy which will aid in selecting the true similimum.

Repertories:
It contains 7 chapters (authors calls them as repertories) and there rubrics and sub rubrics. The chapters are:

  1. LABOR,
  2. ABORTION,
  3. HAEMORRHAGE,
  4. RETAINED PLACENTA,
  5. CONVULSIONS,
  6. AFTER PAINS,
  7. THE BABY.

Of all the chapters the HAEMORRHAGE chapter is the largest one as it contains 17 pages followed by LABOR and ABORTION, which are 16 pages each. THE BABY is the smallest chapter. The rubrics and sub rubrics are all arranged according to alphabetical order. A careful study of them will facilitate greatly the search for a remedy in emergency. Author’s main intention was to inspire confidence in those who are wavering in their faith and practice especially during emergencies, and this book gives lot of confidence in handling the obstetric cases both during and after labor.

In modern days as there are so many super specialties in homeopathy are coming up, it is a ‘BOOK OF NECESSITY’ especially who want to concentrate on obstetric and neonatology. Till today this is a one field most neglected in homeopathic practice.

Dr.H.L.Swamy, BHMS, MD (Hom).
Visiting Faculty,Govt. Homoeopathic Medical College, Bangalore.
Dr. Shireen Sultana,BHMS,
Jr. Consultant, Gokula Homoeopathic Medical Centre,Bangalore-54.
Email : homeohealer@rediffmail.com

Decoding the Dose in Homoeopathy by Dr Sumit Goel

Evolution of concept of Homoeopathic Posology Dr Sumit Goel

Book review by Dr Mansoor Ali

Foreword : Dr.Farok J Master

Published by : B Jain Publishers New Delhi

Web : www.bjain.com

Price : Rs.149

Pages : 255

This book will give an in-depth and reliable knowledge about homeopathic potencies from classical to modern masters and helps in selecting the right potency and repetition at the right time. A well-researched work on a controversial subject and useful to students and practitioners alike.

Posology is a much debated and controversial subject in homoeopathy.

The question of potency selection has always kept the Homeopaths of all times wondering and with different views. The question of potency selection is not a simple one. The homeopath should be open to use the entire range of potencies, from lowest to the highest, depending upon the demand of the case.

For determining the potency and dose one should assess the susceptibility of the patient. While assessing susceptibility one should bear in mind the modifying factors like age, habits, environment, pathological conditions, seat character & intensity of disease and previous abuse of medicine.

Kent states, “When a remedy is correct, it will always work, whatever the potency. How deep and how long the remedy will work, depends on the potency.”

 In his lesser writings J.T.Kent says that
1) There is difference in the activities of a given remedy in the 30th and 10M upon the same constitution.

2) Very high potencies seldom require repetition in c/c disease in severe a/c disease several doses in quick succession needed.

3) It is better to begin lower and go higher and higher.

4) Medicines given in series of Octave potencies.

5) A deep acting chronic remedy should seldom be given in the midst of a paroxysm or exacerbations but at close of it .

This work begins with Hahnemann and travels through Kent and Post Kentian period and based on clinical experience of leading homoeopaths. It also highlights much controversial ‘high dilution’ remedial powers.

To understand the beginning and evolution of homoeopathic dose and potency, a detailed statistical study of the views and clinical experience of pioneering homoeopaths over a great period is done with review of published books, journals and case reports of many homoeopaths.

Author precisely divided the topic in to different chapters pertaining to eras of stalwarts according to their dosage and mode or repetition for easy comprehension.

Salient features

  • To understand the concept and evolution of homeopathic posology, a detailed study of the views and clinical experiences of pioneering homoeopaths over the age done.
  •  For this review of published books, journals, case reports and periodicals analaysed
  • To simplify the study – evolution is divided in to
  • Hahanemnian Era
  • Post Hahanemanian era
  • Kentian Era
  • Post Kentian Era 

Each era is studied with

  • A survey and review of literature
  • Its analysis and discussion
  • Analysis of cases and posology habits of leading homoeopaths
  • Discussion and concluding remarks on posology of that era
  • An appendix has given – an analysis of percentage of which potencies were used by a particular homoeopath by studying various case reports – that add authenticity to this work.
  • This is an attempt to compile the work of many pioneers of past and present- so that the reader get idea about merits and demerits different methods of dose and repetition 

General laws applied in posology.

1) The Law of Dosage

The law might be stated thus: The curative dose, like the remedy, must be similar in quantity and quality to the dose of the morbific agent, which caused the disease.

2) The Law of Quantity and Dose

The quantity of the drug required is in inverse ratio to the similarity.

3) The Law of Quantity

The quantity of action necessary to effect any change in nature is the least possible. The decisive amount is always a minimum, an infinitesimal.

4) The Law of Quality

The quality of the action of a homoeopathic remedy is determined by its quality, in the inverse ratio.

5) The Law of Use

The dose and quantity that will thoroughly permeate the organism and make its essential impress upon the vital force is that which will affect the functional sphere of the individual.

6) The Law of Repetition (for proving)

Never repeat the dose while symptoms are manifest from the dose already taken.

7) The Law of Repetition (for cure)

Never repeat your remedy so long as it continues to act.

Major Contents of this book

  • The Hahnemannian Era
  • Review of evolution of concepts of potentisation and homoeopathic posology
  • Posology and the organon
  • Analysis and discussion of Hahenmannian posology
  • Post Hahenmannian era
  • Review and evolution of concept of posology
  • Era of mechanized potentisation – high potency movement
  • Principles of homeopathic posology
  • Repetition of medicine
  • Modes of administration of medicine
  • Boenninghausen on posology
  • Review and analysis of cases
  • Discussion
  • Kentian Era
  • Review and analysis of Kentian posology
  • Review and analysis of Kent’s published cases
  • Post Kentian Era
  • Historical perspective
  • Review of principles of posology
  • Analysis and cases
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix

In the conclusion – author has given 27 essential points that summarizes the entire homeopathic concept of posology .

About Author
Dr.Sumit Goel is a classical homeopath and teacher with excellent academic career being the University Gold Medalist. Conducted many seminars and workshops across the country. Awarded best author for the book – Art and Science of Homoeopathic Pharmacy.

Email : sumitgoel@yahoo.com

Book Review of Synoptic Card Repertory

Dr Vidyadhar R Khanaj & Dr.Mrs. Aarti M. Patil

Reviewed By Dr.Ashok Anpat

As number of remedies are increased in homoeopathy. Dr.Hahnemann himself felt the need of indexing symptoms of remedies in order to obtain similimum in shortest time, this need gave birth to repertories & then afterward indexing by different pillars with their methods produces enormous repertories like Alphabetical, clinical, philosophical, cards, etc.

Out of this, Card repertory technique, is one of the most scientific & time saving repertorization technique in daily practice. But unfortunately these repertories are some how neglected by profession, DR.V.R.KHANAJ & DR. Mrs. A.M. PATIL refocused card repertories and prepared synoptic cards.

Based On: – Dr.C.M.Boger’s Synoptic Key To Materia Medica   & Repertory.

Published on :- 10 April 2007

Evaluation of sypmtoms in synoptic card repertory: –

  • Modality.
  • Mind.
  • Sensation.
  • Objective aspects.
  • Parts affected.

Construction: –

It consists of: –

1] Booklet: -Which includes –

  • Life & dedication of Dr. Boger
  • Introduction to Repertory
  • List of remedies with code number.
  • List of rubrics with code number.

2] Cards

  • It have, code number of rubric with name at one corner
  • Name of card repertory with author name at other corner
  • Remaining part of card contains vertically printed remedies in format of code number.

Cards & Colours: –                      

1] Pink colours: – For period of aggravation i.e. Time modality.

2) Green colours on which all-circumstantial modalities.

3] Generalities section i.e. consideration of drug affinities for the entire organism where General sensation and complaints are printed on Blue colour.

  4] White colours :-for mind & intellect.

5] Yellow colours: – for Regional rubric,

 Regional Repertories, which are printed on yellow colour.

TOTAL NUBERS OF CARDS: – 1850

NO. OF REMEDIES INCLUDED: – 320

METHOD OF WORKING:-

  • Finding similimum by punch system.
  • System of visual sorting of data.

ADVANTAGES : –

  • Mainly useful in the cases with strong modality, generals & Particulars.
  • With synoptic card repertory one can workout Acute as well as Chronic cases.
  • Card in different colour facilitate easy grading of symptoms as per Boger’s method.

COMPARISOIN WITH OTHER CARD REPERTORIES

1] CARD REPERTORY- BY DR. JUGAL KISHORE.

  • Based on: – Kent’s repertory.
  • Working with this repertory we he have to use Kent or Boenninghausen’s method.
  • The grading of remedies in Jugal card repertory has been totally neglected.
  • Because of big size it is difficult to carry at bedside.

2] SHARMA CARD REPERTORY- Dr.S.M.Sharma

  • Based on: – Kent’s repertory
  • Sharma card repertory is incomplete

3] HATTAS KEY CARD REPERTORY OF CHARACTERISTIC GENERALS –   By B.S. Hatta. 

  • It is repertory of important Generals & Particulars.
  • Special feature is it gives an idea of grading of remedies for particular rubric, no previous repertory have it.
  • Another advantage is with symptoms. Miasms of particular symptoms have been incorporated.

4] ROY CARD REPERTORY “SPIRO” HOMOEOPATHIC CALCULATOR- Dr.S.P.Roy 

  • It is prepared with a view of Acute cases
  • Contains only 292 cards
  • Only clinical important rubric included
  • Low grade remedies are excluded in large rubric
  • Pathological rubric are not much emphasized in ‘SPIRO’.

5] DR.A.B. PATWARDHAN CARD REPERTORY- “HOMOEO CARD DECK”

  • Contains 1245 cards
  • Contains 299 remedies.

Utility of Pulse Chapter in Murphy's Repertory

Dr Sunila BHMS,MD(Hom)

The homoeopathic medical repertory by Robin Murphy was designed to be a modern, practical & easy to use reference guide to the vast Homoeopathic Materia Medica. All of Kent’s repertory & large sections of Kneer’s repertory were used as the foundation for building the new repertory. 70 different chapters were created & arranged in alphabetical order from the original 37 chapters. Next, all rubric & sub rubrics within each chapter were sorted into an alphabetical format. Thus simplifying Kent’s complicated system for arranging rubrics & sub rubrics.

The formatting for Homoeopathic Medical Repertory is similar to Kent’s Repertory with the strongest remedies designated in bold- capitals (3 points), next bold italics (2 points) & plain type (1 point).

Special chapter is dedicated for pulse in Murphy’s repertory. There is no special chapter for pulse in Kent’s Repertory & Synthesis RepertoryRubric PULSE is present in GENERALITIES chapter in both of these Repertories. In Boenninghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Bookrubric Pulse is coming under CIRCULATION chapter. In Boger Boenninghausen’s Repertory subchapter PULSE is coming under chapter CIRCULATION. 

PULSE
Pulse is the throbbing of the arteries as an effect of the heart beat. It can be felt at the neck (carotid artery), at the wrist (radial artery), behind theknee (Popliteal artery), on the inside of the elbow (Brachial artery), near the ankle joint (Posterior Tibial artery), and a few other places.

When the heart contract, blood is ejected into the aorta and the aorta stretches. At this point the wave of distention (pulse wave) is pronounced but relatively slow-moving (3 to 6 m/s). As it travels towards the peripheral blood vessels, it gradually diminishes and becomes faster. In the large arterial branches, its velocity is 7 to 10 m/s; in the small arteries, it is 15 to 35 m/s.

A normal pulse rate for a healthy adult, while resting, can range from 60 to 100 beats per minute (BPM). During sleep, this can drop to as low as 40 BPM; during strenuous exercise, it can rise as high as 200–220 BPM. Generally, pulse rates are higher in younger people. A resting heart rate for an infant is as high as or higher than an adult’s pulse rate during strenuous exercise.

Pulses are manually palpated with fingers. When palpating the carotid artery, the femoral artery or the brachial artery, the thumb may be used. Fingers or thumb must be placed near an artery and pressed gently against a firm structure, usually a bone, in order to feel the pulse.

The ease of palpability of a pulse is dictated by the patient’s blood pressure. If his or her systolic blood pressure is below 90 mmHg, the radial pulse will not be palpable. Below 80 mmHg, the brachial pulse will not be palpable. Below 60 mmHg, the carotid pulse will not be palpable. Since systolic blood pressure rarely drops that low, the lack of a carotid pulse usually indicates death.

Abnormal pulse

  • Slow rising pulse or anacrotic pulse: occurs in aortic stenosis.
  • Collapsing or water hammer pulse with rapid upstroke & descent characteristically occurs n aortic regurgitation.
  • Bisferiens pulse: this is a combination of low rising & collapsing pulses occurring when aortic stenosis & incompetence are present.
  • Pulsus paradoxus: normally systolic B. P. falls by 3 to 10 mm of Hg during inspiration but in pulsus paradoxus B. P falls by 10 mm of Hg or more hence there is complete disappearance of the pulse with deep inspiration.
  • Pulsus parvus: diminished left ventricular stroke volume, narrow pulse pressure & increased peripheral vascular resistance.
  • Pulsus alternans: regularly irregular pulse; where big beats & little beats alternate at regular intervals suggestive of left ventricular failure.

Chapter pulse in Murphy’s repertory is dealing with various kinds of abnormal pulse.

Important rubrics in “pulse” chapter
ABNORMAL, pulse:  ACON, ARS, ARS-I, BELL, CUPR, DIG, HYOS, IOD, KREOS, LACH, OP, PH-AC, PHOS RHUST, SIL, STRAM, VERAT.

ABSENT: ANT-T, CARB-V, HYDR-AC, OP

Suffocation with: CACT.

AUDIBLE, pulse: SPIG

DISCORANT, with fever: PYROG

DOUBLE, pulse: kali-c, phos.

angina pectoris in: aml-n

sometimes intermitting when heart’ action is accelerated: ferr-m 

DRINKING

affected by beer or coffee: rhus-t

EMPTY pulselach, sec, vat

EPIGASTRIUM, beat felt: nat-m, puls.

FAST, pulse: GELS, GLON, IOD, MERC, NAT-M, NUX-V, OP, PH-AC, PHOS, PYROG, RHUT, SEC, SIL, SPIG, STANN, STRAM, SULPH, VERAT-V, ZINC.

beats per minute:

Reference:

  • Synthesis Repertory by Fredericke Schroyens
  • Homoeopathic medical repertory by Robin Murphy
  • Repertory of Homoeopathic Materia Medica by J T Kent
  • Boger Boenninghausen’s Repertory
  • Boennibnghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book.
  • Hutchison’s Clinical Methods.
  • www. Wikipedia.com.

Dr Sunila BHMS,MD(Hom)
E mail: babuabu@gmail.com

Repertory of Bowel Nosodes by Dr Mrs Namita Mohanty

Book review by Dr Sunila 

nosode is a homeopathic remedy prepared from a pathological specimen. The only difference between a nosode and any other remedy is the starting material. It could be blood, pus, any other body secretion or excretion, or even a diseased fragment of tissue. Nosodes appear to stimulate the entire natural immune system to react against a specific disease. One of the many reasons that they have not been accepted in the ‘orthodox’ medical community is that they do not produce specific, measurable antibodies.

Bowel nosodes
Medicines prepared from cultures of non lactose fermenting bacterial flora of the intestinal tract are called intestinal Bowel Nosodes. They are not the morbid product of disease, but they are classified under nosodes.

B.coli in the intestinal tract performs normal & useful function when the intestinal mucosa is healthy, but any change in the host that affects the intestinal mucosa will affect the balance, and change the biochemistry of B.coli. It should be noted that the primary change i.e. the disease, originated in the host which compels the bacilli to modify in order to survive.

The proving of bowel nosodes was not conducted in the strict Hahnemannian sense, but on clinical observation of the sick person. Bowel nosode was first isolated in 1880 by a bacteriologist –

Eberth. Bach did much work on them from a homeopathic point of view. Started to preparevaccines from dead cultures and treating patients with injections. In 1919 he joined the London Homeopathic Hospital as a bacteriologist and started potentising bacteria a year later. In 1928 Elisabeth and John Patterson did much work on the nosodes and did a protracted programme ofprovings and clinical trials.

1. Dr. Edward Bach (1886 – 1936)
A bacteriologist in London discovered that certain intestinal germs belonging to non lactose fermenting gram negative coli, typhoid group, had a close connection with chronic disease and its cure. These germs are present in healthy and diseased individuals but in the latter case it is pathogenic. He isolated the bacilli and prescribed it for the patient in the form of a vaccine – an autogenous vaccine – and claimed to cure the disease.

Years later he potentised the vaccine according to the Homoeopathic principle, administered and cured so many patients. The first full preparation of clinical proving was done in 1929 by Thomas Dishington on Dysentery co.

In 1930 Bach briefly summarized the clinically derived indication for most of the nosodes. In 1930 he stopped the research on Bowel nosodes and discovered “Bach flower remedies”.

2. JOHN PATERSON (1890- 1955)
A co-worker of Bach concentrated on this research after 1929. He studied more deeply the characteristics of the bowel flora, especially their behavior in health, disease and in drug provings. He examined more than 20,000 stool specimens and conducted research over 20 years.

