Monthly Archives: June 2012

A Study on Analgesic activity of Matricaria chamomilla

Dr A B Ram Jyothis 

Background: For almost a hundred years homeopaths have attempted to demonstrate the existence of the “potency effect” scientifically. The general implication of all this work is that highly dilute solutions (Homoeopathic potencies) do have effects that can be demonstrated in carefully controlled laboratory experiments. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of high potency in experimental animal and to evaluate the effects of 3x, 30c and 0/3 potencies of Matricaria Chamomilla on Central Nervous System.

Methods: The blind screening methodologies, well known in modern Psycho- Neuro pharmacology (Acto- photometer, Rota – rod apparatus, Eddy’s Hot plate, Maximal – electro shock method) were utilized for Central Nervous System action investigations.

Results: The results were statistically processed by Analysis of variance test (ANOVA) to compare the effects on treatment groups before and after treatment with control group and Dunnet’s t test were used to determine the effect of each treatment against control group. The results shows that Matricaria chamomilla 0/3, significantly reduce locomotor activity, exhibit muscle relaxant activity, causing analgesia and shows anti-convulsant activity than Matricaria chamomilla 3x and Matricaria chamomilla 30c.

Conclusion: This experimental study, revealed that high dilution when get dynamised by the process of succussion can have a significant effect on biological system. The central nervous system depression is significantly performed by 0/3 potencies than 3x and 30c.   

(Keywords – Matricaria chamomilla, C.N.S stimulant/depressant activity, muscle relaxant activity, Analgesic activity, Anti convulsant activity)

The purpose of fundamental research is to describe and possibly to understand the phenomena purported by homoeopathy, using the experimental method. Experimental method is based on the assumption that any hypothesis should be testable, i. e. measurements can be done to prove or disprove it. To do this, we need specific and carefully selected experimental models.

Similar to clinical study, laboratory research is able to show biological activity of homeopathic remedies that cannot be explained as a placebo response. Laboratory research is also capable of shedding some new light on how the homeopathic remedies may work.  This study intended to verify the effect of Matricaria Chamomilla in various potencies on central nervous system of experimental animal and it may help to understand the biological phenomenon of the high potencies.

Aims and Objectives

  1. To evaluate the effects of high potency in Experimental Animal.
  2. To evaluate the effects of 3x, 30c and 0/3 potencies of Matricaria  chamomilla on Central nervous system. 

Plant: Matricaria chamomilla

The Plant, Matricaria chamomilla was collected from Ooty under the supervision of Dr.D.Suresh Baburaj, Survey Officer, Medicinal plants survey and collection unit, Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, Ooty, India. The mother tincture of Matricaria chamomilla was extracted as per the directions given in Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India (Vol- 5, 1986)1. The 3x and 30c potency of Matricaria chamomilla were prepared with acqua distillata and 0/3 potency of Matricaria chamomilla brought from a reputed firm, which were used in this experiment.

Male albino mice (Swiss strain) were procured from Sri Venkateswara Enterprises, Bangalore, India and bred in the animal house of Vinayaka Mission’s College of Pharmacy, Salem, India. They were fed on commercial diet and water adlibitum during the experiments. The pellet food containing 22.5% protein, 72.55% carbohydrate, 5% fat and sufficient vitamins and minerals. The cages were placed in well-ventilated place in the laboratory and were provided with 1.5 inches rice-bran bedding which was changed every day. The room temperature was maintained at 25+ 1oc . The animals were selected randomly. The study was approved by Institutional Animal Ethical Committee of Vinayaka Mission’s college of pharmacy, Salem, South India. Five groups (I-V), each comprising of six animals weighing between (20-25g) were selected.

In conclusion, the homoeopathic remedy, characterized by infinitesimal doses and by dynamization according to Hahnemann’s preparation technique has a marked informational character. The possibility of storing information from molecules can be used for therapeutical as well as experimental purpose.

The result of the study justify the opportunity of future researches concerning the intimate mechanism of inhibitory action on central nervous system of Chamomilla homoeopathic potencies in accordance with principle of similia.


  1. Chamomilla, Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India, Vol- 5, Controller of publications, Government of India, 1986, pp 22.
  2. D’Amour, F.E and Smith, D.L; J. Pharm.Exptl. Therap.  1941, 72: 74
  3. Kulkarni,S.K; Life Sciences, 1980, 27 : 185 – 188
  4. Eddy, N.B. and Leimbach, D. J; J. Pharmacol. Exptl. Therap. 1953, 107: 385
  5. Dewis, P.B; Brit. J. Pharmac. Chemotherap.1953, 8 : 46
  6. Kulkarni, S.K and Dandiya, P.C; Indian J. Med. Res.1975, 63: 462-468
  7. Misra, A.K; Dandiya, P.C and Kulkarni, S.K; Indian J. Pharmac. 1973, 5 : 449-450
  8. Kulkarni, S.K; Arch. Int. Pharmacodyn. 1981, 252 : 124-132
  9. Hahnemann. S. ‘Materia Medica Pura’ Vol-1, reprint edition 1992, B.Jain publishers Pvt.Ltd, pp.379-381
  10. Guillemain, J. (1983) La recherché pharmacologique appliqué a I’Homeopathie, sa grandeur, ses faiblesses, Homeop.Fr 71, pp.191 – 200.
  11. Cristea A., Teodorescu – Negres.S, Darie.V et al  “ Chamomilla Homoeopathic Dilution effect on Central Nervous System – An Experimental pharmacological study”, Europ. Neuropsychopharmacol.3, pp.  446 – 447.
  12. Richard Hughes ‘A manual of pharmaco – dynamics’ 6 th reprint edition 2001, B.Jain publishers Pvt.Ltd, pp. 382

Dr.A.B.Ram Jyothis.M.D (Hom)
Department of Pharmacy
Fr.Muller Homeopathic Medical College. Mangalore
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Recent Advances in Homoeopathic Pathogenetic Trials

Recent Advances in Homoeopathic Pathogenetic Trials
DrA B Ram Jyothis

The Background
Pioneers in Human Drug Proving:
Albrecht von Haller (1708-1777)
Anton Storck (1731 – 1803)
Samuel Hahneman (1755-1843) 

Post – Hahnemannian Drug Provings:

  • Johann Christian Jorg
  • Hartlaub & Trinks
  • Nennings
  • Stapf
  • Austrian provings 

Methodological flaws in Hahnemannian Drug provings 

    Methodological flaws


Absence of control group.

Prover’s symptoms + Random symptoms + Medicine symptoms.

Use of well known friends as provers.

Placebo effect to please master prover.

Provers were informed about medicine.

Expectancy + conditioning effect.

Recording all symptoms & signs.

Medicine symptoms + Naturally occurring symptoms.


Absence of masking provers & supervisors. Selective perception + Investigators effect.
Close supervision & Daily recording of symptoms. Hawthorne effects.
Sudden prohibition of tea, coffee etc. Effects of abstinence & Surfacing of hidden symptoms.
Vague definition of healthy provers. Symptoms related to prior & current disease.

New Drug Development 

Pre- ClinicalR&D      ClinicalR&D   NDA Review  Post – MarketingSurveillance
Initial Synthesis&Characterization  

Animal Testing

Phase1Phase 2 

Phase 3

Adverse ReactionReporting. Survey/Sampling


HPT vs. Phase I trials -Similarities

  •  Non- patient volunteers.
  • Observation of Subjective & Objective changes.
  • Multiple or more specific end-points.
  • Controlled experiments.
  • Small number of subjects (20-100).  

HPT vs. Phase I trial- Differences

          HPT Phase I clinical trial
Use of ultramolecular doses of drugs. Use of defined pharmacological dose.
Expecting more subjective & Objective symptoms. Close monitoring of objective changes.((Lab tests)
The more reliable symptoms, the better. The fewer symptoms, the better.
High level of detail for every reported symptom. Raw symptoms.
Tendency to produce type -B reactions, but without potential serious effects. Apt to produce type – A reactions.

Sources of Current Proving Protocols

  • The development of proving methods since Hahnemann (Demarque, 1987).
  • Provings – planning & protocol (Nagpaul, 1987).
  • The Dynamics & Methodology of Homoeopathic Proving (Jeremy Sherr, 1994).
  • A Protocol for provings (Sankaran.S,1995). 

Current Protocol

  • The Test Substance
  • The Proving Team
  • The Methodology 

The Proving Team:

  1. Project Director
  2. Advisor / Expert
  3. Proving Supervisors
  4. Provers 

Methodology of Proving:

  • The Pre-proving Protocol
  • The Proving
  • The Post Proving Protocol  

Pre-proving protocol

  • Study of Test substance.
  • Selection of Supervisors
  • Selection of Provers
  • Primary coding of remedy. 

The Proving Protocol

  • Multicentric Trials
  • Nature of Trials
  • Randomized
  • Double Blind
  • Cross Over 

Recording of Proving

  • IMRP
  • Log book
  • RMP 

Criteria for Including Symptoms

  • New symptoms, unfamiliar to the prover.
  • Usual or current symptoms those are intensified.
  • Current symptoms modified or altered.
  • Old symptoms that have not occurred for at least one year.
  • Present symptoms that have disappeared during the proving.
  • If a symptom is in doubt, it is included in brackets. 

Post Proving Protocol

  • Extraction
  • Collation
  • Analysis
  • Theming into Materia Medica
  • Repertorising 

Recent Advances

Sensitive designs:

  1. Double blind, placebo – controlled, randomized, four period cross – over design.
  2. Triple blinding.
  3. Revised proving time – line.
  4. Symptom selection criteria: 9 item pathogenetic index.
  5. Rating of Symptoms: Four point scale.
  6. Meta – analysis of HPT: Methodological quality Index.
  7. Concept of PPR Entanglement.

Dr.A.B.Ram Jyothis.M.D (Hom)
Department of Pharmacy
Fr.Muller Homeopathic Medical College. Mangalore
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Efficacy of Homoeopathy in the Management of Cystitis

Dr Preema Riyas 

Twenty cases of cystitis, in female patients under the age group 15-50 years were included in the study. Statistical evaluation of pre and post treatment scores showed that the Homoeopathic medicines prescribed according to the individual peculiarities of the patient was found to be more effective in the treatment of cystitis.  

Homoeopathy differs with regular medicine in its interpretation and application of several fundamental principles of science. It is these differences of interpretation and the practice growing out of them which gave homoeopathy its individuality and continues its existence as a distinct school of medicine1.

Disease is always primarily a morbid dynamical or functional disturbance of the vital principle; and upon this is reared the entire edifice of therapeutic medication governed by the law of similia as a selective principle.1

Cystitis is the most common urinary tract infection among women during the reproductive years2. The vast majority of acute symptomatic involve young women. It was reported that an annual incidence of 0.5 – 0.7 infections per year occur in this group3.  Cystitis is common among women between 20 and 50 years of age4.

Cystitis in adult women is of concern mainly because they cause discomfort, minor morbidity, time lost from work and substantial health care cost3.

Because of the risk of the infection spreading to the kidneys (complicated UTI) and due to the high complication rate in the elderly population, prompt treatment is almost always recommended5.

Since homoeopathic treatment has found to be effective in managing cystitis cases, and a scientific study on this subject is not known to be conducted, an attempt is made to evaluate the effectiveness of homoeopathic medicines with appropriate statistical analysis. Analysis is based on Paired  t test with the level of significance, P<.01 0r P <.05. The method of approach is a clinical study without the use of control. 

Aim and objective of the study
To assess the efficacy of homoeopathic treatment in the management of cystitis affecting females of the age group 15 – 50 years. 

Cystitis is an infection of the bladder, but the term is often used indiscriminately and covers a range of infections and irritations in the lower urinary system9.

The following salient conclusions have been drawn from the present study after summarizing its findings. 1) Homoeopathic medicines are effective in the management of cystitis.

2) Age group mostly affected is between 36 – 40 years.

3) Psora is the predominant miasm in the background.

Dr Preema Riyas  BHMS,MD(Hom)
Department of Organon of Medicine
Govt. Homeopathic Medical College. Calicut. Kerala

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Efficacy & Significance of Homeopathy in Chronic Tonsillitis

patientDr Preetha B

Homoeopathy signifies a system of treatment based on the similarity between symptoms of the patient and those obtained during proving of drugs on healthy human beings. The basic concept of disease is that, all natural diseases are due to derangement of the vital force of an individual resulting in abnormal sensations and functions manifested as signs and symptoms both in mental and physical plains. This image of the disease which we call as totality of symptoms is the sole guide for the physician to select the similimum – the curative remedy. Thus Homoeopathy is a system of medicine giving more importance to the diseased individual than the disease itself.

Chronic  inflammatory  changes  in  the tonsil are usually  the  result of  recurrent  acute  infections  treated inadequately.  Recurrent  infections  lead to  development of  minute  abscesses  within  the  lymphoid  follicles..These  become  walled  off  by  fibrous  tissue  and  surrounded by  inflammatory  cells.

The  most   common  and  the  most important cause of  recurrent  infections  of  the  tonsils  is  persistent or  recurrent  infection  of the  nose  and  paranasal  sinuses.This  leads to  post  nasal discharge which  then infects  the  tonsils  as  well. Chronic And Recurrent Tonsillitis Are Much More Common As Causes Of Disability

Homoeopathy  firmly  believes  in  enhancing  body’s  own  defense  mechanism  to  maintain  the  healthy  status. Tonsils  are  looked  upon  as  immunological   booths. The  homoeopathic  approach  is  to  encourage  the  immunological  activation  of  the  tonsils, and to  save  them  for  body’s  own  long  term  interest.

This is a humble effort made by me to show the homoeopathic fraternity and the whole suffering humanity, the efficacy and significance of homoeopathic medicines in the management of Chronic Tonsillitis. 

Aims and Objectives

  • To determine the efficacy and significance of homoeopathic medicines in the management of Chronic Tonsillitis.
  • To determine the medicines and the corresponding potencies frequently indicated in the management of Chronic Tonsillitis


Population:    This study was conducted in the outpatient department of govt. homoeopathic medical college, Thiruvananthapuram, between the age group 3-15 years, irrespective of sex; from 1-5-2005 to 1-11-2005. keeping the aims and objectives in mind and to help in drawing valid conclusions from the study, the following inclusion and exclusion criteria were followed.

