Dr S C Mishra
Explanation of the mind rubrics in repertories with Hindi meanings
ABRUPT – Akasmik , Achanak , Rukha
- Describes something that is sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant:
- An abrupt change/movement
- Our conversation came to an abrupt end when George burst into the room.
- The road ended in an abrupt (= sudden and very steep) slope down to the sea
ABSENT-MINDED – Anmana bhaw
Describes someone who tends to forget things or does not pay attention to what is happening near them because they are thinking about other things
ABSORBED – Tanmay rehna , (usually on the place of his existance)
- If someone’s work, or a book, film, etc. absorbs them, or they are absorbed in it, their attention is given completely to it:
- Simon was so absorbed in his book, he didn’t even notice me come in
ABSTRACTION- Nirakar hojana, Apni maujuda Charon aur se pare Kisi aur baat pe khoyi rehna
- Not giving attention to what is happening around you because you are thinking about something else:
- He gave her an abstracted glance, then returned to his boo
ABUSIVE- Galat, Anuchit, Apamanjanak (vakya prayog karna) using rude and offensive words:
- An abusive letter/telephone call
- He was apparently abusive to the flight attendants because they refused to serve him alcohol
- A married man who has sex with a woman who is not his wife, or a man who has sex with another man’s wife:
- Her husband was a compulsive adulterer
AFFABILITY-Milansar , Saujanya
- Friendly and easy to talk to:
- He struck me as an affable sort of a man.
- She was quite affable at the meeting
AFFECTATION- dr vijaykar -Nautanki ,show to boost one’s image. an attempt to exibit what is not natural. false pretence , artificial behavior trying to project that he is great.
AFFECTIONATE- Snehamayee, Anurag prabrutti
- Showing in a gentle way that you love someone and care about them SYN loving
- Affectionate towards
- Jo is very affectionate towards her.
- An affectionate hug
- Affectionately adverb
AMATIVENESS – Kamukata, Vasnamay prem (especially not showing outwardly)
- Relating to sexual love: (Not expressing)
- Strongly moved by love and esp. sexual love.
AMBITION- Mahatwakakhyan, Abhilasa
- A strong desire for success, achievement, power or wealth:
- She’s got a lot of ambition.
- His ambition is ultimately to run his own business.
- He has already achieved his main ambition in life – to become wealthy.
- Political ambitions
- She doubts whether she’ll ever be able to fulfill her ambition.
- I’ve always had a burning (= very great) ambition to be a film director.
- After his heart attack, he abandoned his ambition to become Prime Minister
AMNESIA- Smruti lop, Yadein khojana
- Loss of the ability to remember:
- In his later life he suffered periods of amnesia
AMOROUS- Premi, Pranayee, Sringari
- Of or expressing sexual desire:
- The film centers around the amorous adventures/exploits of its handsome hero.
- Mamata had rejected his amorous advances
AMUSEMENT – Man behlana, Manoranjan karna
- The feeling of being entertained or made to laugh:
- She looked at him with amusement.
- I looked on in amusement as they started to argue.
- Carl came last in the race, (much) to my amusement.
- I play the piano just for my own amusement (= to entertain myself not other people).
- Who belief that there should be little or no formal or official organization to society but that people should work freely together
- Someone who wishes to destroy the existing government and laws:
- Anarchist tendencies/demonstrations
ANGUISH– Paritap, Vedna
- Extreme pain, distress, or anxiety sorrow
- Showing or feeling extreme physical or mental pain:
- We heard an anguished cry.
- She gave him an anguished look
ANIMATION- Pran sancharan, Sanjivata
- Possessing or characterized by life
- To give spirit and support to
- Enthusiasm and energy:
- She spoke with great animation about her latest discoveries
- Opposition of a conflicting force, tendency, or principle
- Dictatorship, actively expressed opposition or hostility
- Extreme unfriendliness or active opposition:
- There’s a history of antagonism between the two teams.
- The antagonism towards neighboring states
- The historic antagonisms between the countries of Western Europe
ANTHROPOPHOBIA – Fear of human being
ANTICIPATION – Purvanuman, Pratyasa
- A feeling of excitement about something that is going to happen in the near future:
- As with most pleasures, it’s not so much the experience itself as the anticipation that is enjoyable.
- The postponement of the film’s sequel has held cinema-goers in eager anticipation for several months
- A prior action that takes into account or forestalls a later action b : the act of looking forward ; esp.: pleasurable expectation
ANTICS– Harkatein, Maskharapan
- Amusing, silly or strange behaviors:
- But the rock-star whose stage antics used to include smashing guitars is older and wiser now.
- The crowds were once again entertained by the number one tennis player’s antics on and off the court
- An attention-drawing often wildly playful or funny act or action
ANTISOCIAL -Averse to the society of others: unsociable
- Hostile or harmful to organized society; esp.: being or marked by behavior deviating sharply from the social norm
- Harmful to society:
- Anti-social behavior
- Increasingly, smoking is regarded as an anti-social habit
ANXIETY – Chinta , Fikra , Utsukata
- Painful or apprehensive uneasiness of mind usu. over an impending or anticipated ill Fearful concern or interest
- An abnormal and overwhelming sense of apprehension and fear often marked by Physiological signs (as sweating, tension, and increased pulse), by doubt concerning the reality and nature of the threat, and by self-doubt about one’s capacity to cope with it care
- An uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something that is happening or might happen in the future esp. of something bad )
- Children normally feel a lot of anxiety about their first day at school.
- That explains his anxiety over his health.
- Her son is a source of considerable anxiety
APATHY – Udasinata, Bhabahinata
- Lack of feeling or emotion: impassiveness
- Lack of interest or concern : indifference
- When someone lacks interest or energy and is unwilling to take action especially over a matter of importance:
- Widespread apathy among student
APHASIA- Baklop , Bachaghat
- Loss or impairment of the power to use or comprehend words usu. resulting from brain damage
- A medical condition in which a person is not able to speak or write or understand speech or writing because of damage to the brain
ARBITRARY= DICTATORIAL – Manmani karnewala
- Depending on individual discretion (as of a judge) and not fixed by law
- Not restrained or limited in the exercise of power : ruling by absolute authority ‹an ~ government› b : marked by or resulting from the unrestrained and often tyrannical exercise of power ‹protection from ~ arrest and detention›
- Based on or determined by individual preference or convenience rather than by necessity or the intrinsic nature of something
ARDENT-Uttap, Garmi, Uddipt, Tibra , Praval
- Characterized by warmth of feeling typically expressed in eager zealous support or activity ‹~ Showing strong feelings:
- Burning, fiery; parching; glowing like fire, gleaming
- An ardent supporter of Manchester United
ARROGANT = HAUGHTY – Akkhhadpan , Garv
- Exaggerating or disposed to exaggerate one’s own worth or importance often by an overbearing manner. Proceeding from or characterized by arrogance ‹an ~ reply› proud
- Unpleasantly proud and behaving as if you are more important than, or know more than, other people:
- I found him arrogant and rude
ARTISTIC – Of, relating to, or characteristic of art or artists
- Showing imaginative skill in arrangement or execution ‹~ photography›
- Able to create or enjoy art: (great skill in creating or performing something, such as in writing, music, sport, etc
- His friends are all artistic – they’re painters, musicians and writers
ASCETIC –Tapaswini, Yogi
- Practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and esp. spiritual discipline
- Austere in appearance, manner, or attitude severe
- Avoiding physical pleasures and living a simple life, often for religious reasons:
- They live a very ascetic life
ASHAMED = REMORSE- Lajjit
- Feeling shame, guilt, or disgrace, feeling inferior or unworthy
- Feeling guilty or embarrassed about something you have done or a quality in your character:
- You’ve got nothing to be ashamed
ASTONISHED – Chakit ya vismit kardena
- To strike with sudden fear
- To strike with sudden and usu. great wonder or surprise
- Very great surprise:
- To the astonishment of her colleagues, she resigned
ATHEISTIC-GODLESS, WANT OF RELIGIOUS FEELING – Nastikata
- One who believes that there is no deity
- Someone who believes that God or gods do not exist
AUDACITY= ASSERTIVE – Dava karke kehna, Sahasikata, Dhithai
- Disposed to or characterized by bold or confident assertion
- Describes someone who behaves confidently and is not frightened to say what they want or believe:
- If you really want the promotion, you’ll have to be more assertive
- Dr Vijaykar-People who suddenly come in admist of a crowd and talks foolish .EFFRONTERY ,show off , comes across proudly.