He came to the following conclusions:

  • The non lactose fermenting non pathogenic bowel flora (B.coli) undergoes definite changes in the disease condition. While this alternation in the nature of bowel flora might be a mere concomitant to the disease condition, there is reason to believe that the B.coli actually turns pathogenic.
  • Bach found out that the non lactose fermenting gram -‘ve coli was closely associated with the symptoms collectively called Psora by Hahnemann. But Paterson believed that gram negative diplococci were directly related to the sycotic miasm.

He grouped and typed the flora by continuous experiment and observation. He was able to detect a definite relationship between certain drugs and certain types of bowel flora.

Paterson advocated specific recommendation on potency, dose and repetition of bowel nosodes.

He divided the Morgan group of bacteria into 2 sub classes on bacteriological basis and thus created nosodes – Morgan pure & Morgan Gaertner.

In1933 Paterson presented a paper on Sycotic co. In 1950 he published summary of his accumulated experience. After his death in 1954, his wife Elizabeth Paterson continued the research.

Indications for the Use Of Bowel Nosodes
During case taking, great attention should be given to the past as well as the presenting complaint. Bowel nosodes are deep acting remedies so the case taking must cover the totality of symptoms. The nosode should be administered in the same manner as any Homoeopathic remedy; they should not be given empirically but only on Homoeopathic principles.

Paterson divided the case in to 2 groups

  • New case – when the patient has not taken Homoeopathic treatment.
  • Old case: a patient under Homoeopathic treatment but not responding well. 

NEW CASES:
1. In a new case where a definite symptom picture points to a remedy, that remedy should be given, not the nosode.

2. In cases where the choice may be from a number of possible remedies, eg. Sulphur, Calcarea, Graphitis, and it is difficult to select a remedy from this, Morgan pure can be considered to cover the totality of symptoms by referring to the table of related remedies.

As another example, the choice might lie within the group of remedies Merc. viv., Phosphorus, Silicea  in which case the nosode Gaertner(Bach) would be indicated.

OLD CASES:
This is an individual who has had Homoeopathic treatment over a period of time and received a considerable number of remedies in various potencies. In such cases, it should be remembered that the potentised remedy can alter the bowel flora. In old cases the remedy already given may have caused a positive phase of bowel flora that is it changed the B.coli predominance to that of non lactose fermenting bacilli.

If the percentage of non lactose fermenting bacteria in the stool is greater than 50% the administration of bowel nosode is contraindicated, the nosode given at that time produces a negative phase with a corresponding period of vital depression in the patient. In such cases use a nosode in 6c potency in the first instance to avoid the chance of violent negative reaction.

DOSE, POTENCY & REPETITION
As usual in Homoeopathy, the more obvious the mental picture, the higher the potency, but lower the potency if marked pathological symptoms are present. With outstanding mentals, use 1M potency or higher. But in pathological conditions like RA or malignancy, use 6c potency. But between these two extremes use the 30th potency-when there is a combination of acute and chronic state, for example, in chronic bronchopneumonia.

  • Proteus acts best in high potency.
  • GaErtner will not work in low potency.

According to Paterson do not repeat a bowel nosode within three months, instead prescribe the homeopathically indicated similimum from the group of remedies (previously given) related to the bowel nosode.

Important Bowel Nosodes

  • B. Morgan (Bach)
  • Morgan pure (Paterson)
  • Morgan Gaertner (Paterson)
  • Dysentery co. (Bach)
  • B. Proteus (Bach)
  • Gaertner (Bach)
  • Sycotic co. (Paterson)
  • Bacillus No.7 (Paterson)
  • B.Mutabile (Bach)
  • B.Feacalis (Bach)
  • Bacillus No.10 (Paterson)
  • Cocal co

1. MORGAN (Bach)

  • B. MORGAN is the type of non-lactoe organism most frequently found in the stool & it has the greatest number of associated remedies.
  • Congestion” is the keynote
  • Biochemistry: Sulphur and Calcarea carb stand out the most.
  • Associated skin remedies are Sulphur, Graphites, Petroleum & Psorinum.

MORGAN PURE (Paterson)

  • Indicated when there is marked skin eruption, disturbance of liver, bilious headache or gallstone.

MORGAN GAERTNER (Paterson)

  • It is most useful in acute inflammatory conditions as in renal colic and gallstone colic.
  • Aggravation at 4-8 pm.

2. PROTEUS (Bach)

  • Key note: Suddenness in nearly all complaints.
  • Mental symptoms are prominent in the clinical proving & “Brain storm” might be taken as the key note to indicate this sudden & violent upset of the nervous ystem.
  • It is always related to central and peripheral nervous system.
  • Biochemistry: The outstanding element is chlorine.
  • It is highly recommended in Raynaud’s disease and Miner’s disease.

3. BACILLUS No.7 (Paterson)

  • This is so named because it was the 7th non- lactose fermenting type of bacillus to be observed in the laboratory, & as it did not conform to any of the previously known groups, it was given the numerical “7”.
  • Keynote: Mental & physical fatigue, old rheumatism
  • Biochemistry: Br & Iodine.

4. GAERTNER (Bach)

  • Key note: Malnutrition
  • Biochemistry: Sil, P, Fl, Merc-viv.
  • Overactive brain with undernourished body.

5. DYSENTERY CO. (Bach)

  • Keynote: Anticipatory nervous tension.
  • MARKED IMPROVEMENT IN CONGENITAL PYLORIC STENOSIS.

6. SYCOTIC CO. (Paterson)

  • This organism is not of bacillary form but is a non lactose fermenting coccus found in the intestinal tract. A PRE-TUBERCULAR REMEDY.
  • Key note: Irritability with special reference to synovial & mucus membrane.

7. MUTABILE (Bach)

  • It is named so because it mutates as soon as it is sub-cultured from non lactose to a lactose fermenter. Mutabile is likely to be of value in treatment where there is alteration of symptoms, eg. Where skin eruption alternates with asthmatic symptom. Associated remedy isPulsatilla.
  • It is an intermediary form between B.coli and the true non lactose fermenting type.

8. B. FAECALIS

  • It is similar to Sepia. Not well proved

9. BACILLUS No.10 (Paterson)

  • Spongy gums. Numerous flat warts on hands & Lipoma.

10. COCAL CO. (Paterson)

  • It is used in septic state. Not well proved.

BOWEL NOSODES & RELATED REMEDIES

  • MORGAN PURE            SULPHUR
  • MORGAN GARTNER     LYCOPODIUM
  • PROTEUS                    NAT. MUR
  • MUTABILE                   PULSATILLA
  • BACILLUS NO.7            Br, KALI C, IOD
  • GAERTNER                 MERC VIV, SIL, PHOS
  • DYSENTERY CO.         ARS ALB
  • SYCOTIC CO.              THUJA
  • B. FAECALIS.              SEPIA  

REPERTORY OF BOWEL NOSODES

  • Published by: Indian Books & Periodicals Publishers, New Delhi.
  • Price: Rs. 25.00/-
  • First edition: 1998.
  • Author :  Dr Mrs. Namita Mohanty  MD. Hom(Repertory) 

For fullest utilization of symptoms recorded in the Materia Medica of Bowel Nosodes, a Repertory of Bowel Nosodes is prepared &presented with 27 chapters starting from Constitution to Generalities. 

  1. Constitution
  2. Mind
  3. Head
  4. Face
  5. Eye
  6. Ear
  7. Nose
  8. Mouth
  9. Throat
  10. Neck & Back
  11. Chest
  12. Respiration
  13. Cough
  14. Expectoration
  15. Desire
  16. Aversion
  17. Intolerance
  18. Abdomen
  19. Pelvis
  20. Anus
  21. Stool
  22. Urine
  23. Extremities
  24. Skin
  25. Sleep
  26. Circulation &
  27. Generalities

 The characters of sub-rubrics are:

  • Location
  • Sensation
  • Modalities
  • Concomitants
  • Causations
  • Alternate with
  • Unexpected deviation
  • Sensation as if
  • Extension
  • Various type
  • Adaptability
  • Onset
  • Sides.

There are 2 gradations:

  •       First grade: bold letters
  •       Second grade: Roman letters.

Rubrics & sub-rubrics are in alphabetical order.

List of abbreviations 

  • Sycotic Co.: Syc. Co
  • Dysentery Co.: Dys. Co.
  • Proteus: Prot.
  • Gaertner: Gaert
  • Morgan(pure): Mor.(pure)
  • Bacillus No.7: Bac.No.7
  •  Bacillus No.10: Bac.No.10 

Important Rubrics in Different Chapters

CONSTITUTION

  • Anaemic: Sycotic Co.
  • Face:
  • flushed: Morgan(Bach)
  • pale: Morgan Gaertner.
  • Florid: Bacillus N.10, Morgan Pure, Proteus.
  • Hair:
  • dark: Dysentery Co.
  • Skin:
  • freckles: Gaertner
  • pale: Bacillus No.7.

MIND

  • Active: Bacillus No.10, Morgan Pure.
  • Anger, contradiction from: Proteus.
  • Anxiety: Bacillus No.10
  • Anticipatory: Dysentery Co.
  • Apprehensions: Dysentery Co.
  • strangers in the presence of: Dysentery Co.
  • Cross: Sycotic Co.
  • Depressed: Bacillus No.10, Morgan Gaertener, Morgan Pure, Proteus.
  • Exhausted: Bacillus No.7
  • Fear: Dysentery Co.
  • Fixed notions: Proteus
  • Hysteria:
  • Emotional: Proteus
  • Impatient: Morgan Gaertener
  • Intelligent: Gaertner
  • Overactive brain with undernourished body: Gaertner.
  • Irritability: Bacillus No.10, Morgan Gaertener, Morgan Pure, Proteus.
  • Loner: Proteus
  • dislikes to be ignored yet: Proteus.
  • Nervousness: Dysentery Co., Gaertener, Morgan Gaertener, Sycotic Co.
  • alone when: Gaertener
  • crossing street when: Gaertener
  • noise from: Gaertener
  • Stubborn (obstinate): Proteus
  • Tense: Bacillus No.7, Morgan Gaertener, Morgan Pure, Proteus
  • Unresponsive: Proteus
  •  Weeping, tearful mood: Morgan Pure.

HEAD

  • Pain headache in general: Dysentery Co.
  • morning
  • blinding: Dysentery Co.
  • Vertigo: Morgan Pure.
  •  High blood pressure from: Morgan Pure.

FACE

  • Discolouration, red: Morgan Pure.
  • Dry: Morgan Pure.
  • Eruptions,
  • moist: Morgan Pure.
  • pustular: Morgan Pure.
  • scalding: Morgan Pure.
  • scaly: Morgan Pure.
  • Heat: Morgan Pure.
  • Swelling:
  • Eyes, under: Sycotic Co.

EYES

  • Granular, lids: Morgan Pure.
  • Pain: Sycotic Co.
  • Photophobia: Proteus.

EAR

  • Cracks behind ear: Morgan Pure.
  • Discharges: Morgan Pure, Sycotic Co.
  • Eruption: Morgan Pure.
  • Behind ears: Morgan Pure.
  • fissured: Morgan Pure.
  • itching: Morgan Pure.
  • moist: Morgan Pure.
  • scaly: Morgan Pure.
  • Eczema, on ear passages: Morgan Pure.
  • Hearing, impaired, deafness, catarrhal: Morgan Gaertener
  • Inflammation, mastoid portion of temporal bone: Morgan Gaertener.
  • Meniere’s disease: Proteus.

NOSE

  • Coryza: Dysentery Co., Morgan Gaertener, Morgan Pure, Sycotic Co.
  • annual (hay fever): Dysentery Co.
  • frequent: Dysentery Co.

MOUTH

  • Coated, tongue: Morgan Pure.
  • Cracks tongue: Sycotic Co.
  • Furred, tongue: Sycotic Co.
  • Pain, sore, tongue: Sycotic Co.
  • Rawness, tongue: Morgan Pure.
  • Slimy, tongue: Morgan Pure.
  • Swelling, tongue: Morgan Pure.
  •  Taste, bad: Morgan Gaertener
  •  bitter: Morgan Gaertener.
  • Tongue: Sycotic Co.

THROAT

  • Dryness: Morgan Pure.
  • parched: Morgan Pure.
  • Goitre: Sycotic Co.
  • Granulated: Morgan Pure.
  • Pain: Morgan Pure.
  • burning: Morgan Pure.
  • rawness: Morgan Pure.

NECK & BACK

  • Inflammation, fibrositis, back: Sycotic Co.
  • neck: Morgan Pure.
  • Pain: SycoticCo.
  • heat, amel: Sycotic Co.
  • Back: Sycotic Co.
  • Lumbo sacral region: Sycotic Co.
  • Rheumatism,
  • back: Bacillus No.7
  • shoulder: Bacillus No.7.

CHEST

  • Fibrositis, chest wall: Morgan Pure, Sycotic Co.
  • Inflammation, bronchi, bronnchitis: Morgan Pure, Proteus.
  • winter attack: Morgan Pure.

RESPIRATION

  • Asthmatic: Bacillus No.10.

DESIRE

  • Butter: Morgan Pure.
  • Chocolates: Bacillus No. 10
  • Eggs: Morgan Pure.
  • Fats: Dysentery Co., Morgan Pure
  • Fish: Bacillus No.10
  • Milk: Dysentery Co.
  • Salt: Dysentery Co., Morgan Gaertner
  • Sweets: Bacillus No.10, Dysentery Co.

AVERSION

  • Fish: Gaertner.

INTOLERANCE

  • Onion: Sycotic Co.
  • Orange: Sycotic Co.

ABDOMEN

  • Coeliac disease: Gaertner.
  • Distended, colon: Dysentery Co., Morgan Pure.
  • Eructation: Morgan Gaertner, Morgan Pure.
  • bitter: Morgan Pure.
  • sour: Morgan Pure.
  • Heartburn: Dysentery Co., Morgan Pure, Proteus.
  • Inflammation, gastroenteritis: Gaertner.
  • Pain: Morgan Pure, Morgan Gaertner.
  • empty stomach in, not relieved by eating: Proteus.
  • Sensation, distention of: Morgan Gaertner.
  • Stone, gall bladder: Morgan Pure.
  • kidney: Morgan Gaertner.
  • Tabes mesentrica: Gaertner.
  •  Thirst, cold drinks for: Dysentery Co.
  • Water Brash: Morgan Pure.

EXTREMITIES

  • Buerger’s disease: Proteus.
  • Contraction, Upper limb: Proteus.
  • Inflammation, joints, arthritis, Upper limb, shoulder: Morgan Pure.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Bacillus No.7.
  • Intermittent claudication: Proteus.
  • Nodules:
  • fingers on: Morgan Pure.
  • Raynaud’s disease: Proteus.
  • Sensation, heat of feet at night: Morgan Pure.
  • Swelling, Lower limb, painful: Morgan Pure.

GENERALITIES

  • Heat, flushes of: Morgan Pure.
  • Jaundice: Morgan Pure.
  • Varicose, ulcer: Morgan Pure.
  • Vein: Morgan Pure. 

Other References: 

Dr Sunila BHMS,MD(Hom)
Email : babuabau@gmail.com

banerjee

Classical Homoeopathy for an impatient world by SK Banerjea

banerjeeRapid Classical Prescribing by Subrata Kumar Banerjea

Book review by Dr Mansoor Ali 

Price : Rs.449
Pages : 631

Published by
B. Jain Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
1921/10 Chuna Mandi
Paharganj, New Delhi-110055
web : www.bjain.com
Email :  info@bjain.com.

Which School of Homeopathy is right?
Now a day’s students and practitioners are exposed to various schools of homeopathy.  Lot of adjectives are added to homeopathy. Some of those methods are difficult to digest without years of experience, and some are far away from Hahnemannian teachings.

There are many books on rapid prescribing, but this book  highlights six methodologies which will enable the prescriber to reach the simillimum efficiently and quickly. These methods are simple and never confuse the beginner’s. 

Six methodologies are

Emphasis on aetiology  – including physical and emotional
Totality of physical symptoms
Totality of emotional symptoms
Behaviour, gestures, posture, past time
Miasmatic totality
Homeopathic generalities

Similimum can be reached by combination of any three of the above methodologies.

Author says -this approach towards prescribing is scientific, classical, practical, time tested and repeatedly verified which has been practiced for centuries by Master homeopaths including Drs Kent, Hering, Lippe, Tyler, Nash, etc

This book is the outcome of years of experience of Dr S.K. Banerjea who has mastered the understanding of homeopathic literature and practiced both in India and UK, that vastly differing in environment and culture.

M-TEK

  • M-THE is the classical and practical prescribing approach in drug dependent, impatient and observed consistent results.
  • M=TEK denotes
  • Miasm – 50% emphasis
  • Rest 50% emphasis on
  • Totality
  • Essence
  • Keynotes 

There  are innovative  discussion on different concepts of homeopathy needed for a correct prescription ranging from miasms, case taking,mother tinctures, methods of taperinf other system of medicine,LM ptecy, gropu study of drugs, effective drug picture etc…

Major section are

  1. Modern classical miasmatic prescribing – for drug dependent & non drug dependent
  2. Classical methodology for case taking and case analysis with emphasis on miasmatic diagnosis
  3. Effective potency tip – Hexoganal method
  4. Fast acute prescribing techniques
  5. Common characters of Group remedies and utility in prescribing
  6. Drug picture of  polychrests
  7. When well selected remedies fails – utility of nosodes, sarcodes etc..
  8. Personification of polychrests – looks and spot the medicines
  9. Emotional etiologies and their corresponding manifestations
  10. Psychiatry, mental essence & post traumatic disorders
  11. Consequences of vaccination
  12. Repertory of personality profiles
  13. Scope and use of mother tinctures of Latin an Indian drugs
  14. Repertory of mother tinctures
  15. Organopathic  medicines – how to handle drug dependent cases and tapering methods

Author beautifully described different aspects of miasm in  particular conditions.

