An alphabetical repertory of modalities based on Cleveland’s materia medica

Dr Jaimin R Chotaliya

Concept of modalities in Homoeopathy makes it unique and curious science in the world of therapeutics. Focus of homeopath in these changes along with disease opens a path of individualization and finally selection of remedy for case. Due to presence of huge data on modalities, it is very difficult to remember modalities of all remedies. This repertory is based on Hahnemann’s Materia Medica Pura and Chronic Diseases, Hull’s Jahr Symptomatology, Cowperthwaite’s Text-Book of Materia Medica, Hughes’ Pharmacodynamics, Heinigke’s Pathogenetic Outlines of Drugs, and Burt’s Physiological Materia Medica. So, let’s dig into old literature to explore some important modalities in very brief manner with authenticity that will boost our confidence in selection of remedy.


  • Rubrics are denoted as – Bold roman
  • Sub-rubrics are denoted as – Italics (with two indentations)
  • Sub-sub-rubrics and so on… are denoted as – Roman (with three and so on indentations)
  • One should start reading a sentence from ‘;’ (semicolon).
  • The rubrics which were not fitted in any of the main rubrics are placed under the heading “Others” at the end.
  • Abbreviations are according to 6th American edition of Kent’s repertory.


  • Environment:
  • Atmosphere; close in:
  • Air; open in: Am-c., Carb-an., Caul., Coff., Kali-n., Mosch., Petr., Sabad., Sulph-ac.
  • Cold; in: Ars., Aur., Calc-p., Camph., Kali-br., Kali-c., Kreos., Mosch.,

– Air: Carb-an., Cocc., Hep., Kali-i., Sars.

– Washing, from: Lob.

– Weather: Mag-c.

–   –   Stormy: Rhod.

– – Raw weather: Rumex.

– – Wet weather: Dulc., Sulph-ac.

  • Damp; in: Gels., Mez., Still.

– Cold, in: Nux-m.

– Warm, from: Carb-v.

  • Heat; in: Aloe., Ferr-act., Nat-m.

– Bed of: Led.

  • Temperature; changes of: Nit-ac., Ran-b.
  • Thunder storm, before and during: Rhod.
  • Warmth; of: Ant-t., Apis., Gels., Sec., Sulph.

– Air: Sabin.

– Bed: Merc.

– Room, from: Acon., Bapt.(close), Bry., All-c.

– Weather, from: Bor.

  • Wet, from: Rhus-t.
  • Winds, from:

– North-west: Arum-t.

  • Food and drink:
  • Acids: Merc.
  • Brandy: Op.
  • Coffee: Cann-i., Ign.
  • Cold drink: Ars.
  • Dinner: Sulph-ac.

– – After: Zinc.

  • Drinking

– – After: Ant-t., Caps., Coloc., Ferr-act., Plb., Varet. Eating: Am-c., Con., Nux-m.

– – After: Aesc., Agar.,Ant-t., Arg-n., Coloc., Ferr-act., Kali-br., Nat-c., Nux-v.,Sep.

– – During: Cann-i.

  • Fat food: Merc.
  • Liquor: Cann-i., Ign., Thuj.
  • Tobacco: Cann-i., Ign., Thuj.
  • Warm:

– Drink: Ambr.Wine: Op.

– – Food: Ambr., Phos-ac.

  • Position:
  • Motion: Aesc., Alum., Bry., Cact., Calc-p., Camph., Chin., Cimic., Colch., Erig., Glon., Graph. (on beginning to move), Guaj., Kali-n., Merc-c., Sang., Sil.,Spig., Stann., Still., Tab.(Nausea), Ust.,

– – Air; cold in: Calc.

– – Eyes; turning from: Spig.

– – Specially arms and neck: Hyper.

– – Suddenly: Helon.

– – Descending: Stann.

  • Rest: Arn., Aur., Con., Dulc., Euph., Fl-ac.,Iris., Kali-i., Mag-c., Merc-i-f., Plat., Phos-ac., Rhus-t. , Ruta., Samb., Sulph.

– – Rising up: Anac.

– – Standing: Aloe., Valer.

– – Lie down: Ant-t., Cham., Ip., Rumex.

– – – Head low with: Spong.

– – – Left side: Phos.

  • Sitting: Asaf., Helon. (purposeless), Mag-m., Sep., Tarax., Valer.,
  • Walking: Ang.
  • Stages/period of life:
  • Menses:

– After: Graph.

– – During: Cimic., Graph., Hyos., Sec.

– Suppressed: Graph.

  • Time:
  • Daytime: Alum.
  • Morning: Ail., Arum-t., Bor., Cact., Calc-p., Chel., Cist., Cop., Croc., Fl-ac., Guaj., Kali-c., Mill., Nux-v., Sars., Tarent., Verat-v.
  • Noon: Arg-m. (symptoms renewed), Carbo-v.

– – Afternoon: Hydr-ac., Iod., Senec.

– – – 3 pm: Bell.

– – – 4pm: Lyc.

  • Evening: Acon., All-c., Cact., Calc-p., Caust. Euphr., Gamb., Guaj., Hydr-ac., Puls., Rumex., Verat-v., Zinc.

– – After 8 pm: Lyc.

– – Till midnight: Brom.

  • Night: Acon., Arg-n., Ars., Cina., Colch., Euph., Gamb., Iod., Kali-i., Mag-c., Mang., Merc-c., Merc-i-f., Merc., Mez., Nit-ac., Phos-ac., Phyt. (pain), Spong., Terent.
  • Mid night:

– – Before: Phos.

– – After: Bell., Ars.

– – – 2 to 3 o clock: Kali-c.