AUTISM – Atmabimoh
- A tendency to morbid self-absorption at the expense of regulation by outward reality.
- A variable developmental disorder that appears by age three and is characterized by impairment of the ability to form normal social relationships, by impairment of the ability to communicate with others, and by stereotyped behavior patterns
- A failure to develop social abilities, language and other communication skills to the usual level:
- Autism is four times more common in boys than in girls
AVARICE – Kanjus, Dhanlolupata
- Excessive or insatiable desire for wealth or gain
- Her business empire brought her wealth beyond the dreams of avarice (= an extremely large amount of money
- The act of turning away
- A feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to avoid or turn from it , a settled dislike : a Tendency to extinguish a behavior or to avoid a thing or situation and esp. a usu. pleasurable one because it is or has been associated with a noxious stimulus
- A feeling of strong dislike or a lack of willingness to do something:
- I felt an instant aversion to his parents.
- She has a deep aversion to getting up in the morning.
- Greed is my pet aversion (= the thing I dislike most of al
- Lacking dexterity or skill (as in the use of hands) with a needle and thread, showing the result of a lack of expertness. Lacking ease or grace (as of movement or expression) ‹~ writing, lacking the right proportions, size, or harmony of parts
- Not easy to handle or deal with: requiring great
- Difficult to use, do, or deal with:
- It’s an awkward corner to drive round, so take it slowly.
- Some of the questions were rather awkward
BARGAINING– Sauda, Samjhota
- An agreement between parties settling what each gives or receives in a transaction between them or what course of action or policy each pursues in respect to the other
- Something acquired by or as if by bargaining ; esp.: an advantageous purchase ‹at that price the car is a
- An agreement between two people or groups in which each promises to do something in exchange for something else:
- The management and employees eventually struck/made a bargain (= reached an agreement , An advantageous purchase
- To make the characteristic short loud cry of a dog b : to make a noise resembling a bark
- To speak in a curt loud and usu. angry tone
- To make a loud rough noise
- Crazy or extremely foolish:
- She must have been barking mad to lend him so much more
BASHFUL –Sankochi, Jhempu
- Socially shy or timid:
- Tending to feel uncomfortable with other people and be embarrassed easily; shy:
- She gave a bashful (= embarrassed) smile as he complimented her on her work
BEGGING, ENTREATING – Bhik mangna , Anunay vinay karma
- To ask for as a charity
- To ask earnestly for: entreat ,to require as necessary or appropriate
- To try very hard to persuade someone to do something:
- We would spend every meal time entreating the child to eat her vegetable
- To make the loud deep hollow sound characteristic of a bull
- To shout in a deep voice
- To shout in a loud voice or (of a cow or large animal) to make a loud, deep sound:
- “Keep quiet!” the headmaster bellowed across the room.
- We could hear the sergeant bellowing commands to his troop
BEMOANING=LAMENTING-Vilap , Sokgeet
- To express deep grief or distress over
- To regard with displeasure, disapproval, or regret deplore
BENEVOLENCE- Disposition to do good
- An act of kindness b: a generous gift
- Kind and helpful:
- An inclination to do kind or charitable acts
BILIOUS – Of or indicative of a peevish ill-natured disposition
- Extremely unpleasant
- Irritable as if suffering from indigestion
BLASPHEMY- Bhagwan ki ninda karna
- The act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for God b: the act of claiming the attributes of deity
- Irreverence toward something considered sacred or inviolable
- Something which you say or do that shows you do not respect God or a religion:
- To be accused of blasphem
BOASTER =BRAGGART – Dingein marnewale
- To puff oneself up in speech: speak vaingloriously
- To speak too proudly or happily about what you have done or what you own:
- He didn’t talk about his exam results in case people thought he was boasting.
- Parents enjoy boasting about their children’s achievement
- Mean to express pride in oneself or one’s accomplishments. boast often suggests ostentation and exaggeration ‹boasts of every trivial success›, but it may imply a claiming with proper and justifiable pride ‹the town boasts one of the best museums
BROODING-To dwell gloomily on a subject, to be in a state of depression
- To think for a long time about things those make you sad, worried or angry:
- I wish she wouldn’t sit brooding in her room all day
- Inclined to meditate resentfully; feeling depressed
BRUTALITY – Nrusansata , Nirdayata
- Characteristic of an animal in nature, action, or instinct. , People, their acts, or their words and suggests A lack of intelligence, feeling, or humanity ‹a senseless and brutal war›
- Cruel, violent and completely without feelings:
- A brutal dictator
- He had presided over a brutal regime in which thousands of people had ‘disappeared’.
- He was imprisoned in 1945 for the brutal murder of a 12-year old girl
BUFONERRY- Foolish or playful behavior or practice
- Does silly things, usually to make other people laugh:
- Doesn’t he get tired of playing the buffoon in class?
BUOANCY-The ability to recover quickly from depression or discouragement: An Ability to stay happy despite having difficulties:
- He was a man of remarkable buoyancy
BUSINESS-The activity of buying and selling goods and services, or a particular company that does this, or work you do to earn money
- Activity concerned with the supplying and distribution of Commodities
- May be an inclusive term but specifically designates the activities of those engaged in the purchase or sale of commodities or in related financial transactions.
- Inconstant, an irrational or unpredictable idea or desire. Stresses lack of apparent motivation and suggests willfulness ‹by sheer caprice she quit her job
- A sudden, impulsive, and seemingly unmotivated notion or action, a sudden usu. unpredictable condition, change, or series of changes
- Free from care: as having no worries or troubles b : irresponsible
- Free from care : untroubled ‹~ days› b : indifferent unconcerned ‹~ of the consequences›
- Not taking care
- Not showing or receiving care:
CARE- Oppression of the mind weighed down by responsibility or disquieted by apprehension ‹a face worn by years of care , a disquieted state of mixed uncertainty, apprehension, and responsibility
- Painstaking or watchful attention
CARESS- Dullar , lad
- Treat with tokens of fondness, affection, or kindness : cherish
- To touch or stroke lightly in a loving or endearing manner
- A light stroking, rubbing, or patting
CARPHOLOGIA- An aimless plucking at the bedclothes, as if one were picking off threads or tufts of cotton.