For example – Hair falling

Alopacia with dry lusterless hair and bran like dandruff – Psora

Circular or spotty baldness – Sycotic

Diffuse hair fall – syphilitic

Thick yellow crusts in hair – tubercular

Like this he described many conditions with respect to miasmatic states

Weaning allopathic medicine
He explained how to tapper the medicine by giving the organopathic homeopathic medicines. After weaning 50% on conventional medicine, suppressed symptom come to surface and the patient  give much clearer symptoms. He described eight homeopathic bronchodilators with their indications dose  and potency to wean allopathic medicines.

Case taking Performa
This Performa is suitable to Indian and foreign sub-continent, but it is too lengthy for a busy practitioner

Potency tips
The hexagonal representation in the book will enable the prescriber to understand the keywords of the medicine on which major emphasis should be given for prescribing.

Verdict
I recommend
 this book to every serious student and practitioner of homeopathy – since this work is   the outcome of years of experience of Dr S.K. Banerjea who has mastered the understanding of homeopathic literature and practiced both in India and abroad – his methods are simple and never confuse the beginners.

links

Homeopathy and Mental Health Care: Integrative Practice

linksChristopher Johannes  &  Harry E. van der Zee

Book Review by Dr Mansoor Ali

Homeopathy and Mental Health Care: Integrative Practice, Principles and Research

Christopher Johannes  &  Harry E. van der Zee

Foreword by Dana Ullman

Hardcover: 336 pages

Publisher: Homeolink Publishers

www.homeolinks.nl

Email : office@homeolinks.nl

Language: English

This is an excellent resource for anyone seeking homeopathic remedies for dealing with psychological or psychiatric problems. 

A useful book offers a comprehensive look at the integration of homeopathy and mental health care.

The book is worthy because it places homeopathy within the context of the current mental health system at precisely the point where it is needed

Twenty-three leading healthcare professionals from around the world unite in a diverse collection of provocative, grounded and visionary, and clinically relevant chapters that offer the student, professional, and non-professional alike a clear and inspiring guide to the healing power and potential of homeopathy in mental health care.

Contributing authors: Hannah Albert, Philip Bailey, Iris Bell & Mary Koithan, Daniel Benor, Seema Bhat, Manish Bhatia, Kate Chatfield & Joy Duxbury, Jane Tara Cicchetti, Jane Ferris, Christopher Johannes, Corina Guethlin & Harald Walach, Peter Morrell, Joseph Rozencwajg, Kenneth Silvestri, Edward Shalts, Traian Stanciulescu, Ian Townsend, Judyth Reichenberg-Ullman & Robert Ullman and Harry van der Zee

Dr. Manish Bhatia, from India reviews global mental health problems and some of the limitations of medication treatments for depression, psychosis and anxiety. He reviews the meta-analyses of homeopathy for general medical problems, finding substantive evidence that homeopathy produces significant effects in a variety of diseases. He reviews 40 studies of homeopathy for various mental health problems, including anxiety, depression, ADHD, drug abuse, insomnia, stress and general wellbeing. No meta-analyses of homeopathy for mental health issues has been published. Much further discussion is provided later in this book on research and ethical issues in mental health.

Iris R. Bell, MD PhD MD(H) and Mary Koithan, RN PhD, USA consider the transformational changes produced by homeopathy. Their case reports are helpful in fleshing out the human responses on all levels of their being to homeopathic remedies. I also contribute a discussion on wholistic, spiritual aspects of homeopathy, pointing out the ways in which these remedies bring people into more complete awareness and fuller relationships with body, emotions, mind, relationships (with other people and the environment) and spirit.

Ronald D. Whitmont, MD, New York Medical College The book is remarkable because it places homeopathy within the context of the current mental health system at precisely the point where it is needed. Reading this text makes it clear that homeopathy is an emerging medical science that holds tremendous potential for widespread application in the field of mental health. This work places the topic of homeopathy squarely in the middle of current mainstream medical research and clarifies what an integrative and balanced approach to mental health would look like.

Roger Morrison, MD, Hahnemann Medical Clinic This excellent book should interest all health care practitioners – even those with no interest in homeopathy. The careful yet pithy description of research into the benefits (and failings) of allopathic treatment of mental disorders provides ample food for thought. The book goes on to outline the general (and impressive) literature on homeopathy in randomized studies. But the heart of this important work lies in the insightful, comprehensive and truly integrative chapters by van der Zee, Johannes, Shalts, Bell, and others. Every chapter is worthy of study. The balanced approach taken by the authors and editors is reminiscent of the excellent earlier work of Dr. van der Zee – Miasms in Labour. I give this book my highest recommendation.

Much of this helpful book considers ways in which homeopathy can be used in integrative care, offering people the best of allopathic and homeopathic approaches. Judyth ReichenbergUllman, ND DHANP LCSW & Robert Ullman, ND DHANP, (USA) consider homeopathic treatment of children with behavioral and learning problems; Edward Shalts, MD DHt ABPN ABHT ABHM, (USA) on PostTraumatic Stress Disorder.

Homeopathic practitioners from Japan, the UK and USA remind homeopathic practitioners of the importance of including counseling along with the remedies. These and other homeopaths suggest that Rogerian and Jungian approaches are particularly resonant with the philosophy and spectrum of effects of homeopathic treatments. Of particular interest, which I have not seen before, is the discussion of Joseph Rozencwajg, MD PhD NMD (New Zealand) on using the tools of Traditional Chinese Medicine diagnosis to prescribe homeopathic remedies for psychological problems.

Table of Contents Foreword by Dana Ullman, MPH

Section 1: Introduction

Chapter 1:  Exploring the Role of Homeopathy in Reducing the Global Mental Health Burden – Dr. Manish Bhatia

  • Introduction
  • Status of global mental health
  • Where the elixir did not work!
  • Antidepressants
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  • Antipsychotics
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Homeopathy – a different approach
  • Use and prevalence
  • Underlying philosophy
  • Studying the psychological effects of medicines
  • Tracing the importance of mental health in homeopathy
  • Research evidence
  • General evidence for homeopathy
  • Efficacy in various diseases
  • Anxiety and depression
  • ADHD
  • Drug abuse
  • Insomnia
  • Stress
  • Improvement in co-morbidity
  • Improvement in general well-being, quality of life and patient satisfaction
  • Research on microdilutions
  • The safe choice
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Challenges in homeopathic research & the road ahead
  • The research bias
  • The question of research methodology
  • Integration
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 2  :The Homeopathic Healing Process, Transformational Outcomes, and the Patient-Provider Relationship –Iris R. Bell, MD PhD MD(H) and Mary Koithan, RN PhD, USA

  • Overview of transformational change
  • Transformation in healthcare and homeopathy
  • Case examples
  • The multidimensional nature of patient outcomes in homeopathic treatment: inclusion of the physical domain in transformation
  • The role of the patient-provider relationship in homeopathic care and transformative outcomes
  • Conclusions 

Chapter 3:   Wholistic, Spiritual Aspects of Homeopathy – Daniel J. Benor, MD ABIHM, Canada

  • Spirituality
  • Holistic healing
  • Homeopathy as a holistic practice that includes spirituality
  • Imponderable/meditative/symbolic/metaphoric remedies
  • Homeopathic remedies as radionics treatments
  • Holistic evidence from other complementary/alternative therapies
  • Mental projection of homeopathic remedies
  • Theories to explain spiritual aspects of homeopathy
  • Contributions of holistic, spiritual awareness in homeopathy
  • In Summary 

Chapter 4 :   Was Hahnemann the Real Pioneer of Psychiatry?- Peter Morrell, BSc MPhil PGCE, United Kingdom

  • Introduction
  • Johann Christian Reil (1759-1813)
  • Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)
  • William Tuke (1732-1822)
  • Treatment of Klockenbring
  • In the Organon, Hahnemann on so-called ‘mental diseases’
  • Discussion
  • Vitalist predecessors

Section 2: Integration, Case Applications, and Therapeutic Process

Chapter 5 :  Homeopathic Treatment of Children with Behavioural and Learning Problems – Judyth Reichenberg-Ullman, ND DHANP LCSW & Robert Ullman, ND DHANP, USA

  • Overview of clinical experience
  • Why homeopathic treatment?
  • Homeopathic treatment
  • Case taking
  • Case analysis
  • Homeopathic prescription and case management
  • Course of treatment
  • Illustrative cases
  • Case a thirteen-year-old-boy with oppositional-defiant disorder
  • An interesting teaching case: finding the simillimum
  • Case: a fascination with blood and gore
  • Case of a perfectionistic child with attention deficit disorder
  • What to expect from homeopathic care 

Chapter 6 :  Homeopathic Treatment of Multiple Personality Disorder – Dr Philip M. Bailey, MbBs MFHom DipHyp, Australia

  • Introduction
  • Multiple Personality Disorder
  • Case examples
  • Wendy
  • Mandragora
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 7 :  Homeopathic Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Edward Shalts, MD DHt ABPN ABHT ABHM, USA

  • Introduction
  • History of PTSD
  • Official criteria for PTSD
  • Types of PTSD
  • Examples of traumas that can lead to PTSD or acute stress disorder
  • Conventional treatments for PTSD and acute stress disorder
  • Homeopathic approach to PTSD
  • Main principles of homeopathic approach to treatment of PTSD
  • Acute stress disorder
  • Acute and delayed onset PTSD
  • Homeopathic approach to PTSD in children
  • Case of Mancinella
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 8  :  Healing Collective Trauma with Homeopathy: Applying the Genus Epidemicus Approach to Trauma – Harry E. van der Zee, MD Hom, Netherlands

  • Introduction
  • The principles of homeopathy
  • As if one person
  • Miasms
  • Infectious diseases and miasms
  • Miasms and process
  • The logic of miasms
  • A new source
  • Collective trauma
  • Genocide in Rwanda
  • Second-generation Holocaust trauma: case of a 55-year-old woman with a deep pain
  • Trauma and miasm
  • The trauma of war in Africa
  • The trauma of rape in Africa
  • A case of rape and gonorrhoea
  • The raped women of Bukavu
  • Conclusion
  • Follow the river to its source
  • Impossible? 

Chapter 9 : Homeopathic Prescribing Strategy for Patients Taking Psychotropic Medications – Edward Shalts, MD DHt ABPN ABHT ABHM, USA

  • Introduction
  • Management of conventional medications
  • How to administer homeopathic remedies to patients on conventional medication
  • Role of illicit drugs in treatment of mental illness
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 10 : The Homeopathic Counsellor: Beyond the Remedy  – Christopher K. Johannes, PhD, DHM HD(RHom) MARH NCC LPC LMHC, Japan

  • Homeopathy’s underutilized role in mental health care
  • The idea of the homeopathic counsellor
  • Something more: mental health benefits beyond the remedy
  • Even more: integrated mind-body-spirit health
  • Do we need a recognized homeopathic counsellor?
  • Ideas into action 

Chapter 11 : From Unprejudiced Observer to Narrative Facilitator: Rogers’ Person-Centred Approach and the Homeopathic Consultation – Ian Townsend MA RSHom, United Kingdom

  • Introduction
  • Rogers’ PCA model
  • Rogers’ six conditions
  • Making psychological contact
  • Vulnerable client, resourceful practitioner
  • Core condition 1: unconditional positive regard (UPR)
  • Core condition 2: empathy
  • Core condition 3: congruence
  • Communication: client awareness
  • Putting it all together: the idea of single configuration
  • Summary 

Chapter 12  : Integrating Psychotherapy and Homeopathy: A means of determining the needs of the vital force – Kenneth Silvestri, EdD CCH RSHom (NA), USA

  • Introduction
  • The ingredients to integrate homeopathy and psychotherapy
  • Celebrating interpersonal communication
  • Implications
  • Understanding context and systemic treatment
  • Implications
  • Explore psychology
  • Mindfulness, forgiveness, and health
  • Selected “forgiveness remedies”
  • Implications
  • Respect constitution and temperament
  • Implications
  • Allow collective connections
  • Implications
  • Genogram format (McGoldrick, 1995) and case example
  • Implications
  • Case example
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 13 :Unlocking the Door to Human Potential – A Jungian Perspective on the Treatment of Emotional Disorders with Homeopathy – Jane Tara Cicchetti, RSHom(NA) CCH, USA

  • Introduction
  • An early childhood dream
  • Case analysis
  • Follow-up
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 14 :  Homeopathy as a Tool for Personal Evolution – Hannah Albert, ND, USA

  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • What I seek in the interview
  • What happens with treatment
  • Case study
  • Assessment
  • About miasms
  • Homeopathic prescribing
  • Follow-up
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 15 :   Treatment of Mental Diseases, a Clinical Diary – Dr. Seema, BHMS MD Hom, India

  • Introduction
  • Excerpts from the case diary
  • Conclusion 

Chapter 16 :Using the Tools of Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnosis to Prescribe Homeopathic Remedies in Psychological Cases – Dr. Joseph Rozencwajg, MD PhD NMD, New Zealand

  • Introduction
  • Yin and Yang
  • The five elements
  • The seven emotions as causes of disease and their relations to organs/functions
  • Tongue diagnosis
  • Pulse diagnosis
  • Some remedies
  • Conclusion

Section 3: Research, Ethics, and Theory

Chapter 17 :  Is Homeopathy Useful in Psychotherapy? – Jane A. Ferris, PhD, USA

  • Introduction
  • The research
  • Observations
  • Alchemical process: impact of research
  • Conclusions 

Chapter 18 : Research Issues in Homeopathy in Mental Health – Corina Güthlin, PhD, Germany & Harald Walach, PhD, United Kingdom

  • Introduction
  • Research in homeopathy
  • Research in homeopathy and mental health care
  • Basic research
  • Systematic reviews and randomized controlled studies
  • Randomized controlled trial in depression and anxiety
  • Randomized controlled trial in chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover trial in attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome
  • Randomized controlled double-blind pilot study on premenstrual syndrome
  • Varies other types of studies
  • A practical guide to research
  • Conclusion

Chapter 19 : Ethical and Practical Implications for Homeopaths in Mental Health Care – Kate Chatfield, MSc RSHom & Joy Duxbury, PhD, United Kingdom

  • Introduction
  • Ethics in medicine
  • Respect for Autonomy
  • Beneficence
  • Non-maleficence
  • Justice
  • Ethics in treatment of people with mental health problems
  • The survey 

Chapter 20 : Neuro-Psychical (Dis)Orders and Homeopathy: Biophotonic Connections – Prof. Dr. Traian D. Stãnciulescu, Romania

  • Instead of an introduction: towards a (meta)physical synergy
  • Fundamentals of biophotonics: a necessary synthesis
  • Theoretical roots of healing by light
  • The model of hierarchical energy-information traps: on the genesis of the profound resources of human health
  • Neuro-psychical (dis)orders: a biophotonic approach
  • Neuro-mental mechanisms of human health
  • Neuro-mental illness: biophotonic connotations
  • Homeopathic therapy for neuro-psychic disorders: the integrative assumption of biophotonics
  • On the mechanism of resonance by light: “similia similibus curentur”
  • The homeopathic mechanism of neuro-psychic therapy: the release by resonance of energy-information traps
  • Summary of a healing process and practical implications 

About the Authors

Index of Remedies

Index

These chapters clearly and concisely delineate the remarkable achievements of homeopathy in stark contrast to the current, ailing system of medicine.  The book brings together evidence supporting the advantages of homeopathy while demonstrating how it can be integrated into mainstream psychological approaches.

The last chapter, by Prof. Dr. Traian D. Stnciulescu (Romania), explores a variety of theories and models for bioenergy and resonance explanations for homeopathy.

This is an impressive and well researched text. What marks the difference in this work is the effort that has been made to locate the benefits of homeopathy within the evidence base of current medical and scientific knowledge. The authors of this book have explored the use of homeopathy in mental illness within the context of the current global crisis in mental health care.

This is indeed a scholarly work that should be widely read both by homeopaths and integrative practitioners alike. The book helps bridge the gap between practitioners of somatic based therapeutics with those who practice only psychologically based therapies. This book will allow homeopathic practitioners to gain tremendous insight into the mainstream context of what they do, while integrative and allopathic practitioners stand to gain from the scholarly, evidence-based presentation of homeopathy as it relates to the care and treatment of mental and psychological conditions.  The sections dealing with research in homeopathy are remarkable for careful citations and well-referenced information on the current state-of-the-art of ongoing homeopathic medical research. Homeopathy is discussed frankly and coherently.