Medicines: Prescription:

Medicines are given on the basis of symptom totality in different potencies [based on susceptibility, age of the patient, stage of disease etc]

Placebo: sugar of milk, globules and blank tablets.

Dose: 1 pellet in sugar of milk

Pharmacy: Medicines and sundries supplied by m/s kerala state cooperative pharmacy, alapuzha.

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of chronic tonsillitis-history, clinical features, examination and investigation are randomly selected.
  2. Age group-patients within 3-15 years of age
  3. Sex-both sexes are included 

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Acute tonsillitis unspecialized
  2. Tonsillitis[acute]
  3. Follicular
  4. Gangrenous
  5. Infective
  6. Ulcerative
  7. Cases below 3 and above 15 years
  8. Cases with other systemic diseases.

Methods sample:

Cases of chronic tonsillitis are diagnosed first on the basis of clinical symptoms. Patients suffering from other systemic diseases were excluded, investigations which included routine blood and urine examination, were done.

The patients, who finally got through the inclusion and exclusion criteria formed the study sample, they were 30 in number, with males and females

Research technique

Sample: Thirty cases of chronic tonsillitis were selected from the Out patient department of Govt. Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram.

Data collection:      From 1-5-2005 to 1-11-2005.

Research Technique:
The selected cases were thoroughly examined on the basis of special proforma in which the complete symptomatology of patients and investigation reports were recorded.

The signs and symptoms of chronic tonsillitis were assessed subjectively and objectively and scored.

Nature of study:  A prospective study was conducted and patients were followed upto a period of 6 months. All cases were treated as out patients and no controls were kept for study. The effectiveness of study was statistically analysed after 6 months.

Assessment criteria:
The symptoms and signs were graded on the basis of intensity and four scores were given-severe symptoms & signs as 3, moderate signs and symptoms as 2, mild symptoms and signs as 1, and absence of symptoms and signs as 0.the signs and symptoms considered are

History  of  repeated  attacks of sore throat or acute  tonsillitis, associated with symptoms of  dysphasia and  discomfort, rise o temperature[at  least 3 or 4 attacks per year]

These symptoms if seen with enlarged tonsils, hyperaemic pillars and enlarged jugulodigastric lymph nodes. 

Study design:
The study considered of subjecting patients with chronic tonsillitis to homoeopathic treatment and assessing the efficacy by comparing the clinical picture before and after the study. It was decided to conduct a clinical trial without placebo control, with the understanding that a placebo control trial may be attempted in future if the results of the current study are encouraging.

The cases were followed up for a period of twelve months, from the date of first prescription. The treatment period was fixed considering the importance of assessing the efficacy of treatment within a reasonable time frame.

Treatment intervention

Case taking and analysis:
Every patient included in the study was interrogated in detail and the history and examination findings are recorded in the case record. In all cases, a detailed analysis and evaluation were done for erecting the totality. The miasmatic basis of the symptoms was also considered to understand the miasmatic influence in each case.

Kent’s repertory was used for repertorisation

Remedy selection
Selection of medicine was made after considering the reportorial analysis and further differentiation with Materia Medica. 

The study shows that there is significant difference between the scores representing the symptoms of chronic tonsillitis before & after treatment. The difference can be clearly attributed to homoeopathic medicines & can be said that the treatment is effective.

Thirty patients  coming between the age group three & fifteen years irrespective of sex were included in the study. The parameters were the signs & symptoms of illness. Among the 30 cases, 11 were males & 19 were females. 4 patients belong to age group of 3 – 6 years, 12 belong to age group of 6 – 9 years, 11 belongs to age group of 9 to 12 years & 3 patients belong to 12 to 15 years.

Major clinical features were recurrent attacks of sore throat( 100%), hypertrophy of tonsils (100%), enlargement of jugulo di-gastric lymph nodes(96.7%), difficulty in swallowing (93.3%), hoarseness(40%) &  hallitosis(30%).

In 16.7% cases Calc carb was the indicated medicine, Merc sol in 11% of cases, Calc phos in 13.3%, Hepar sulph in 13.3%, Sulph in 10% of cases, Baryta carb in 10% of case, Tuberculinum in 10%, Lachesis in 6% & Silicea in 3.3% of cases.

Among the 30 cases, 14 were cured, 12 improved & 4 cases showed no relief.

Statistical evaluation of scores before & after treatment clearly shows that Homoeopathic medicines are effective in the management of Chronic tonsillitis.


  • Homoeopathic Medicines are effective in the management of chronic tonsillitis.
  • Remedies when given on the basis of individualisation are more effective.

Dr. Preetha B
Dept. of Physiology & Biochemistry,
Government Homoeopathic Medical College
Trivandrum. Kerala

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PG & PhD Homeopathy Admission at Homeopathy University Jaipur

convo (6)Admission to M.D. (Hom.)/ Ph.D In Homoeopathy 2012 at DR. M.P.K. Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Jaipur Under Homoeopathy University
(A centre of Excellence in Homoeopathy education & research)

3 Year Regular Course for M.D. (Hom.) in MATERIA MEDICA, ORGANON and REPERTORY
Eligibility : BHMS from any recognized Homoeopathic College
Last Date : Last date for receiving application form 10-08-2012
Entrance Test : 24 September 2012 for session November 2012
Cost of Form : For General Rs 2000/- For SC/ST Rs 1000/- by paying cash or D.D. in favour of HOMOEOPATHY UNIVERSITY, JAIPUR
Application Forms : Application forms are available From 21/05/2012

Eligibility : Regular : M.D. (Hom.) from any recognized Homoeopathic College & : External : M.D. (Hom.) & Teaching faculty in any recognized Homoeopathic College .
Entrance test : University will organize a written test & personal interview in the month of November/ December-2012
Cost of Form : For Rs 3000/- by paying cash or D.D. in favour of HOMOEOPATHY UNIVERSITY, JAIPUR
Application Forms : Application forms are available From 2/07/2012

Forms available at:
UNIVERSITY CAMPUS : Saipura, Sanganer, Jaipur-302029 (Raj.) Tel. : 0141-6597001-03
CITY OFFICE : Dr. M.P.K. Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Opp. Sindhi Camp Bus Stand, Jaipur (Raj.)

Forms can also be downloaded from Website :
For further query please contact : Ph. : 0141-6597003, 2364662 (M) 09414277983, 09829152756

Anal Fissure & Homeopathy- A Clinical Study

Dr Geena Aslam BHMS,MD(Hom)
Medical Officer,Department of Homeopathy. Govt.of Kerala

The anal canal is the last 4 cm of the alimentary tract and is developed from the anorectal canal and proctoderm .Like the rest of the gut it is a tube of muscle but the fibers are all muscular , consisting of the internal and external anal sphincters , which are composed of visceral and skeletal muscle respectively . These sphincters , assisted by the configuration of the mucous membrane , hold it continually closed except for the temporary passage of flatus and faeces3.

The very common problem of anal fissure was first described in 1829 by Recamier 2, who recommended stretching the anal sphincter to treat the condition .Anal fissure is a common disorder for which many people do not seek medical advice The typical anal fissure in the midline posteriorly from the pectinate line to the anal verge. Pain on defecation is the outstanding symptom of anal fissure. Although the tear is usually small , it can be very painful as the anus is very sensitive . Treatment of chronic anal fissure has shifted in recent years from surgical to medical methods . Traditional surgery which permanently weakens the internal sphincter is associated with the risk of incontinence.

Even though there are effective homoeopathic medicines for this disease , no body has undertaken a scientific study on this matter based on statistical data . This is an attempt to do a scientific study based on statistical data .

Aim of study
To assess the efficacy of Homoeopathic medicines in the treatment of anal fissure 

Materials: The materials for the study were collected from patients who attended the various out patient department of Govt. Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital , Kozhikode .
The study was extended from April 2003 to March 2004 .
The patients belonging to the age group of 15 to 55 years were selected for this study

Research Tools and Techniques: Anal fissure assessment tool was developed after literature review and in consultation with experts . A proctologist and a research methodologist were consulted for developing the tool .A total of 5 major areas were identified as important parameters and each item was rated on a scale 0 – 2 0 = Absence of symptoms and 2 = severe symptoms . So a maximum score comes to 6 .

Methods: All cases were diagnosed clinically based on clinical features , inspection of anal region and in cases where some rectal pathology was suspected , proctoscopic examinations were done to rule out major diseases . Detailed history was taken in each case with special reference to previous history , family history , occupational history , physical generals and mental generals
Systemic examination was done in all cases to exclude the possibility of other diseases .

The efficacy of Homoeopathic medicine in the treatment of anal fissure is evident by the reduction in the score after 6 months of treatment . Therefore the treatment is effective

Summary and conclusion
The following salient conclusions have been drawn based on the present study and after summarizing its findings.
1. Homoeopathic medicines are effective in the treatment of anal fissure
2. There are no specific medicines for anal fissure , but there is a specific medicine for each patient suffering from anal fissure . Prescriptions are made only on the basis of individual peculiarity of each patient and such constitutional prescriptions are more effective and their action long standing.
3. Anal fissure is common in the age group 35 – 44 years and is more common among females.
4. Anal fissure is a manifestation of syphilitic miasm on a psoric background 

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Pain & Palliative Care in Homeopathy

cancerA study on the Effectiveness of Homeopathic Medicines in the Management of Pain in Cancer
Dr Rithesh B

I would like to express my sincere thanks to my respected teacher and guide Dr.T.AbduRahiman, Principal, Govt. Homoeopathic Medical College, Kozhikode for his valuable guidance and constant encouragement given to me throughout my post-graduation course and necessary directions in the preparation of this thesis.

I am very grateful to Dr.Suresh, (Director, Pain & Palliative clinic Medical college, Kozhikode) for his favorable suggestions in the conduction of this study particularly regarding assessment criterias..

I am deeply indebted to Dr.K.L.Babu,, Reader, Dept. of Organon of medicine, Govt. Homoeopathic Medical College, Kozhikode, who admitted sufficient number of cases for the study and for his informative suggestions and guidance which helped me to complete this work..

I sincerely thank Mr.P.I.Narayanan, MSc.D.H.S, Retired Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Medical College, Kozhikode for conducting the analysis of this work..

I extend my gratitude to my colleagues and to the staff of various departments of this college for their sincere co-operation.

The gratitude I owe to my wife Dr.Narda cannot be expressed in words, without her constant encouragement and co-operation this work couldn’t have been possible.

Finally I owe my unlimited indebtedness to all my patients involved in this study for their co-operation, without which this study would not have been possible.

Last but not the least I thank almighty God for giving me the strength and perseverance to fulfill the project.                                                                – Dr. Rithesh.B                                               

Cancer is a common and widely publicized disease, and in spite of ever increasing effort to understand it as a process, its incidence in the population is rising. The main reason for this is the close correlation of the number of cancer cases with the increasing age of the patients and the number of more aged people in the western society (and also in Kerala) at least is rising .It used to be suggested that same aspect of the ageing process increased the susceptibility to cancer, perhaps by impairing immune surveillance .However it is now generally accepted that the relationship of many cancer cases to increasing age is rather a reflection of time required to accumulate a critical number of genetic abnormalities for cancer to arise .Cancer may affect any organ or tissue ,but while some cancer are common, Eg; lung ,breast, gut, prostate, others are very rare ,those affecting the young people often being amongst the rarest .In particular ,cancer affect epithelial tissue and over a 99% of tumor are derived from this tissue .This is not surprising since many of the known cancer causing agents (carcinogens) are from natural radiation. In the air we breathe and from the food stuff we ingest, and epithelial cells are the first line of defense to the outside world, in the skin, lung, and gastrointestinal tract1 

The prevalence of acute and chronic cancer pain and the profound psychological and physical burdens engendered by this symptom oblige all treating physician to be skilled in pain management.2

Since homoeopathic treatment has found to be effective in managing cancer pain, and since a scientific study on this subject is not known to be conducted, an attempt is made to evaluate the effectiveness of homoeopathic medicines with appropriate statistical analysis. A prospective study is conducted by studying the cancer patient with pain attending the out patient and in patient department of Govt. Homoeopathic medical college, Calicut. The patients are assessed at the time of consultation using, Pain rating scale, Degree of distress score and performance status score to rate the pain and quality of life.

Even though the aim of study is palliation of pain, cases are taken according to homoeopathic philosophy giving importance to the general symptoms .The selection of medicine are also based on the homoeopathic philosophy giving more importance to the general symptoms and if case demands taking sectoral totality of pain giving importance to its modifying factors and the characteristics of pain. Miasmatic aspect of the cases are studied and given due importance in the selection of medicine. 

To assess the efficacy of homoeopathic treatment in the management of pain in cancer.

Review of Literature
Neoplasia literally means ‘the process of new growth’ and a new growth is called “neoplasm”. However all new growth are not neoplasms, since examples of new growth of tissues and cells also exist in the process of embryogenesis, regeneration and repair, hyperplasia and hormonal stimulation. There fore a satisfactory definition of neoplasm or tumor is “a mass of tissue formed as a result of abnormal, excessive, uncoordinated, autonomous and purposeless proliferation of cells”. 3

The branch of science dealing with the study of neoplasm is called “Oncology” (oncos –tumor, logos –study).

Neoplasm may be “benign” when they are slow growing and localized with out causing much difficulty to the host .or “Malignant” when they proliferate rapidly, spread through out the body and may eventually cause death of the host .The common term used for all malignant tumor is cancer. Hippocrates (460-377 BC) coined the term “Karkinos”for the cancer of the breast .The word cancer means “Crab” thus reflecting the prime character of cancer since it sticks to the part stubbornly like a crab4.

International union against cancer (IUAC) has defined cancer as a “disturbance of growth characterized primarily by excessive proliferation of cells with out apparent relation to the physiological demand of the organ involved”5.        