CARRIED-To hold or comport (as one’s person) in a specified manner
CASTING-OFF-Something that is shed, ejected, or thrown out or off:
CAUTIOUS- Satark , Chaukas
- The exercise of forethought usu. prompted by fear of danger ‹a cautious driver›.
- The state of not being married
- Abstention from sexual intercourse, abstention by vow from marriage
CENSORIOUS- Inclined to criticize severely and unfavorably
- Consisting of or involving criticism ‹~ writings› ; also: of or relating to the judgment of critics
- Faultfinding captious carping
- Inclined to look for and point out faults and defects.
CHAOTIC – Abyabasthit
- A state of utter confusion *the blackout caused chaos throughout the city*
- Completely unordered and unpredictable and confusing
- A state of total confusion and lack of order:
- Snow and ice have caused chaos on the roads
- Ever since our secretary walked out, the office has been in a state of total/utter chaos
CHARITABLE –Paropkari , Dharmartha
- Benevolent goodwill toward or love of humanity
- Generosity and helpfulness especially toward the needy or suffering; also : aid given to those in need
- A gift for public benevolent purposes
- Giving money, food or help free to those who are in need because they are ill, poor or homeless
CHARLATAN – Nimhakim , kapti
- One making usually showy pretenses to knowledge or ability
- A person who pretends to have skills or knowledge that they do not have, especially in medicine
- Happy and positive:
- He’s usually fairly cheerful.
- You’re in a cheerful mood this morning
- Full of good spirits: MERRY
CICUMSPECTION-Careful not to take risks:
- Officials were circumspect about what the talks had achieve
- Careful to consider all circumstances and possible consequences
CLAIRVOYANCE-A person who claims to have powers to see the future or see things which other people cannot see:
- She went to see a clairvoyant who said he could communicate with her dead husband
- Apparent power to perceive things that are not present to the senses
- A morbid fear of being in a confined place
- To stick onto or hold something or someone tightly, or to refuse to stop holding them:
- We got so wet that our clothes clung to us.
- They clung together in terror as the screams grew louder.
- One little girl was clinging onto a cuddly toy.
- She clung to the handrail as she walked down the slippery step
- To hold or hold on tightly or tenaciously
- To express grief, pain, or discontent
- To say that something is wrong or not satisfactory:
- Lots of people have complained about the noise.
- You’re always complaining!
COMPREHENSION – Samajh , Dharana
- The act or action of grasping with the intellect: UNDERSTANDING b : knowledge gained by comprehending c : the capacity for understanding fully *mysteries that are beyond our comprehension*
- An ability to understand the meaning or importance of something (or the knowledge acquired as a result)
COMPULSIVE-Uncontrollable thoughts or impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires which, by themselves, arouse anxiety; the anxiety becomes fully manifest if performance of the compulsive act is prevented; may be associated with obsessive thoughts.
- Tending to show confidence by imparting secrets
- To tell something secret or personal to someone whom you trust not to tell anyone else:
- He confided (to her) that his hair was not his own.
CONFUSION- When people do not understand what is happening, what they should do or who someone or something is:
- There seems to be some confusion over who is actually giving the talk.
- To avoid confusion, the twins never wore the same clothes
- Having moral integrity: acting in strict regard for what is considered right or
- Proper, putting a lot of effort into your work
- Characterized by extreme care and great effort
- Governed by a sense of duty; done according to conscience; scrupulous, painstaking; of or pertaining to conscience.
CONSOLATION -To make someone who is sad or disappointed feel better by giving them comfort or sympathy:
- He tried to console her, but she kept saying it was all her own fault.
- I tried to console her with a box of chocolates.
- I was consoling Liz on having broken up with her boyfriend
CONTEMPTUOUS- A strong feeling of combined dislikes and lack of respect:
- The mental attitude in which something or someone is considered as worthless or of little account.
- At school she had complete contempt for all her teachers.
CONTENT- Satisfied, not displeased; not disposed to complain;
- To limit (oneself) in requirements, desires, or actions
- Pleased with your situation and not hoping for change or improvement:
- He seems fairly content with (his) life.
- A contrary point of view
- Contrary to all our expectations, he’s found a well-paid job and a nice girlfriend
COQUETTISH- A woman whose behaviour is intended to attract sexual attention by being playful and charming
- A woman who trifles with men’s affections; a woman given to flirting or coquetry
- A woman who endeavors without sincere affection to gain the attention and admiration of men
- A seductive woman who uses her sex appeal to exploit men
COURAGEOUS – Sahasi , Himmatwala
- Having or showing courage:
- It was a courageous decision to resign in protest at the company’s pollution record.
- It was courageous of her to challenge the managing director’s decision
- Mental or moral strength to venture, persevere, and withstand danger, fear, or difficulty
COVETOUS- Desiring something too much, especially something that belongs to someone else:
- Western companies are casting covetous eyes on the bargain-priced companies of eastern Europe
COWARDICE- A person who shows unworthy fear in the face of danger, pain, or difficulty
CRETINISM- Stunted bodily growth and mental development, appearing during the first years of life and resulting from thymic agenesis or inadequate maternal intake of iodine during gestation
CROAKING- When animals such as frogs and crows croak, they call making deep rough sounds.
When you croak because you have a sore or dry throat, you speak with a rough voice
CRUELITY-– Nrusansata, Nirdayata
- Characteristic of an animal in nature, action, or instinct. People, their acts, or their words and suggests a lack of intelligence, feeling, or humanity ‹a senseless and brutal war›
- Violent and completely without feelings:
A Cruel dictator
- He had presided over a brutal regime in which thousands of people had ‘disappeared’.
CURSING – Abhisap Dena
- An utterance of God, or of a person invoking God, consigning or intending to consign a person or thing to destruction, divine vengeance, misery, etc.; spec. a formal ecclesiastical censure, a sentence of excommunication. A profane oath; an imprecation.
- An evil supposedly inflicted by divine or supernatural power in response to an imprecation or as retributive punishment
- A prayer or invocation for harm or injury to come upon one
- To say a word or an expression, which is not polite and shows that you are very angry:
- We could hear him cursing and swearing as he tried to get the door open.
- I could curse her for losing my key
DAY-DREAMING- A set of pleasant thoughts about something you would prefer to be doing or something you would like to achieve in the future:
- He never paid attention in class and seemed to be in a permanent daydream.
- I was just enjoying a daydream about winning the Nobel Prize for literature
DEBAUCHERY- Excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures; immorality, licentiousness.