Reading this text makes it clear that homeopathy is an emerging medical science that holds tremendous potential for widespread application in the field of mental health. This work places the topic of homeopathy squarely in the middle of current mainstream medical research and clarifies the position that an integrative and balanced approach to mental health would look like. The book forces us to go beyond our current addiction to psychotropic medications and to consider therapies that may cure rather than palliate. The text is consistently well-referenced, bridging some of the most current scientific data with homeopathic methodology and treatment. This book should act as a template for future books on the benefits of homeopathy in a vast array of medical conditions.

wenda

Organon of the Medical art by Wenda Brewster O’Reilly

wendaAuthor : Wenda Brewster O’Reilly

Book Review by Dr Mansoor Ali

Organon of the Medical Art  By Samuel Hahnemann

Edited & Annotated by Wenda Brewster O’Reilly

Publisher : B jain Publishers New Delhi w ww.bjainbooks.com

Price : Rs.175/-

Homoeopathy is slow to win its way because of the defective use of the books, as well as defective books, thus producing results that are not striking but merely ordinary – Dr.J.T.Kent in Minor Writings of Homoeopathy

But this translation is widely considered to be the most accurate. This is the translation we have all been waiting for.  Steven Decker and Wenda Brewster O’Reilly have done a great service for the humanity, that is why millions of  copies sold around the world with in short span after release.

Steven Decker, a noted scholar of 19th century German language and philosophy, produced a new interlinear translation from the original text of Hahnemann’s sixth edition; that is, he made a translation in which the full German text appears with a line of English above each line of German, translating every word. He also made a very literal sentence- by-sentence rendering, precisely preserving Hahnemann’s long sentences.

One problem with previous translations is that the reader could not be sure of the accuracy of the translation of key words and therefore, Hahnemann’s exact meaning was not known. To address this problem, O’Reilly provides a glossary of terms in which the German word is given along with the definition that applies to Hahnemann’s usage.

Dr.  Samuel Hahnemann’s pioneering text Organon of the Medical Art, first published in 1810, remains the foundation for all study in this field.  Wenda O’Reilly worked with translator Stephen Decker to produce a version of the book that would preserve Hahnemann’s insights while adapting it to the needs of the modern general reader.

It makes his masterpiece easily accessible and offers great insight into the original German text. The glossary and index are indispensible additions.

It is the most precise translation and adaptation of the sixth edition of Hahnemann’s Organon, to date, using Hahnemann’s own intended imagery, coloration and texture to bring forth the dynamic experience, the kennen, of his monumental work.

The effort Decker put forth in translating the original demonstrates a level of intellectual integrity and precision that even I can recognize. O’Reilly’s editorial and organizational prowess is unmatched.

O’Reilly’s adaptation of the Organon brings much more meaning to light for two reasons: Steven Decker’s translation, and Wenda O’Reilly’s reworking and editing.

O’Reilly then grammatically adapted Decker’s translation. She preserved the language and intent of Hahnemann, but placed this in a sentence structure that is much easier to read than the sentence structure of Hahnemann’s German. She framed the text by placing it into chapters and sections that help orient the reader. To this she added an extensive index (over 50 pages). It’s not just an index of words, but of concepts found in the Organon.

This latest edition being reviewed here, by Wenda Brewster O’Reilly and Steven Decker, is the first English translation that has looked at the whole book, and studied what is being said, as well as HOW it was being said.

Wenda of the Dudgeon translation: “I thought I had difficulty understanding his concepts because the sentence structure was so difficult. That was true to some extent, but now I realize that a lot of the obscurity was in the translation.”

Both the Dudgeon/Boericke and the Kunzli translations were not literal but “conceptual”-they got the main point across but with language that left out the color and flavor of Hahnemann’s words. While the older editions have literally translated Hahnemann’s grammar but not his words, the new edition by Decker and O’Reilly has done the reverse- the grammar is easy and modern and the words are a literal translation of Hahnemann’s. As the authors say in the introduction:

So this new translation proceeded from a literal (in German) to a literal in English. The first paragraph reads: Des Arztes hochster und einzuger Beruf ist, kranke Menschen gesund zu machen, was man Heilen nennt.

The literal translation is:

The physicians highest and only calling is [the] sick [humans] sound to make, which one curing calls.

And the final translation becomes: The physician’s highest and only calling is to make the sick healthy, to cure, as it is called.

Furthermore, the text has been made easier to understand by the addition of headings and sub-heads (the paragraphs contain a summary at the beginning, i.e., Paragraph 8 is summarized as: “When all the symptoms of the disease have been lifted, the disease is also cured in the interior”); the sections are named (“Understanding Disease: Paragraph 72-81”); when a paragraph has several “ifs” and “therefores,” the key points are numbered to make it easier to understand; there is an 84-page Glossary; and a 39-page comprehensive index is included.

Acclaim for the Organon of the Medical Art
“The Organon of the Medical Art is a must read for anyone who gives or receives medical care.” – Roger Morrison, M.D.,

“The Organon is the cornerstone of homeopathy. In it, Hahnemann takes us on a philosophical journey through the age-old questions of health, disease and healing. Along the way he answers most questions any homeopath could have…This is the translation we have all been waiting for.” –Homeopathy Today

“The best translation yet, and the most comprehensive and organized information about the Organon.” – George Vithoulkas,

“This philosophical masterpiece by the founder of homeopathy brilliantly covers all aspects of natural health care.”- Miranda Castro

“O’Reilly has edited what is likely to become one of the most important books on homeopathy in this century…For the first time, Hahnemann’s profound teachings, which are the foundation of homeopathy, can be read and understood with relative ease.” – The American Homeopath

“The Organon of the Medical Art is one of the greatest books published in the history of medicine. It clearly describes how medicines can be used to stimulate natural healing. Hahnemann’s revolutionary paradigm of medicine has far-reaching implications for all types of medical practice.” –Richard Pitcairn

“Homeopathic medicine is the most radical and effective system of medicine the world has ever known. Although the Organon was written 200 years ago, it is only now, at the dawn of the 21st century, that its true relevance can be appreciated by all.”- Jeremy Sherr, 

Jeremy Sherr, director of the Dynamis School for Homeopathy, comments, “The Organon is not an easy book to grasp. Complex structure, long sentences and condensed concepts have obscured the totality. The O’Reilly edition outlines the overall picture with a clear synopsis, highlights the context with well-defined chapters, and focuses our thoughts with section headings and editorial commentary. A comprehensive index and glossary provide map and keys for treasure hunting in the text. This translation unveils many of Hahnemann’s subtle ideas by remaining as faithful as possible to his precise terminology. A bonus is added in the precise translation and adaptation of Hahnemann’s Introduction.”

Julian Winston, editor of Homeopathy Today and co-director of the Wellington College of Homeopathy, writes, “We read the Organon, trying to figure out what Hahnemann meant, and have been confused by reading his convoluted German translated into convoluted Victorian English. Help is now at hand! Wenda O’Reilly and Stephen Decker have brought the book to life again, and along the way have answered many of the questions in meaning we have been looking for, for these long years. In this year of the 200th anniversary of homeopathy, it is only fitting that Hahnemann’s philosophical masterpiece-the book that tells us why and how-should be given back to us. And, for the first time since 1849, the Introduction has been made accessible, clearly showing us how homeopathy is placed in its historical context. I’ve been teaching from the book for two months, and the clarity of the translation is a joy to both myself and my students.”

From Introduction of this book
Over the course of a sixty-year career, from 1783 when he stopped practicing the medicine of his day, until he died in 1843, Samuel Hahnemann developed the homeopathic mode of medical treatment, which was as different from the prevailing medical practice as day is to night.

During his long professional career, Hahnemann condensed his precepts on the philosophy and practice of medicine and the maintenance of health into successive editions of the Organon of the Medical Art.The first edition was published in 1810, and the sixth and final edition was completed in 1842, the year before he died. Hahnemann did not write the Organon only for medical practitioners, in fact, he prescribed the Organon to patients. The book itself is a remedy of the highest potency. Like other great works of art, it constantly reveals new marvels and mysteries, acting dynamically in relation to each reader, and acting differently with each reading.

Over the past few years, Steven Decker and I have worked closely together to bring Hahnemann’s work of genius to light for modern readers. His goal has been to provide the most accurate translation of Hahnemann’s language and thought. Mine has been to adapt the translation in such a way as to make it as comprehensible and as accessible as possible. Steven Decker’s new translation of the Organonconveys more of Hahnemann’s meaning than ever before, preserving the primary sense of his words as well as their imagery, color and texture. He has brought to the translation not only his keen understanding of the German language of Hahnemann’s time, but also of Hahnemann’s underlying philosophy, which was shared to some extent by a few other writers and philosophers of his time. This small group (including his contemporaries, Johann Goethe and Samuel Taylor Coleridge) comprise the beginning of what may be referred to as a dynamic school of thought.

Steven Decker’s translation (which will become available in computer format) includes two parts: an interlinear translation, in which an English word appears above each word of the original text; and a rendering of each of Hahnemann’s sentences into an English sentence which follows as much as possible Hahnemann’s original periodic sentence structure. I have further adapted each sentence by placing Hahnemann’s translated words into a modern English grammatical structure, often expanding his very condensed style of writing. In addition, I have delineated the structure of the Organon by dividing it into chapters and sections, and I have interpreted the text in side-headings and editorial footnotes (indicated with an asterisk). A glossary and index have also been added.

The Glossary includes definitions of medical terms used in the Organon, as well as translation notes on specific words. Readers can now understand terms as Hahnemann meant them instead of having to guess which of an English word’s several meanings was meant to apply. Also found in the Glossary are definitions of concepts that are fundamental to an understanding of Hahnemann’s mode of thought.

The Index allows readers to use the Organon as a reference work. It also organizes information on certain topics. For example, listed under ‘Homeopathic treatment’ readers will find every homeopathic use of a medicine or treatment discussed by Hahnemann in the Organon; under ‘Definition of’ readers will find Hahnemann’s own definitions of terms in the text.

Steven Decker and I worked together to solve one of the prime difficulties in translating and adapting a text of such complexity as the Organon: the problem of consistency versus context. At every turn, translators must choose between translating a particular word consistently throughout a text or translating it according to context. Previous translators have opted primarily for translation according to context. However, one way in which readers come to understand Hahnemann’s precise meaning is by seeing how he uses certain key words in various contexts. Steven and I approached this problem from different directions. Steven drew on a wide selection of English words to find the particular one that could span the various meanings of a given German word. We then worked together to define key terms in the Glossary so that readers can fully understand the nuances to be associated with particular terms. In other words, through the Glossary definitions, we are giving readers the opportunity to assign the full meaning of a given German word to the English word being used to translate it. One example is the use of ‘malady’ throughout the text. ‘Malady’ is being used to translate the German word Uebel, which has two meanings in German; it means both illness and evil. There is no word in English that immediately conveys both of these meanings to the reader. ‘Malady’ has been assigned the task of conveying both of these meanings and has been defined as such in the Glossary.

Another frequently encountered problem in moving from one language to another is that different languages carry different ways of looking at something, conceptually dividing things into smaller or larger units. Where ( language may use several words, another may use on one. For example, English has the terms ‘curing’ ant ‘healing,’ which originally had different meanings. ‘ referred to medical intervention while ‘healing’ referred to the human organism’s own efforts to recover from disease or injury. German, however, has only one term (Heil-) that covers both healing and cure, and which can refer to anything that is remedial or therapeutic. Any such differences between Hahnemann’s original terminology and the translation are presented in the Glossary. As a result, readers will be able to better know and understand what Hahnemann wrote and what he meant.

In some cases, linguistic differences between Hahnemann’s German and modern English describe profound differences between his philosophy or world-view and that of most modern English-speaking readers. The structure of Hahnemann’s thought and writing in the Organon is functional, not linear. If one reads Hahnemann from a linear perspective, one misses half the story. Steven Decker’s new translation, and his definition of key terms, bring these differences to light. Readers can come closer to seeing as Hahnemann saw and thinking as Hahnemann thought.

The book is restructured as a series of chapters and sections, and newly added side notes and footnotes, a contextual glossary, and an index vastly increase the book’s usefulness

Repertorising by Dr Margaret Tyler & Dr John Weir

Book review by Dr Sunila 

SIR JOHN WEIR, (1879-1971)
Born in Paisley Renfrewshire, Scotland, Dr Weir was to become Physician Royal to King George V , King Edward VIII , King George VI , Queen Elizabeth II, and King Haakon VII of Norway.

Weir received his medical education first at Glasgow University and then in Chicago under the tutelage of Dr James Tyler Kent of  Hering Medical College along with Drs Harold Fergie Woods and Douglas Borland.

Weir returned to the London Homeopathic Hospital as Consultant Physician in 1910, and was appointed the Compton-Burnett Medical College as Professor of Materia Medica in 1911. He rose to become President of the Faculty of Homeopathy in 1923.

Weir reputedly first learned of homeopathy through his contact with Dr Robert Gibson Miller (1862-1919) head of the Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital. It was Dr Gibson Miller who advised Sir John Weir to go to the USA.

Weir spoke on homeopathy before the Royal Society of Medicine in 1932, and was knighted by King George V that same year. The renovatedManchester Homoeopathic Institute and Dispensary was opened in Oxford Street by Sir John Weir in May 1939. Weir said in an “address:homeopathic remedies do not act directly on disease; they merely stimulate the vital reactions of the patient, and this causes him to cure himself.” Having advanced through all levels of the Royal Victorian Order he was, as a rare distinction, awarded the Royal Victorian Chain in 1947,possibly as a mark of the medical care he gave to the ailing King George VI.

Publications

  • Homeopathy and its Importance in Treatment of Chronic Disease, (1915)
  • The Trend of Modern Medicine, (1922)
  • The Science and Art of Homeopathy, Brit Homeo Journal (1925)
  • The Present Day Attitude of the Medical Profession towards Homeopathy, Brit Homoeo Journal.
  • Homeopathy: a System of Therapeutics (1928)
  • Homeopathy: an Explanation of its Principles (1932)
  • British Homeopathy during the Last 100 Years, Brit Homoeo Journal.
  • Samuel Hahnemann and his Influence on Medical Thought.
  • Hahnemann on Homeopathic Philosophy (1935)
  • Sir John Weir, Dr Margaret Tyler Obituary, Brit. Homoeo. Journal. 

Dr. Margaret lucy tyler (1857-1943)
Margaret Tyler was a key figure in British homeopathy at the beginning of the twentieth century. Her love and dedication to homeopathy is evidenced by the fact that she worked in the London Homeopathic Hospital for over forty years. With money she inherited from her father she set up the Sir Henry James Tyler Scholarship Fund which sent several physicians, including D. Borland, and John Weir, to study with Kent between the years of 1908 to 1913. Kent was her protégé, although she never studied with him.

Important Contributions

  • Her book Homeopathic Drug Pictures is the fruit of a lifetime of experience; it is a magnum opus that was written in just under ten years. All her books bear testimony to her vast and insightful knowledge.
  • Pointers to the common remedies.
  • Dr. Margeret Tyler introduced the eliminating method of Repertorisation etc.
  • A Review of “Kent’s Repertory” presented before Kent. 

Published By:
Indian books & periodicals syndicate
B-5/62 dev nagar, karol bagh,New DEelhi -5 

Repertorising” by DR. Margaret Tyler & Dr. John Weir is also included in Repertory of the Homoeopathic Materia Medica by J. T. Kent. 

Repertorising” by DR. Margaret Tyler & Dr. John Weir is an invaluable gift to homoeopathic world. This book is mainly dealing with thegrading of symptoms; which is very important in Repertorisation & in finding a similimum.

This book also deals with the importance of eliminating symptoms. Symptoms which help to eliminate some unimportant medicine to facilitate the selection of the similimum are called eliminative symptoms. These symptoms are best to start with in Repertorising a case.

This book also incorporated Dr. Gibson Miller’s Hot & Cold remedies (extracted from Dr. Kent’s works) & some cases to show the method of working.

Every individual will work the Repertory in accordance with his ability, in accordance with his tendencies, in accordance with his mentality, & his work done with it will show his personality. Success in Repertorising depends on ability to deal with symptoms; & this has to be taught, it is not innate.

The first essential to use the Repertory is to know the whole case. If lacking the totality, even though we know perfectly well the symptoms & where to find them, we will be in confusion. Without the knowledge of what you seek, without all important grading of symptoms, life is too short for using the Repertory as your habitual guide in prescribing.

Symptoms are of two orders:

  • Those general to the patient as a whole (Kent’s generals).
  • Those particular, to some part of him (Kent’s particulars).

GRADING OF SYMPTOMS
MENTAL SYMPTOMS: Among the generals, symptoms of the first grade are, if well marked, the mental symptoms. These take thehighest rank & strongly indicated mental symptoms will always rule out any number of poorly marked symptoms of lesser grade. The mental symptoms always provide that they are very definite & well marked, are the most important symptoms of the case. 

But even the mental symptoms are graded. Of highest importance are those which relate to the WILL with love & hates, suspicions & fears. Of econd grade are thoe that affect the UNDERSTANDING, with delusions & delirium. Of lowest grade are those relating to MEMORY. 

REACTIONS, as a whole TO BODILY ENVIRONMENT: to times & seasons, to heat & cold, to damp & dry, to storm & tempest, to position, pressure, motion, jar, touch etc. But they have got to be in capitals or italics in the patient as well as in Repertory, to take this rank; or to safely used, some of them, as eliminating symptoms.

CRAVINGS & AVERSIONS (3rd grade general symptoms): They must not be mere likes & dislikes, but longings & loathing.

MENSTRUAL STATE in women, i.e., general aggravation of symptoms before, during & after menses.

PARTICULARS: Consider them last for these symptoms are really of minor importance. For example, in a great railway system, replacing of rolling stock & repair of few yards of permanent way are less vital to the company than the brain quality of its general manager. Make the executive of the company efficient, & it will deal in the best way with details.