Summary and Conclusion
In the present study 30 patients who attended OPD & IPD of Organon of Medicine from Aug 2003 – to Feb 2005 were included. These patients belonged to various socio-economic status end of age group between 30 – 90 years. The results of the study were evaluated using statistical principles.

Maximum age group affected 60-69 years, and the incidence was more in Hindu religion.

In this study the efficacy of homoeopathic treatment in the management of pain in cancer was evaluated. Assessment was based on the changes in pain score, degree of distress score and WHO performance status score before and after treatment.

After statistical analysis, the calculated value for pain score was 12.248 and degree of distress score was 4.53 which were well above the tabled value at 5% and levels P < 0.01. Thus, this study provides an evidence to say that homoeopathic medicines are effective in managing this condition. But the calculated value for performance status was -0.194 which were less than the tabled value at 5% and levels P < 0.01. Thus, this study provides an evidence to say that homoeopathic medicines are not effective in managing this condition.

Medicinal management was found to be very much effective. Lycopodium was the medicine found effective in 7(23.33%) patients. Sulphur and Phosphorous were found to be effective in 6(20%) patients each. Ars.alb was found effective in 3 (10%) patients. Lachesis was found to be effective in 2(6.66%) patients. Ars.iodi, Calc.iod, Kali.carb, Hepar.sulph and China were found to be effective in 1(3.33%) patient each.

The following salient conclusions have been drawn from the present study after summarizing its findings,

  1. Homoeopathic medicines are effective in the management of pain in cancer.
  2. Age group mostly affected is between 40 -90 years.
  3. Males are affected more than females.

Dr  Rithesh.B.  B.H.M.S MD(Hom)
Department of Organon of Medicine
Govt. Homeopathic Medical College, Calicut Kerala
Email :
Mob : 09446063849

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Spagyric Homeopathics

Dr Dimpi Shah BHMS

There are many spheres of interest in homeopathy on which a homeopath can elaborate and write down an article. I was just thinking that about which field of homeopathy should I write down so that the readers can get something new in homeopathy. After doing lots of reading and research, I finally arrived at a topic which, I found to be a bit different in homeopathy. So below I had pen down the information regarding it.

First developed by the 16th Century Swiss physician Paracelsus, spagyrism represents a form of homeopathy in which both vital healing energy and active substances are extracted from medicinal plants, creating powerful mother tinctures that can be further potentized. Derived from the Greek words spao (separate) and ageiro (unite), spagyric remedies were originally created by fermenting parts of wild herbs. This process produced concentrated aromatic solutions that were extracted and separated from the bulk plant matter. After fermentation was completed, the plant material was distilled in a special device, and the remainder dried and burned. The ashes were extracted and purified via distillation, then recombined with the concentrated solution. As a result, the finished spagyric essence contained the mineral constituent parts of the plant. Paracelsus pointed out that the vital energy of an herb is more important than the plant material itself. Combining the ideas of Paracelsus with modern manufacturing techniques, PEKANA produces its powerful spagyric remedies using four key steps: separation, purification, incineration and reunification.

1. Separation

Using only the specific parts of either fresh or dried herbs as prescribed in the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia, PEKANA adds special yeast, sucrose and pharmaceutical grade water to initiate fermentation. This three-week process produces a natural alcohol intrinsic to the particular plant, resulting in a high quality mother tincture solution that contains vital energy specific to that herb.

2. Purification

Next, PEKANA repeatedly filters the tincture solution until it is completely free of impurities. Similar to producing a fine wine, this process requires time and precision because new particles created by the plant tincture during the various filtering phases must be removed to achieve an absolutely pure liquid solution. Unlike other manufacturers, PEKANA never distills its spagyric tinctures to ensure that biocatalysts (enzymes), vitamins and other vital substances remain active.

3. Incineration

In step three, the original plant material used to produce the mother tincture solution is dried, caked and burned at very high temperatures, creating an ash. After PEKANA’s advanced processing technique removes all impurities from the ash, only the remaining pure plant minerals are extracted.

4. Reunification
Finally, the pure plant crystals that stimulate metabolic processes in the body are combined with the mother tincture solution. Until this final step, the tincture is odorless. However, at the precise moment PEKANA adds the minerals to the solution, a dramatic color change takes place and the specific aroma distinctive to the plant flows from the fluid creating the “miracle” of spagyrics.

Are all homeopathic or spagyric remedies alike ?
No. In fact, nothing could be farther from the truth. The average person on the street may appear to be as physically fit as a marathon runner, or long distance swimmer who participate in the Olympic games. However, if the average person attempted to compete in these disciplines with the trained athlete, the enormous difference that continuous training, discipline, endurance and energy make would become quite evident.

A similar comparison can be made between PEKANA homeopathic-spagyric remedies and other homeopathic or spagyric products. Kirlian photography, VEGA point testing or other types of analysis make it possible to determine and compare the amount of inherent energy in remedies produced by various companies. Here the huge qualitative advantages of PEKANA remedies become obvious. Importantly, practitioners are able to experience the excellent efficacy of these homeopathic-spagyric medications through the fast, lasting results produced in patients.

If the excretion process is not stimulated, and the internal terrain not improved, then the ill body may be forced to store toxins in the connective tissues, or aid excretion by other means such as fever, diarrhea, and excessive sweating. This can be avoided by using PEKANA remedies.

Spagyric treatment of iatrogenic illnesses
Use of homeopathic-spagyric medications and other natural treatment has become extremely important during the past several decades because illnesses have changed. As people increased the amount of meat in their diets following World War II, they suffered more frequently from a “uric acid diathesis” burden, which led to a disrupted metabolism and illnesses such as severe rheumatism. Conventional medicine treated these metabolic illnesses with allopathic drugs that blocked the body’s attempt to excrete via the mucous membranes or other excretory channels. Until recently, coughs, colds, rhinitis, flu or viral infections were routinely treated with antibiotics, painkillers and fever suppressants. This practice robbed the body of its excretion capabilities and impregnated toxins deeper into the cellular level. As a result, a significant percentage of senior citizens today are afflicted with foci caused by these deposits that, among other symptoms, result in joint deterioration.

Although many younger people have changed their diets and consume less animal protein than the previous generation, they still suffer from iatrogenic (physician or therapy-caused) illnesses induced by treatment with antibiotics, beta-blockers, painkillers, fever-suppressing pills, blood pressure medications and other drugs with their wide variety of side effects. For example, cortisone may reduce inflammation effectively in neurodermatitis and other allergy-related skin conditions, but the drug also inhibits proper regulation and excretion. This creates artificial blockages that force the body to deposit toxins in the cells, making the patient even more chronically ill.

From an alternative medicine perspective, a skin disease such as neurodermatitis is actually an expression of the body’s attempt to excrete poisons and heal itself. Since the primary excretory organs are too burdened to function properly, the body is forced to use the skin — often referred to as the third kidney. Clearly, use of allopathic drugs has caused widespread iatrogenic illnesses because they do not address the body’s need to heal itself or correct organ insufficiencies responsible for acute and chronic symptoms.

In contrast, Hans-Heinrich Reckeweg M.D. theorized how illnesses develop in his important work “Homotoxicology” His research revealed that if the body is inhibited in its attempts to react and excrete toxins, the cells become impregnated with these poisons. This intoxification phase in turn leads to cellular blockages and tissue degeneration. As part of this domino effect, other body systems are also affected by the blockages, finally resulting in serious neoplasm phases that include life-threatening illnesses such as various forms of cancer.

For this reason, it is vital to treat patients from childhood on in a curative manner that does not stifle normal healing processes. Biological therapy ensures the body’s ability to 1) preserve an intact immune system; 2) avoid foci that can lead to severe, chronic illnesses; and 3) maintain energetic, physical, mental and emotional states at a high level. Nonetheless, more people will likely suffer from allergies and chronically impaired health in the future unless medical thinking changes and increased numbers of practitioners begin to apply holistic approaches such as homeopathic-spagyrism that make true healing possible.

By using spagyrism method of preparing remedies, we can extract more energy from the plants. I am sure that this different mode of preparing homeopathic remedies can bring a revolutionary change in homeopathic system.

Dr Dimpi Shah BHMS
Email :

Efficacy and significance of homoeopathy in Dysmenorrhoea

Dr Lizmy Jose

Efficacy and significance of homoeopathy in Primary Dysmenorrhoea

Homoeopathy is now a system of medicine with growing acceptance all over the world. Homoeopathy is a specialised system of therapeutics based on the law of healing – Similia Similibus Curentur which means ‘let likes be treated by likes’. The beginning of this new idea was blossomed in the mind of Dr. Samuel Hahnemann and cherished in the minds of Dr. Herring, Dr. Kent, Dr. Boeninghausen, Dr. Farrington and many others to attain the present status.

Homoeopathy signifies a system of treatment based on  the similarity between symptoms of the patient and those obtained during proving of drugs on healthy human beings. The basic concept of disease is that, all natural diseases are due to derangement of the vital force of an individual resulting in abnormal sensations and functions manifested as signs and symptoms both in mental and physical plains. This image of the disease which we call as totality of symptoms is the sole guide for the physician to select the similimum – the curative remedy. Thus Homoeopathy is a system of medicine giving more importance to the diseased individual than the disease itself.

Dysmenorrhoea is one of the most common gynaecologic complaints in women who present to clinicians. Dysmenorrhoea is the general term for painful menstruation. Painful menstruation is when menstrual periods are accompanied by either sharp, intermittent pain or dull, aching pain, usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen. Primary dysmenorrhoea refers to menstrual pain that occurs in otherwise healthy women and is not related to any specific problems with the uterus or other pelvic organs. It is predominantly confined to adolescent girls. Secondary dysmenorrhoea is defined as menstrual pain resulting from anatomic and/or macroscopic pelvic pathology and so the treatment may require surgical intervention at times. On the other hand primary dysmenorrhoea is purely functional and homoeopathic medicines both constitutional anti miasmatic and specific medicines are highly effective in its treatment.

This is a humble effort made by me to show the homoeopathic fraternity and the whole suffering humanity, the efficacy and significance of homoeopathic medicines in the management of primary dysmenorrhoea.

We are here to add what we can to, Not to get what we can from, LIFE.– Sir William Osler 


  • To determine the efficacy and significance of homoeopathic medicines in the management of primary dysmenorrhoea.
  • To determine the medicines and the corresponding potencies frequently indicated in the management of primary dysmenorrhoea 

The study shows that there is significant difference between the scores representing the symptoms of Primary Dysmenorrhoea before and after 8 months of Homoeopathic treatment. This difference is more than due to chance and it can be clearly attributed to be due to the homoeopathic medicines. Hence the study is highly significant and the treatment is effective. 

Twenty patients coming under the age group of 15-20 years were included in this study. The main parameters of the treatment process were the signs and symptoms.

The major clinical features were pain (100%), fatigue (85%), fainting (40%), nausea & vomiting (60%), chill & perspiration (60%), headache (40%) and irritability (45%).

All the 20 cases were under the different systems of treatment like Allopathy (60%), Ayurveda (20%) and Homoeopathy (20%). 65% of cases had a family history of Dysmenorrhoea. The predominant miasm was Psora in 60% of cases and Pseudopsora in 40%.

Each disease criterion was graded and scores were allotted. The outcome assessment was done after 8 months by post treatment scores as shown below –

After treatment

Criterion                      Grade                      Score

No symptom                   o                              o

Mild symptom                +                              1

Moderate symptom        ++                            2

Severe symptom             +++                          3

The cases were evaluated using Kent’s repertory giving importance to 1) mental generals, 2) physical generals and

3) particulars. The emotional symptoms like fear, anxiety, irritability, mildness, weeping tendency, sensitiveness etc, physical generals like sleep and dreams, desires and aversions, appetite and thirst, bowel movements, discharges etc were given more importance. The particulars were taken only if it added to improve the disease portrait.

Constitutional deep acting medicines based on symptom similarity were administered in all the cases. Pulsatilla was prescribed in 5 cases (25%) out of the total twenty cases studied. Nux vomica was prescribed for 3 patients (15%), Sepia & Calcarea carb for 2 patients each (10%). Ammonium carb, Lachesis, Lycopodium, Graphitis, Natrum mur, Phosphorus, Sulphur and Veratrum alb were prescribed in one case each (5%). This highlights the role of individualisation in homoeopathic prescription. It was observed that the higher potencies of medicines (1M and above) were more useful in giving a relief of symptoms for a longer period.

The treatment result showed cure / improvement in majority of the symptoms. Pain was completely cured in 55% of cases and 35% showed marked relief. Only 10% of cases had no change. The associated symptoms like nausea & vomiting, fainting, headache, fatigue and irritability were also cured / improved. But chill & perspiration showed only 50% cure / relief.

Statistical evaluation of the pre & post treatment scores was done using the paired t test which showed highly significant difference between the two, thus clearly establishing the effectiveness of homoeopathic medicines.

The study thus undoubtedly proves that well selected homoeopathic medicines covering the whole constitution of the individual giving importance to the mental and physical generals have definite action in correcting the peculiar constitution prone to dysmenorrhoea and in preventing its recurrence.


  • Homoeopathic constitutional medicines based on symptom similarity are effective in the management of Primary Dysmenorrhoea.
  • Mental generals and physical generals should be given prime importance in the selection of the similimum.
  • High potencies of the selected medicines are more effective in preventing the recurrance.
  • Psora and Pseudopsora are the underlying miasms of Primary Dysmenorrhoea 

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Science and art of writing a Synopsis for dissertation

journals6Dr Anoop Nigwekar
MD (Hom), MBA, Adv. Dip. Mgmt (AIMA, N. Delhi)
Member, Research Core Committee, ICR group of Organizations

Synopsis a brief presentation which describes the purpose of research and method of conducting research. Research is a systematic objective analysis and recording that may lead to controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalization, principles o r theories, resulting in prediction and possibly ultimate controll of events.

Dissertation contributes in creation of new knowledge, it helps the candidate to develop scientific attitude, helps develop attitude o f critical reading. It is a first step from here one goes on to become an author – authorship develops. It is a part of curriculum in most of the Post graduate and doctoral level studies.