- Weakened or destroyed by bad sexual behaviour, drinking too much alcohol, taking drugs, etc:
- His debauched lifestyle
DECEITEFUL-Dhokhebaj , Chhalia
- Deceiving; concealment or misrepresentation of the truth in order to mislead; deception, fraud, cheating
DEFIANT-To refuse to obey, or to act or be against, a person, decision, law, situation, etc:
- A challenge to a fight or contest, or to uphold an assertion etc. Open or daring resistance to authority or an opposing force. Proudly refusing to obey authority:, CHALLENGE
- A defiant attitude/gesture
- The protesters blocking the entrance to the offices remained defiant this morning
- Children openly defying their teachers
DELIRIUM-A clouded state of consciousness and confusion, marked by difficulty in sustaining attention to stimuli, disordered thinking and memory, defective perception (illusions and hallucinations), disordered sleep-wakefulness cycles, and motor disturbances.
- A disordered state of the mind resulting from disease, intoxication, etc., characterized by incoherent speech, hallucinations, restlessness, and often extreme excitement. Great excitement; ecstasy, rapturous frenzy.
EFFEMINATE –Straina, Maichia, Janana
- Describes a man who behaves or looks similar to a woman:
- He’s got a very effeminate manner/voice
- Excessive use of the first person singular personal pronoun, the practice of talking about oneself too much
- An exaggerated sense of self-importance
- The tendency to think only about yourself and consider yourself better and more important than other people:
- Finding herself world-famous by the time she was eighteen only encouraged the actress’s egotism
- Lift the spirits of, fill with elation; inspire with pride
- Extremely happy and excited, often because something has happened or been achieved:
- The prince was reported to be elated at/by the birth of his new daughter
- Exultantly proud and joyful; in high spirits
- “The elated winner”; “felt elated and excited”
ELEGANT– Ramaniya, Suruchipurna
- The state or quality of being elegant; refined luxury; tasteful correctness; ingenious simplicity
- Graceful and attractive in appearance or behaviour:
- An elegant woman
- A very elegant suit
- Of a high grade or quality: SPLENDID *elegant gems priced at hundreds of thousands of dollars
- A refined quality of gracefulness and good taste
- She conveys an aura of elegance and gentility
EMBARRASSMENT- Feeling anxious or uncomfortable:
- You’re embarrassing him with your compliments!
- Feeling ashamed or shy:
- She felt embarrassed about undressing in front of the doctor
- Intensely hostile, bitter, or discontented; exacerbate
- Very angry about unfair things that have happened to you:
- They ignored all her pleas and she became very embittered
- Greatly annoyed; out of patience
- Intensify (ill feeling, wickedness); increase the fierceness of (disease, pain, appetite, etc.);
ENNUI- A feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction: BOREDOM
- A feeling of boredom and mental tiredness caused by having nothing interesting or exciting to do:
- The whole country seems to be affected by the ennui of winter
- Mental weariness and dissatisfaction arising from lack of occupation or interest; boredom.
ENVY- To wish that you had something that another person has:
- I envy her ability to talk to people she’s never met before
- Painful or resentful awareness of an advantage enjoyed by another joined with a desire to possess the same advantage
- A feeling of resentful or discontented longing aroused by another person’s better fortune, situation, etc
ESTRANGED- Keep away or apart from or from an accustomed place, occupation, etc
- To arouse especially mutual enmity or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness
- Remove from customary environment or associations
- “Years of boarding school estranged the child from her home”
EUPHORIA- A feeling of well-being or elation
- A strong feeling of well-being, cheerfulness, and optimism, esp. one based on overconfidence or overoptimism; a mood marked by this, as symptomatic of a mental illness or the influence of drugs
- Extreme happiness, sometimes more than is reasonable in a particular situation:
- They were in a state of euphoria for days after they won the prize
EXALTED-The action of raising aloft; the state of being raised or elevated
- To raise someone to a higher rank or more powerful position
- To elevate by praise or in estimation
EXCLUSIVE-Ananya, Ekmatra, Visista
- Expensive and only for people who are rich or of a high social class:
- An exclusive private club
- An apartment in an exclusive part of town
- Of an establishment etc.: used or patronized by a restricted (esp. aristocratic) social group; high-class, fashionable
- Of a right, privilege, quality, etc.: possessed or enjoyed by the individual(s) specified and no others; confined or restricted
EXHILARATION- Make cheerful or merry; enliven, gladden; thrill, invigorate
- Very excited and happy:
- At the end of the race I was exhilarate
EXTRAVAGANCE- Spending, using or doing more than necessary in an uncontrolled way
- The extravagant lifestyle of a movie star
- That was very extravagant of you to buy strawberries out of season.
- He rarely used taxis, which he regarded as extravagant.
- Exceeding the bounds of reason; showing a lack of restraint or moderation; absurdly or astonishingly excessive or elaborate
EXTROVERTED- The fact or tendency of having one’s thoughts and interests directed chiefly towards things outside the self
- A sociable or unreserved person.
- An energetic, happy person who enjoys being with other people:
- Most sales people are extrovert
EXUBARATION- Very energetic:
- Young and exuberant, he symbolises Italy’s new vitality
- Luxuriantly fertile; abundantly productive
- Of affection, joy, health, etc.: overflowing, abounding people or their actions etc.: effusive in display of feeling; esp. full of high spirits and good health.
- Growing luxuriantly; produced in excess
- Marked by excessive enthusiasm and often intense uncritical devotion
- Of a person, action, etc.: characterized by or filled with excessive and mistaken enthusiasm, esp. in religion
FANCIES-.Swapn dekhna , Kalpana karna
- Imagination, esp. creative imagination. Later, the aptitude for the invention and development of illustrative or decorative imagery
- An image or representation of something formed in the mind
- Imagination especially of a capricious or delusive sort , the power of conception and representation used in artistic expression (as by a poet
FASTIDIOUS– Tunak mizaz
- Giving too much attention to small details and wanting everything to be correct and perfect:
- He is very fastidious about how a suitcase should be packed
- Scrupulous or overscrupulous in matters of taste, cleanliness, propriety, etc.; squeamish
- Showing or demanding excessive delicacy or car
- Make oneself appear to be, to do, or make it appear that something is the case, in order to deceive others or in play; (now rare) make a false profession or outward show of
- To pretend to feel something, usually an emotion:
- You know how everyone feigns surprise when you tell them how old you are.
- She responded to his remarks with feigned
- To give a false appearance
- Induce as a false impression *feign death* b : to assert as if true
- Make believe with the intent to deceive
FINERY- Beautiful clothing and jewellery worn on a special occasion:
- There we all were in our finery, waiting for the bride and groom to arrive
FOPISH-A man who is devoted to or vain about his appearance or dress
- A man who gives exaggerated attention to personal appearance
FOREBOODING- To have an inward conviction of (as coming ill or misfortune)
FORSAKEN- To withdraw protection, support, or help from
- Deserted, left solitary or desolate
- Left alone, lonely; destitute of joy or comfort, forlorn, wretched ,Uninhabited, deserted; ruinous, neglected; barren, dreary. Destitute or deprived of
- To make someone feel fear:
- He frightens me when he drives so fast.
- You’ll frighten the baby wearing that mask.