Go for the patient as a live entity, revealed by his generals & mental symptoms in chief; deal with him according to the law of similars & he will do the rest. The whole is greater than the parts. Never juggle with particulars at the expense of the life of the whole.

But in their position of secondary importance you must go into particulars if only to confirm your choice of drug.

Among the particulars the first grade symptom will always be anything peculiar, or unusual or unexpected or unaccountable.

 A general symptom is the one that refers to the patient as a whole, and of which he can say “I” instead of “MY”. Where the patient says “MY” instead of “I” it is particular.

The Generals & Particulars may not be quiet different, but they be flatly contradictory in the same patient. For example, Arsenicum is worse from cold but the headache of Arsenicum is better from cold; Lycopodium is a warm remedy in main, yet its stomach symptoms are ameliorated by hot food & drinks. Even though this is a particular symptom, it is a peculiar symptom strongly diagnostic of one drug.

COMMON SYMPTOMS: A symptom may be common to all cases of a certain disease, & therefore of no great use in picking out the individual remedy for a particular case of that disease; or it may be common to a very great number of drugs & so very little use in Repertorising.

Eliminating Symptoms
Eliminating symptoms are symptoms which help to eliminate some unimportant medicines to facilitate the selection of the similimum. If we get a marked eliminating symptom to begin with, we have only to carry down comparatively small number of drugs & it is easier & quicker to get the remedy. You will generally find that one drug stands out more & more pre-eminently- it may not be in all rubrics, but it has got to be in all the important ones, i.e., those best marked in the patient & of highest grade. Without the aid of eliminating symptom some half a dozen drugs will come out pretty near one another when you count up at the end & that your traveaux d’ Hercule will leave you unconvinced & still in doubt.

Before opening the Repertory, we must eliminate all the symptoms dependent on gross lesions, & thus in some measure reduce the risk. Be sure that symptoms taken are peculiar to, & characteristic of, the patient himself- not merely secondary to disease. But it is good to diagnose a case because we cannot eliminate symptoms dependent on a disease which we haven’t diagnosed.

Techniques of repertorisation

  • Old method ( using plain paper sheet )
  • Modern Method ( using repertorial sheet )

Whether we use old or new method, two basic logical processes are involved. They are:-

a)  Total addition process, and
b)  Eliminating process.

Elimination Method (Artistic Method)
Dr. Margeret Tyler introduced this method. In this method the symptoms are arranged in a hierarchy in accordance to the schools of philosophy of the selected repertory.
Eliminating symptoms are those symptoms which throw of all the medicines that are not needed for the patient and bring only those medicines which are required for the patient.
The eliminating symptom is very important in the exercise of repertorisation because it dictates & determines the medicines that compete for the mantle of the similimum. It acts as safe shortcut to the prescription in the hands of the experienced physician.

Elimination methods:

  • Single  step elimination
  • Cascading elimination 

SINGLE STEP ELIMINATION
The elimination of the medicine is done only once, at the beginning of the exercise.
The most prominently characteristic symptom is selected as the eliminating symptom. The medicines indicated for this are noted down. For the next rubric / symptom, only these medicines which are common to the eliminating symptom are considered.

Medicines outside the eliminating symptom _ whatever be its grade is not considered for repertorisation.   

CASCADING ELIMINATION
In this method elimination is carried out through the whole process.
Each symptom became the eliminating symptom for the next symptom.

Extreme caution & care should be taken in structuring the hierarchy of symptoms.
The symptoms have to be arranged in the descending order of importance.
The medicines in the first symptom / rubrics are noted down, for the second symptom only the medicines covers the first symptom are considered. On working out the third symptom only the medicines those are indicated against the second symptom are selected. So first symptom is the eliminating to second symptom, second symptom is eliminating for third symptom and so on. Thus each symptom is the eliminating symptom for the next symptom.

A few cautions may be borne in mind, namely,

  1. If evaluation of symptom is not strictly practiced, eliminating process would prove disastrous.
  2. Hierarchy of symptoms should be adequately accurate.
  3. However important the rubrics may be, do not take it for the use of eliminating process if it has only one or a few medicines.
  4. Preferably generals should be used for the purpose.

If the above cautions are followed properly, eliminating process will be the most suitable working method for the purpose of Repertorisation. It is time saving, less confusing and easy to practice.

Dr. Gibson Miller’ Hot & Cold Remedies 

Remedies predominantly aggravated by cold
ARS, BAR-C, CAL-C, CALC-PH, CAPS, CAUST, CHINA, DULC, FERR, GRAPH, HEP, HYPER, KALI-ARS, KALI-CARB, MAGN-CARB, MAGN-PHOS, MOSCH, NITRIC-AC, NUX VOM, PHOS, PSOR, PYROGEN, RAN-B, RHUS, RUMEX, SABAD, SEPIA, SIL, SPIG, STRONT. (3+) 

 Remedies predominantly aggravated by heat
 APIS, ARG-NIT, FLOUR-AC, IOD, KALI-IOD, KALI-SUL, NAT-MUR, NAT-SUL, PLAT, PULS, SABINA, SECALE. (3+)

Remedies sensitive to both extremes of temperature
 MERC (MERC in chronic troubles aggravation by cold; in acute, aggravation by heat), Ip.

Ant-cr: aggravation by both heat & cold; aggravation by overheating & radiated heat, though many symptoms are ameliorated by heat.

They described 6 cases to show the method of working. 

Case: Example

  • Miss R. G. (20). (Outpatient, Hospital.) Feb. 15th, 1912.
  • Pain, back, when she catches cold.
  • Head:  burning pain on vertex. > On closing eyes.
    • She feels sick with headache daily < at menstrual period.
  • Cough on and off for 4 years; really never free from cough. No pain. No sputum. She gets worse from heat.
  • Faintish in warm room.
  • Depressed from consolation. Irritable with noises.
  • Fidgety.

Method of working

  • < Heat (used as eliminating symptom to cut out cold remedies from list.
  • < Consolation (Kent, p. 16)Nat-m, Lil-t, Plat, Thuj.
  • Noises; irritable (p. 59): Nat-m, Iod.
  • Faint in warm room (p. 1361): Puls, Lach, Lil-t, Lyc.
  • Faint in crowd (p.1359): Nat-m, Sul.
  • Headache >closing eyes (p.137): Bry, Sul, Iod, Nat-m, Plat
  • Burning pain on vertex (p. 177): Bry, Lach, Nat-m, Sul, Nat-s.
  • Burning pain on vertex. < At menstrual period (p. 177): Lach, Nat-m, Sul. 

Medicines:

  • Bryonia: 24
  • Lach: 36
  • Lyc: 22
  • Nat-m: 611
  • Sul: 48

Prescription: Nat-mur. 30, 4 doses 6 hourly.

March 14th, 1912:  She became very much better. She hardly had a headache. No burning vertex. Not the least faintish. Pain in back has gone. No cough. No medicine. 

There are cases, where you cannot get any mental or other general symptomsIn such cases, Times of day if very definite help. These are important generals, & very useful in helping to determine the drug. Some drugs have their very hour on the face of the clock: and others have a very marked periodicity. Eg: Evening: Lyc.

Worse from damp & worse from dry weather are deep-seated & very important; if strongly marked in the patient, they may be used as eliminating symptoms.

Last & least important of all, comes the name of the patient’s malady. So long the patient is improving, never meddle till he begins to slip back; that is the 1st moment to repeat or to reconsider the case.

Other References: 

Utility of Environment Chapter in Murphy’s Repertory

Book review by Dr Sunila 

Environment is the external conditions, resources, stimuli etc. with which an organism interacts. Environment may be:

  • Natural environment:  all living and non-living things that occur naturally on Earth.
  • Built environment:  constructed surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places.

Murphy’s Repertory
The homoeopathic medical repertory by Robin Murphy was designed to be a modern, practical & easy to use reference guide to the vast Homoeopathic Materia Medica. All of Kent’s repertory & large sections of Kneer’s repertory were used as the foundation for building the new repertory. 70 different chapters were created & arranged in alphabetical order from the original 37 chapters. Next, all rubric & sub rubrics within each chapter were sorted into an alphabetical format. Thus simplifying Kent’s complicated system for arranging rubrics & sub rubrics.

The formatting for Homoeopathic Medical Repertory is similar to Kent’s Repertory with the strongest remedies designated in bold- capitals (3 points), next bold italics (2 points) & plain type (1 point).

Environment Chapter in Murphy’s Repertory
ENVIRONMENT chapter in Murphy’s Repertory is one of the important chapters in Murphy’s Repertory as this chapter is present only in Murphy’s Repertory. 

Rubrics related with air, moon, seasons, sun, temperature, weather etc are included in this chapter.

Most of the rubrics in Murphy’s Repertory are present in GENERALITIES chapter in Kent’s Repertory. 

Eg. GENERALITIES AIR, open desire for

Most of the rubrics in Murphy’s Repertory are present in Generals chapter in Synthesis Repertory. 

Eg. Generals, WEATHER, change of weather agg: 

Most of the rubrics in Murphy’s Repertory are present in SENSATIONS & COMPLAINTS IN GENERAL as well as in AGGRAVATION & AMELIORATION IN GENERAL chapters in Boger Boenninghausen’s Repertory.

Eg. SENSATIONS & COMPLAINTS IN GENERALS Air, desire for open

AGGRAVATION & AMELIORATION IN GENERAL Air cold in agg:

Most of the rubrics in Murphy’s Repertory are present in SENSATIONS as well as in AGGRAVATIONS chapters in Boenninghausen’s Repertory.

Eg. SENSATIONS Air, Desire for Open

AGGRAVATIONS Autumn, In

Important rubrics in environment chapter in murphy’s repertory

AIR, general

cold, air, agg: ACON, AGAR, ARS, AUR, BAD, BAR-C, CALC, CALC-P, CAMPH, CAUST, CIMIC, CIST, DULC, HELL, HEP, HYPER, KALI-AR, KALI-C, LYC, MAG-P, MOSCH, NUX-M, NUX-V, PSOR, RAN-B, RHOD, RHUS-T, RUMX, SABAD, EP, SIL, STRONT-C.

hot, air, agg: IOD, PULS.

indoor, air, agg: ALUMN, LACH,PULS, SABIN, SULPH.

indoor, air, amel: GUAI, NUX-M, NUX-V, SIL. 

mountain air, agg: COCA.

night air, agg: MERC.

open, air, outside, agg: CHIN, COCC,GUAI, HEP, KALI-C, MERC, NIT-AC,NUX-M, NUX-V, RUMX, SIL, SULPH.

open, air, outside, amel: ALUM, ALUMN, ARS, ARG-N, CANN-I, CROC, IOD, KALI-I, MAG-C, MAG-M, MED, NAT-S, PSOR, PULS, RHUS-T, SABAD, SABIN, SCORP, TUB.

mental symptoms, amel: PULS.

seashore, air, agg: SEP.

                      amel: MED.

AUTUMN, agg, in: COLCH, DULC, KALI-BI, LACH, RHUS-T.

BAROMETER, sensitive to changes of: MERC.

CLEAR, weather, agg: CAUST.

CHILLED, on becoming, agg: ARS, AUR, KALI-C, MERC, MOSCH, NUX-V,     RHUS-T, SABAD.

                                         amel: IOD, LYC, PULS, THUJ.

CLOUDY, weather, agg: RHUS-T.

        agg. mental symptoms: AUR.

COLD, temperature

       cold, dry, weather agg: ACON, AAR, HEP, KALI-C, NUX-V.

DARKNESS, agg: AUR, CALC, PHOS, PLB, STRAM

                        amel: CALC, CON, EUPH, GRAPH, PHOS.

  FIRE, near the fire, agg: BELL, GLON.

                                  amel: ARS, IGN.

FOGGY, weather agg: HYPER, RHUS-T.

FROSTY, weather agg: CON, SEP.

HEATED, becoming agg:   ANT-C, BRY, IOD, KALI-C, KALI-S, PULS, SIL.

              headache from:  ANT-C, BELL, CARB-V, GLON, LYC.

                  heat of stove:  ANT-C, GLON.

              sun or fire agg: BELL, GLON.

                              amel: ARS, IGN.

             weakness, causes: SEL, VERAT.

                  summer in: IOD, NAT-C, SEL.

HOT, weather agg: APIS, LACH, PULS, SULPH.

LIGHT, daylight, agg: ARS, CHIN, GRAPH, NAT-M.

                              amel: STRONT-C.

MOON, moonlight, general agg: ALUM, ARG-N, CALC, LUNA, SIL.

     decreasing moon: PHOS, PULS, RHUS-T, SEP, SULPH

     full moon: ARG-N, ARS, CALC, LUNA, LYC, PHOS, PULS, SIL.

      increasing moon, waxing, agg: ARS, CALC, PHOS, PULS, SEP, SULPH.

      mental symptoms from moonlight: ARG-N, LUNA.

  new moon agg: ARS, NUX-V, PHOS, PULS, RHUS-T, SULPH.

 MOUNTAINS, in agg: CALC, CARB-V, COCA, SIL.

         ascending high mountains, agg: COCA.

          air of mountains, agg: COCA.

 RAIN, agg: DULC, NAJA, NAT-S.

SEAHORE, general, air, agg: SEP.

                                         amel: MED, PULS.

SNOW- air agg: CON, SEP.

SPRING, agg: AMBR, BELL, CALC, GELS, LACH, LYC.

STORMY and windy weather agg: ACON, BAD, KALM, NUX-M, RHOD.

SUMMER, solstice agg: BELL, LACH.

SUN, sunlight, agg: ANT-C, GLON, NAT-C, NAT-M, PULS, SOL, VERAT.

SUNSTROKE: AML-N, BELL, GLON, LACH, NAT-C, SOL, VERAT.

 THUNDERSTORMS, during agg: RHOD.

            loves to watch: phos, sep. 

VAULTS, cellars, agg: ARS, NAT-C, PULS.

WATER, seeing or hearing of running water agg: LYSS.

WET, weather, agg: AM-C, ARAN, ARS, BAD, CALC, DULC, NAT-S, NUX-M, PULS, RHOD, RHUS-T, SYPH.

WIND, general, agg: AUR, CHAM, HEP, LYC, NUX-V, PHOS, PULS, RHOD, SPONG.

         east wind agg: HEP, RHUS-T, SPONG.

         north wind agg: SPONG

         south wind agg: gels, ip.

         west wind agg: HEP.

WINTER, agg: ACON, AM-C, ARS, AUR, BRY, CAMPH, DULC, HELL, HEP, KALI-C, LYC, MANG, MOSCH, NUX-M, NUX-V, PETR, PSOR, PULS, RHUS-T, STRONT-C, VERAT.

WINTER, solstice agg: RHUS-T. 

Reference:

  • Homoeopathic medical Repertory by Robin Murphy
  • Synthesis Repertory by Fredericke Schroyens
  • Repertory of Homoeopathic Materia Medica by J T Kent
  • Boger Boenninghausen’s Repertory
  • Boennibnghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book..
  • www.wikipedia.com.
  • www.yahoo.com. 

Dr.Sunila BHMS,MD(Hom)
Email : babuabau@gmail.com

Body Language and Homoeopathy by Ajit Kulakarni

bodylanguageBook review by Dr Mansoor Ali

Body Language and Homoeopathy

Author :    Ajit Kulakarni

Price: Rs. 799

Publisher: B. Jain Publishers. New Delhi

Web : www.bjainbooks.com

The author has thrown light over the minutest of expressions and has explained their significance from psychological, philosophical, spiritual and homoeopathic point of view.

The detailed text with illustrations under each and every section is indeed spellbinding and insightful.

Body language and Homoeopathy is a path breaking work from Dr.Ajit Kulakarni.

Dr Ajit Kulkarni is a veteran homoeopath, an academician and a famed international teacher. He is famous for his innovative and novel presentation on body language – its interpretation and  practical application in homoeopathy. He is Director of the Homoeopathic Research Institute, Satara. He is also Hon. Emeritus Professor for Post-graduate (MD) courses in homoeopathy at many centres in India.

Distinguishing Features :

  • Detailed text enhancing each and every nuances of body language with self explanatory illustrations under each section
  • Every detail has been highlighted under psychological, spiritual and homeopathic aspect
  • A best guide for teachers, doctors, psychologists, psychiatrists, students, businessmen, actors, common people and all those directly or indirectly related to homeopathy and concerned with the art of healing

The book is divided into well-defined chapters which are further divided into easy-to-digest sub-sections.

The broad division of the text is into 4 sections.

Section I  : deals with Introduction- History and Understanding the Language in general.

Section II : is on Communication – Body language as communication, Communication skills, Intra-psychic communication, Silence and Characters of body language.

Section III :  focuses on the core elements of body language like Personal Appearance, Gestures, Posture and Stance, Facial expressions, Eye expressions, Voice and Intonation, Space and Distancing, Tactile Communication, Vocabulary and Universal gestures.

Section IV : takes care of Homoeopathic perspective including Clinical repertory and practical cases.

The ultimate benefit of this book is that it widens and expands our consciousness at all levels. This book has a different perspective of understanding not only the world around us but the world inside each of us.

