Materia Medica – Last moment revision for competitive exams

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reading5Dr Arun Prasad K P
Govt.Homeopathic Medical College. Calicut.
Email: appoo.ap@gmail.com

Materia medica = Medical material in latin
Homoeopathic materia medica = A record of the pathogenetic effects of medicines, especially the collection of symptoms produced by a drug on healthy human beings
Nature of Materia Medica – Aph 143-144
True Materia medica defined in aphorism – 143
Pure Materia Medica (free from speculation) in aphorism – 144
Sources of remedies – Animal / Plant/ Mineral / Nosode / Sarcode / Imponderablia
Sources of symptoms – Proving, Toxicology / overdosing, Animal experimentation, Observation on sick & clinical experience

Drug Proving
Drug proving in aphorism – 105-144
Human experiments before Hahnemann – mentioned by Albrecht Von Haller
Experimented by Stork (1750-60) / Alexander (1768)
Dose in proving aph 128- 4-6 small globules of 30th on empty stomach daily, for several days, till alteration of health is conspicuous
Observations on sick can be included – aph 142
Hyganthropharmacology – Human provings (James Stephenson)

Source books
Fragmenta de viribus medicamentorum positivus sive in sano corpore humano observatis ( Latin) = Fragments on the Positive Powers of Drugs, – that is to say, their effects observed in the healthy body
Published 1805, 27 drugs (24 carried forward)

Reine arzneimittellehre (German) = Materia Medica Pura (Latin), 6 volumes

  • First edition 6 vols – 1811 – 1821 ( Vol I in 1811 = 12 drugs)
  • Present edition – Third ed. of Vol I & II (1830 –1833), and second ed. of vol III – VI (1825 – 1827)
  • Translated by RE Dudgeon Annotation by R Hughes
  • Total no. of drugs – 67 Fellow provers – 37
  • Hahnemann’s symptom – No name or sign attached
  • Doubtful symptoms in brackets
  • Mental symptoms from Langhammer suspect
  • Dose – Tincture / Ist trituration to 30th in III ed.

Die Chronischen Krankheiten (German) = Chronic Diseases

  • First ed. Vol I – III 1828, Vol IV 1830 Second ed. Vol I – V 1835-39
  • Translation – Prof Louis H Tafel Annotation – Dr. R Hughes
  • No of drugs = 47 (30 not in MMP)
  • Nenning’s symptoms – Hahnemann questioned, Hering clarified later as trustworthy.
  • Dose – First ed 2nd to 12th Second ed – 6th to 30th

The Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica – TF Allen
Vol 10 + 2 (index = “Symptom register”) Year – 1874
Total – 1039 drugs
Other books by TF Allen – Hand book of Materia Medica and Homoeopathic Therapeutics, A Primer of Materia Medica

The Guiding Symptoms of our Materia Medica – C Hering

  • Vol 10 year 1879 – 1891 Hering died after completing part of Vol III
  • Total No. of drugs – 410 Each described under 48 sub sections
  • 5 grades – occasionally confirmed (ı), Frequently confirmed (ıı), Verified by cures (ıı), Repeatedly verified (ıı) and approved characteristic (☞)
  • Other notations – f (Pathological / physiological condition), Three vertical dots (Observations from old /new school), π (observed only on sick, while under medicinal action) and “t” (toxicological)
  • Other books by Hering – Condensed Materia Medica, Homoeopathic Domestic Physician

Cyclopedia of Drug Pathogenesy – R Hughes & JP Dake
Vols – 4 Year – 1886 – 1891
Proving Symptoms not in schema, but narrative, in order of occurrence (“Materia medica starts with vertigo and ends with confusion” – Hughes)
Animal experiments & poisonings included
Discards provings less than two people, observations in sick and potencies above 12th unless corroborated by lower potencies