- The noise frightened me to death/out of my wits
- To make afraid : TERRIFY
- To drive or force by frightening
FRIVOLOUS- Lacking seriousness or sense; silly
- FROWN-To contract the brow in displeasure or concentration
- To give evidence of displeasure or disapproval by or as if by facial expression
- Free in giving, liberal, munificent
- Noble-minded, magnanimous, free from meanness or prejudice.
- Willing to give money, help, kindness, etc., especially more than is usual or expected:
- A very generous man
- A movement usually of the body or limbs that expresses or emphasizes an idea, sentiment, or attitude
- The use of motions of the limbs or body as a means of expression
- Movement of the body or limbs, now only as an expression of thought or feeling
GIGGLING- Hi hi karna
- Laugh in an affected, silly, or nervous manner; titter; give small bursts of half-suppressed laughter
- To laugh repeatedly in a quiet but uncontrolled and childish way, often at something silly or rude or when you are nervous:
- Stop that giggling at the back
- A person who is overfond of eating; a glutton. A person who is fond of, or a judge of, good food; a gourmet
- A person who enjoys eating large amounts of food
- One who is heartily interested in good food and drink
- Intense or inordinate longing, esp. for wealth or food;
- A very strong wish to continually get more of something, especially food or money:
- I don’t know why I’m eating more – it’s not hunger, it’s just greed!
- He was unsympathetic with many house sellers, complaining that they were motivated by greed
- A selfish and excessive desire for more of something (as money) than is needed
- Mental anguish or sorrow. Now spec. deep sorrow caused esp. by bereavement, or bitter regret or remorse
- Very great sadness, especially at the death of someone:
- Her grief at her son’s death was terrible.
- Newspapers should not intrude on people’s private grief
GRIMACES– Mukh vikruti
- A distortion of the face expressing annoyance, pain, etc. or intending to cause laughter; a wry face
- To make an expression of pain, strong dislike, etc. in which the face twists in an ugly way
GROPING- Attempt to find something by feeling about esp. with the hand as if blind or in the dark Feel about in order to find one’s way; move along etc. in this manner
GROWLING- A low angry expression of complaint etc. uttered by a person or group of persons
- To complain angrily
GRUNTING- (of a pig) to make a low rough noise, or (of a person) to make a short low sound instead of speaking, usually because of anger or pain:
- The pigs were grunting contentedly as they ate their food.
- He hauled himself over the wall, grunting with the effort
HARSENESS-Rukha , Kathor ,
- Causing a disagreeable or painful sensory reaction
- Of an action, a person, etc.: severe, rigorous, cruel, and unfeeling
- Unpleasant, unkind, cruel or unnecessarily severe:
- Harsh criticism
- The children had had a harsh upbringing.
- We thought the punishment was rather harsh for such a minor offence.
- “There is no alternative, ” she said in a harsh voice.
- He said some harsh words (= spoke unkindly) about his brother
HATRED-Bair, Dwesh , Ghrina
- An extremely strong feeling of dislike:
- What is very clear in these letters is Clark’s passionate hatred of his father
- A feeling of hostility or strong aversion towards a person or thing; active and violent dislike
- High in one’s own estimation; lofty and disdainful. M16. b fig. Imposing, grand, stately, dignified. L16. 2 Of exalted character, style, or rank.
- Blatantly and disdainfully proud
- Unfriendly and seeming to consider yourself better than other people:
- She has a rather haughty manner
- Not giving attention to a risk or possible difficulty:
- Heedless destruction of the rainforests is contributing to global warming
- Have no care,
- No Concern oneself about, take no notice of, no regard
HIGH-SPIRITED- Sajib, Utsahi, Joshpurn –Highly Enthusiastic and determined:
- The home team’s spirited playing ensured them a comfortable victory
HOMESICK- Unhappy because of being away from home for a long period:
- As I read my mother’s letter, I began to feel more and more homesick
- Exciting, or likely to excite, horror; repulsive, hideous, shocking; colloq. excessive, frightful, unpleasant
- A loud cry of pain, anguish, or laughter
- To cry out loudly and without restraint under strong impulse (as pain, grief, or amusement)
- Depression or low spirits for which there is no real cause. M1 b A person’s unfounded belief that he or she is ill; persistent anxiety about or preoccupation with one’s health
- A morbid concern about one’s own health and exaggerated attention to any unusual bodily or mental sensations; a delusion that one is suffering from some disease for which no physical basis is evident.
HYPOCRISY-Pakhand, Dhongi ,jo bo hai , bo nanhi hai ,deceiteful-opposite of affectation , trying to hide himself
- The practice of falsely presenting an appearance of virtue or falsely professing a belief to which one’s own character or conduct does not conform; dissimulation, pretence; an instance of this.
- A feigning to be what one is not or to believe what one does not; especially : the false assumption of an appearance of virtue or religion
HYSTERIA- Wild uncontrollable excitement or emotion
- A psychoneurosis marked by emotional excitability and disturbances of the psychic, sensory, vasomotor, and visceral functions
- Behavior exhibiting overwhelming or unmanageable fear or emotional excess
- A somatoform (psychoneurotic or psychosomatic) disorder in which there is an alteration or loss of physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder such as paralysis of an arm or disturbance of vision, but that is instead apparently as expression of a psychological conflict or need; diagnostic term, referable to a wide variety of psychogenic symptoms involving disorder of function, which may be mental, sensory, motor, or visceral. See somatoform disorders
- The state or condition of being an idiot; extremely low intelligence (now obs. in Med. use); stupidity, foolishness
- Obsolete term for the views or behavior of an individual associated with a subclass of mental retardation
- Abnormal intellectual weakness, esp. as manifested by an adult with the intelligence of a child of five
- Having a mental age of three to seven years
- An obsolete term for a subclass of mental retardation or the individual classified therein.
IMPERTINENCE-pertinence means pertaining to relevant behaviour , overforewardness , will have rudeness , in audacity it may not be rude
- Rude and not respectful, especially towards someone older or in a higher position than you:
- I hope he didn’t think me impertinent when I asked him about his private life.
- An impertinent remark/question
- Ex-a small child coming to clinic and sitting with his legs on the table . unsuitable behaviour consistent with age
IMPETUOUS- like jhatka-Acting with or done with rash or sudden energy; vehement; ardent
- Tending to act on a sudden idea or wish, without considering the results of your actions:
- He’s so impetuous – why can’t he think things over before he rushes into them
IMPRESSIONABLE-Ashani se Prabhabit hone wale
- Susceptible to impressions; easily influenced
IMPUDENCE- disregard for opinion of others ,not bothers what other think
- A sudden, often unreasoning, determination to perform some act
- Sudden or involuntary inclination to act, without premeditation; an instance of this. A sudden strong desire to do something:
- I had this sudden impulse to shout out “Rubbish!” in the middle of her speech
IMPULSIVE-Actuated or characterized by impulse; apt to be moved by sudden impulse or emotion; prompted by sudden impulse
INCITING- Bhadkana – Urge, spur on, (a person); stir up, animate; stimulate to do something. , Provoke, prompt
- To encourage someone to do or feel something unpleasant or violent:
- She incited racial hatred by distributing anti-Semitic leaflets
INDIGNATION-Anger excited by a sense of wrong, or by injustice, wickedness, or misconduct; Righteous Anger
- Angry because of something which is wrong or not fair:
- She wrote an indignant letter to the paper complaining about the council’s action.