Why write:
It is useful in developing an ability to critically think on the subject under study. It makes us utilize the past body of published knowledge and create a synthesized document. It makes us write in a manner that demonstrates sound theoretical ration ale. One can address to the issue if how to represent the need to utillise  appropriate method for undertaking study. It makes us to create a team by developing better communication skills.

Steps of writing a research proposal
Step one:
Choosing a research question
As said by Theobald Smith ““I always take up the problem that lies before me, chiefly because of easy access of material, without which research is crippled”. A well defined question will make a good protocol easier to write, enable to focus data collection and manipulation, and facilitate clearer conclusion.

Characteristic of good research question
It should be interesting to you, to your guide, for the science and finally should have utility of the world.
It should be relevant to you, to your science and of course to your subject under study.
It should be novel and not mere duplication
It should be feasible, in terms of time available with you for study, there should be material
available to conduct the study, there should be expertise available around who can guide you on the topic.
It should be ethical from point of view of patient, research and also society.

How to arrive at the question:
This arises from your observations and after making due references on the available literature knowledge available on the subject as of now. One should discuss the though that gets generated with the guide and generate possible questions that your study can address. After generating the questions one need to evaluate id it is really possible to raise these questions and then finally choose the appropriate question which this study desiresto seek answers to .

Developing a research question
Spend time it is most important aspect – give adequate time to developing the research question after addressing all the above questions. Time spent on this aspect will pay the maximum dividends in better quality project and less time wasted in performing project.
Question should general questions and then come down to specific aspects.

Process of developing question
a. write down all the ideas that get generated in your mind
b . build upon your ideas and be creative
c. don’t get influenced by others suggestions
d . be realistic about time

How does one evaluate:
A check list noted below helps to evaluate
Design suits your personality
Build current knowledge and skill
Further career / goals
Interest – yours
Literature base?
Recent literature interest?
Un answered questions?
Other resources
Subject availability
Material expertise?
Reason – likely to stop the project

You can raise questions in the subjects of –
Materia medica

Writing style:
The words that you mean should be written , they should not mean anything more or less then what you desire to express.
Be careful in the word you choose, loose use of words can mean distortion of actual meaning – terminology should be taken care o ff.
The writing should be logical and scientific, we should be alert that we are creating a documents that will be analyzed by peers and also utilized by them to enhance the knowledge base.
Choice of tense, it is advisable to use past tense when one writing on literature review, present tense when thinking about the current process of thin king, future tense when common ting on future actions.
Preferably it should be in third person.

Main features of Synopsis writing:
These can vary based on the academic organization seeking research document. Bu t the general trends in the current academic circles suggest the following heads. I am sharing with you my preferred list.

A. There should be first page / cover page should spell out the title, name of candidate with his registration number, name of guide, subject / department to which the candidate belongs along with the address, telephone and email of the institute where the project is being undertaken.

B. Title : this gives the first impression to the reader, it should be concise, it should reflect nature of study and relation ship between hypothesis and guiding question.
Eg: “Exploring role of constitutional prescribing in acute disease”

C.Introduction: It should be short but informative. It should be direct to the point.
Avoid using technical terms. Be clear in stating your problem. There should be logic in progression from identification of problem o f raising formal question.
Why the topic is significant – this can be raised and answered based on your  experience, prevalence in the current scenario and also mention the impact on the community of the study. You can also justify your interest in the topic in the introduction.

D.Literature review : As said by Sir Issac Newton: I can see further because I stand on the shoulder of my predecessor”. It is impo rtant that you study all the currently available literature befo re initiating proposal. This give an adequate knowledge of the topic, it helps to have critical appraisal of ideas n ad hypothesis that are raised in the literature and also those th at get generated in your mind. It helps to random scanning of the various ideas. This actually helps in design of protocol of the study. It also informs you if the topic has been researched in past and which aspect was researched. It also gives an idea to which was the methods and procedures utilized in those studies as against the one you are thinking.

When writing about findings and work done use past tense, when you are addressing to the stud y question use present tense. Be clear that you have defined the boundaries of your stud y o r else you will be gathering a lot of information which is of no significance to your study. The range of literature study should be from significant past to most recent inputs on the subject under study.

Literature review should give information which supports the study and method utilsied in the study. It should conclude a summary and at the same time be critique on the past literaturee and its data. It should state a critique on the method undertaken by past students on the subject.

The in formation source can be from journals – review articles, textbooks of medicine, internet, colleagues, mentors, experts, seminars etc.

E.Objectives: After one has gone through the above process he can spell out the objectives of study. It is putting down steps by which one will attempt to achieve answers to the questions that made the study must for the researcher. They should be listed in the order of importance, in chronological order and they should be consistent with hypothesis. The objectives should be certainly in tune with the title of the study.

F.Hypothesis : It is a statement declaring true expectation of the result. It can be experimental in nature or correlation studies. The current practice that is prevalent is “to reject null hypo thesis”. It can “directional hypothesis” in which the direction of difference is predicted. It can be “non – directional hypothesis” in which one merely states that there will be difference.

G. Method : As motto of nasa goes “ meticulous attention to the minutes details”. This is the longest section of the proposal, it describes the subjects / participants,it states the research design and procedure.

Subject / participant : We have to spell out the method of choosing the participant. We have to based on the nature of study have to definee the sample size and also we should be able to justify the need for the sample size. Here we need to state the inclusion criteria, exclusion criteria and withdrawal criteria of the samples under study.

Procedure : There are two ways of going ahead
Retrospective study: this should be able to spell out the number of cases, source of the  cases. The procedure of data collection in the form of cases should be spelt out clearly. It can be understanding the diseases and patient as a person. The tools of analyzing these cases have to be defined and utilized.

Prospective study: the study involves conducting study on sample size in which the data is recorded for the first time. This means we have to define the venue of where the study will be undertaken. How the study will be done in a chronological sequence addressing to questions of what is to be studied, when will the sample be studied, how will be the sample data recorded and by whom. It also demands we stating the sampling technique.

F. References / Bibliography :It is important component o f the study. We have to state the sources from where we have been able to create purposese of the study. It has to be written in a particular format, alphabetical order of the author’s last name who have been referred, followed b y the publication, publisher and edition etc. internet reference should be stated along with complete URL address and the date, and time of surfing for referencing, journals have to be referred with authors last name in alphabetical order, article referred, journal name and volume details. There other method used is in sequencing the references as they appear in the stud y.

A representative synopsis is presented below to illustrate the concept in practice.

Brief resume of the intended work:
Four million people in India suffer form Hepatitis every year. Cases of Hepatitis in underdeveloped countries are seen in all forms like sporadic cases, epidemic form, and in some regions it is present as an endemic problem (Park, 1 991)

Hepatitis is a common man’s problem in underdeveloped countries seen in all ages and in both the sexes. Hepatitis is the infection of liver caused by more than half a dozen viruses. More common are Hepatitis Viruses A, B, C, D, E and G. Although human cases  are the only reservoir of infections, control over it and prevention is difficult for the following reasons (Park, 1991). Fecal shedding of virus occurs during incubation period, a large number of sub-clinical cases, because of poor hygiene and sanitations facilities and absence of any specific treatment in conventional modern medicine. This further accentuates the problem for common man to whom affordability of the treatment matters.

Hepatitis can cause deaths and also can incapacitate patients for more than few weeks. Homoeopathy has a very good scope in treating acute viral hepatitis since it is simple to administer and also cost effective. Homoeopathic literature is rich in the therapeutics o f liver diseases. A numbers o f authors have contributed to its enrichment.
Yet the problem that the practitioner faces is in evolving standardized approach in the management of a case of viral hepatitis. This involves no t on ly selecting the right remedy but also selecting the right potency and repetition, predicting the prognosis and planning
the ancillary measures. In my experience, the key to this process is to understand the susceptibility and influence o f the miasm in every case. Susceptibility is the individual’s inherent capacity to react to internal and external stimuli. Miasms play an important role in influencing the susceptibility and thereby influencing the course of the disease. Hence evolving a standardized approach to assess these parameters and their interrelationship is important for homoeopathic management.

Review of Literature:
Liver is an independent and discrete organ that performs various functions which are interrelated to each other and at the same time. Liver lobule is the basic functional unit of the liver. Liver lobule is constructed around the central vein and connects to Inferior Vena Cava via hepatic vein. Cellular unit in a lobule is made up of hepatic plates. There are hepatic sinusoids and hepatic arterioles. Hepatic sinusoids are lined by endothelial cells and Kupffer cells. There are large pores in the endothelium that allows plasma and protein to freely move in the space of disse (Guyton, 1998).

Liver basically performs the vascular function of storage and filtration of blood, metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein, storage of vitamins, irons and coagulators. It also performs secretory an d excretory functions responsible for formation of bile (Guyton, 1998 ). When the liver is affected, its functions get disturbed depending upon the type and extent of the micro tissue involved. This in turn determines the clinical presentation of the disease. Thus triad of structure, function and form reflects the dominant miasm and its influence on the state of susceptibility (Kasad, 2003) Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver mainly caused by infection of viruses of w ich Hepatitis A virus and Hepatitis E virus are enterically transmitted (Agarwal, 2003). Hepatitis viruses B, C, D & G are parentally transmitted (Amarapurkar, 2003). Incubation period for Hepatitis B virus is 15 -180 days and fo r Hepatitis A virus is 15 –50 days. Hepatitis A virus mainly affects children (50% cases) and usually p resents as acute viral hepatitis with full clinical recovery. Only 0.1 % cases go into acute fulminated hepatic failure. Hepatitis B virus mainly affects adults and yo ung as an acute or a chronic hepatitis infection with the risk of cirrhosis and hepato-cellular carcinoma as its complication (Amarapurkar, 2 003)

In immuno-compromised patients, Epstein Barr virus, Rubella virus and Adenoviruses also cause hepatitis. Modern medicine drugs are also cap able of causing drug-induced hepatitis (Park, 1 991). Pathological changes in the liver due to hepatitis virus infection ranges from diffuse liver cell damage, with isolated necrosis and balloon degeneration to periportal and portal infiltrates, piecemeal necrosis to b ridging necrosis, ground glass cells and liquifactive necrosis. Each of these pathological features represents varying degree of reversibility and irreversibility and pace of evolution of disease vary from slow to very rapid (Cotrans, 1994).

Varying clinical pictures emerge depending on the involved structure, the pathology, the causative organism and the reaction o f the host (susceptibility of host) These will range from asymptomatic carrier state, Acute anicteric hepatitis, Icteric Hepatitis, Acute fulminant hepatitis, Chronic active hepatitis to Chronic persistent hepatitis (Dienstag, et al, 2001). Susceptibility is defined as inherent capacity of living organism to react to external and internal stimuli (Roberts, 1989). Since no two individuals are exactly similar the susceptibility is highly individual specific. Susceptibility varies in degree in different persons and at different times in the same person. Assessment of susceptibility in cases of hepatitis will help in individualizing one person from other suffering from the same disease.

Susceptibility as a force draws itself to the disease which is on the same plane of vibration to correct the miasmatic deficiency. Susceptibility is greatly accentuated during sickness. It can be increased, diminished or destroyed (Roberts H., 1989) .Thus as a homoeopath our objectives would be to recognize these altered,  exaggerated or diminished states of susceptibility through clinical information, pathological investigation, study of the patient as a person and unraveling the miasmatic  influences (Dhawale, 2000). Prescribing a similar remedy in the right potency and with adequate repetition can alone satisfy this state of susceptibility and establish the healing process and shore up the natural immunity in the patient (Close Stuart, 2004).

Miasm is an obnoxious disease-producing agent inimical to life and is dynamic in nature. Hahnemann mentions about three miasms classified into venereal and non- venereal in its origin. The syphilitic and the sycotic as the one from venereal origin and psora as the real fundamental cause of various illnesses. It is Dr. Allen who introduced the tubercular miasm in the latter part of the evolution of this concept. Each miasm has got a peculiar evolution in terms o f predisposition, disposition, diathesis and disease, which influences the course of illness and its peculiar form which has the stamp of its miasmatic activity (Boericke, 1988)

Constitutional features like anorexia nausea, vomiting, fatigue, malaise, arthralgia, weakness, headache, photophobia, cough and croyza. Onset of jaundice with dark coloured u rine, skin pruritis and white coloured stool. There is weigh t loss, pain in right hypochondrium and discomfort (Dienstag, et al, 2001)

On examination fever, weight loss, icterus, tender and enlarged liver and in some cases enlarged spleen (Dienstag, et al, 2001).
Lab investigations: CBC, SGOT, SGPT, S. Bil, S. Alk. Phos, Hbs Ag. In some cases prothrombin time (Dienstag, et al 2001).

The study o f the sick individual from all these points of view, clinical, pathological and individual characteristic in given time dimension will give us the totality (Kasad,2003 ).

These will form the parameters for assessment of the susceptibility. Judgment of susceptibility will help in the selection of remedy, potency and repetition and will give us insight into miasm and prognosis of the case (Dhawale, 2000).

Rastogi (1999) has mentioned about the usefulness of Carica Papaya in Hepatitis B in the early stages especially when jaundice has not developed. He has also mentioned about Cardus and Chellidonium
Crompton J. Burnet (1990) mentions about the usefulness of remedies like Cardus, Chellidonium, Thlapsi Bursa etc. as organ remedies and prescribed on basis of stage of disease.
Master (2002) tells us about the diet management in Hepatitis.

1. To identify the clinical, pathological and individualizing characteristic parameters guiding us in the assessmen t of susceptibility in hepatitis.
2. To identify the role of susceptibility in assessing various components in homoeopath ic management of the patient like miasm, posology and prognosis.

30 Cases of hepatitis as mentioned in criteria above attending OPD & IPD of the Dr. M. L. D. Trust’s Rural homoeopathic Hospital, Palgh ar and other branches of institute.
Cases of hepatitis of all age groups and of either sex will be taken up for studies.


Data for case taking will be obtained from the patient, patient’s attendants, physician’s observations and examin ation find ings.
Investigation: CBC, SGOT, SGPT, S. Bil, S. Alk. Phos., HBs Ag, Urine – routine will confirm the diagnosis.