Other Materia Medicae

  • Key Notes
  • Keynotes and Characteristics with Comparisons – Allen HC
  • Keynotes of The Materia Medica – Guernsey H. N
  • Keynotes of The Homoeopathic Materia Medica – A Von Lippe
  • Keynotes And Red Line Symptoms of The Materia Medica – A Von Lippe
  • A Synoptic key of the Materia Medica – Boger CM

Comparative Materia Medica

  • Comparative Materia Medica – RH Gross
  • Comparative Materia Medica – EA Farrington
  • The Study Of Remedies By Comparison – HA Roberts

Clinical Materia Medica

  • Clinical Materia Medica – Farrington E. A.
  • Pocket Manual of Homeopathic Materia Medica – Boericke W
  • A Manual of Materia Medica Therapeutics and Pharmacology – Blackwood AL
  • Physiological Materia Medica – WH Burt
  • Text Book of Materia Medica with Therapeutics – Cowperthwait
  • Materia Medica of Homoeopathic Medicines – Phatak

Descriptive Materia Medica

  • Lectures on Homoeopathic Materia Medica – Kent JT
  • Homoeopathic Drug Pictures – ML Tyler
  • A study on Materia Medica – NM Choudhuri
  • A dictionary of Practical Materia Medica (3 vols) – JH clarke year – 1900
  • A Manual of Homoeopathic Therapeutics – EA Neatby & TG Stonham
  • Lectures on Materia Medica – Dunham C
  • Plain Talks on Materia Medica with Comparisons – WI Pierce

Minerals
Text book of Homoeoapthic Materia Medica – Otto Leeser

Nosodes
The Materia Medica of Some Important Nosodes – Allen HC
Materia Medica of Nosodes – OA Julian

Other
New old and forgotten Remedies – Anschultz EP

Provers / Authorities
Hahnemann
Total Provings published by Hahnemann – 67 (MMP) + 30 (CD) + 3 (Fragmenta) = 100 (99 according to Hughes)

Acon, Alum, Am-c, Arg-m, Arn, Ars, Aur, Bar-c, Bell, Bism, Borx, Bry, Calc, Camph, Cann-s, Canth, Caps, Carb-v, Carb-ac, Caust, Cham, Chel, Cic, Cina, Chin, Clem, Cocc, Coff, Coloc, Con, Cupr, Cycl, Dig, Dros, Dulc, Eup-per, Euph, Ferr, Graph, Hell, Hep, Hyos, Ign, Iod, Ip, Kali-c, Led, Lyc, Mag-c, Mag-m, Meny, Mag-p, Merc, Mosch, Mur-ac, Nat-c, Nat-m, Nit-ac, Nux-v, Op, Petr, Ph-ac, Phos, Puls, Rheum, Rhus-t, Ruta, Sabad, Samb, Sars, Sep, Sil, Spig, Spong, Stann, Staph, Stram, Sulph, Thuj, Valer, Verat

Hering
All-c, Brom, Calc-ar, Calc-p, Calc-s, Fl-ac, Glon, Ham, Hyper, Kalmia, Lach, Lith-c, Lyss, Meph, Psor, Sel, Ther

Stapf
Anac, Ant-t, Colch, Croc, Mez, Plat, Sabin

Burt
Caul, Coll, Dios, Erig, Ust, Verat-v

Swan
Lac-c, Lac-d, Med, Syph

Nenning
Aeth, Am-m, Mill

Petroz
Actea-sp, Murex, Aster

Burnett
Bacill, Bellis-p, Urtica

HC Allen
Kali-p, Sec, Viburnum

TF Allen
Amyl-nit, Pic-ac

Drysdale – Kali-bi, Pyrog Nunez – Tarent Russel & Stokes – Naja
Rubini – Cactus Caspari – Ant-c Farrington – Nat-p Clotar Muller – Coca Dr. Ray (Calcutta) – Blatta-o Clarke – Rad-br DM Foubister – Carc
Mure – Elaps cor, Bufo

Common Names of Remedies (other than from “Key notes”)