- He became very indignant when it was suggested he had made a mistake
INDISCRETION- Lack of sound judgement in speech or action; injudicious or unwary conduct; imprudence; euphem. A transgression of social morality
- Saying or doing things which let people know things that should be secret or which embarrass people:
- In an indiscreet moment, the president let his genuine opinions be known.
- They have been rather indiscreet about their affair
INDOLENCE-The inclination to avoid exertion or trouble; love of ease, laziness; idleness
- Showing application, Endeavour, or effort; painstaking, zealous, attentive. Showing Assiduous or steady work; Diligent, hard-working
- Having the characteristic of regularly working hard:
- An industrious worker
- She’s extremely competent and industrious
- Intellectually curious, wanting to discover as much as you can about things, sometimes in a way that annoys people:
- An inquisitive child
- An inquisitive mind
- She could see inquisitive faces looking out from the windows next door
INSANITY-A mental and behavioral disorder causing gross distortion or disorganization of a person’s mental capacity, affective response, and capacity to recognize reality, communicate, and relate to others to the degree of interfering with the person’s capacity to cope with the ordinary demands of everyday life.
- Arrogant or overbearing conduct or disposition. Later, impertinently insulting behaviour
- Rude and not showing respect:
- An insolent child/young man
- An insolent gesture/remark
- Insultingly contemptuous in speech or conduct
INTELLECTUAL -Possessing a high degree of understanding or (esp. analytic) intelligence; given to the exercise of the intellect
- A highly educated person whose interests are studying and other activities that involve careful thinking and mental effort:
She was too much of an intellectual to find popular films interesting
- Close inspection, intellectual examination, esp. of one’s own mind; observation of one’s own thoughts, feelings, or mental state.
- A person characterized by introversion; a withdrawn or reserved person
- In the state of or tendency toward being wholly or predominantly concerned with and interested in one’s own mental life
JEALOUSY-Unhappy and angry because someone has something or someone you want, or because you think they might take something or someone that you love away from you:
- He had always been very jealous of his brother’s good looks.
- Anna says she feels jealous every time another woman looks at her boyfriend
- A feeling of unhappiness and anger because someone has something or someone that you want:
- He broke his brother’s new bike in a fit of jealous
JOVIAL-Under the influence of Jupiter, said as a natal planet to impart joy and happiness.
- Characterized by mirth, humor, or festivity; convivial
- Friendly and in a good mood or (of a situation) enjoyable because of being friendly and pleasant:
- He seemed a very jovial chap
KLEPTOMANIA- A disorder of impulse control characterized by a morbid tendency to steal.
- Expression of sorrow or anguish
- Express or (now) feel profound sorrow for or concerning; mourn the loss of
- Sadness and regret, or something that expresses these feelings:
- For all the lamentations that schools do not teach the game, it is still played in some areas
LASCIVIOUS- Expressing a strong desire for sexual activity:
- A lascivious smile
- Inclined to lust, lustful, lecherous, wanton.
- Full of or characterized by lust; pertaining to or manifesting lust
- A passionate desire for, to do; a passionate enjoyment of
- Acquire knowledge of (a subject) or skill in (an art etc.) as a result of study, experience, or instruction; acquire or develop an ability to do
- To get knowledge or skill in a new subject or activity
LEWDNESS-(of behaviour, speech, dress, etc.) sexual in an obvious and rude way:
- Ignore him – he’s being lewd
- Freedom of life or conduct; unrestrained liberty
- The freedoms to live as you wish or go where you want:
- For most citizens, liberty means the freedom to practise their religious or political beliefs.
- Hundreds of political prisoners are to be given their liberty (= released from prison)
- Formerly, unrestrained action, conduct, or expression; freedom of behaviour or speech, beyond what is granted or recognized as proper; licence. Now only, an instance of this, an overstepping or setting aside of rules or conventions
LIGHTNESS-The condition or state of being light or illuminated
LITIGIOUS- Too often taking arguments to a law court for a decision:
- The United States is the most litigious society in the world
- Strong hatred:
- The thought of him touching her filled her with deep loathing
- Dislike, hatred, ill will; disgust
- Stupid or unreasonable and deserving to be laughed at; ridiculous:
- A ludicrous idea/suggestion
- He looked ludicrous in that suit
MAGNETISED- To be attracted like a magnet
- To be attracted strongly, as if with a magnet
MALICIOUS- Having or showing a desire to harm someone because you think that they have harmed you; unwilling to forgive:
- In the film ‘Cape Fear’, a lawyer’s family is threatened by a vindictive former prison
- Having desire to injure another person; active ill will or hatred. In later use also, the desire to tease
- Intended to harm or upset other people:
- Malicious gossip
- A malicious look in his eye
MANIA-An emotional disorder characterized by euphoria or irritability increased psychomotor activity, rapid speech, flight of ideas, decreased need for sleep, distractibility, grandiosity, and poor judgment; usually occurs in bipolar disorder.
MASOCHISM-the obtaining of especially sexual pleasure from being hurt or controlled by another person
MEDDLESOME-Bich mein hastakhyep karnewale
- Tending to get involved in situations where you are not wanted, especially in a critical, damaging or annoying way
MEDITATION- The act of giving your attention to only one thing, either as a religious activity or as a way of becoming calm and relaxed
- Serious thought or study, or the product of this activity:
- Let us spend a few moments in quiet meditation
- Continuous thought on one subject; (a period of) serious and sustained reflection or mental contemplation
MILD-Komal , Naram mizaz
- Of a person: gentle in character, manners, behaviour, etc.; not easily provoked. Of behaviour, language, etc
- Not violent, severe or extreme:
- She can’t accept even mild criticism of her work
- Not being or involving what is extreme
MIRTH-Laughter, amusement or happiness:
- Her impersonations of our teachers were a source of considerable mirth
- Rejoicing; merrymaking; jollity
- Pleasurable feeling, enjoyment, gratification; happiness
- Hatred of humankind;
MISCHIEVIOUS-Natkhat , Hanikar
- Having harmful effects or results; inflicting damage or injury; having a harmful influence or intent
- Naughtily or annoyingly playful
- Deliberately causing harm or damage
- Describes behaviour or words that are intended to cause harm or trouble:
- I think these rumours are mischievous
- A low prolonged sound of pain or of grief
- A long low mournful sound indicative of physical or mental suffering or physical pleasure.
- To make a long low sound of pain, suffering or another strong emotion:
- He moaned with pain before losing consciousness.