This book will leave a long lasting impression on the mind and will help in increasing the ability of the physician to observe a peculiar expression in their patients and will also be useful to all teachers, doctors, psychologists, psychiatrists, students, businessmen, actors, lay persons and all those directly or indirectly related to homoeopathy and concerned with the art of healing.

It is obvious that a lot of efforts have gone into the design of this book, to make it an efficient operational tool. The text is fairly large, illustrations are good, the images are meaningful and relevant and it overall gives an impression of being  worthy and useful.

Contents

  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgements v
  • Foreword vii
  • Prologue xi
  • Publisher’s note xv
  • Nonverbal consciousness… xvii

SECTION I: INTRODUCTION

1. KINESICS: THE SCIENCE OF BODY LANGUAGE 3-23

  • Body language is all around us…
  • Body as a dynamic constellation of symbols
  • Communication: The warp and the woof
  • Kinesics-The science of human understanding
  • Body language and emotions
  • The elements of visible code
  • Decoding nonverbal messages: Some examples
  • Movements need interpretation
  • Opening up new vistas of perception in homoeopathy…
  • Why is there a need to study BL in homoeopathy?

2. HISTORY OF BODY LANGUAGE 25-34

  • Gestures first, words second
  • The writings on body language
  • Charles Darwin and other researchers’s contribution
  • Are the body language gestures inborn, inherited, ingrained or learned
  • Further evolution

3. ON LANGUAGE… 35-52

  • Can there be a world without language?
  • Definition of language
  • Language of human beings
  • Language and brain
  • The ‘living’ language: known and unknown
  • The linguistic diversity
  • Importance of language
  • Resemblance and distinction between body language and verbal language
  • Language and gesture – A single integrated spectrum
  • The ‘script’ of body language
  • Body language in relation with paralanguage
  • Neuro-linguistic programming(NLP)
  • The incompleteness of words
  • Blog discussion
  • Language as an embodied experience

SECTION II: ON COMMUNICATION…

4. BODY LANGUAGE AS COMMUNICATION 55-70

  • World as a sensory dimension
  • Problem with words
  • All behavior is communication
  • Body as a true medium
  • Role of feedback
  • Insight through awareness
  • Representational systems
  • Chronemics
  • Categories of nonverbal communication
  • Telegraphy of body language
  • Therapeutic functions of body language
  • Scientific basis of body language
  • Prodigious cosmic form of Lord Krishna

5. COMMUNICATION SKILLS : A PRACTICAL APPROACH 71-105

  • Communication: A critical component
  • Communication: Meaning
  • The critical skills: Active listening & feedback
  • Adherence
  • Barriers to communication: ‘Noise’
  • Explanation of some terms of noise
  • Basic qualities of communication: Positive & negative
  • Homoeopathic interview: Requisites
  • Techniques of communication
  • Interview hints: General
  • Hints for different types of patients
  • Conclusion

6. INTRA-PSYCHIC COMMUNICATION, BL & HOMOEOPATHY 107-118

  • IPC: A symbolic internal process
  • Types of IPC
  • Carl Jung’s contribution
  • Theories of dreams
  • The role of a homoeopathic physician
  • Talking with the self
  • Touching the self
  • Recapitulation

7. THE MUSICAL MELODY OF SILENCE 119-131

  • The silent communication
  • To listen means to be here – now
  • Silence- The ultimate musical melody
  • Types of silence
  • Resonance
  • A Human being: A multi-faceted, composite entity
  • Conclusion

8. CHARACTERS OF BODY LANGUAGE 133-144

  • Positive characters
  • Negative characters
  • The pivotal points
  • Body language: A double edged sword
  • Notes to remember

SECTION III: ELEMENTS OF BODY LANGUAGE

9. PERSONAL APPEARANCE 147-176

  • The first impression
  • Clothes and colours
  • Footwear
  • Hair-styles
  • Ornaments
  • Make-up
  • Aromas
  • Bodifications
  • Elective and non-elective traits
  • Personal appearance and body language
  • Warning signals
  • Homoeopathic perspective

10. GESTURES 177-230

  • Definition
  • What do gestures serve?
  • Each gesture is a like a word in language
  • Types of gesticulations
  • Characters of gestures
  • Head gestures
  • The neck
  • The nose
  • The ear
  • The mouth
  • Arm gestures
  • Talking hands, palms and legs
  • Walking gestures
  • Gestures with mobile phone
  • Female courtship and come-on gestures
  • Smoking gestures
  • Conclusion

11. POSTURE AND STANCE 231-284

  • The meaning of some terms
  • Gesture and posture: The ‘movement’ and the ‘still’
  • Posture and energy
  • Posture and inter-personal relationship
  • Emotional postures
  • Posture and health
  • Sitting styles in a chair
  • Sitting postures
  • Closed and open postures
  • Submissive and fearful body postures
  • Myths and knowledge about postures
  • Static positions
  • Body stance and interpretation
  • Sleeping, noble and dancing postures
  • Car and scooter driving postures
  • Postures of some remedies

12. FACIAL EXPRESSIONS 285-324

  • Face: The visual trademark
  • Face: The index of universe
  • Face: The attractiveness Halo
  • Face: The organ of emotions
  • Facial analysis: A difficult task
  • The concept of facial expression
  • Physiognomy
  • Facial signs as predictors and reflectors of disease
  • The sketching of emotions
  • Are facial expressions inherited?
  • Trustworthy or dominant face: A research report
  • Some facial expressions
  • Weeping gestures
  • Body language of ears, nose, cheeks, lips, mouth and chin in different cultures
  • Homoeopathic perspective
  • Body language of crying babies

13. EYES: THE VISION WITHIN… 325-350

  • Eye: The greatest wonder
  • Eye: A symbol of consciousness
  • Brain, face and eyes
  • The function of seeing the ‘true’ image
  • The eyes and mind: Synthesis through body language
  • How the eyes communicate
  • Eyes in parlance
  • Eye contact
  • Eye movements
  • Gaze
  • The brows, the lids and the eyes
  • Decoding eye messages: Some examples
  • Love and eyes
  • Tears in the eyes
  • Interpretation of dreams of eyes
  • Cultural variations
  • Homoeopathic perspective

14. VOICE AND INTONATION 351-366

  • Carving out the identity
  • Sound of the universe
  • Vocal cords, voice mechanism & key functions
  • Attributes of voice
  • Elements of speech
  • Interpretation of voice
  • The effect of stress on voice
  • Speech in psychiatric illness
  • Some do’s and don’ts for ensuring good communication
  • ‘Voicing’ of homoeopathic remedies

15. SPACE AND DISTANCING 367-394

  • We’ and the ‘Space’
  • Space and self-image
  • How near, how far and the boundaries…
  • Personal space bubbles
  • Personal and shared space
  • The win/win situation of shared space
  • The zones
  • Maintaining territory
  • Handling of space
  • The role of culture
  • Automatic and deliberate reactions to violations of personal space
  • Sitting postures for a doctor and a patient
  • Space, tactile communication and time
  • In the living room of a homoeopathic clinic
  • Homoeopathic remedies vis-à-vis space
  • The effect of stressors on space and distancing
  • The basic modes and their relation with space and distancing

16. TACTILE COMMUNICATION 395-421

  • Touch: The earliest sense
  • Touch: The basic form of communication
  • Touch in parlance
  • Touch: The action forward
  • Characters of TC
  • Tactile communication and self-esteem
  • Examples of tactile communication
  • Handshake
  • Hugging and kissing
  • Touch as a healing therapy
  • Homoeopathic perspective

17. VOCABULARY OF BODY LANGUAGE 423-430

Openness. Enthusiasm. Defensiveness. Anger. Readiness. Evaluating. Nervousness. Suspicion. Secretiveness. Rejection. Confidence. Needing reassurance. Frustration. Boredom. Acceptance. Dishonesty. Grief. Embarrassment. Indecision. Disgust. Fear. 

18. UNIVERSAL GESTURES 431-439

  • Gestures are the real universal language
  • Gestures in vogue
  • Argyle’s list of universal gestures
  • Universal body language signals
  • The impact of culture on gestures
  • Differences in interpretation

SECTION IV: HOMOEOPATHIC PERSPECTIVE

19. RELEVANCE OF BODY LANGUAGE IN HOMOEOPATHY 443-466

  • Hahnemann’s view
  • Man as a multi-dimensional, composite entity
  • Homoeopathic interview
  • Alignment with vital force
  • Utility of body language for a homoeopath
  • Resemblance between BL and Homoeopathy
  • Redefining the concept of Totality
  • Body Language : An analytical process
  • From ‘symptoms’ to a ‘person’
  • The phenomenological concept
  • Fusion: The patient and the drug
  • Objective of study of BL
  • Selecting the rubrics
  • BL as pointers to diagnosis
  • Learning Materia medica through BL
  • The living Materia medica
  • Linking personality of drugs to body language
  • Conclusion

20. BASIC MODES OF BL AND HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA 467-485

  • Materia medica: An enormous gamut of human suffering
  • Understanding basic modes
  • Linking remedies with basic modes
  • The Ego: Hypertrophy, atrophy, and lysis
  • Conclusion

21. THE KINGDOMS AND BODY LANGUAGE 487-532

  • The remedy as a personality
  • The concept of karma, reincarnation and kingdom
  • Vedas and Patanjali Yoga
  • The evolution from lower to higher
  • The memory and reincarnation
  • Past life regression therapy
  • Relation of human beings with plants, animals and minerals

22. DISCOVERING THE PATTERNS 533-549

  • The study of patterns
  • Pattern: Matching, recognition & formation
  • Layers of information
  • Dynamics of pattern in interrogation
  • Patterns and personality disorders
  • Entropy and patterns
  • Message clusters and pattern formation
  • ‘Up’ and ‘Down’ positions for pattern formation
  • The vital sign
  • Deriving the vital sign
  • Pattern, vital sign and synthesis
  • Some illustrations

23. HANDY TIPS FOR A SUCCESSFUL PRACTICE 551-567

  • What makes practice a success?
  • Forming a psychic map
  • What Stanley Bing says
  • Guidelines concerning each element of body language
  • Follow-up patients
  • Your own aura
  • Key points
  • Need for constant polishing

24. CLINICAL REPERTORY OF BODY LANGUAGE 569-655

  • Repertory as a micro-filming of Materia medica
  • Using the tool
  • Repertorial rubrics and body language
  • Clinical repertory of body language

25. LEARNING THROUGH CASES 667-723 

26. CONCLUSION 725 -736

  • Homoeopathy: The science of synthesis
  • Kinesics, machines and man
  • The unresolved maze of progress
  • Attention to body language pays dividends!
  • Analyzing the self
  • The reality beyond all change
  • Homoeopathic practice: A crusade
  • Defining an individual in totality
  • Sharpening the perception
  • Buddha on consciousness

REFERENCES 737-743

COMMENTS… 745 -750

A valuable contribution is the ‘Clinical Repertory of Body Language’. It’s not a customary repertory. Instead of symptoms, you will find cues of body with the index of homoeopathic remedies against them in an alphabetical manner. So, if you want to search for ‘pouted lips’, this book is the answer to your query. Go into the text material, understand the body cue, interpret it rightly relating with your patient, pick up the related rubric and try to grasp the relevant remedy. Repertory is the very essence of this book and also a boon for a busy physician

From  a different perspective of the world around us, and the world inside each of us, this book is definitely worth reading.

Dr.Ajith Kulkarni often emphasizes that the art of deciphering the truth through the body language is a skill which needs constant polishing and that there are limitations of body language too.

Medicine – the voyage through time – medicine past to present

Book Review by Dr Suja Pillai   

Medicine – the voyage through time – The journey of medicine from past to present 

Introduction

  • The book is authored by Dr Arun Bhasme, Dr Rosario D’Souza, Dr Angelo Smith.
  • Published by B.Jain publishers
  • Printed by J.J.Offset printers
  • Cost of the book is Rs449
  • 2007 Edition
  • Foreword is written by Dr.Ramjee singh

This book is joint effort of three competent physicians in the field of homoeopathic medicine

An valuable book for PG  and UG Students of Homeopathy

About the book

  1. The book is especially designed to cater the long lasting needs in regard the history of medicine for post graduate medical students.
  2. The study material provides evolution of man and human knowledge down the ages biographies of eminent individuals who developed medicine and discoveries and inventories in different historical periods
  3. The language used is simple,easily understandable to a student,book is fully coloured which gives it a beautiful look& presentation
  4. The book has been divided into 3 parts&8 chapters &an additional appendix.
  5. The chapters have been arranged in chronological order  dividing the book from 8000B.C to the 21st century.
  6. Each chapter ends with a conclusion.
  7. Chapter 7 is unique as it traces the history & development of specialized branches in medicine from their inception till the present day.
  8. The appendix at the end of book has 3 parts (a)Timeline of medicine. (b)Fathers of specialized branches In medicine. (c)Homoeopathic timeline.
  9. The contents of the book has been drawn from various literature &internet.
  10. Bibliography of the topics included in the book is provided for further reference

Contents of book

1.The Dawn Of Medicine

  • Prehistoric Medicine
  • Indian system of medicine
  • Chinese medicine
  • Egyptian medicine
  • Mesopotamian medicine
  • Greek medicine
  1. The Heirs Of Greece 
  2. Middle Ages
  3. The Rebirth Of Science
  4. The Period Of Consolidation
  5. The Industrial Revolution
  6. Changing Perspectives& Emerging   Trends
  7. Modern Medicine
  8. Appendices
  9. Bibliography  

Chapter 1. The dawn of medicine

(A) PREHISTORIC MEDICINE

  • Period(8000:5000BC)
  • Was born out of sympathy&out of necessity to help those in sorrows,need &sickness
  • The 1st doctor was the 1st man,1st nurse was the 1st woman
  • Still practiced in remote areas of Asia,Africa, SouthAmerica,Australia&islands of Pacific
  • Idea about prehistoric medicine comes from excavation&exploration of ancient sites
  • Prehistoric man attributed disease to wrath of GODS,or to influence of stars&planets,this concept was known as ‘SUPERNATURAL THEORY OF DISEASE’
  • Methods of treatment were nothing more than methods of appeasement by prayers,rituals,sacrifices& magic Doctors were known as spirit healers
  • Primitive surgery was known as TREPANNINlG ie boring hole in the skull to allow the evil spirits to provide a hole for escape,used in epilepsy,infantile convulsions&headaches
  • Medicine in prehistoric times is nothing but a combination of superstition,religion,magic&witchcraft.

(B) Indian Systems of Medicine    {AYURVEDA}5000 BC

  • Originated in India in pre vedic period
  • Term Ayurveda means SCIENCE OF LIFE
  • Rig veda &Atharva veda are the earliest documented ancient books
  • Indian medicine is described to have a divine origin
  • Brahma originated ayurveda,he then taught it to twin physicians of god Aswins&they passed it to Indra& from him to different sages.
  • God of Indian medicine Dhanvantri who is an incarnation of Vishnu emerged from milky ocean at the end of churning by devas &asuras
  • Ayurvedic fundamentals&its eight specialities were fully documented in Charaka Samhita&Sushrata samhita the first compendia on ayurvedic medicine &surgery respectively
  • Charaka samhita contains several chapters dealing with therapeutic or internal medicine ,about 600 drugs of plant,animal&mineral origin are described in it,it also deals with other branches of ayurveda like anatomy,physiology,etc
  • Sushruta samhita relates to school of surgery,deals with various principles &theory of surgery.In it is identified 1120 diseases,lists 760 medicinal drugs,20 sharp instruments,101 blunt ones.Dissection procedures are explained using vegetables&dead animals.Describes association of malaria&mosquitoes,plague&rats.
  • Books were used for teachings in universities of Takshashila &Nalanda
  • The growth of 8 specialties gave ayurveda another name Astanga Ayurveda
  1. internal medicine(kaya chikitsa)
  2. pediatrics(kaumar bhritya)
  3. psychiatry(bhoot vidya)
  4. otorhinolaryngology&ophthalmology     (shalakya)
  5. surgery(shalya)
  6. toxicology(agad tantra)
  7. geriatrics(rasayana)
  8. eugenics&aphrodisiacs(vajikarna)
  • According to ayurveda living man is a conglomeration of 3 humors Vata,Pitta,Kapha& 7 basic tissues(Rasa,Rakta,Mansa,Medha,Asthi,Majja,Shukra)
  • Body is made up of 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air&vacuum)Panchabhutas
  • Diagnosis is made by examination of pulse,urine faeces,physical examination
  • Treatment VIPREETA &VIPREETARTHKARI
  • Types of treatment:
  • (a) Shodhana therapy(purification tt)
  • (b) Shamana therapy(palliative tt)
  • (c) Pathya vyavastha(prescription of  diet&activity)
  • (d) Nidan parivarjan (avoidance of disease causing &<factors
  • (e) Satvavajaya(psychotherapy)
  • (f) Rasayana therapy(use of immunomodulators&rejuvenation medicines)

Charaka was the 1st physician to present the concept of digestion,metabolism,immunity.He knew the fundamentals of genetics,gave 360 as total number of bones,believed heart had one cavity &considered it to be a controlling  centre.

Sushruta known as Father of surgery,1st surgeon to advocate the practice of operations on watermelons,claypots& reeds.Also known as father of plastic surgery.