1 ) Studying the clinical presentation of each patient in terms of location, sensation, modalities, and concomitants with emph asis on the intensity of symptoms, pace of the disease and their peculiar association.
2 ) Studying the individualizing characteristics of the patient, both at mental and physical level.
3 ) Studying the past history and family history of disease.
4 ) Studying the environmental conditions and addictions of the patients in order to ascertain the maintaining factors.
5) Correlating the clinical presentations with the investigation s and examination findings to evolve comprehensive clinico-pathological correlation.
6 ) To note changes required in diet and regime and ancillary measures required during the course of illness.

Patient fitting into diagnostic criteria of hepatitis as defined above (criteria A) will be taken up.

1. Patients with significant systemic diseases such as renal failures, diabetes, neoplasm, valvular heart disease, cardiac failure.
2. Immuno-compromised patient either iatrogen ic or due to HIV infection.
3. Drug induced Hepatitis.
4. Hep atitis caused by Epstein Barr, Rubella and adenovirus.
5. Hep atitis B carrier state, chronic active hepatitis, chronic Persistent hepatitis.


Not applicable.

1. Agarwal Rakesh (2003) API Textbook of Medicine 7th ed, Section XII, Chapter 6, Pg. 595, Pub: Association of Physician of India.
2. Allen J.H (2003), The Chronic Miasms , Pub: B. Jain Publishers PVT LTD
3. Amrapurkar Deepak (2003) API Textbook of Medicine 7ed, Section XII,th Chapter 7, Pg. 597 , Pub: Association of Physician of India.
4. Boericke W. (Trans) (1988), Hahnemann ’s Organon of medicine, 6ed, Pub: B.Jain Publishers PVT LTD.
5. Burnett. J. Compton, (Reprint edition 1990) The Diseases of the Liver , Pub: B. Jain Publishers Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.
6. Close Stuart (2004), The Genius of Homoeopathy , Chapter XVI, The Logic of Homoeopathy, pg. 266; Pub: Indian Books and Periodicals Publishers, New Delhi.
7. Cotrans S. Ramzi, Vinay Kumar, Tucker Collins, (1994) Robbins Pathologic basis of disease , 6 th ed, Pub: A Harcourt Asia PTE LTD, Company, Sin gapore.
8. Dewey. W. A (2002), Essentials of Materia Medica and Pharmacy , Pub: B. Jain Pub lishers Pvt. Ltd , New Delhi
9. Dhawale. M.L (2000), Principles and Practice of Homoeopathy Part1, 3 ed,rd Chapter 3, Symptomatology from the standpo in t of homoeopathic practice, Pg.43; Pub: Institute o f Clinical Research, Bombay.Etc….

Courtesy : Similima team thanks the ‘Asian Journal of Homeopathy’ for allowing us to reproduce this article published in Nov.2007 issue

ARTH requires Homeopathy doctors foe their new openings

Homoeopathy Doctors Wanted for New Openings At  CALICUT, KANNUR, WAYANAD, MALAPPURAM,  TRICHUR, PALAKKAD and SHORNUR  in Kerala

Senior Doctors: BHMS/MD doctors with 10+ years of experience.
(Incentives – Fixed monthly salary + performance incentives + insurance benefits + leave/travel allowances)

Junior Doctors: BHMS/MD doctors with 6-10 years of experience.
(Incentives – Fixed monthly salary, incremental according to performance + travel allowance)

Send your resumes to ,

Contact :  98957 62030
Medical Administrator (ARTH)
5th floor, BCG Estates,
Opp Ernakulam Medical Centre,
N.H Bypass,
Palarivattom, Cochin 682025
Kerala, India.
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journals (2)

Topics for Thesis/Research in Homoeopathy

journals (2)Study of genetic /hereditary disorders in children and its homeopathic management- 
Blood disorders,
Lactose intolerance,
Skin allergies
Obstructive disorders

  • Diseases of Kidney and Urinary System
  • Role of Homoeopathy in Childhood Obstructive Airway Diseases.
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicine in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Role of Homoeopathy in Management of ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders in Children
  • Jaundice-its Scientific Cure in Homoeopathy
  • Role of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Asthma
  • Homoeopathic Treatment of Dyspepsia
  • Perspective Study of Carcinocinum with Special Reference to Family History of the Patient
  • Role of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Hypertension
  • Behavioral Problems in Children under following headings: Temper-Tantrums, Habit Disorders, Elective Mustism, Functional Enuresis
  • Homoeopathic Treatment of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
  • Homoeopathic Treatment of Dental Disease
  • Brief Therapeutic Index to Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Homoeopathic Management in Fibroid Uterus & its Sec. Change into Sarcoma
  • Clinical Evaluation of Patients with Chest Pain
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
  • Research Trials to Evaluate the Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Haemorrhoids
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Drugs in ACUTE CATARRHAL FEVERS
  • Double Blind Placebo Controlled Clinical Trials on Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines for Substance Abuse
  • Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Adenoids with Clinical Cases
  • Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Gout
  • Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Infertility in Females
  • Study of Acid Groups
  • Homoeopathic Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Dermatitis
  • Homoeopathic Approach in Management of Menopause
  • Comparative Study of Metal Group Remedies in Hom. Mat. Medica
  • Analytical Study of Kali Group of Hom. Mat. Medica
  • Clinical Verification of Mental Symptoms of Belladonna in Dermatological Practice
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Leucorrhoea
  • Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Urethritis in Male
  • To Study the Effect of Homoeopathic Treatment in Subclinical Hypothyroidism
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Tuberculosis
  • Role of Homoeopathic Medicines in Tonsillitis
  • Scope of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Fibro-Adenoma of Breast
  • Role of Homoeopathic Medicine in Treatment of Leprosy
  • Male Sexual Weakness with Homoeopathic Treatment & Management
  • Review of Hom. Mat. Medica in reference to Environment Related Diseases
  • Migraine- Efficacy in Homoeopathy
  • Role of Homoeopathy in Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Clinical Efficacy of Homoeopathic Drugs in CHLOASMA
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Ischaemic Heart Disease & Related Disorders
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Gastritis & Peptic Ulcer
  • An Approach of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Cancer
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Joint Pains (Osteoarthritis)
  • Role of Mat. Medica in case of Epilepsy
  • Efficacy of Ferrum Phos 3X in Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anaemia
  • Minimum Syndrome of Maximum Value
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicine in Renal Stone
  • A Study of Calcarea Group with Clinical Emphasis on Calcarea Carbonica
  • Role of Modality of Homoeopathic Medicine in field of Treatment
  • Homoeopathic Approach in Depressive Disorders
  • Role of Homoeopathic Constitutional Treatment in case of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Stress Management
  • Application of Hom. Mat. Medica in Mood Disorders
  • Role of Homoeopathy in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  • Analytical Study of Remedies from Ophidias, the Snake with Special Clinical Emphasis on Lachesis
  • An Approach of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
  • Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Acne Vulgaris during Adolescence
  • Clinical Trial of Cynodon Dactylon in Amoebic Dysentery
  • Efficacy of Thuja Occidentalis in Warts
  • Role & Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Prevention & Treatment of Japanese Encephalitis
  • Obesity & its Homoeopathic Treatment
  • Role of Homoeopathic Medicine in Treatment & Management of Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases
  • Evaluation of Prescriptions based on Mental State in Clinical Practice
  • Role of Homoeopathic Medicine in Management of Infertility in Males & Females
  • Role of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Vitiligo
  • Clinical Verification of Selected Homoeopathic Medicines in Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

1. Susceptibility-
The various aspects of susceptibility and its therapeutic implications
Vaccinations- its co-relation with susceptibility.
Susceptibility and its role in disease manifestation
Hypersensitivity- recognition and management
Idiosyncrasy- expression, recognition and management

2. Case-taking–
Importance of Body language in case taking
Effective communication in case-taking
Importance of past and family history in case taking
Case selection and processing in clinical practice
The ‘obscure case’ in homeopathic practice
Diet and regimen in acute and chronic cases
Advantages and usefulness of record keeping
Standardization verses individualization in case taking
Importance of signs and symptoms in case taking
Case management- general, specific, and ancillary
The scientific method of enquiry and approach
Chronic totality in acute illness
Study of atypical cases

3. Miasms
Miasms and blood groups
Therapeutic implications of the study of miasms
Miasmatic management of children’s diseases.
Miasmatic evolution of chronic diseases- DM, Asthma, OA, RA,
Moon phases and its miasmatic approach
Syphilitic miasm- recognition and management in homeopathic practice
Miasmatic approach to paralytic disorders
Psora- its management in clinical practice
Post traumatic neurosis- miasmatic approach
Hahnemannian concept of Miasmatic origins and expression of chronic diseases

4. Pioneers
Pioneers and their contributions
Author wise contributions
Life sketch of the pioneers- Hahnemannn, Kent, Boenninghausen, Boericke, Hering,
Kent’s hidden links
Country wise contributions

5. Diseases
Classification of diseases with homoeopathic approach
Disease expression and clinical utility
Study of temperaments in chronic disorders- DM, HT, Thyroid disorders etc
Portrait of disease in Homoeopathy
“Portrait of disease” Hahnemannian concept and its evolution by Boger, Kent and Boenninghausen
The description of various constitutions/ temperaments
Study of periodicity in fevers
Importance of clinical/ disease diagnosis in homeopathy and its therapeutic implications
Pain- significance and management in Homeopathic practice.
Periodic disorders- its homeopathic management
One-sided diseases- its recognition and management in clinical practice
Disease development- its therapeutic implication
Changing concept of health and disease – in reference to psychosomatic medicine
The septic state
Study of aberrant immune response

6. Totality of symptoms
What is totality of symptoms?
Classification of symptoms- and its practical utility
Importance of analysis and evaluation of symptoms
Generalization- its significance in homeopathic practice
Mental state- recognition and incorporation in the totality
Repertorial approach to the totality
Kent’s view of the totality- clinical implication

7. Remedy reaction
The utility of primary and secondary actions in remedy prescription
Remedy reaction and its clinical utility
Remedy response- the evaluation from standpoint of prognosis
Disease response- remedy selection and prescription in clinical practice.
Palliation and its efficacy and clinical utility in homeopathic practice
Study of Hering’s law of direction of cure and its usefulness in practice.
Hindrances to recovery
Remedy reactions- evaluation, resolution of the problem
Remedy reactions- a guide to second prescription
Concept of the dynamic action and the Dose

8. Posology
Posology in intermittent fevers
Homeopathic posology and its interpretation in terms of Susceptibility
Acute prescribing- therapeutic implication
The significance of ‘second prescription’ in clinical practice
Use of surrogates –its efficacy in practice
Role of expressions in prescription
The dose in homeopathic practice
Disease condition and potency selection
Cure in Homeopathy – it is possible
Hahnemannian cure- scientific and ethical evaluation of medicine and its practice
Remedy response – guide to posology and its interpretation in terms of susceptibility
Time modality- its utility and effectiveness in prescribing
Placebo- its therapeutic implication
Susceptibility and potency selection
Utility of constitutional prescription in acute cases
Dangers/ abuse of homeopathic prescribing
Obstacles in homeopathic prescribing
High and low potencies- comparative study
Multiple remedy prescription- use and abuse
Selection of the correct remedy
Pathology and remedy selection
Determination of the prescribing totality with the help of the concomitants
Keynote prescription- clinical utility
Pathological prescription- clinical approach

9. General
Limitations in homeopathy and how to overcome them.
Co-relation of homeopathy and auxiliary modes of treatment
Vital force
Comparison of the different editions of Organon
Study on Kent’s observations- its practical utility
Vaccines and serums- are they homeopathic?
Intricacies of the Human mind and homeopathy
Homeopathy—how scientific is it?
Traditional medicine and homeopathy
Orthodox medicine and homeopathy
Modern trends in homeopathy
Rediscovering homeopathy
Classical homeopathy- its clinical implication
Surgical interventions in homeopathy
Post-Hahnemannian developments in homeopathy
Evolution of functional and structural similarity- concept in Homeopathy
Logical thinking- basis of Hahnemannian philosophy and clinical approach
Homeopathy- co-relation to other forms of therapeutics
Space and time dimensions- importance in the evolution of Homeopathic philosophy
Misconceptions in Homeopathy- how to overcome them
Place of homeopathy in therapeutics

A) Disease condition and its homoeopathic management—
1. Homoeopathic approach to food allergies.
2. Homoeopathy in sports medicine
3. Hepatitis and homoeopathic approach
4. Leucoderma and homoeopathy
5. Diabetes Mellitus
6. Duodenal ulcers
7. Acute diarrheal diseases
8. Psychiatric disorders and homoeopathic approach
9. HIV/AIDS and its homoeopathic and miasmatic management
10. Rheumatoid arthritis
11. Abortions and its homoeopathic management.
12. Female conditions
13. Chronic bronchitis
14. Skin disorders
15. Veterinary disorders and its homeopathic management
16. IBS
17. Collapse/ shock and its homeopathic management
18. Burns and its homeopathic management
19. Gout and its management
20. Bleeding disorders and its management
21. Homeopathic approach to curing Insomnia.
22. Paralysis and homeopathic management
23. Marasmus and its management
24. Efficacy of homeopathic remedies in mechanical disorders- fractures, renal stones, hernias, etc
25. Migraine and its management
26. Eye disorders and its management

B) Disease conditions and its
Miasmatic expression
Causation and its expression
Concomitants and its expressions
Modalities and its expression
D/D of different remedies
Potency selection and repetition

C) Study of role of miasm in hereditary disorders and its management-
Diabetes mellitus
Hyperthyroidism/ hypothyroidism
Varicose veins
Spondylosis- cervical and lumbar
Blood disorders


Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicine in Respiratory Allergies
Diseases of Kidney and Urinary System
Role of Homoeopathy in Childhood Obstructive Airway Diseases.
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicine in Diabetes Mellitus
Role of Homoeopathy in Management of ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders in Children
Jaundice-its Scientific Cure in Homoeopathy
Role of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Asthma
Homoeopathic Treatment of Dyspepsia
Perspective Study of Carcinocinum with Special Reference to Family History of the Patient
Role of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Hypertension
• Behavioral Problems in Children under following headings: Temper-Tantrums, Habit Disorders, Elective Mustism, Functional Enuresis
Homoeopathic Treatment of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Homoeopathic Treatment of Dental Disease
Brief Therapeutic Index to Rheumatoid Arthritis
Homoeopathic Management in Fibroid Uterus & its Sec. Change into Sarcoma
Clinical Evaluation of Patients with Chest Pain
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
Research Trials to Evaluate the Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Haemorrhoids
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Drugs in ACUTE CATARRHAL FEVERS
Double Blind Placebo Controlled Clinical Trials on Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines for Substance Abuse
Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Adenoids with Clinical Cases
Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Gout
Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Infertility in Females
Study of Acid Groups
Homoeopathic Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Dermatitis
Homoeopathic Approach in Management of Menopause
Comparative Study of Metal Group Remedies in Hom. Mat. Medica
Analytical Study of Kali Group of Hom. Mat. Medica
Clinical Verification of Mental Symptoms of Belladonna in Dermatological Practice
Efficacy of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Leucorrhoea
Role of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Urethritis in Male
To Study the Effect of Homoeopathic Treatment in Subclinical Hypothyroidism
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Treatment of Tuberculosis
Role of Homoeopathic Medicines in Tonsillitis
Scope of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Fibro-Adenoma of Breast
Role of Homoeopathic Medicine in Treatment of Leprosy
Male Sexual Weakness with Homoeopathic Treatment & Management
Review of Hom. Mat. Medica in reference to Environment Related Diseases
Migraine- Efficacy in Homoeopathy
Role of Homoeopathy in Adolescent Psychiatry
Clinical Efficacy of Homoeopathic Drugs in CHLOASMA
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Remedies in Ischaemic Heart Disease & Related Disorders
Efficacy of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Gastritis & Peptic Ulcer
An Approach of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Cancer
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Joint Pains (Osteoarthritis)
Role of Mat. Medica in case of Epilepsy
Efficacy of Ferrum Phos 3X in Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anaemia
Minimum Syndrome of Maximum Value
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicine in Renal Stone
A Study of Calcarea Group with Clinical Emphasis on Calcarea Carbonica
Role of Modality of Homoeopathic Medicine in field of Treatment
Homoeopathic Approach in Depressive Disorders
Role of Homoeopathic Constitutional Treatment in case of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Stress Management
Application of Hom. Mat. Medica in Mood Disorders
Role of Homoeopathy in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Analytical Study of Remedies from Ophidias, the Snake with Special Clinical Emphasis on Lachesis
An Approach of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Acne Vulgaris during Adolescence
Clinical Trial of Cynodon Dactylon in Amoebic Dysentery
Efficacy of Thuja Occidentalis in Warts
Role & Efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in Prevention & Treatment of Japanese Encephalitis
Obesity & its Homoeopathic Treatment
Role of Homoeopathic Medicine in Treatment & Management of Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases
Evaluation of Prescriptions based on Mental State in Clinical Practice
Role of Homoeopathic Medicine in Management of Infertility in Males & Females
Role of Homoeopathy in Treatment of Vitiligo
Clinical Verification of Selected Homoeopathic Medicines in Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

1. Study of a particular remedy with respect to a disease condition-
DM and syzigium,
BEP and sabal serulata,
Sepia in female disorders
Sarsaparilla in renal calculus
Berberis vulgaris in renal disease.
Argentum nitricum in IBS
Sepia lady in various feminine phases and stages
Patho-physiology of Opium
The Chronicles of Aurum metallicum
The genesis of Symptom development in Acid phos
Study of syphilitic traits in silvers
The anxiety state of the Kalis- reflection and ramifications
Study of cancer Nosodes- clinical approach
Kali-bi-study of its acute and chronic Hahnemannian totalities and relationship to Ferrum
Ignatia and Natrum mur- an integrated study
A problem child- an homeopathic overview
Carcinosin and related portraits

2. Comparative study of remedies or remedy groups—
Acids and metals,
Acids and ferrums
Lyco and Nat.mur personality
Thuja, nat-sulph and Med – their use as intercurrents
Sepia—Terant-H—Lac.can—comparison of chronic totalities
The hostility of Natrums- evolution and differentiation from Magnesium and Sepia
Comparison between Chronic remedies and acute remedies

3. Study of various groups
Spider group,
Kali group,
Natrum group,
Calcerea group,
Acid group,
Ferrum group,
Heavy metal group
Mercury group
Antimony group
Snake remedies
Radio-active group
4. Differentiation of
Drugs in fevers
Remedies for Delayed milestones
Remedies in condition of collapse.
Remedies for home-sickness
Remedies in constipation
Study of remedies for traveling sickness
Depression- remedies
Remedies for bleeding disorders
Insomnia and D/D of remedies
Injury remedies
Eye disorders
Remedies in condition of Abscess
Albuminuria in pregnancy

5. General-

Study of left/ right sided remedies and its utility in prescription
Remedies for ill effect of vaccination
Time modalities and its therapeutic implication
Bach flower remedies
Study of remedies – moon phases
Significance of mental symptoms- remedy selection
The indications of Nosodes
The indications of intercurrents in a case
Deriving the pathogenesis of snake venoms from toxicological study
Study the miasmatic aspects of the sequence – calc-> lyco-> Sulphur
Comparative study of the indolent trio- carbons, alumina, silica
Acute cardiac emergencies- remedy selection and management
Efficacy of clinically verified remedies
Hidden values of unusual remedies
Materia medica- application in clinical practice
Homeopathic medicine and astrology
Study of little used remedies
Constitutional remedies – an in-depth study
Study of war remedies
New aspects of old remedies
Study of gestational remedies- clinical utility
Common remedies- study of their rare use.
Biochemic remedies and their homeopathic implications
Homeopathy – how to avoid operations?
Cardiac therapeutics
Homeopathy and hormone disorders- clinical implication
Homeopathic intervention in surgeries
Homeopathic intervention in veterinary practice
Chronic conditions- acute remedies
Nosodes – indications in acute diseases
Study of plant families

Physiological action of a remedy
Toxicological action of remedy
Pathological co-relation with the therapeutic index
Patho-physiological action of remedy
Proved Ayurvedic / allopathic drugs- its use homeopathically for a disease condition
Remedy relationships
Study of inorganic remedies
Relationship of the pathogenesis of drugs from the plant and animal kingdom to the chemical constituents
Study of Indian plant remedies
Morphological comparison – calc carb and silica
Classification of remedies
Modern approach- preparation of mother tinctures
Study of Vehicles with medicinal qualities

Hahnemannian method of drug preparation- its efficacy in modern times
Study of the methods of preparation- obstacles and their solutions
Differentiation between the old and new methods of preparation
Properties of vehicles – their selection in preparation of medicine

Utility of LM potencies in practice
Posology in intermittent fevers
Utility of Higher potencies in practice
Acute cases- potency selection
Homoeopathic Prophylaxis.
The scope of external applications in Homoeopathy
Mother tinctures and its utility in prescriptions
Vehicles and their importance in remedy prescription
Dispensing procedures for medicine and placebo
Inter-relationship of homeopathic and Allopathic posology
Importance of Dosage in prescription

Mechanics of potentization
Mysteries of potentization- unraveling them
Comparison of classical and modern potentization techniques
Comparative study of the different potency scales

Protocol for drug proving- its implementation in modern proving
Obstacles in proving- identification, evaluation and management
Comparison of Hahnemannian and post-Hahnemannian proving techniques

Utility and validity of prescription writing
Efficacy of Doctrine of signature in prescription
Interdependency of Homeopathy and Biochemistry
Comparison of old and new asepsis techniques of lab equipment
Preservation of medicines- precautions, obstacles and how to overcome them
Scope of Homeopathic pharmacy in relation to material medica
Standardization of remedies- utility and validity
Scope of Homeopathic pharmacy in relation to organon of medicine

1. Disease condition and related rubrics

2. Study of a particular repertory-
Synoptic key,

3. Significance of mental symptoms

4. Repertorial approach to chronic disease conditions-
Renal calculi,

5. Repertorial approach to acute disease conditions-

Acute rhinitis

6. Clinical utility of various repertories-
Synoptic key
Medical repertory by Murphy
Clinical repertory by Clarke
Robert’s ‘sensation as if’ rep
Therapeutic pocket book

7. Study of particular chapter from any repertory

Generalities from Kents rep,
Mind of complete,
Mind from Kents,
Epilepsy in Kent’s

8. Comparative study of a particular chapter from different repertories-
Mind from kent and complete
Fevers from Boenninghausen and kent
Epilepsy in kent’s repertory

9. Comparative study of various repertories
10. Repertory and its confirmation in the materia medica
11. Remedy relationships- detailed study
12. Comparison of hot and chilly remedies
13. Particular rubric- its study w.r.t themes, cross-ref synonyms, etc

14. Dreams
Study of particular remedy
Study of a group of remedies

15. Combination of topics
Illusions and its interpretations
Fear, fright, – its expressions
Love and hate- its expressions in homeopathy

16. Repertorial analysis –
Of various disease conditions – dermatitis, sterility, etc
Of various remedy groups- acids, metals, noble gases, etc

17. Study of intermittent fevers by HC Allen
18. Scope of repertory in clinical practice
19. Card repertories-

Evolution, clinical utility
Comparison between the different card repertories

20. Discuss the rubric “ailments from” in the repertory.
21. Model repertory construction
22. Create New repertory-
Warts repertory
Hand repertory
Asthma repertory
Children disorder rep
Female conditions
Renal disorders
Skin diseases

1 Diseases of neonates and homoeopathic management-
Neonatal jaundice
Bronchial asthma
Breast feeding problems
Lactose intolerance
Asphyxia neonatorum

2. Miasmatic management of children’s diseases.
3. Diseases of young children and homoeopathic management

Chronic colds
Nocturnal enuresis
Weight management
Obesity in children
Delayed milestones
Problem eaters
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder)
Dentition disorders
4.Common clinical conditions in children and Homoeopathic management

6. Homoeopathic Approach to a case of Mental retardation.

Courtesy :

Homoeopathy in Haemophilia – A project Work

Dr Tapas K Kundu

An attempt for the betterment of these Haemophilics

The working Team of the Project
Chief Investigator
Dr. Tapas K. Kundu B.H.M.S., P.G.D.P.C., M.S.

Dr. Mrs. Rita Kundu B.H.M.S.

Dr. Afroz Shaikh. B.H.M.S.
Dr. Samina Shaikh. B.H.M.S.
Dr. Sachin Patil B.H.M.S.
Dr. Amruta Khivsera B.H.M.S.
Dr. Harshada Wani B.H.M.S.
Dr. Priyanka Shah B.H.M.S.

Dr.Ajita Kamble  B.H.M.S

All Haemophilic children

“Reaching out to needy children, Showing them our love and care.
Is one way that God can use us,To bring hope in their despair”   – Sper
Helping through….…Our Hearts… Our Hands… and Homoeopathy 


  1. To fulfill the objectives of HFI i.e CHILD WITHOUT PAIN AND DISABILITY.
  2. To reduce the frequency of bleeding and subsequent reduction in factor infusion and dependency.
  3. Efficacy of Homoeopathic treatment to increase the compliance of the patient in non-bleeding stage- .
  4. To improve the general condition and tolerance of the patients.
  5. To find the cost effectiveness of Homoeopathy.


  1. Haemophilic patients do not undergo any medication other than Physiotherapy during non bleeding phase.
  2. Since Homoeopathy treats the patient as a whole, i.e. spirit, mind and body, the scope of this therapy do remain in this phase also.
  3.  As Homoeopathy is very economical and today’s scientific world promotes interpathy research, so why not to use this golden opportunity for the betterment of these patients.
  4.  The drug proving protocol allows Homoeopathy to treat the patients from phase two medication, i.e. directly on human beings without undergoing the animal trial phase.

It is a double arm clinical trial under the umbrella of interpathy research aimed at improvement of the quality of life of the haemophilic patients.

  • First camp held on 21st December 2007 at Lifeline Hospital, Nashik.
  • Every monthly follow ups planned.
  • Case Report Format (CRF) prepared.
  • Patients were informed as per their contact details available from the register of Haemophilia Society, Nashik Chapter.
  • First Sunday of every month the camp used to be held at my clinic in upnagar.
  • The complaints of patients were recorded as per the CRF.
  • In every follow up the complaints of patients were evaluated taking in consideration the following points:-
  • Changes in the behaviour

General condition

  • Episodes of spontaneous bleeding, swelling or ecchymosis or any injury.
  • Bleeding time and control measures
  • Healing time
  • As per homoeopathic principles one month medicine given to all the patients.

Trial Period : 1Year (21st December 2007 to 7th December 2008)


SEX: Male

AGE GROUP: Our patients are within the age group of 6 months to 40 years

PURPOSEFUL INTERVENTION: Preventive & therapeutic.


  1. Selecting the population for study: Haemophilia patients of Nashik Chapter.
  2. Taking thorough case as per CRF based on Homoeopathic principles.
  3. Administration of Homoeopathic Medicine based on Homoeopathic principles.
  4. Follow up.
  5. Verification and Documentation of the data obtained.

6) Outcome

7) Statistics

8) Conclusion


 We have successfully achieved our objectives behind this project.

  1. Frequency of requirement of factor VIII and IX             reduced.
  2. By Homoeopathic treatment the compliance of patients in non-bleeding phase increased.
  3. General condition and tolerance of the patients also improved.
  4. It is cost effective.
  5. Above all the objective of HFI i.e CHILD FREE OF PAIN AND DISABILITY also achieved.

Points to be Remembered By Hemophilics :-

  • Don’t’t panic during the episode of any type of bleeding
  • Try to control bleeding by pressure immediately
  • Apply ice locally
  • Use local thrombostatic agents, HamamelisQ locally along with ice
  • Consult your doctor whenever necessary 

Thus it is rightly said, “Research is RE-SEARCH of the established or the partially established facts in altered situations”.