- “Let me die, ” he moaned
- When you laugh at someone or something in an unkind way:
- Use ridicule; act or speak so as to show scorn; jeer, scoff
- To treat with contempt or ridicule
- To laugh at contemptuously
MONOMANIA-when someone is too interested in one thing
- An exaggerated enthusiasm for one subject; an obsession, a craze
- The way you feel at a particular time
- A prevailing attitude
- She’s in a good/bad mood
MORAL-Charitra bal , Sikh
- Relating to the standards of good or bad behaviour, fairness, honesty, etc. which each person believes in, rather than to laws:
- It’s her moral obligation to tell the police what she knows
- Of or pertaining to human character or behaviour considered as good or bad; of or pertaining to the distinction between right and wrong, or good and evil, in relation to the actions, volitions, or character of responsible beings; ethical; (of knowledge, judgements, etc.) pertaining to the nature and application of this distinction
MOROSE- Unhappy, annoyed and unwilling to speak or smile
- Having a sullen and gloomy disposition
- Gloomily or resentfully silent or repressed
MORTIFICATION- Feel extremely ashamed
- Deep humiliation; severe disappointment, great vexation
- Injured the dignity or self-respect of
- To damage severely, especially by violently removing a part:
- Her body had been mutilated beyond recognition
- Destroy or injure severely
- To speak quietly and in a low voice that is not easy to hear, often when you are anxious or complaining about something:
- Stop muttering and speak up!
- He was muttering (away) to himself.
- Laurence muttered something about his wife and left.
- He muttered something under his breath to the person next to him
- To utter sounds or words indistinctly or with a low voice and with the lips partly closed
- Too willing to believe that someone is telling the truth, that people’s intentions in general are good or that life is simple and fair
- It was a little naive of you to think that they would listen to your suggestions
NYMPHOMANIA- An insatiable impulse to engage in sexual behavior in a female; the counterpart of satyriasis in a male.
OBJECTIVE-Something which you plan to do or achieve:
Her main/prime objective now is simply to stay in power
- Unreasonably determined, especially to act in a particular way and not to change at all, despite argument or persuasion:
- Firmly adhering to one’s chosen course of action or opinion despite persuasion or argument; stubborn, self-willed
- He can be very obstinate at times
- The tendency to be hopeful and to emphasize the good part of a situation rather than the bad part; the belief that good things will happen in the future:
- There was a note of optimism in his voice as he spoke about the company’s future
PASSIONATE- Having very strong feelings or emotions:
- A strong enthusiasm for a (specified) thing; an aim or object pursued with strong enthusiasm
- A passionate speech
- A passionate kiss/embrace
PERTINACITY-Dridh pratigyan , Atalta
- Very determined and refusing to be defeated by problems:
- Like most successful politicians, she is pertinacious and single-minded in the pursuit of her goals
- person who emphasize or think of the bad part of a situation rather than the good part, or the feeling that bad things are more likely to happen than good things:
- There is now a mood of deepening pessimism(The opposite is optimism)
- The use of reason in understanding such things as the nature of reality and existence, the use and limits of knowledge and the principles that govern and influence moral judgment:
- PINING BOYS- young boys who are sad , melancholic , lean , thin and emaciated,never complainting ,never happy.
- Eg-bar mur , lyc ,aur , tub ,sanic
PITY-Taras A feeling of sympathy and understanding for someone else’s unhappiness or difficult situation: The girl stood gazing with pity at the old lion in the cage.
PRECOCIOUS- Showing unusually early mental development or achievement: A precocious child, she went to university at the age of 15
PREJUDICE-Purvagraha , Purvadharana Preconceived opinion not based on actual experience; bias, partiality. Also, an instance of this; an unreasoning preference or objection; a bias
PRESUMPCIOUS- A person who shows a lack of respect for others by doing things they have no right to do: It would be presumptuous of me to comment on the matter
PROPHECY- Bhavisyavani karna A statement that says what is going to happen in the future, especially one which is based on what you believe about a particular matter rather than existing facts:
- The minister suggested that the dire prophecies of certain leading environmentalists were somewhat exaggerated.
PROSTRATION- ; Emotional exhaustion, ; submission
- Having lost all strength or all determination because of an illness or an extremely bad experience:
- A woman, prostrate with grief, lay wailing on the ground
QUIET-Sant , Chup , Nischal ,Maun
Making very little noise: one who does not talk much Of a person or thing: making little or no sound or movement; causing no trouble or disturbance; at rest, inactive Tranquil by nature, gentle; reserved, not outspoken
Freedom from mental agitation or excitement; peace of mind. She spoke in a quiet voice so as not to wake him.
- (A period of) extreme or violent anger:
- Her sudden towering rages were terrifying
- Rave in madness or fury; be full of anger; act wildly; speak furiously , (A fit of) madness or insanity
RASH-Andhadhundh , jaldbaj
Careless or unwise, without thought for what might happen or result.That was a rash decision – you didn’t think about the costs involved.( rashnesss concerns an action , whereas impetuous a decision )
REBEL- A person who is opposed to the political system in their country and tries to change it using force, or a person who shows their disagreement with the ideas of people in authority or of society by behaving differently: The rebels took over the capital and set up a new government
REFLECTING-To think carefully, especially about possibilities and opinions: Turn one’s thoughts (back), fix the mind or attention; ponder, meditate; The manager demanded time to reflect (on what to do). Serious and careful thought
A strong feeling of guilt and regret about something you have done:He felt no remorse for the murders he had committed
Deep regret and repentance for a wrong committed; compunction
REPROACH-Bhatsarna karna, Dhikkarna
- To express disappointment in or displeasure with (a person) for conduct that is blameworthy or in need of amendment To criticize someone, especially for not being successful or not doing what is expected: An act or expression of criticism and censure , an expression of rebuke or disapproval
- His mother reproached him for not eating all his dinner
- Express disapproval to (a person); upbraid, rebuke
RESERVED- He habit of not showing your feelings or thoughts: I took her out for a drink and tried to break through her reserve
REVELRY-To Whom It May Concern: dance, drink, sing, etc. at a party or in public, especially in a noisy way
- An occasion or course of merrymaking or noisy festivity, esp. with dancing, games, or other forms of lively entertainment
- To greatly respect and admire someone or something:
- Nelson Mandela is revered for his brave fight
- A gesture indicative of respect; an obeisance; a bow or curtsy
- Unkind words or actions that make someone or something look stupid or worthless:
- She was treated with scorn and ridicule by her colleagues when she applied for the job
ROCKING-To (cause someone or something to) move backwards and forwards or from side to side in a regular way:
- He picked up the baby and gently rocked her to sleep.
- If you rock back on that chair, you’re going to break it
- Wander about with no fixed destination (but with an aim )
- To move, travel or look around especially a large area:
- His eye/gaze roved hungrily about the room.
- He spent most of his life roving the world in search of his fortune
RUDENESS – Not polite; offensive or embarrassing
- Rough, harsh; ungentle, unkind; characterized by rough or violent behaviour
The use of remarks which clearly mean the opposite of what they say, and which are made in order to hurt someone’s feelings or to criticize something in an amusing way:
SATYRIASIS-Excessive sexual excitement and behavior in the male; the counterpart of nymphomania in the female
SCIZOPHRENIA- Characterized by a disorder in the perception, content of thought, and thought processes. processes hallucinations and delusions), and extensive withdrawal of the individual’s interest from other people and the outside world, and the investment of it in his own; now considered a group or spectrum of schizophrenic disorders rather than as a single entity,
SENSITIVE – Easily upset by the things people say or do, or causing people to be upset, embarrassed or angry:
- Her reply showed that she was very sensitive to criticism.