  • Abies-c – Hemlock spruce
  • Abies-n – Black spruce
  • Absinth – Common worm wood
  • Acalypha – Indian Nettle
  • Actea-sp – Baneberry
  • Adonis – Pheasant’s eye
  • Art-v – Mug wort
  • Asaf – Gum of the stinkasand
  • Aven-sat – Common oat
  • Bellis-p – Daisy
  • Clematis – Virgin’s Bower
  • Convallaria – Lily of the Valley
  • Crataegus – Hawthorn berries
  • Echinacea – Purple cone-flower
  • Erigeron – Flea Bean
  • Grindelia – Rosinwood
  • Hydrocotyle – Indian Pennywort
  • Mancinella – Hippomane
  • Mercurialis Perennis – Dog’s Mercury
  • Ornithogalum – Star of Bethlehem
  • Piper Methysticum – Kava Kava
  • Raphanus – Black garden Radish
  • Sabal ser – Saw palmetto
  • senega – Snake wort
  • Squilla – Sea onion
  • Thiosinaminum – Rhodallin
  • Scirrhinum – Carcinominum
  • Teucrium – Cat thyme
  • Alumen – Potash alum
  • Calc-s – Plaster of Paris
  • Eup-per – Thoroughwort
  • Mez – Spurge Olive
  • Nat-s – Glauber’s salt
  • Ox-ac – Sorrel acid
  • Pyrog – Artificial Sepsin
  • Ratanhia – Krameria Triandra, Mapato
  • Ruta – Bitterwort
  • Sabadilla – Asagraea Officinalis, Veratrum Officinalis
  • Sars – Smilax
  • Symphytum – Knitbone, Boneset
  • Oleum Petrae – Petroleum
  • Puls – Anemone pratensis
  • Syph – Leusinum, Leuticum
  • Med – Glinicum
  • Abrotanum – Artemisia abrotanum
  • Cina – Artemisia maritima
  • Kurchi – Holerrhena Antidysenterica./ Wrightia tinctoria

Trio’s

  • Trio of climacteric remedies – Lach-Sep-Sulph
  • Trio of pleurisy – Acon-Bry-Sulph (Nash)
  • Trio of offensiveness – Merc-Kreos-Bapt (Nash)
  • Trio of Weakness – Ars- Mur-ac-Carb-v (Nash)
  • Trio of Spasmodic cough – Dros-Ip-Cupr (Nash)
  • Trio of Ptosis – Sep-Caust-Gels (Nash)
  • Trio for condylomata – Thuj-Staph-Nit-ac(Nash)
  • Three remedies for the treatment of chronic rheumatism and paralysis – Caust, Rhus-t, Sulph (Nash)

Caution

  • Apis – Lower potency repetition in pregnancy (Farrington)
  • Kali-c – too high in old gout, bright’s disease, advanced phthisis (Kent)
  • Merc – too often in psoric cases (Kent)
  • Ars – in dysentery (Kent)
  • Sulph – Phthisis and structural diseases (Kent)
  • Phos – Beware in impotency or very weak constitutions (Kent)
  • Caution in Tub – When skin and intestines do not work properly (Boericke)
  • Caution in Tub for children and seniles – Should not be given without most careful cardiac examination (Boericke)
  • Cannot often be repeated in chronic cases without an intercurrent called for by the symptoms – Nat-m
  • Should never be given during fever paroxysm – Nat-m
  • Do not give when there is fever or constipation – Santonine
  • Should not be given in lying-in period except in high potencies (Hering) – Iod
  • Should never be given in syphilis – Ferr
  • Never use potash salts when there is fever (TF Allen)

Relationship of Remedies
Relationship of remedies with similar action but dissimilar in origin are called – Concordant (Farrington)
Relationship of remedies with similar action, similar origin – Family relationship
Relationship where when one group of symptoms are removed by a remedy symptoms of it’s related remedy appear – Cognate (eg- Sulph-Calc-Lyc, Caust-Coloc etc)
Remedies which have the same form / appearance but different in origin are called – Isomorphic (Bism – Ant-c, Phos, Ars – Clarke)

