Dr Farha Habeebulla
The clinical course is how the disease behaves over time. The clinical course study of Upper respiratory tract infection (URI) helps homeopaths in its treatment. Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is a nonspecific term used to describe acute infections involving the nose, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi. It is one of the major health problems. These are mostly caused by virus and also by bacteria, which adds to the percentage of mortality and morbidity. URTI ranges from common cold to life threatening cases like epiglottitis, causing asphyxia.
My study extends the scope of Homoeopathic treatment for cases with URTI, by determining the clinical course of URTI during Homoeopathic treatment providing scientific evidence for the same.
- Homoeopathic treatment is effective for children with Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infection.
- The incidence of Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infection according to sex, females showed 50% and males showed50%.
- Most of the cases presented with URTI were under the age group 7 – 9 years.
- Most frequently indicated remedy for the cases of URTI was Pulsatilla.
- Observing the most prominent remedies among the different age groups,
Arsenicum album and Pulsatilla were frequently indicated between 0-3 years, Arsenicum album alone, between 4-6 years and 16-18 years, Sulphur between 7-9 years, Pulsatilla between 10-12 years and 13-15 years.
- Arsenicum album was frequently indicated remedy in male cases and Pulsatilla in female cases.
- Considering the mean intensity of symptoms, the overall severity of illness showed 0.10 on fourth day and disappeared on fifth day, cough showed 0.20 on fifth day and 0.17 on sixth day, sore throat showed 0.07 on third day and disappeared on fourth day, nasal symptoms showed 0.07 on fifth day and disappeared on sixth day, limit in daily activity showed 0.10 on third day and remained in 0.03 from fourth day, fever showed 0.20 on third day and disappeared on fourth day, and overall appearance showed 0.20 on third day and disappeared on fourth day.
- Observing the variation in intensity of symptoms according to no. of cases and duration:
- Overall severity of illness disappeared in 70% of cases on third day, 90% of cases on fourth day and 100% cases on fifth day.
- Cough disappeared in 66% on fourth day, 80% on fifth day and 83% on sixth day.
- Sore throat disappeared in 90% cases on second day, 93.3% of cases on third day and 100% of cases on fourth day.
- Nasal symptoms was absent in 96.7% of cases on fourth day and fifth day and 100% of cases on sixth day.
- Limit in daily activity remained normal in 96.7% of cases from fourth day.
- Fever disappeared in 46.7% of cases on second day, 83.3% of cases on third day and 100% of cases on fourth day.
- Intensity of overall appearance showed normal in 43.3% of cases on second day, 80% of cases on third day and 100% of cases on fourth day.