Representation of rubric emotion in three major repertories

Dr Suvarna Ram

Emotions have long been an important topic of human interactions and society, and have hence been extensively studied in the field of psychological science.Perhaps the first notable scientific endeavor on emotions was Darwin’s (1872/1998). Emotions play a critical role in how we live our lives, from influencing how we engage with others in our day to day lives to affecting the decisions we make.The basic principle of homeopathy is “Like Cures Like”. A homeopath matches the emotional pattern of a person with a remedy which can produce same emotional changes in healthy person in remedy proving.Emotion is a fundamental aspect of human being, likewise any functional disturbance/imbalance in an individual can be considered as psoric manifestation.

Keywords:Emotions,Kent,BTPB,BBCR, Homeopathic case taking

Emotion is an affective state of consciousness in which joy, sorrow, fear, hate, or the like, is experienced, as distinguished from cognitive and volitional states of consciousness.Emotions play a critical role in the evolution of consciousness and the operations of all mental processes.A few different theories have emerged to categorize and explain the emotions that people feel.During the 1970s, psychologist Paul Eckman identified six basic emotions that he suggested were universally experienced in all human cultures.[2]Although there are two sides of emotion; Positive and Negative.A 2017 study suggests that there are far more basic emotions than previously believed. In the study published in Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, researchers identified 27 different categories of emotion.One of the earliest physiological theories of emotion was given by James (1884) and supported by Lange.[2]

Impact of emotions on body
A study conducted in 2003 by the Center for Preventative and Behavioral Medicine found that negative emotions or moods are directly linked to poor bodily function, most notably, the increased risk for Heart Disease. [3]Emotions are present in almost every moment of our daily lives, adding colour to our experience of the world. Emotions can range from mild enjoyment or annoyance–often triggered by everyday pleasures or hassles, to intense joy or sadness–usually in response to more momentous events.On the other hand, repressed emotions (especially fearful or negative ones) can zap mental energy, negatively affect the body, and lead to health problems..Negative attitudes and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness can create chronic stress, which upsets the body’s hormone balance, depletes the brain chemicals required for happiness, and damages the immune system. Chronic stress can actually decrease our lifespan.Poorly managed or repressed anger (hostility) is also related to a slew of health conditions, such as hypertension (high blood pressure), cardiovascular disease, digestive disorders, and infection.[3]

Quoted by the stalwarts of homeopathy
Master Hahnemann described ‘Vital Force’ in his Organon of Medicine as follows: “ In the healthy condition of man the spirit like vital force, the dynamis that animates the material body, rules with unbounded sway and retains all the parts of the organism in admirable harmonious vital operation as regards both sensations and functions, so that our indwelling, reason-gifted mind can freely employ this living, healthy instrument for the higher purposes of our existence.”[5]

Kent in his ‘Lectures on Philosophy’ says “The man’s will and understand; the cadaver does not will and does not understand; then that which takes its departure is that which knows and wills. It is that which can be changed and is prior to the body. The combination of these two, the will and the understanding, constitute man; conjoined they make life and activity they manufacture the body and cause all things of the body. With the will and understanding operating in order we have a healthy man.Then man is the will and the understanding, and the house which he lives in is his body.”[6]

Dr. Stuart Close in “The Genius of Homoeopathy” echoes these thoughts: “Life is the invisible, substantial, intelligent, individual, co-ordinating power and cause directing and controlling the forces involved in the production and activity of any organism possessing individuality.[7]

Dr Roberts “Principles and Art of Cure by Homoeopathy”: “No two individuals are alike. The development of the vital energy in one differs from that in another. Each one possesses a special personality and a special psychophysical construction which is determined by the interplay of hereditary tendencies and factors of disease.”[8]

Importance of Mental symptoms in Homeopathic case taking
Symptoms are expressed in the mind as well as in the body, and every individual has a different way of expressing these.Since homoeopathy is the medicine of individualisation, all that is related to the individual must be known. A homoeopathic doctor will start with asking the preliminaries like your name, age, education, address, profession. The mental distress will then be identified by its symptoms along with certain individual components such as for example if the patient is suffering from loss of a loved one, is depressed, every individual will have different thoughts and react in ways individual to them.There may be physical symptoms which may accompany the psychological complaints like increased desire for eating a particular type of food or aversion to a particular type of food, some joint complaint which might have started at the same time as the event causing distress. This comes from the observation that what affects the mind, affects the body and vice versa.[4]

Rubrics of Emotions represented in three major repertories
KENT’S evaluation on Mental generals
Kent was the first to introduce the scheme of analysis, evaluation & gradation of symptom to reach the similimum. Kent has given highest emphasis to mental generals reflecting the inner most of the patient.