Remedies in series

  • Sulph – Calc – Lyc (Wright)
  • Sulph – Sars – Sep (Wright)
  • Ign – Nat-m – Sep (Wright)
  • Puls – Sil – Fl-ac (Wright)
  • Ars – Thuj – Tarent (Wright)
  • All-c – Phos – Sulph (Wright)
  • Merc – Hep – Sil (Kent)
  • Sulph – Ars – Sulph (Kent)
  • Arn – Rhus-t – Calc (Kent)
  • Puls – Sil – Kali-s (Kent)

Veg / Chemical Analogues

  • Cupr veg analogue – Ip
  • Cham chemical analogue – Mag-p
  • Dulc chemical analogue – Kali-s
  • Ferr veg analog – Chin
  • Merc veg analog – Mez
  • Phos veg analog – All-c
  • Plat veg analog – Valer
  • Plb veg analog – Podo
  • Kali-i veg analog – Phyt

After

  • Arn in injury when pricking and soreness of periosteum remains – Symph
  • In scrofulosis when the best selected remedy fails to relieve – Ther
  • Thuj complementary – Med, Sabin, Sil ( Nat-s, Ars – Boericke)
  • Chronic of Ars in Asthma – Thuj (Kent)
  • Trill-p complementary in haemorrhagic affections – Calc-p
  • Tub complementary – Psor, Sulph (Calc, Chin, Bry – Boericke
  • After Rhus-t in rheumatism – Tub (Kent)
  • When Psor, Sulph or the best-selected remedy fails – Tub
  • After Tub fails – Syph (Boericke)
  • Remedy when vaccinosis blocks action of Tub – Thuj (Boericke)
  • Follows Psor as a constitutional remedy for Hay fever, Asthma – Tub
  • Coloc complementary in dysentery – Merc
  • Con is followed well by this remedy in tumor of mammae – Psor
  • Psor followed by this remedy in mammary cancer – Sulph
  • This remedy precedes and follows Calc well in Calc subjects who have scanty menses – Con (Clarke)
  • Croc followed by – Nux, Puls, Sulph
  • Dros complementary – Nux-v
  • Dros followed by – Calc, Puls and Sulph
  • Dulc complementary – Bar-c
  • Dulc incompatible – Bell, Lach, Acet-ac
  • Bell incompatible – Acet-ac (Boericke)
  • Borax incompatible – Acet-ac
  • Eup-per followed by – Nat-m and Sep
  • Ferr complementary – Alum, Chin (Ham – Boericke)
  • Ham complementary in hemorrhage – Ferr
  • Chin complementary – Ferr, (Calc-p – Boericke)
  • Chin incompatible after – Dig, Sel
  • Fl-ac complementary – Coca, Sil
  • Fl-ac is followed by this remedy in diabetes – Ph-ac
  • Fl-ac is followed by this remedy in hip disease – Kali-c
  • Fl-ac is followed by this remedy in goitre – Spong
  • Cor-r complementary – Sulph (Boericke)
  • Graph complementary – Caust, Hep, Lyc (Ars, Tub, Arg-n (stomach) – Boericke)
  • Graph followed by – Sulph in skin, Sep in leucorrhoea, Calc in obesity in young females
  • Hep is followed by – Iod
  • Remedy follows bell in deafness after apoplexy – Hyos
  • Hyos follows this remedy in lasciviousness – Phos
  • Ign incompatible – Coff, Nux-v, Tab
  • Iod complementary – Lyc, (Badiaga – Boericke
  • Iod followed by this remedy in croup – Kali-bi
  • Ip complementary – Cupr (Arn – Boericke)
  • Cupr complementary – Calc (Boericke)
  • Ip is followed by this remedy in influenza – Ars
  • Kali-bi follows this remedy in dysentery when the scrapings have been removed – Canth or Carb-ac
  • Kali-bi followed by this remedy in skin and catarrhal conditions – Ant-t