{UNANI}

  • Unani is based on greeke philosophy
  • Four basic elements Earth,air,water,fire,
  • Three parts of body solid part(organs),liquid part(humors),gaseous part(Pneuma),
  • Four temperaments;Cold,hot,wet,dry.
  • Four humours;Blood(hot&wet),Phlegm(cold&hot)
  • Yellow bile(hot&dry),Black bile(cold&dry)
  • Health based on 6 essentials air,drink&food,sleep&wakefulness,excretion&retension,physical activity &rest,mental activity&rest
  • Diagnosis by NABZ(pulse)
  • 4 types of tt:regiminal therapy
    • :dieto therapy
    • :pharmaco therapy
    • :surgery
  • 4 periods of development:Greek,Arabic Persian,Spanish,Indian
  • 37 UG colleges,PG in3 centersHyderabad,Aligarh,Delhi,105 unani hospitals,950 unani dispensaries
  • National Institute Of Unani at Bangalore

{SIDDHA}

  • Siddha means achievement& siddhars were saintly figures
  • Also called Agasthyar system after sage Agasthya
  • Shiva gave the knowledge of siddha to Parvati who handed to Nandi & then to sages
  • Close similarity with Ayurveda,with specialization in Iatrochemistry
  • System has rich treasure of drugs 25 varieties of water soluble inorganic compound,64 mineral drugs,
  • Aware of several alchemical operations eg;calcination,distillation,sublimation,exaltation etc
  • System effective in tt of psoriasis,STD.

 (B) CHINESE MEDICINE (3500:500BC)

  • Believed in theory of UNIVERSAL ANIMISM ie all parts were animated by God
  • 2 forces YIN(negative,feminine,dark,cold,earth,death)

YANG (positive,masculine,light,warmth,life)balance of 2 forces responsible for health

  • Chinese medicine evolved at the time of Han dynasty
  • 5 element theory;fire,earth,metal,water &wood
  • Pulse &tongue diagnosis played impo role
  • Acupuncture technique involves inserting&manipulating thin needles into pressure points to restore health 1st described in Yellow emperor’s Classic Of Internal Medicine
  • Moxibuston involves burning of mugwort to facilitate healing,this regulate flow of Qi
  • Qigong ;coordination of different breathing patterns with various physical postures&motions of the body

(C) EGYPTIAN MEDICINE (3300:1000BC)

  • Sekhmet the lion headed goddess of war was the supreme deity of healing& priests of sekhmet were the specialists in medicine&surgery
  • EDWIN SMITH PAPYRUS is the impo document pertaining to medicine in Egypt which planned to deal with ailments from head to foot
  • EBERS PAPYRUS consist collection of different medical texts
  • KAHUN Gynecological papyrus deals with gynaecological problems of woman
  • ART OF EMBALMING was practiced as Egyptians believed in life after death
  • Imhotep was the god of medicine in Egypt

(D) MESOPOTAMIAN MEDICINE(3000BC)

  • Mesopotamia means :Land between the rivers(TIGRIS &EUPHRATES)
  • Cuneiform writing on clay tablets provides information about this system
  • Ashipu &Asu were the healers
  • Code of Hammurabi ie collection of legal decisions made by Hammurabi to advertise his justice
  • Ancient temple of GULA was an alternative source of health care

(E) GREEK MEDICINE(500:100BC)

  • Greek theory of suffering;PATHOS,PONOS,PATHOS{disease is manifestation of specific stress &general strain on constitution
  • Aesklapious was the god of healing
  • Contribution of Hippocrates
  • theory of 4 humurs;yellow
    • bile,blackbile,phlegm,blood;
  • Hippocratic oath,idea of vis medicatrix nature,Hippocratic corpus
  • Aristotle’s writings on logic were grouped under the name ORGANON

CHAPTER 2 –THE HEIRS OF GREECE  (ALEXANDRIAN MEDICINE)

  • After death of Aristotle his pupil Alexander founded a medical school at Alexandria
  • Library of Alexandria contained 700000 manuscripts,lecture hall,zoological gardens,observatory for research
  • Herophilos of Chalcedon,&Erasistratos of iulis were the influential investigators who contributed much to the study of anatomy

(ROMAN MEDICINE)

  • Adopted many ideas of Greek
  • Roman tradition believed one was better without doctors
  • Roman medicine divided into 3 areas;medicine of pater families ie home remedies,hepatoscopy,private practitioner using greek medical principles
  • Important figures;Aulus Cornelius celsus,Claudius galen

CHAPTER 3 :MIDDLE AGES

    A.   (BYZANTINE MEDICINE)

  • 1ST physician was Vienna dioscurides who composed compendium of all the materia medica describing the use of 600 plants
  • 1st empire in which dedicated medical establishments were set up by churches thus era of hospitals started
  • Christianity played an important role

     B.  (PERIOD OF DEPRESSION IN EUROPE)500:1300AD

  • Fall of roman empire led to loss of many hygienic medical practices&health conditions detoriated
  • Medicine was dominated by religion,surgery was a crude practice
  • Biggest challenge came in the form of plague
  • Universities were infused with doctrinal themes &perspectives
  • Key figures were;Peter Abelard,albert magnus,Roger bacon,Saint Thomas Aquinas,Hugh of lucca

 C. (ARABIC MEDICINES)700:1500AD

  • After roman empire Arabic world was the centre of scientific&medical knowledge
  • Doctors took exams from 931 AD,woman drs were allowed
  • Dissection was forbidden
  • AVICENNA father of modern medicine wrote The Canon of Medicine
  • True scientific tradition did not appear in the west until the 16th century ,after a long incubation in the Islamic world

CHAPTER 4- THE REBIRTH OF SCIENCE

  • The Renaissance Awakening(1300:1500 AD)
  • Word renaissance means REBIRTH,was a period of great awakening in western history,it began in Italy&spread to all of western Europe
  • Rebirth is used in 2 ways
  • Rediscovery of ancient classical texts
  • Rebirth of European culture
  • Word renaissance used for the first time by VASARI
  • Alchemy,Astronomy were the important developments
  • Invention of CARAVEL the 1st truly ocean going ship
  • John arderne,Leonardo da vinci,Paracelsus,Fracastoro were the impo personalities of this period

CHAPTER 5 – THE PERIOD OF CONSOLIDATION

(A)THE FORMATIVE YEARS 1500:17OOAD

  • Significant gain of knowledge in the fields of anatomy,surgery,pathology&physiology
  • Older wrong notions&concepts were laid to rest,valid ideas &theories were put on firm footing&more scientific methods were advocated
  • Impo contributions were made by Vesalius,Eustachi,Colombo,Fallopio,Robert hooke,Leeuwenhoek,Pare,Harvey,Francis bacon,Rene Descartes,Syivian,Sydenham,Robert boyle,Stahl,Hoffman,Morgagni,Smellie during this period

CHAPTER 6 – THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

(A) 18th &19th century

  • People moved from villages to towns,many industries developed
  • Dirt,overcrowding,poor sanitation were the disadvantages of industrial revolution
  • Vaccination& xrays were the 2 big medical advances of this time
  • Era of impo inventions like stethoscope,thermometer,hypodermic syringe
  • Biochemistry played impo function in diagnosis
  • Age of anaesthetics
  • Revolution in community health &preventive medicine
  • Nursing was made a profession
  • Predominant theories were :miasma theory of disease
  • Development of Homoeopathy

CHAPTER 7 – CHANGING PERSPECTIVES &EMERGING TRENDS

  • Sanitary science,hygiene&preventive medicine made impo developments
  • Serum therapy
  • Science of bacteriology
  • Martinus beijerinck enhanced virology &culture techniques
  • Specific diseases&their causes were found
  • Dentistry made advances
  • Immunology made advances
  • Science of vitaminology developed
  • Psychiactory developed
  • Use of antiseptics&asepsis
  • Ophthalmology developed
  • Oncology advanced
  • Endocrinology developed
  • Progress of pharmacology
  • Introduction of synthetic drugs
  • Obstetrics made much advances

CHAPTER 8 – MODERN MEDICINE

MEDICINE IN 20th CENTURY

  • Eradication of small pox
  • Development of Humulin(human insulin)
  • Human genome project was launched
  • Scanners developed

MEDICINE IN 21st CENTURY

  • Nanotechnology made advances,nanomedicine developed

Desires & Aversions in Homeopathy- William Jeffrson Guernsey

Book Review by Dr Sunila  

WILLIAM. JEFFERSON GUERNSEY, Frankford, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was born in that city in 1854 as son of William Fuller Guernsey, M. D., and Adilene R. Eastman, his wife. In 1875 he graduated M. D. from Hahnemann Medical College, Philadelphia, and is a conscientious practitioner of homœopathy in its purity, adhering strictly to the principles as enunciated by Hahnemann. Dr. Guernsey married, in 1878,Marion M. Morgan, by whom he has two daughters, Grace K. and Helen R. Guernsey.

Contributions:

  • In 1876 the little “Traveler’s Medical Repertory,” intended for the laity.
  • 1877, a “Repertory on Menstruation”.
  • 1882, a repertory under the title of “The Homœopathic-Therapeutics of Hæmorrhoids ;”
  • 1883, “Repertory of Desires and Aversions “.
  • 1889, “Guernsey’s Bœnninghausen,” a reproduction of the famous “Bœnninghausen’ Repertory,” in the form of adjustable slips, which was sold only on subscription.
  • In 1890, “Repertory on Location and Direction of Pains in the Head”.
  • In 1892, “Repertory on Diphtheria”.
  • In 1892, “The Homœopathic Therapeutics of Hæmorrhoids” (repertory) revised and enlarged, second edition.
  • For fifteen years he has been at work at intervals upon a repertory on skin diseases, to which he has given particular study, but which is not yet ready for publication.
  • In 1897 he conceived the idea of combining predigested meat with concentrated malt as a food for invalids and infants, and placed upon the market, in a small way, a preparation containing both the best peptones and malt then obtainable.
  • In 1900 much better malt was prepared and the designation of “Stronger” was added to the name of “Perfect Liquid Food,” which is now in demand all over the country and is endorsed by hundreds of leading physicians.

Repertory of Desires and Aversions was published by W. J. Guernsey in 1883. 

Indian edition was published by:
Indian books & periodicals syndicate
B-5/62 dev nagar, karol bagh,NEW DELHI-5. 

Price: RS. 7.00/-

In the choice of a remedy, Hahnemann teaches us that it is not only the prominent symptoms or those most complained of, which should be noted, but also the uncommon & peculiar characteristic features of the case (Organon section.153) , which in particular should bear the closest similitude to the symptoms of the desired medicine. General symptoms are common to every disease & almost every drug. The uncommon sensations & pains, likes & dislikes are simply the guiding symptoms to the choice of remedy that will often found to cover the totality of symptoms in the case.

Before starting the Repertory part, there has been given “list of remedies” with its abbreviated names & full names.

There are 2 sections in this book:

  • DESIRE FOR (first part)
  • AVERSION TO

In this Repertory Rubrics are numbered. Total number of rubrics in this repertory is 190. 132 rubrics are for “desire for” & rest of the rubrics (58 rubrics) is for “aversion to”.

There are 4 grading in this Repertory:

  • BOLD CAPITAL
  • Italics
  • Roman
  • (Roman)

In Synthesis Repertory, rubrics DESIRE & AVERSION come under the chapter Generals.

In Kent’s Repertory, rubrics DESIRE & AVERSION come under the chapter STOMACH.

In Murphy’s Repertory, rubrics DESIRE & AVERSION come under the chapter FOOD.

In Boenninghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book, rubrics Desire & Aversion come under the chapter Hunger & Thirst.

In Boger Boenninghausen’s Repertory, rubrics Desire & Aversion come under the chapter APPETITE.

Before starting the Repertory Section, Guernsey had given list of remedies with its abbreviated names & full names.

Some Important Rubrics in This Repertory 

A.    DESIRE FOR 

  • ACIDS: VER.AL 
  • ALCOHOLIC DRINKS: LAC CN 
  • ALMONDS: CUBEBA
  • APPLES: Ant-ta, Aloe s.
  • BEER: NUX VM 
  • BISCUIT: Plumbum
  • BRANDY: OPIUM 
  • BREAD: Plumbum 
  • BREAD, Buttered: ME. SOL. 
  • CAKE: Plumbum
  • COFFEE: ANGUST 
  • COLD FOOD: Ver. Al 
  • CUCUMBERS: Ant. Cr 
  • EAT, CANNOT, WHAT HE: Bryoni.
  • EGGS, FRIED: Na. pho. 
  • EGGS, SOFT BOILED: Cal.cb, Oleum.
  • EVERYTHING: Santon.
  • FISH: (Na.mur)
  • FOOD, SATIETY, SUDDEN ON EATING: LYCOPO
  • FRIED FOOD: Plumbum.
  • FRUIT: VER. AL 
  • HONEY: Sabadl
  • ICE-CREAM: Eup. per.
  • INDIGESTIBLE THINGS: Alumin, Bryoni.
  • JUICY FRUITS: Sarasap.
  • LEMONS: Ars.al 
  • LIME, SLATE PENSILS, EARTH, CHALK OR CLAY: Nit. Ac, Nux.vm, Alumin, Cicu.v.
  • MEAT: Mag.cb, Mangan. 
  • MEAT, SMOKED: Caustic.
  • NARCOTICS: Tabacm.
  • NUMEROUS: CINA 
  • ONIONS: Cubeba.
  • POTATOES: Oleum.
  • RICE: Terebi.
  • SALTS: Cal.cb, Cautic., Conium, Nit-ac, Ver.al., Na.mur.
  • SARDINES: Ver. Al.
  • SMOKED THINGS: Caustic. 
  • VEGETABLES: Alumin, Mag.cb. 
  • WARM FOOD: Lycopo, Fer.met. 
  • WHISKEY: LAC.CN. 

B.     AVERSION TO: 

  • BANANAS: Elap. c
  • BREAD: NA. MUR.
  • COFFEE: NUX VM. 
  • EGGS: Fer.met.
  • FAT FOOD (RICH FOOD): PETROL., PTEL.T. 
  • FISH: Grattio, Na.mur., Zn.met. 
  • GARLIC: Sabadl. 
  • MEAT: MUR. AC, PETROL., SILICIA, SULPHU. 
  • MILK, MOTHER’S (nursing): Silicea. 
  • PICKLE: Ab.Can 
  • SWEETS: Ars.al, Caustic,Graph, Me.viv, Phos, Sulphu.
  • TOBACCO: Cal.cb, Ignati. 

As the uncommon sensations & pains, desires & aversions are simply the guiding symptoms to the choice of remedy; the Repertory of desires & aversions” are very useful in finding out a homoeopathic similimum. 

Reference:  

  • Homoeopathic medical Repertory by Robin Murphy
  • Synthesis Repertory by Fredericke Schroyens
  • Repertory of Homoeopathic Materia Medica by J T Kent
  • Boger Boenninghausen’s Repertory
  • Boennibnghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book.
  • www.google.com.
  • www.hpathy.com.

Reperire repertory simplified Dr Vidyadhar R Khanaj

Fourth Revised and Added Edition by – Dr. Vidyadhar R. Khanaj. M.D. (Hom)

Book Review by Dr K R Mansoor Ali

No other book in the market covers the subject at Postgraduate Level than this work. A really – Dr. Vidyadhar R. Khanaj commendable, comprehensive and authoritative work which is easy to remember by the students

This is an Approved book for Repertory by different Universities.

Published by :
Indian Books & periodical Publishers
Block 5/62. Dev Nagar,Karol Bag
New Delhi. 110 005. India
Web : www.ibpsbooks.com  Email : ibps.homoeopathy@gmail.com
Author’s Email : drkhanaj@bsnl.in

FOREWORD – 4th edition – DR.S.P.S.BAKSHI
3rd edition – DR. ESWARA DAS.
2nd edition – DR. DIWAN HARISH CHAND.

ABOUT REPERIRE FOURTH EDITION. –– By Dr.Diwan Harish Chand, Dr.Eswara Das, Dr.Jawahar Shah, Dr.Ajit Kulkarni, Dr.V.R.Kavishawar, Dr.Praveenkumar, Dr.J.D.Patil, DR.V.D.Bhagate.
PUBLISHED BY – Indian books & Periodicals Publishers, N.Delhi.

Fourth Edition
Fourth edition of book “REPERIRE” is surprise to every one. To update and improve accordingly is one of the main aims of this. At many places it has been observed that even in original editions of some repertories years of publications aremisprinted.

In this edition of REPERIRE, author have conformed years of publications from most authentic sources and wherever necessary I corrected all those. Also there are new additions, which are required to add in relation to P.G.studies. In this edition author have added all those required topics, so according to me this edition is most authentic and complete reference book in the subject of repertory. Many changes in the book have followed from the useful criticisms and suggestions of readers of this book.

Salient Features of Fourth Edition

  1. Corrections and Conformations of years of publications of many repertories from most authentic sources.
  2. Corrections of spellings and Grammar wherever necessary.
  3. Reconstruction and additions in many topics especially under second and third part of the book.
  4. New additions of some topics like Synoptic Card Repertory by Dr.Vidyadhar R.Khanaj and Dr.Mrs.Aarti M.Patil (Kognole), Repertorial result analysis, Synthesis of rubric, Thematic repertory, Achyuthan’s card index repertory, Dr.Boenninghausen’s repertory of intermittent fever, sides of body & drug affinities, Repertory of ophthalmic diseases & therapeutics by Dr.A.B.Norton, Changes of RADAR software, Coin playing technique of repertorization etc.