Dr. Tapas  K. Kundu B.H.M.S.(Cal ) P.G.D.P.C., M.S
Consulting Homoeopath and Psychological Counselor
Professor of Medicine and Pathology
Motiwala Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital
Ex. Senator, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik
Consulting Physician in Charitable Homoeopathic dispensary,
Shri Ramkrishna-Sarada Ashram, Chandsi, Nashik

Download full paper :

Homeopathic Management of Renal Calculi

Dr G K Shangloo,Dr.Sharad Shangloo,Dr.Sunit Shangloo

Abstract of the paper:
This is a very valuable paper in the field of homoeopathy .It help us establish the role of homoeopathy is surgical diseases like Renal stone. It shows us that the removal of the stone if not the solution to the problem either by surgery of lithotripsy is same as plucking up all the fruits from a tree. But in the next season the i.e. after some time the stone will be formed again. . As the stone is not the cause of the root cause of the problem but it is the offshoot of the derangement the vital force.
But, instead with the homoeopathic treatment the stone is not only removed from the body but its reformation chances are also greatly reduced due to proper homoeopathic treatment.

Objective: –
The objective of this paper is to establish the definite and a positive role of homoeopathy in curing renal stones.

Material and Method: –
This research work is done in the general clinical practice in India. In this work the well-proven homoeopathic medicines were used according to the principles of homoeopathy on the individualization basis.

Renal stones a name with which every one here is familiar. So, I will not waste time in telling you the things you already know.i.e how the stones are formed, what is its pathology and pathogenesis etc.
But I will tell you why one should opt for homeopathy in case of renal stones.
We all know that the renal stones are formed due to the defect in the excretory system i.e. supersaturating, physical and chemical factors like initial formation of crystals, reduced effect of normal urinary
Constituents that inhabits crystal growth and aggregation. Prolonged immobilization. Altered solute and colloid.
So, the removal of the stone if not the solution to the problem either by surgery of lithotripsy is same as plucking up all the fruits from a tree. But in the next season the i.e. after some time the stone will be formed again. . As the stone is not the cause of the root cause of the problem but it is the offshoot of the derangement the vital force.

Case Studies.
From the homeopathic point of view the factors leading to its formation are generally syphilitic or sycotic.
Here I will put forth to you two points:

Now the narration of cases:
Case 1
AGE-24 years,Sex- female, Case No.-39-28

The patient came to our research center on 25.5.2001 with the U.S.G report dated 7.5.3001 showing Left renal calculus of 8mm in the lower calyx with mild hydronephrosis.
Symptoms: –
Pain stitching type in the left kidney region with burning in urine
Pain > lying on back
<Urination after, motion
Desires salty things
Increased thirst for cold water even in winters
Mental condition
Increased anger, expressive, irritable, thinks too much, nervous weeps easily
Hot patient
Increased perspiration
Menses early without pain lasts for two days with dark scanty blood with stringy clots
Since 2 years.

Past history week and ill health in the child hood
Father had the history suppressed syphilis
After considering the complete case the medicine was selected to be syphylinum200 two doses at 15 minutes interval along with Berbers vulgaris Q five drops 4 times a day in 1/4th cup of water as a drainage remedy.
The date wise analysis is mentioned in the article printed in the sovouner.
In between there were severe colic, which increased and decreased suddenly and the patient felt better by warmth application and pressure. The single dose of Mangnesia Phos 200 cured that ailment.
Syphylinum as repeated only after ten to 15 days as and when required.
The medicine was continued for the period of four months and the new ultra sound was done on and it suggested a normal study.

Name of the patient- Mr. Qumar Siddiqui
Age-38 years,Sex- Male.Case No.- 236-28
Symptoms: –
U.S.G on 7.2.2001 shows small right renal calculus of 4 mm in the middle calyx.
Mild stitching pain all the time < taking meat and spicy food Evening to whole of night.
>Urination after
Pain in fore head along with pain in renal region and retention of urine.
Had pain in the back since he was caught under a heavy weight 6 to 7 years back which is< sitting and standing and there was no complaint during motion.
Heart burn after eating fatty food > cold drinks, passing flatus, eructation’s.
Forgetful since 3 years after a severe shock due to loss in business.
Nightfall when there is accumulation of flatus in the abdomen.
Bleeding piles summers.
Appetite less
Thirst for cold water with dryness of mouth.
Severe constipation stool hard.
Had past history of malaria and ring worm
Had syphilis 10 years back .All the problems started after that.
Had the family history of Koch’ s and cancer.

17.1. 2001- the medicine, which came out after the complete repertorisation of the case, was Medorrihnum 200 single dose once a week alternated with Lycopodium 200 single dose the next week. In this case also Berberis vulgaris Q was given as a drainage remedy. Five drops four times a day.

The process was continued just for 2 months and the patient reported that he had felt something passing in the urine. So, The Ultrasound was advised which was done on 31.1.2002 and there was no trace of either stone or hydronephrosis

Now I would like to show you few of our memorable cases in cured by us in quick view.
Firstly, I would like you to take note of case of
Mr.Ram Lal:- I t is the case of largest stone which is cured by us in our research center and the most complicated one too. A stone of 30 MM and an irregular growth of 35m*65mm were found
After our treatment neither stone nor growth was there.
2] Mr. Kamaldeep’s Case. A stone of 9.6mm in the middle calyx and a stone of 6.5mm in upper part of left ureter.
After our treatment no stone or hydronephrosis was seen.
3] Mr.Lakshman’s case
A stone of 8mm in the lower end of ureter with hydronephrosis of left kidney.
After our treatment no stone was found.
4] The last case was Mr.Rupesh Singh.
Stone of 8mm in the Right kidney with hydronephrosis.
Complete cure after our treatment.

In this case the well-proven homoeopathic medicines were selected for the individual patients on the basis of smptomatic analysis.
The patients were advised not to take raw onion or garlic.
They were advised to take plenty of water and not to have tomato, leafy vegetables or raw calcium in crude form.

How to prescribe for the patient:
Rare uncommon Peculiar Symptoms

No. Of Patients entered- 291
No. Of patients who followed the protocol-206
No. Of patients which improved-180
No. Of patients with complete dissolution of Stone-128
NO. Of patients whose size reduced but no dissolution-52
Success rate Cure-62.13%
Rate of Response to Homoeopathy-87.33%

Discussion and Conclusions.
Now I will take few moments of yours and would like to share with you few tips that I had learnt from my father who is an internationally renowned homeopath and is still serving the humanity by curing in curable cases.

There are few tips in dealing with renal stone cases
The treatment of renal stone is generally done in two phases. They are as follows: –
1] Management of acute stage i.e. renal pain
2] Medicine selected on the totality of symptoms, which not only removes the stone but also stops its reformation.
Generally both the phases of treatment are intermingled together. But in some cases where there is acute pain and retention of urine then the medicine is selected on the basis of symptoms presented by the patient
In this acute stage and medicines like Magnesia phos, belladonna, Causticum , and Cantharis are given as and when required.
The symptoms on which the above mentioned medicines are prescribed
Cantharis: The guiding symptoms, which lead to its prescription, are burning
Emotional stress and suppressed emotions are one of the factors which play an important role in renal stone formation .So, the medicine Staphysagria when the patient has suppressed anger and Ignatia when he has intense or prolonged grief.
Another thing which may be helpful in curing cases of renal stones when the well selected remedy fails is the repeated suppression of eruptions on the body generally on the groins which one had suffered in the past and had been removed by external application of ointments or use of allopathic drugs
The medicine Graphite’s if the eruptions were with wet and sticky discharge and Sulphur if they are dry.
History of syphilis or gonorrhea in the patient or in the history of on the patient’s family demands Syphilinum as an intercurrent remedy.
Hence we conclude that homoeopathy has got an important role to play in dealing with renal stone cases.

Dr.G.K.Shangloo,Dr.Sharad Shangloo,Dr.Sunit Shangloo
Meera Shangloo Homeopathic Research,70/59, Rani Mandi,Allahabad.

homeo medicines1

Scientific Evidences about Homoeopathy

homeo medicines1Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma
Dr. (Km) Ruchi Rajput

It has always been pondered whether homoeopathy is an art, science, or merely a placebo. To combat antagonism, innumerous scientific researches have been carried out to sustain Homoeopathy as a complete scientific system. These researches may be grouped as under.

Early researches in homeopathy
The actual and original research in homoeopathy was carried out by Hahnemann himself. With the researches upon cinchona bark juice upon himself, he discovered the law of similimum, the universal law of cure- ‘similia similibus curentur’. He appreciated the increased efficacy of medicines with reducing their quantity but only by a complicated process of dilution with successions, in successive steps, called as potentization/ drug dynamization.

Modern researches in homeopathy
After Hahnemann, the research did not stop but increased multifold. The following are important research works done for homoeopathic development and scientific approval.

First double blind study
This cross-over study ever performed was done by homoeopaths. This impressive study was done concurrently in eleven different cities on fifteen subjects. This particular experiment consisted of 665 pages, which was the research proving of belladonna. [Howard P. Bellows. The test drug proving of the O.O. and L. Society: a reproving of Belladonna (Boston: the American homoeopathic ophthalmological, otological, and laryngological society. 1906).]

Comparative studies about result of homeopathic and other treatments
In 1980s, a book was published called “the logic of figures or comparative results of homeopathic and other treatments. This book provides dozens of charts comparing morbidity and mortality rates in homeopathic and allopathic hospitals. This also included the epidemic diseases of scarlet fever, yellow fever, typhoid etc. The homeopathic hospitals usually had 50 to 80% less deaths per 100 people, depending on the disease compared.

A double blind homoeopathy study was sponsored by the British government during World War II; the experiment demonstrated that those given homeopathic remedies experienced significant improvement in burns from mustard gas in comparison to those given a placebo. A 1982 review provided further substantiation of the statistical significance of the homeopathy research. [J. Paterson. “Report on mustard gas experiments,” Journal of the American institute of homeopathy. 37 (1944): 47-50. 88-92. R.M.M. Owen and G. Ives, “The mustard gas experiments of the British homeopathic society: 1941-1942,” proceedings of the 35th international homeopathic congress. 1982, pp. 258-259.]

Laboratory evidence
The “infinitesimal” nature or the dilution principle of homeopathy has been the main criticism of the scientific community. Homeopaths do agree that once a remedy is diluted beyond 24x or 12c potencies, it is diluted beyond Avogadro’s number (6.23 x 10-23) which theoretically indicates that no molecules are present in the original substance. However, both laboratory and clinical results over the last 200 years have demonstrated definite effectiveness with homeopathic remedies beyond this dilution.

A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study showed that twenty-three different homeopathic remedies and potencies tested had distinctive readings of submolecular activity, while the placebos did not. This demonstrates Homoeopathy’s energetic function overriding chemical one. As chiropractors, one observes dramatic clearing of sensory nerve interference and pathological reflex activity causing chronic recurring subluxation activity and disease.[Adam Sacks- “Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of homoeopathic remedies,” Journal of holistic medicine, 5 (fall-winter 1983): 172-175: RB. Smith and G.W. Boericke, “Changes caused by succussion on N.M.R, patterns and bioassay of bradykinin triacetate (BKTA) succussions and dilution journal of the American institute of homoeopathy, 61 (November December 1968): 197-212.]

Antiviral studies
A double-blinded study has shown that out of ten, eight homoeopathic remedies inhibited viruses in chicken embryos from 50 to 100 percent depending on the potencies used. [L.M. Singh and G. Gupta, “antiviral efficacy of homoeopathic drugs against animal viruses,” British homeopathic journal, 74 (July 1985): 168-174.]

Heavy metal studies
A study showed that homeopathic doses of arsenic eliminated crude doses of trapped arsenic that had been previously fed to rats. [J.C. Cazin et al. “A study of the effect of decimal and centesimal dilution of Arsenic on retention and mobilization of Arsenic in the rat,” Human toxicology, July 1987.]

Serum cholesterol studies
At a veterinary college scientists have showed that homeopathic remedy chelidonium had lowered serum cholesterol when given twice a day to rabbits on a cholesterol rich diet.[v. Baumans, C.J. Bol, W.M.T. Owe Luttikhuis, and A.C. Beynen. “Does Chelidonium 3x lower serum cholesterol?” British homeopathic journal, 76 (January 1987): 14-15.]

Labor problems studies
Several studies have been conducted demonstrating how homeopathic remedies had reduced labor problems in cattle, still births in pigs, and mastitis in cattle. [Christopher Day, “Control of stillbirths in pigs using homoeopathy.” veterinary record, 114 (march 3, 1984): 216 reprinted in American institute of homeopathy, 779 (December 1986): 146-147. Christopher Day, “Clinical trials in bovine mastitis: use of nosodes for prevention,” British homoeopathic journal, 75 (January 1986): 11-15.]

A double-blind trial using a homeopathic formula to treat pregnant women found to reduce labor time and decrease abnormal labor. The average labor time of the women given the homeopathic remedy was 5.1 hours, while the placebo group was 8.5 hours. Only 11.3 percent of the women given the homeopathic medicine had any abnormal labor, while 40 percent of the placebo group had an abnormal labor. [PierreD, Marie Noel Lasserre and Max Tetau, “Preparation a l’accounchement par homeopathie: experimentation en double-insu versus placebo” (preparation for birth by homoeopathy; experimentation by double-blind versus placebo), Cahrs de Biotherapie. 94 (april 1987): 77-81.]

Anti-cancer studies
It has been found that out of the 77 mice that received a transplant in fibrosarcoma, 52 percent survived more than one year with homeopathic remedies. The 77 mice that were untreated died within 10-15 days.[H. Choudhury, “Cure of cancer in experimental mice with certain biochemic salts,” British homoeopathic journal, 69 (1980): 168-170.]

