Quality control and standardization of Homeopathic medicine

pharmacyPranav shah MD(Hom.Pharmacy)

Quality control is total procedure for providing the standard medicines to the patients. QC is not only a laboratory procedure, but also the procedures through which a raw material is transformed to a drug and the finished product till it is used by the patient.One of important function of QC dept is to establish specifications for *raw materials,* packing materials, *intermediates and *finished products to assure the quality.

APEX BODY of quality control and standardization
The Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory (HPL) (1975) under the ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Subordinate institute of department of ISM & Homeopathy, GOI. Recognized by Dept of Science & Technology, GOI as Scientific, Technological and Research Institution Recognized as   Central Drugs Laboratory – for testing of Homeopathic drugs (under Rule 3A, under section-6 of D &C Act). Functioning as STANDARD setting –cum-drug testing laboratory at National level.

Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia India (HPI)
Standards as worked out by laboratory are approved by Homeopathic pharmacopoeia committee  (sept 1982) are published in the form of  Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia India (HPI) Total number of  MONOGRAPHS in HPI = 1016

Homeopathic  pharmacopeias codex publish in 2004 contain detail of 1000 drugs.

Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia India (HPI) Total number of  MONOGRAPHS in HPI = 1016

Volumes Year of publication No of drugs
1 1971 180
2 1974(revise eddi. 1982) 100
3 1978 105
4 1984 107
5 1986 114
6 1990 104
7 1999 105
8 2000 101
9 2006 100

Monograph of each drug contain

  • Details for identification
  • Details for collection
  • Part to be used
  • Method of preparation
  • Assessment of purity
  • Limits of impurity 

For QC and standardization – Pay attention during
Sampling of raw materials®,identification of adulterants,®comparison with standards and analyzed,®testing of purity®manufacturing, ®processing®different methods of preparation, ® utensils, ® machinery, ® analysis of finished products, ® manufacturing area,®monitoring industrial waste ® packaging ® storing ® dispensing,®handling and packaging of medicines while dispensing, the shelf in the physicians clinic.

The patients methods of usage of medicines ® in the patients wardrobe till the patients consume the medicine.

Quality control is total procedure for providing the standard medicines to the patients. Quality control for efficacy and safety of homeopathic products is of paramount importance.

Quality can be defined as the status of a drug that is determined by identity, purity, content, and other chemical, physical, or biological properties, or by the manufacturing processes.Quality control is a term that refers to processes involved in maintaining the quality and validity of a manufactured product.

In general, quality control is based on three important pharmacopoeial definitions:

  • Identity:  Is the herb the one it should be?
  • Purity:       Are there contaminants, e.g., in the form of other herbs which should not be there?
  • Content or assay: Is the content of active constituents within the defined limits?

There are two types of standardization
In the first category, “true” standardization, a definite phyto-chemical or group of constituents is known to have activity. Ginkgo with its 26% ginkgo flavones and 6% terpenes is a classic example. These products are highly concentrated and no longer represent the whole herb, and are now considered as phytopharmaceuticals. In many cases they are vastly more effective than the whole herb.

The other type of standardization is based on manufacturers guaranteeing the presence of a certain percentage of marker compounds; these are not indicators of therapeutic activity or quality of the herb.

Strict guidelines have to be followed for the successful production of a quality drug.

Parameters for Quality Control and standardization of Drugs

  • Of raw materials
  • Of manufacturing process,
  • Of finished products and
  • Of storage and packaging 

Raw marital

1. Medicinal

  •   Minerals, Herbs and animals etc
  •   Microbes, pathological products, healthy tissues, drugs

2.Non medicinal (vehicles)

  •   Alcohol, Lactose ,Sugar ,White petroleum jelly ,Maize starch ,Coconut oil, Wax
  •   The quality of raw materials are ascertained and standardized referring HPI.
  •   In case of raw material resources it is mandatory to follow the guidelines of 

GAP– Good Agricultural Practices

GHP- Good Harvesting  Practices

GLP- Good Laboratory Practices

  • Incoming raw material
  • Transfer
  • Sampling
  • Identification
  • Analyses
  • Purity testing
  • Manufacture 

Of manufacturing process

  • Manufactury
  • Equipments
  • Inspected
  • Assessed
  • Control of microbial contamination
  • Finished Products 

Of finished products

  • Finished products
  • Representative samples analysed
  • Documented 

Packaging and labeling

Rule 106-A :

Homoeopathic medicine : Name of Medicine

  1. Pharmacopoeial name as given : Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India, German Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of UK or  US Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia
  2. For other drugs, Descriptive name

a.    Potency in decimal, centesimal and millisimal Name and address of Manufacturer or seller.

b.    Alcohol percentage in volume, for packing bigger than 30 ml.,

c.    Batch No. and Manufacturing license No.

d.    Single ingredient shall not bear proprietary name on its label.

  RULE 106-B

  Homoeopathic medicine having more than 12% Alcohol shall be packed in 30 ml only.

  For Hospitals/Dispensaries 100 ml packing is allowed.

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