– – – 2 to 4 am: Podo.

  • Others:
  • Alone; when: Stram.
  • Anger; from: Cham., Coloc.
  • Bathing; from: Ant-c. (cold water), Sulph.
  • Body, doubling up from: Dios.
  • Coitus; from: Agar.
  • Contact; by: Chin. (Slightest), Cupr., Mez.
  • Dark; from: Stram.
  • Excitement, mental from: Cist.
  • Exertion; from: Cocc.

– Mental: Agar., Colch., Nux-v.

  • Efforts:

– – Physical: Chin.

– – Mental: Chin.

  • Indoors: Calad., Euphr., Plat.
  • Injuries; after: Hyper.
  • Light; from: Sang.
  • Looking at bright object, after: Stram.
  • Moistening or washing parts, after: Bar-c.
  • Noise; from: Sang., Spig.
  • Nursing; from: Aeth.
  • Perspiration; from: Merc., Op.
  • Riding; from: Petr.
  • Swallowing; from: Stram.
  • Self-control loss of, from: Lil-t.
  • Sexual Excess, from: Sep.
  • Sleep, by: Mosch.

– After: Cocc., Lach., Op.

  • Stool (During and after): Varet.
  • Back: Stann.
  • Thunderstorm, from: Nat-c.

– – Before: Petr.

– – During: Petr.

  • Touch, from: Arg-m., Nit-ac., Ran-b., Spig., Staph., Stram., Sulph.

– Suffering part of: Euph., Hep.

  • Vomiting, from: Cupr.
  • Uncovering, from: Rheum.

– Head, uncovering from: Sil.


  • Environment:
  • Air, open from: Acon., Aeth., All-c., Ant-c., Asar., Asaf., Cact., Calad., Cimic., Colch., Croc., Gamb., Glon., Hydr-ac., Nat-m., Puls., Sep., Terent., Thuj., Zinc.

– Fresh: Arg-n., Bapt., Cann-i., Lil-t.

– Dry: Still.

– Exercise in: Mag-m.

  • Dry: Am-c., Dulc., Rhus-t.
  • Heat: Kali-br.
  • Warm: Aur., Caps., Kali-c., Kreos., Mosch., Phos-ac., Podo. (external), Thuj.,

– Air: Kali-c., Nux-m.

– Room: Bell. (Wrapped up), Mosch.

  • Cold:

– Air: Ambr., Bry., Sabin., Sec.

– Application: Aloe.

– Place: Puls.

– Water: Apis., Cann-i.

– Weather: Bor.

  • Food and drink:
  • Breakfast after: Merc-c.
  • Fasting: Nat-m.
  • Warm:

– Drink: Lyc.

– Food: Am-c., Lyc.

  • Coffee: Hydr-ac.
  • Cold:

– Drink- Ambr.

– Water: Cupr.

  • Drinking:

– After: Spong.

  • Eating:

– After: Cimic., Euphr., Iod., Rumex., Spong.

– During: Zinc.

  • Position:
  • Bending forward: Verat-v.
  • Change frequently: Ign.
  • Rest: Bry., Cann-i., Cimic., Colch., Merc-c., Merc., Ust., Ant-c.

– Rest, anything which gives cerebral mass: Bell.

  • Rising: Arum-t.
  • Standing: Dios. (erect)
  • Lie down: Anac., Calc-p., Phyt., Varet., Verat-v.,

– Back, on: Ign., Puls., Stann.

– Head high: Ars.

– Painful side: Ign.

– Quietly: Sang.

  • Motion: Agar., Asaf., Brom., Calad., Cham., Dios., Dulc., Kali-i., Kreos., Mag-c., Nat-c., Phos-ac., Ruta., Samb., Sars., Terent.

– Active: Merc-i-f.

– Continued: Caps., Iris., Rhus-t.

– In open air: Plat., Scut.

– Gentle: Arn.

  • Sitting: Varet.

– Upright in open cold air: Ant-t.

  • Stooping: Hyos.
  • Walking: Agar., Aur., Con., Fl-ac., Sulph., Tarax., Valer.

– Open air in: Bar-c., Graph.


  • Time:
  • Day: Merc-i-f., Merc., Mill.
  • Morning: Fl-ac., Still.
  • Evening: Chel., Kali-br., Lob., Podo., Bor., Sars.
  • Night: Glon.
  • Others:
  • Abdomen, pressing: Gamb.
  • Bending double: Coloc.
  • Camphor: Zinc.
  • Company: Stram.
  • Dark room: Sang.
  • Eructation: Ant-t., Arg-n., Graph.
  • Exercise: Ferr-act.
  • Expectoration: Ant-t.
  • Flatus discharge of: Aloe., Coloc.
  • Indoors: Caul., Nux-m.
  • Light (Moderate): Stram.
  • Occupation, mental: Helon., Lil-t.
  • Outdoors: Euphr.
  • Perspiration: Sec.
  • Pressure: Coloc. (Hard), Nat-c.
  • Riding in carriage: Nit-ac.
  • Rubbing: Anac., Nat-c., Plb.
  • Sleep: Aeth., Iod.
  • Solitude: Ferr-act.
  • Wrapping up: Rheum., Hep.

Homoeopathy proved its efficacy during this pandemic with ever increasing popularity among the urban and rural area. Busy practitioners with this pocket repertory will easily find their remedies with peculiar modalities. This will help students to learn basics in brief to prepare a solid base for Homoeopathic Concepts.

Jaimin R. Chotaliya (M.D.) (Hom.)
(Asst. Professor in Dept. of Repertory)
Swami Vivekanand Homoeopathic medical college & Hospital, Hahnemann Road, Bhavnagar. 390022