  • Kali-br is followed by this remedy in Acne – Eug-j
  • Kali-c follows well after these remedies in loose rattling cough – Kali-s, Phos, Stann
  • Kali-c follows well after this remedy in stomach and bladder troubles – Nux-v
  • Nit-ac most effective after – Kali-c
  • Will bring on the menses when Nat-m fails to bring on the menses though apparently well indicated – Kali-c
  • Carb-an complementary – Calc-p
  • Ruta complementary – Calc-p (Boericke)
  • Bac complementary – Calc-p, Kali-c (Boericke)
  • Caul incompatible – Coff (Boericke)
  • Caust complementary – Carb-v, Petros, (Sulph – Nash “Leaders”)
  • Cham complementary – Bell, Mag-c (Boericke)
  • Chronic of Cham (Guernsey) – Sanic (Clarke)
  • Rheum complementary – Mag-c
  • Kalmia complementary – Benz-ac (Boericke)
  • Chel complementary – Lyc, Bry (Boericke)
  • These remedies will be needed to complete the cure by Chel – Ars, Lyc, Sulph
  • Dros is followed by this remedy in pertussis – Cina
  • When Cina seem indicated in worm affections but fails – Santonine
  • Remedy cures dropsy after Apis and Apoc fail – Colch
  • Remedy to complete the curative work of Lach – Crot-c (Boericke)
  • Lach complementary – Hep, Lyc, Nit-ac (Salamand – Boericke)
  • Lach inimical – Acet-ac, Carb-ac, Amm-c, Sep
  • Like Nux-v in drunkenness in corpulent people with light hair, blue /grey eyes, florid complexion – Lob
  • Lyc complementary – Iod (Chel, Graph, Lach – Boericke)
  • Should not be used immediately before Lyc – Sulph (Kent)
  • Lyc acts with special benefit after – Calc & Sulph (Boericke)
  • Merc complementary – Bad (Boericke)
  • Follows well after Sep in bearing down – Nat-c
  • Nat-s complementary – Ars, Thuj (Boericke)
  • Kreos complementary in malignant diseases – Ars, Phos, Sulph (Boericke)
  • Kreos inimical – Carb-v (Boericke)
  • This remedy follows after Nit-ac has failed in enuresis – Benz-ac
  • When Rhus-t seems indicated but fails to relieve in chronic urticaria – Bov
  • Carb-v complementary – Kali-c, Dros (Boericke)
  • Brom follows this remedy in hard goiter – Iod
  • Brom follows in croup – Iod, Phos, Hep, Spong (especially in relapses after Iod)
  • When Bry fails – Upas (Boericke)
  • Bufo complementary in epilepsy – Salamand (Clarke)
  • Calad complementary – Nit-ac (Clarke)
  • Nux-v complementary – Sulph, Sep (Boericke)
  • Zinc inimical – Nux-v, Cham

Bowel Nosodes – keywords & relationship

  • Morgan pure(congestion) – Sulph
  • Morgan gaertner – Lyco
  • Proteus(CNS symptoms) – Nat-m
  • Mutable (alternation of symptoms) – Puls
  • Bacillus 7 (Mental & Physical fatigue)- Iodum / Kali-c
  • Gaertner (Malnutrition) – Phos / Sil
  • Dysentry co (Nervous tension/Anticipation) – Ars alb
  • Sycotic co (Irritability of mucosa / synovium) – Thuja
  • Faecalis – Sepia

Differential modalities

  • Chilly Patient
  • Coryza > open air – Nux-v, Cycl
  • Head > cold – Phos, Ars, Lac-d, Bar-c, Cycl
  • Dyspnoea >cold – Am-c
  • Cough > open air – Mag-p
  • Hot Patient
  • Headache > warm room – Sulph
  • Cough < cold air – All-c

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