General symptoms

  1. a) Mental general

1st grade mental _ will & EMOTIONS 2nd grade – Intellect / understanding 3rd grade _memory

Rubrics listed under Emotions;

  • Abandoned
  • Abusive
  • Admonition agg
  • Affectation
  • Affectionate
  • Agitation
  • Amorous
  • Anger
  • Anguish
  • Anthropophobia
  • Anticipation
  • Anxiety
  • Apprehension
  • Arrogance
  • Attitude
  • Bad news, ailments from
  • Bellowing
  • Bemoaning
  • Benevolence
  • Brooding
  • Cares, full of
  • Carried
  • Chagrin
  • Changeable
  • Cheerful
  • Clinging
  • Complaining
  • Consolation agg
  • Contemptuous
  • Crawling on floor
  • Cruelty
  • Cursing
  • Cut others desire to
  • Darkness agg
  • Death desires
  • Dejection
  • Deserted
  • Despair
  • Despondency
  • Disconcerted
  • Discontented, displeased, dissatisfied
  • Disgust
  • Displeased
  • Dissatisfied
  • Dread
  • Dwells
  • Ecstasy
  • Embarrassed
  • Embraces companions
  • Emotional
  • Ennui
  • Entertainment
  • Envy
  • Estranged, family from her
  • Exaltation
  • Excitement
  • Exclamation
  • Exertion
  • Exhilaration
  • Fear
  • Forebodings
  • Forsaken
  • Frantic, frenzy
  • Fretful
  • Fright, complaints from
  • Frightened easily
  • Fury
  • Giggling
  • Gloomy
  • Grief
  • Groaning
  • Growling
  • Grumbling
  • Grunting
  • Happy
  • Hatred
  • Helplessness feeling of
  • Hilarity
  • Home-sickness
  • Honour, effects of wounded
  • Hopeless
  • Horrible things, sad stories affect her profoundly
  • Horror
  • Howling
  • Hydrophobia
  • Impatience
  • Inconsolable
  • Indignation
  • Injure
  • Irascibility
  • Irksome
  • Irritability
  • Isolation, sensation of
  • Jealousy
  • Joy
  • Joyous
  • Kill desire to
  • Killed desire to be
  • Lamenting
  • Laughing
  • Lively
  • Loathing
  • Loneliness
  • Love, ailments from disappointed
  • Low spirits
  • Melancholy
  • Men, dread of
  • Mirth, hilarity, liveliness etc
  • Misanthropy
  • Moaning, groaning
  • Mood
  • Morose
  • Mortification
  • Offended easily
  • Over sensitiveness
  • Petulant
  • Pities herself
  • Pleasure
  • Rage, fury
  • Remorse
  • Reproaches, ailments after
  • Repulsive mood
  • Resentment
  • Sadness
  • Scorn
  • Scream
  • Sentimental
  • Serious
  • Sighing
  • Sobbing
  • Sorrowful
  • Sullen
  • Surprises
  • Unfeeling
  • Unfortunate, feels
  • Vexation
  • Vindictive
  • Violent, vehement etc
  • Wailing
  • Wearisome
  • Weary of life
  • Weeping, tearful mood
  • Whining
  • Wild feeling in head
  • Wildness

BOENNINGHAUSEN’S evaluation of mental generals
The mental/emotional symptoms occupied an exceptional position in Boenninghausen’s scheme, to be referred to only after the initial stages of case analysis, when the results of repertorization were taken for comparison with the primary materia medica.This was clearly not because of any neglect or assumed lesser importance of the mental/emotional realm, but rather because the mental/ emotional symptoms were not readily dissectible according to Boenninghausen’s scheme of symptom-dimensionality.

Rubrics listed under emotions

  • Alternating moods
  • Amativeness
  • Avarice
  • Despair
  • Excitement
  • Fretfulness
  • Indifference
  • Joyful news
  • Sadness
  • Seriousness

BOGER’S evaluation of mental generals
Mental state of the patient was seen as a broad disposition in cases where there was no clear change in mentals since the onset of complaints. In cases where there was a distinct change, these were included in the portrait, with all its minutiae.All symptoms are reactions: either general or particular. Mentals: most illuminating as well as interacting fully with others, hence de- serve highest order.Detecting obscure twists in mental traits is very helpful,his traits betray his basic predilections and largely motivate actions’ surest indication of the most suitable remedy. [9]