In previous edition of “Reperire” there were 92 sections and Fourth edition covers 97 topics.

Contents
SALIENT FEATURES
This Book is constructed in three parts –
PART-1 – INTRODUCTION TO REPERTORIZATION.
PART-2 – HOMOEOPATHIC CASE TAKING.
PART- 3 – PROPER REPERTORY.

Each part of the book includes details of following topics. –

Part–1
Introduction to Repertorization
1.Repertory: Meaning & Origin.
2.Repertory: History & Evolution.
3.Repertory: Relation with Organon / Philosophy & Materia Medica.
4.Repertories: Need and Requisites.
5.Repertory: Limitation/Drawbacks.
6.Repertories: Kinds and Classifications.
7.Different terms Used in Repertory.

Part–2
HOMOEOPATHIC CASE TAKING
8.Homoeopathic case Taking.
9.Analysis of case.
10.Miasmatic assessment.
11.Anamnesis of case.
12.Synthesis of case.
13.Analysis of symptoms.
14.Evaluation of Symptoms.
15.Value of symptoms in Repertorization.
16.Case Recording.
17.Record Keeping.
18.Importance or usefulness of Record Keeping.
19.Importance of Diagnosis in case taking.
20.Difficulties in taking up chronic cases.
21.Techniques & Methods of Repertorization.
22.Prescribing Symptoms.

Part–3
REPERTORY PROPER–

3.A) GENERAL REPERTORIES.
3A-1 DR. BOENNINGHA– USEN’S WORK.
23.Life &Contribution of Dr.Boenninghausen.
24.Repertory of Antipsoric Medicines.
25.Evolution of Theory of Grand Generalization.
26.Dr. Boenninghausen’s T. Pocket Book.
27.Method of working with T. P. Book.
28.Relationship section: How to use it?

3A-2
DR.C.LIPPES WORK.
29.Basis of Kent’s Repertory – Lippe’s Repertory.

3A-3
DR.J.T.KENTS WORK
30.Dr. Kent and his Contribution.
31.Dr.J.T.Kent’s Concept of Totality.
32.Dr.J.T.Kent’s Repertory of Materia Medica.
33.Method of Working – Kent’s Repertory.

3A-4
DR.J.T.KENTS WORK
34.Kent’s Final General Repertory –Dr. H.Chand & P.Schmidt.
35.Kent’s Repertorium Generalae –Jost Kunzli
36.Synthetic Repertory – Barthel & Klunker
37.Kent’s Repertory Corrected & Expanded – Dr.P.Sivaraman
38.Homeopathic Medical Repertory – Robin Murphy.
39.Synthesis – F. Schroyens.
40.Alphabetical Repertory of Characteristics of Homoeopathic Materia Medica.- Dr.J.Chandra & Srivastava.
41.Kents Repertory Corrected Revised & Improved .– Dr.R.P.Patel.
42.The Complete Repertory. – Dr.R.Zandvoort.
43.Phoenix Repertory. – J.P.S.Bakshi.
44.Thematic Repertory. -Dr.J.Mirrilli.

3A-5
DR.C.M.BOGERS WORK
45.Dr. C. M. Boger Life & Contribution.
46.A Synoptic Key to Materia Medica.
47.Additions to Kent’s Repertory – Dr. Boger.
48.Boger’s contribution to B. T. P. Book.
49.Boger – Boenninghausen’s Characteristics & Repertory.

3.B) CONCORDANCE REPERTORIES.
50.Gentry’s Concordance Repertory.
51.Knerr’s Concordance Repertory.

3.C) CARD REPERTORIES –SPECIAL GROUP.
52.Card Repertory: History & Construction.
53.Kishore’s Card Repertory.
54.S. M. Sharma’s Card Repertory.
55.Hatta’s Card Repertory.
56.Dr. S. P. Roy’s Card Repertory.
57.Pathwardhan’s Card Repertory.
58.Synoptic Card Repertory –Dr.Khanaj & Dr. (Mrs.) Patil.

3.D) MECHANICALLY AIDED REPERTORIES.
59.Auto Visual Repertory – Dr. R. P. Patel
60.Computer Repertory: History & Construction.
61.Hompath Classic
62.RADAR Program.
63.CARA Homoeopathic Software.
64.MAC Repertory Program.

3.E) GENERAL CLINICAL REPERTORIES.
65.Pocket manual Of Homoeopathic M.M with Repertory. – Dr.Boericke’s.
66.A Clinical Repertory. – Dr.J.H.Clarke.
67.A Concise Repertory of Homoeopathic Medicines. – Dr. S. R. Phatak.

3.F) SOME REGIONAL & CLINICAL REPERTORY.
68.The Therapeutics of Fevers. – Dr. H. C. Allen.
69.Sensation As If. – Dr. H. A. Roberts.
70.Uterine Therapeutics. – Dr. Henery Minton.
71.Repertory to the Modalities. – Worcester.
72.Homoeopathic Therapeutics of Hemorrhoids. – WM. Jefferson Guernsey.
73.Leaders in Respiratory Organs. – Dr. E. B. Nash.
74.Repertory of the Psychic Medicines with M. M. – Dr. Jean Pierre Gallavardin.
75.The Rheumatic Remedies. – Dr. Herbert A. Roberts.
76.Diseases of Eyes. – E. W. Berridge.
77.Times of the Remedies & Moon Phases. – Dr. C. M. Boger.
78.The Clinical Repertory.– Dr. P. W. Shedd.
79.Cough & Expectoration. – Lee & Clarke.
80.Bell’s Diarrhea. – Dr. J. B. Bell.
81.Repertory to the Symptoms of Intermittent Fever. – William A. Allen.
82.Desires & Aversions. – Wm. J. Guernsey.
83.Borland’s Pneumonias.
84.Repertory of Rheumatism, Sciatica. – Dr. Alfred Pulford.
85.A Short Repertory to the Indian Drugs. – Dr. S. Ahmad.
86.A Repertory to the Cyclopedia of Drug Pathogenecy. – Richard Hughes.
87.Analytical Repertory of Symptoms of Mind. – Dr.C.Hering.
88.Repertory of ophthalmic diseases & therapeutics. –Dr.A.B.Norton
89.Repertory of Cough Better & Worse.-Willard Ide Pierce
90.A Concise Repertory of Agg. & Ameli.- Dr.P.Sivaraman.
91.Dr.Hering & Clarke’s Repertory of Toothache.
92.Boenninghausen’s repertory on intermittent fever.
93.Boenninghausen’s repertory on sides of body & drug affinities.

Other Related Topics
94.Hunting of Rubrics.
95.Question Bank – Long Answer Questions.
96.Short Answer Questions.
97.Homoeopathic References.

Chronic Disease – Its Cause and Cure by P N Banerjea

 (Translated from Dr.Ghatak’s Bengali treatise on same by Dr.PN.Banerjea)

 Book Review by Dr Rithesh 

According to him the external circumstances that immediately precede the diseases are only the exciting causes. The true cause is in the patient himself. This true cause of disease Hahneman called as Psora. All the diseases are only temporary out burst of psora.

Most people understand it to be itches or some kind of skin diseases, but it is not so, itches or skin diseases are not psora, but they are the effect of psora. Psora is the cause and itches and skin diseases are the effect .Psora is only a condition of the system that enables it to develop diseases.

History of the development of psora
So long as man lived strictly according to the law of God, so long as he thought, felt and willed, as he ought to have done as a creation of god, there was no trouble. But once he began to yield to false thinking and false willing and planning of God, violating the god’s law there begun a disorder in his mentation. This disorder in mind later reflected in physical body and this was the primary appearance of psora. It is from this disorder that man acquired the susceptibility to diseases. Initially there was only disorder in thought and this disorder in thought only made the disorder in action possible, because after thought come action. This bad action follows all the ills of man.

The bad thinking is almost similar to internal itching .This internal itching of the mind is the first requisite for all the human illness. This internal itching (bad thinking and bad willing) gradually cause some derangement in the external body, because external body is always in keeping with the internal mind. The external disorder in correspondence with the internal disorder is the manifestation of psora.

The first appearance of psora in the human body was in the shape of a kind of itch with exudation ,that is why people make the mistake of identifying psora with the itches and think that psora means itch. Itching is an unmistakable indication of psora.

Psora can be explained briefly as it is the condition pf the physical body, brought on by evil thinking and is the prime cause off all the varied illness of man kind. It is that acquired condition which is now inherent in human life force and which gives that life force the tendency for diseases. There are two other things beside the psora to make man ill, they are sycosis and syphilis. The system, which is not already psoric, cannot receive sycosis and syphilis because these originate from bad action (before bad action there must be bad thinking, ie psora)

The psora in itself is a cause for a hundred of disease, and when it combine with the other factors it become more destructive .The factors that make psora more destructive are

  1. Allopathic treatment: suppressive treatment .Instead of freeing the patient from psora, they are pushing it more inward by strong medicines, especially by removing the external manifestation by external means.
  2. Psora unites with sycosis and syphilis and it thus become ten times more destructive and mischievous
  3. Unhomoeopthic homoeopathic treatment: Medicines given ignoring the fundamental laws of similarity, single medicine and minimum dose.

Sycosis
It is not gonorrhea, but it is that condition of the system which is bonded to it by the gonorrhea, when it is not cured but only to disappear either by a course of un homoeopathic treatment or by itself. Once the local infection is removed by UN homoeopathic treatment, the infection turns inwards and it then gradually attack the more internal organs and establishes sycosis. Finally it combines with psora and produces a complexity, which it become difficult for the system to be rid off.
The course of sycosis is naturally from the circumference to the center, from the body to the mind, from the gonorrheal discharge to colic to rheumatism to insanity.

Syphilis:
Like sycosis, syphilis is also acquired by cohabitation with a syphilitic woman. The primary manifestation id in the form of chancer, and if this is suppressed, the disease turn inwards and stamp syphilitic miasm inside.
The chronic miasms:
The miasms will always make themselves known by the character of their symptoms.

Symptoms of latent psora:
These 30symptpoms are not the expression of any particular diseased condition ,when these symptoms are there it is only to be understood that psora is there and it will some day break out in disastrous shape.
Cause of disease complication:
a) allopathic and other suppressive method of treatment
b) vaccination and injection
c) Gradual fineness and subtlety of the miasms as also the knottiness of their bonds due to the progressive heredity.
d) Uniting of directly acquired miasms with these hereditary forms.

Psora: 
Mind: –
Restlessness: -never satisfied with any thing. Restless in thought, feeling and will. This leads to restlessness in action.
He is never satisfied with his wife seeks other woman, this ultimately end with contracting sycosis or syphilis.
Psoric persons are intellectually keen but of no use to the world.
Fearfulness – full of fears, fear of darkness, of being alone, of
Ordinary ailments, of physical work, of future.
Appetite:
Unnatural appetite-comes at unusual hour, even immediately after a full meal, appetite never satisfied
sweats while eating, abdomen full of wind immediately after
eating
Sleepiness after a meal, he cannot do with out an actual sleep.
·        Likes sweet and sour things
·        Likes those food which will do harm
• Unnatural craving -chalk, slates. pencil etc,
– Females develop their characteristic trait during pregnancy
– prefer fried things rather than boiled things
– Aversion to meat
– Prefer food and drinks warm.

Head:
– < & > with course of sun
– > from rest, application of heat and from sleep
Canine hunger before headache
– Itching dandruff after long lasting ailment with falling of hair
– Premature graying in head and other parts
– Prefer head uncovered
Eyes:
-<&> with sun> warmth
Itching and burning, tendency to rub the eyelids.

Ear:
Psora seldom manifest in ear
Sensitiveness – an unbearable ness of noise and sound.
Psora alone cannot work much mischief to the ear and eye beyond an unusual sensitiveness which is a disorder of function.

Nose:
Accentuated power of smell, unbearable ness of smell of food or of cooking and consequent vomiting, this often causes vertigo and dislike for food.
Mouth:
Sour, bitter or sweet taste

Abdomen:
Wind, rumbling, hunger-before midway in the morning, during sleep, before headache, sour eructation, eructation tasting the food taken, sense pf emptiness in stomach or in other parts.

Respiratory:
Has not much cold and cough. Psoric cold and cough are never fatal, but the patient is very anxious over a little cold.
When complicated with syphilis leads to tubercular condition. Patient gets fatal cough and cold but the patient is not anxious, he has the hope of survival. They think that there is not much the matter with them

Heart:
Anxieties even with slight pain and palpitation, anxiety beyond all proportion
Anxiety alone will often indicate psora, and point out that there is no other miasm predominant.

The two important characteristic of psora are
1) Sensitiveness,
2) Want of structural changes- there are no structural change in psora and if there is any, there is one or both the other miasm –syphilis or sycosis

There are two condition necessary for structural change
a) Time &
b) Sycosis or syphilis or both against a psoric background.

Sycosis:

Of all the miasm psora is the most wide spread but sycosis is the most insidious and dangerous

Mind:

  • A peculiar tendency for making a secret of every thing
  • Anxious that his secret will be revealed
  • He thinks that others are also of the same mentality and are trying to keep things from him and this causes suspiciousness
  • –  changes the doctor frequently-e think that he hadn’t expressed his symptom clearly
  • – if he writes some thing, he would read it over again and again and make changes every time, suspecting that the idea hasn’t correctly laid in it.
  • Tendency for brooding over things.
  • Sycosis make the person devoid of all sense of righteousness, it make him a liar and vicious scoundrel, makes him destitute of all love and affection for others, male him mean and selfish.
  • All the vicious individuals –thieves, robbers and murderess are the product of sycosis. It makes a beast out of a man.
  • Memory –weaker and weaker, particularly for name and dates
  • Sycosis mainly affects affection and memory
  • Sycosis mentally is suspicious, mischievous, mean, and selfish and forgetful.

Physical:

  • Condylomatous growth of various sizes and colors, some like cauliflower some exude an offensive discharge.
  • All kinds of tumors and tumoroid growth are sycotic
  • Any unusual fleshy growth in any part is sycotic
  • Irritable temper, extremly irritable worse on the approach of or during a storm or rain
  • Frequent urination <approach of a storm or rain –living barometer
  • Desire to move about, during rain and storm
  • While writing or speaking the sycotic is unable to decide which would be the appropriate word –slowness in speaking and writing .But in psoric when he writes or speaks, he does it very quickly, there is rapid flow of thought that he can hardly follow with his tongue or pen
  • Inflammation of the testis,hydrocele,orchitis, rheumatism,cold and catarrh in any part of the body ,anaemia, emaciation on any part of the body ,all urinary troubles –DM,haematuria
  • All uterine and ovarian troubles are sycotic
  • Teething troubles of children, sweating of the head, sour diarrhea and infantile cholera are sycotic
learning

Learning Disabilities in a Nutshell by Swaroop Rawal

learningBook Review by Dr Mansoor Ali

Name of the book : Learning Disabilities in a Nutshell – Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, Dyspraxia

Author : Swaroop Rawal

Foreword by Aamir Khan

Published by Bjain Publishers, New Delhi

Web : www.bjainbooks.com

This is a parent teacher manual for understanding and the management of dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia and Dyspraxia

Learning disabilities are on the rise now a day. The learning disability affects only certain limited areas of child’s development. But the society is very much afraid of these disorders that in turn results in social isolation and ultimately child itself losing his self-esteem.

This book will be useful for doctors, parents and teachers. Lot of exercises in the form of worksheets and games are given in the last part of the book – that itself indicates that the author has an in depth practical experience in the subject.

As author said – the book is help to bridge the gap between research and practice in the field of learning disability. Vocational rehabilitation is the main area that the community and social workers  to give importance in compacting learning disability.

Alleviating the anxiety of the parents by reassurance, compassion and  implementation of all skills is an added asset in management.

LD is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual, presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction, and may occur across the life span.

  • Dyslexia – defective reading
  • Dysphasia – Language disorder
  • Dyscalculia – Mathematics
  • Dyslalia – Articulation
  • Dysgraphia  – Writing

Main Contents of this book

  • Brief history of learning disabilities
  • What are learning disabilities
  • Etiology of learning disabilities
  • Characteristics of learning disabilities
  • Different learning disabilities
  • Social factors
  • How to asses learning disability
  • Controversial therapies
  • Parents role
  • Class teacher’s role
  • Flash back and Flash forward
  • Work sheets and games
  • References for further reading

In the chapter Social factor – author emphasized the need of extra emotional support and help, a learning disable child requires in everyday life and the need of mainstreaming.

If the teacher makes learning an enjoyable experience for their students, they could achieve much better results in class room.

In chapter What parents can do – she emphasized 13 positive and highly useful steps that every parent must know. Usually the parents do not have an adequate amount of knowledge  about learning disability and its management.  But parents are child’s first and best teachers.

In What the class teacher can do– 17 effective suggestions and guidelines are given to teachers. Students with learning disability often requires individual attention especially in terms of accommodation and modification – they need additional support

Flashback & Flash-forwards are real life success stories of children with learning disabilities.

References : 83 valuable books, periodicals and websites  are mentioned

This book is a must for all teachers, parents and doctors who are dealing with learning disability.

About the author

  • Dr.Swaroop Rawal PhD is a famous TV personality and is still remembered by the character played teas back.
  • Received awards for vocational excellence and for research done in life skill enhancement.
  • “Learning life skill through drama” is an innovative project by the author
  • Associated with various NGOs working with special child and empowerment of children in India