- He was very sensitive about his scar and thought everyone was staring at him
SENTIMENTAL- Describes someone who is strongly influenced by emotional feelings, especially about happy memories of past events or relationships with other people, rather than by careful thought and judgment based on facts:
- Why be sentimental about that old coat
SERVILITY- Too eager to serve and please someone else in a way that shows a lack of respect for yourself:
- As a waiter you want to be pleasant to people without appearing totally servile
- Characteristic of or resembling a slave; slavish, fawning; lacking all independence in thought or action; abjectly submissive or deferential, Of a people, State, etc.: politically enslaved; subject to despotic or oppressive rule or to foreign control.
SHRIEK-A short, loud, high cry, especially one produced suddenly as an expression of a powerful emotion
- A high-pitched piercing cry or utterance, esp. expr. terror, pain, or excitement; a loud high-pitched laugh
SIGHING- To take a deep audible breath (as in weariness or relief
SLANDER-A false spoken statement about someone which damages their reputation, or the making of such a statement
SOMNABULISM- Sleepwalking; somnambulance; a disorder of sleep involving complex motor acts which occurs primarily during the first third of the night but not during rapid eye movement sleep
SPIT–To force out the contents of the mouth, especially saliva:
SQUANDER-To spend or use money or supplies in a wasteful way, or to waste opportunities by not using them to your advantage:
STARING-To look for a long time with the eyes wide open, especially when surprised, frightened or thinking:
- Don’t stare at people like that, it’s rude
STARTING-To move your body suddenly because something has surprised or frightened you:
He started at the sound of the phone
STUPIFICATION- Become stupid, torpid, or insensible , In a state of mental numbness especially as resulting from shock , : unintelligent, slow-witted; obtuse, foolish
- Stupefy, madden or deprive of the ordinary use of the senses or reason with a drug or alcoholic liquor; inebriate, make drunk.
STUPOR-A state in which a person is almost unconscious and their thoughts are very unclear
- A state of insensibility or unconsciousness
SUPERSTICIOUS- Belief which is not based on human reason or scientific knowledge, but is connected with old ideas about magic, etc:
SYMPATHETIC- Describes someone who shows, especially by what they say, that they understand and care about someone’s suffering
- With an affinity, association, or relationship between persons or things wherein whatever affects one similarly affects the other
TEAR-Wound or injure (esp. part of the body) by violent tearing; lacerate
TEASE-To laugh at someone or say unkind things about them, either because you are joking or because you want to upset them:
TEMPERAMENT-The psychological and biological organization peculiar to the individual, including one’s character or personality predispositions, which influence the manner of thought and action, and general views of life
- The part of your character that affects your moods and the way you behave
- Constitution or habit of mind, esp. as determined by physical constitution and affecting behaviour; natural disposition, personality
- Temper – tantrum- An outburst of bad temper or petulance; spec. a fit of bad temper in a young child.
- A sudden period of uncontrolled childish anger:
- Johnny had/threw a tantrum in the shop because I wouldn’t buy him any sweets
TESTAMENT-. A formal declaration of a person’s wishes as to the disposal of his or her property (formerly esp. personal property) after death; a will
THEORISING-To develop a set of ideas about something:
- It’s easy to theorize about what might have happened
TICS- A sudden and uncontrolled small movement, especially of the face, especially because of a nervous illness
TIMID- Shy and nervous; lacking confidence; easily frightened:
- Lucy is a rather timid child
TORMENT-A cause of extreme pain, suffering, or anguish. Also, a source of worry or annoyance; a troublesome person.
- To cause severe usually persistent or recurrent distress of body or mind to
- Subject to torture
- “The sinners will be tormented in Hell, according to the Bible”
TORPOR= A state of sluggishness and low responsiveness (less marked than stupor); Biol. a state of physical and physiological inactivity, a state of mental and motor inactivity with partial or total insensibility b : a state of lowered physiological activity typically characterized by reduced metabolism, heart rate, respiration, and body temperature that occurs in varying degrees especially in hibernating and aestivating animals
TOSSING ABOUT- To fling or heave continuously about, to and fro, or up and down *a ship tossed by waves*
- To fling or lift with a sudden motion
TRANCE- An unconscious or insensible condition; a faint; a half-conscious state characterized by a lack of response to stimuli; a cataleptic or hypnotic condition
- An intermediate state between sleeping and waking; half-awake condition; a stunned or dazed state
- a temporary mental condition in which someone is not completely aware of and/or not in control of themselves and of what is happening to them:
- First she goes/falls into a deep trance and then the spirit voices start to speak through her.
- When a hypnotist puts you in(to) a trance, you no longer have conscious control of yourself.
TRANQILITY-Calm, serene, peaceful
- Free from agitation of mind or spirit *a tranquil self-assurance* b : free from disturbance or turmoil
- To make a journey, usually over a long distance( esp. fixed destinations )
UNTIDY- Not neat or orderly; not methodically or neatly arranged
- A person who practises usury; a moneylender, esp. one charging an excessive rate of interest
VANITY-Mithyabhiman , Ghamand
The quality of Having an excessively high opinion of one’s own appearance, abilities, worth, etc.; delighting in or desirous of attracting the admiration of others; conceited, proud self-conceit and desire for admiration
VENARATION- A feeling of deep respect; reverence for a person or thing
- Deep respect, now esp. on account of the object’s sacred or exalted character; the capacity for feeling or showing this; a feeling or manifestation of this
- Salute (a person) with deep respect; make an obeisance to, curtsy or bow to; treat with respect or deference
- Respect or awe inspired by the dignity, wisdom, dedication, or talent of a person
VERSES-Pankti ,Chhand , Slok
A sequence of words arranged according to (particular) natural or recognized rules of prosody and forming a complete metrical line; each of the lines of a poem or piece of versification
- A vivacious person, especially a woman or girl, is attractively energetic and enthusiastic:
- He brought along his wife, a vivacious blonde, some twenty years his junior
- Full of or characterized by animation or liveliness; animated, lively, spirited
WANDER-Bhatakna, Matargasti karna, Ghumna
- To walk around slowly in a relaxed way or without any clear purpose or direction: (without any definite destination)
- We spent the morning wandering around the old part of the city
- Causing a person to be tired and/or bored:
- Simple repetitive tasks can be very wearisome
- Bored with something because you have experienced too much of it:
- I’ve been going out with the same people to the same clubs for years and I’ve just grown weary of it
- To make a series of small, weak sounds, expressing pain or unhappiness:
- A half-starved dog lay in the corner, whimpering pathetically.
- I said she couldn’t have an ice cream and she started to whimper
- Morally wrong and bad:
- Using words in a clever and funny way:
- A witty comment/remark
- Of speech or writing: characterized by or full of clever and sparkling humour; cleverly amusing, clever; skilful, expert, capable
- Describes a person who can change the way they normally behave or deal with situations when it is helpful or necessary
- Characterized by or displaying submission; yielding to power or authority
- Move in order to make room for someone for something
- All the meanings are collected from oxford dictionary , Cambridge dictionary , merriam – webster dictionary , shipra english-hindi dictionary , dorland’s medical dictionary