Rubrics listed under Emotions

  • Affectionate
  • Agitated
  • Amorous
  • Anger,crassness
  • Anthropophobia
  • Anticipations
  • Anxiety,agony
  • Avarice
  • Aversion to disgust
  • Bashful
  • Bellowing
  • Blissfull feeling
  • Brooding
  • Cares
  • Carried,wants to be
  • Changeable,inconstant
  • Cheerful
  • Compassion,sympathy
  • Consolation,aggravates
  • Contemptuous
  • Contented
  • crankiness
  • Cruelty,hardness of heart
  • Deceit,cunning,kryptomania
  • Dejection
  • Delicacy,feeling of
  • Depression
  • Desires,full of
  • Despairing
  • Destructive
  • Disconsolate
  • Discordant,out of humour with everything
  • Disgust
  • Dissatisfied,discontent
  • Ecstasy
  • Egoistical
  • Embarrassed
  • Emotional excitement effects of
  • Escape,desire to
  • Excitable
  • Excitement
  • Fearsome,anxiety,dread
  • Forsaken,deserted
  • Fretful
  • Gaiety,joyfulness
  • Gloomy
  • Grief,sorrow & care
  • Groaning,moaning
  • Grunting
  • guilty
  • Hatred and revenge
  • Held,wants to be
  • Homesickness
  • Hopeful
  • Howling
  • Hydrophobia
  • Hypochondriasis
  • Hysteria
  • Inconsolable
  • Indifference,apathy
  • Indiscreet
  • Intoxicated,as if
  • Introspective,introverted
  • Jealousy,envy,etc
  • Lamenting
  • Laughter
  • Longings
  • Looked at,aversion to being
  • Love,unfortunate
  • Low-spirited
  • Mania,madness,rage,etc
  • Malicious,wicked
  • Meditation,reflection,brooding
  • Misanthropy
  • Mistrust,suspicion,doubt
  • Mortifications
  • Mournfulness
  • Pain,intolerant of
  • Paranoia
  • Passionate,hasty temper
  • Peevish,fretful
  • Pensive,deep in thought
  • Persecuted,feels
  • Presentiments
  • Quietness,silence
  • Raving,raging
  • Relaxation,mental prostration
  • Remorse,condemned feeling
  • Repenting,bad conscience
  • Reserve
  • Revelry
  • Rude,coarse,insolent
  • Sadness,melancholy
  • Sensitive
  • Sentimental
  • Serious
  • Solicitation
  • Solicitude
  • Solitude,love of
  • Spiritless
  • Sprightliness
  • Strangers,embarrass
  • Suicidal
  • Surly,sullen,morose
  • Sympathy,craves
  • Tender mood
  • Timidity
  • Unsociable,shy,averse to society
  • Violence,vehemence
  • Weeping,tearful
  • Whining

Homeopathic treatment is not only confined to physical health problems but can also be used effectively against mental imbalances. Homeopathy gives great importance to mental health both in the treatment of physical and mental illnesses.The homeopathic understanding of health is intimately connected to its understanding of the mind in general.They generally assume that body and mind are dynamically interconnected and that both directly influence each other.It would help the physician to select rubrics for a case more precisely for individualisation and arriving at the similimum, not remaining at a general level where chances of missing the similimum are higher due to over generalization.Similar study of shades of other emotions will help us evolve as better prescribers.


  1. An S, Ji L-J, Marks M and Zhang Z (2017) Two Sides of Emotion: Exploring Positivity and Negativity in Six Basic Emotions across Front. Psychol. 8:610. doi: 10.3389/ fpsyg.2017.00610
  2. Essentials of educational psychology- By S K Mangal
  3. The 6 Types of Basic Emotions and Their Effect on Human Behavior by Kendra cherry Importance of Mental symptoms in Homeopathic case taking
  4. Hahnemann Samuel, 2004, “Organon of Medicine”, 6th edition, , Edited by William Boericke(ed), IBPP
  5. Kent T. A.M, M.D., Lectures on Homeopathic Philosophy, lecture 1, Organon § 1. “the sick”, Presented by Robert Seror,
  6. S. M,The Genius of Homeopathy, Lectures and Essays on Homeopathic Philosophy, Chapter VI, Life, Health and Disease
  7. H. A., M.D.,The Principles and Art of Cure of Homoeopathy. CHAPTER III, Vital Force 9.Munjal Thakar, Rediscovering the Relevance – Homeopathic Links Spring 2013,Vol. 26: 25 – 33

Dr Suvarna Ram
PG Scholar, Department of Case taking & Repertory Under the Guidance of Dr Munir Ahmed R
Government Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru

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