Pain control studies
Scientists have found that rodents given Hypericum were able to inhibit pain responses. Rodents were able to remain on a hot plate longer than the control group. When given Naloxone, which inhibits pain killing endorphins, the protective effects of Hypericum was reduced, showing that homeopathic Hypericum activates endorphins when needed. Those rodents were free to walk off the hot plate whenever discomfort was noticed. [G.R. Keysall, K.L. Williamson, and B.D. Tolman. “The testing of some Homoeopathic preparations in rodents, “proceedings of the 40th international homeopathic congress (Lyon. France, 1985). Pp. 228-231]

Allergy studies
Studies have shown that homeopathic Apis and Histamine have a significant effect on reducing the release of certain allergy causing chemicals from basophils, which demonstrates one reason for homeopathy’s positive effects on allergies. [Jean Boiron. Jacky Abecassls and Philippe Belon- “the effects of Hahnemannian potencies of 7c Histaminum and 7c Apis mellifica upon basophil degranulation in allergic patients.” aspects of research in Homoeopathy (Lyon: Boiron, 1983), pp. 61-66.]

Immune function studies
It has been shown that homeopathic remedy silica had a significant effect on stimulating macrophages in mice, which destroy foreign particles, bacteria, and old cells. [Elizabeth Davenas. Bernard Poitevin, and Jacques Benveniste, effect on mouse peritoneal macrophages of orally administered very high dilutions of Silica, “European journal of pharmacology. 135 (April 1987): 313-319.]

Rheumatoid arthritis studies
A double-blind homeopathy experiment on patients with rheumatoid arthritis has shown that 82 percent of the patients treated with homeopathic medicine experienced some relief of symptoms, while only 21 percent of those given a placebo experienced any similar degree of improvement. [P.G. Gibson, s. L.M. Gibson, Ad. Macneil. Et al. “Homoeopathic therapy in rheumatoid arthritis: evaluation double-blind controlled trial,” British journal of clinical pharmacology, 9 (1980): 453-459.]

Dental neuralgia studies
A double-blind homeopathy trial was conducted on patients with dental neuralgic pain following tooth extraction. 76 percent of those given the homeopathic medicine Arnica and Hypericum experienced relief of pain.[Henry Albertini et al.. “Homoeopathic treatment of neuralgia using arnica and Hypericum: a summary of 60 observations,” Journal of the American institute of homoeopathy. 78 (September 1985): 126-128.]

Vertigo & nausea studies
A study demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in reducing vertigo and nausea with a homeopathic remedies. [C.F. Claussen, J. Bergmann. G. Bertora .and E. Claussen. “Homoeopathische kombinatlon bel vertigo and nausea.” Arzneim. Forsch/drug res., 34(1984) 1791-98.]

Water- Memory Theory
Science cannot explain how such highly diluted solutions could have an effect that is until the French biologist Jacques Benveniste came along. Working at his laboratory in Paris, Dr Benveniste formulated the idea that water retains a “memory” of what has been dissolved in it and that it is this memory that results in the homoeopathic effect. In 1988 Dr. Benveniste published a study in the journal Nature in support of his water-memory theory. He claimed his experiments showed that an ultra-dilute solution exerted a biological effect. The ‘memory of water’ is a popular phrase that is mostly associated with homeopathy and Jacques Benveniste following his and others’ allergy research work. The main evidence against water having a memory is that of the very short (~ps) lifetime of hydrogen bonds between the water molecules Clearly in the absence of other materials or surfaces, the specific hydrogen bonding pattern surrounding a solute does not persist when the solute is removed any more than would a cluster around any specified water molecule, or else water would not know which of its myriad past solutes took preference. A recent NMR study shows no stable (>1 ms, >5 μM) water clusters are found in homoeopathic preparations. It should, however, be noted that the lifetime of hydrogen bonds does not control the lifetime of clusters in the same way that a sea wave may cross an ocean, remaining as a wave and with dependence on its history, but with its molecular content continuously changing. Also, the equilibrium concentration of any clusters is governed by thermodynamics not kinetics. As applied to homoeopathy, the ‘memory of water’ concept should also be extended to the memory of aqueous ethanol preparations. Addition of ethanol to water adds an important further area of complexity. Ethanol forms solutions in water that are far from ideal and very slow to equilibrate. [J. A. V. Butler, The energy and entropy of hydration of organic compounds. Trans. Faraday Soc. 33 (1937) 229-238.]. [V. Kräutler, M. Müller and P. H. Hünenberger, Conformation, dynamics, solvation and relative stabilities of selected β-hexopyranoses in water: a molecular dynamics study with the GROMOS 45A4 force field, Carbohydr. Res. 342 (2007) 2097-2124.] [G. Jákli, The H2O-D2O solvent isotope effects on the molar volumes of alkali-chloride solutions at T= (288.15, 298.15 and 308.15) K, J. Chem. Thermodynamics 39 (2007) 1589-1600.].

Hydroxyl ion Theory
The molecules of lactose, water and ethanol have only -OH group in common. The oxygen atom in the -OH group, due to sp3 hybridization, has four equivalent valency orbitals. Two of these have bond pair electrons and the other two unshared lone pair electrons. The latter having no definite higher energy levels, can be raised, in small steps, to any desired energy level and hence play the basic role here. The organic solvent DMSO (Dimethyl-Sulphoxide) has lone pair electrons but no -OH group and does not serve as a diluent medium, emphasizing the role of the lone pair electrons of the -OH groups. [Davenas, E., Nature 333 (30 June 1988) 816-818.]

Resonant Promotion Theory
During forceful triturations and impacted succussions the outermost electron shell of the solute drug molecules comes repeatedly in close proximity with those of the diluent molecules. This induces resonant promotion of the lone pair electrons of the diluent -OH groups, in small steps, to energy levels of the chemically active electrons of drug molecules. The diluent molecules thus acquire the chemically exchangeable energy and hence the chemical specificity of the drug molecule to get “potentized” with the drug. During serial dilutions of potency preparation the original drug molecules get eliminated and the diluent molecules resonantly promoted by them take over the resonant promotion of the unpromoted diluent molecules. These considerations have experimental support. [Smith RB Jr & Boericke GW. Modern instrumentation for the evaluation of homoeopathic drug structure. Hahnemannian Gleanings 41 (1974) 99-119.  Boiron J & Vinh CLD. Contribution to the study of the physical homoeopathic dilution by Raman laser effect. Hahnemannian Gleanings 43 (1976) 455-467.]

Nerve stimulation studies
Karen Nieber, a professor of pharmacology, put a rat’s intestine in a fluid culture medium and used organic threads to fix it to a sensor so that she could measure any shortening of the intestine caused by cramps. Then she added a stimulant (atropine) to the fluid culture medium to produce severe cramps in the rat’s intestine. The intestine shrank and the scales showed a strong traction. When she then added belladonna X 90 to the culture medium, the intestine relaxed and the scales showed less traction. This proved that homeopathy is effective in the absence of any material substances – and in 2003 she won the € 10,000 Hans Heinrich Reckeweg award. [ECH GENERAL ASSEMBLY – XVIII Symposium of GIRI 12 to 14th of November 2004 Scientific Report- Chang FY, Lee SD, et al. Rat gastrointestinal motor responses mediated via activation of neurokinin receptors. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1999;14:39-45. Cristea A, Nicula S, Darie V. Pharmacodynamic effects of very high dilutions of belladonna on the isolated rat duodenum. In: Bastide M(ed), Signals and Images. Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997:161-170.]

The above all the studies and of course, innumerous more, clearly prove that Homoeopathy is an absolutely scientific system and no contest is needed to question its efficacy. Of course, further researches are needed to answer all the pertinent questions in lingo of science to shut the mouths up of the ignorant people unnecessarily doing mess about in the meadow of Homoeopathy.

Homoeo Cure Research Centre P. Ltd. NH 74- Moradabad Road,Kashipur (UTTARANCHAL) – INDIA
Email :

Homeopathic Clinical Trial Protocol Guidelines

Dr Vipul Gandhi

Homoeopathic Clinical Research is the task ahead in Homoeopathy. I have made efforts in compiling the guidelines for preparing Homoeopathic Clinical trial Protocol/ Clinical Technical document( CTD)

General Information:
1. Protocol title, protocol identifying number and date. Any amendments should also bear the amendment numbers and dates.
2. Name and address of the Sponsor and monitor.
3. Name and title of the investigator who is responsible for conducting the trial and address and telephone numbers of the trial site
4. Names and addresses of the clinical laboratory and other medical and/ or technical departments and/ or institutions involved in the trial.

1. Background information:
1.1 Name and description of the investigational products
1.2 A Summary of findings from non clinical studies that potentially have clinical significance and from clinical trials that are relevant to the trial
1.3 Summary of the known and potential risks and benefits , if any, to human subjects
1.4 Description of , and justification for, the route of administration , dosage, dosage regimen and treatment period
1.5 A statement that the trial will be conducted in compliance with the protocol , Good Clinical practices and the requirements of Central council of research in Homoeopathy.
1.6 References to literature and data that are relevant to the trial and that provide background for the trial

2. Trial objectives and purpose:
2.1 A detailed description of the objectives and purpose of the trial.

3.Trial design:
3.1 A description of the type /design of the trial to be conducted ( e.g. double blind, placebo controlled, parallel design) and a schematic diagram of trial design , procedure and stages.
3.2 A description of the trial treatments and the dosage regimen of the investigational products
3.3 the expected duration of subject participation and a description of the sequence and duration of all trial periods including follow up , if any
3.4 A description of the Drop[ out criteria for individual subjects ,parts of the trial and the entire trial
3.5 Accountability procedures for the investigational products , including the placebos
3.6 maintenance of trial treatment codes and procedures for breaking codes

4.Selection and withdrawal of subjects:
4.1 Subject inclusion criteria
4.2 Subject exclusion criteria
4.3 Subject withdrawal criteria( i.e. terminating investigational product treatment/ trial treatment) and procedures specifying:
a) when and how to withdraw subjects from the trial/ investigational product treatment
b) The type and timing of the data o be collected from withdrawn subjects
c) Whether and how subjects are to be replaced
d) The follow up for subjects withdrawn from investigational product treatment / trial treatment

5. Treatment of Subjects:
5.1 The treatment to be administered including the names of all the products , the doses , the dosing schedules , the route/modes of administration and the treatment periods including the follow up period for subjects for each investigational product treatment/ trial treatment.
5.2 Medication / treatment permitted and not permitted before and or during the trial.
5.3 Procedures for monitoring subject compliance

6. Assessment of efficacy and safety
6.1 Specification of efficacy parameters
6.2 Methods and timing for assessing , recording and analyzing of efficacy parameters
6.3 specifications of safety parameters
6.4 Procedures for eliciting report of and for recording and reporting adverse event and intercurrent illnesses
6.5 The type and duration for follow up of subjects after adverse events .

7. Statistics
7.1 a description of the statistical methods to be employed , including timing of any planned interim analysis
7.2 the number of subjects planned to be enrolled , In multicentric trials , the numbers of enrolled subjects projected for each trial site should be specified . reason for choice of sample size , including reflections on the power of the trial and clinical justification
7.3 significance tests to be used
7.4 criteria for termination of trial
7.5 procedure for accounting for missing , unused and spurious data.
7.6 Procedures for reporting any deviation s from the original statistical plan which should be justified in the final report
7.7 The selection of subjects to be included in the analysis ( e.g. all randomized subjects , all dosed subjects, all eligible subjects, invaluable subjects)

8. Direct access to source data / document
8.1 The sponsor should ensure that it is specified in the protocol or other written agreement that the investigator/ institution will permit trial related monitoring , audits , institutional review board / independent ethics committee review and regulatory inspections , providing direct access to source data / documents .
8.2 Data handling and record keeping

9. Ethics
9.1 Description of ethical considerations relating to the trial

10. Quality control and quality assurance
10.1.1 The medicine used in the study shall comply with the pharmacopial and quality standards
10.2 financing and insurance
10.3 publication policy

Dr Vipul Gandhi
Reader , Department of Medicine
D, Y . Patil Homoeopathic College. Pimpri, Pune
Email : drvipulrg@yahoo.comv

A step backwards to Hahnemann

A step forwards that makes sense – or a step backwards to the days before Hahnemann?*
An international discussion about modern trends, diversity of methods and genuine homoeopathy including contributions, comments and articles from:

J. Winston, A. Saine, J. Shepperd, J. Scholten, K. S. Srinivasan, D. Spinedi, J. Baur, R. Moskowitz, K.-H. Gypser, D. Chhabra, W. Buschauer, N. Tessler, B.D. Patel, A. Rohrer, H. Frei, P. König, Ph. Servais, D.H. Chand, J. Jacobs, P. Wright, R. Sankaran, G. Dimitriadis, F. Kusse, L. Fäh, J. Wichmann and approx. 70 other authors
A series of articles by the Society of Homoeopathic Physicians in Schleswig-Holstein and the Hanseatic cities, Germany.
Editors: K. Habich, C. Kösters, J. Rohwer

In recent decades we have seen homoeopathy spread on a wide scale – however, at the same time there has also been a considerable increase in schools of thought, trends and in attempts to develop homoeopathy. These various schools of thought differ greatly in part with regard to content. The only thing they seem to have in common is that they all go by the name of homoeopathy.

During our studies many of us were not even confronted with homoeopathy as practiced by its original masters during or directly following Hahnemann’s lifetime. A number of colleagues are in search of the best method and visit one seminar after the other, go from one teacher to the next. And following their search often lasting years on end, a lot of them lack orientation and the outcome of new methods has led to disappointment in practice.

Basically the same thing happened to Hahnemann, and in the end it was his own disappointment regarding the speculative methods of medicine of his time that initiated the search for new approaches. His main concern here was how to achieve certainty of cure. By applying the method of pure observation and pure empiricism, he succeeded in doing so during his lifetime and called this healing method homoeopathy.

This is why only such methods which treat according to the law of similars can be referred to as homoeopathy, when the respective methodic approach is able in theory and practice to lead to the same or greater certainty of cure, as does the method of pure empiricism and pure observation with regard to Hahnemannian homoeopathy.

In the December 2000 issue of the North American journal “Homeopathy Today”, editor Julian Winston asked following question: If the Materia medica is supplemented by concepts, theories and hypotheses, if cases are introduced whether they are based on meditation provings, the doctrine of signatures or theories, can these really still be designated as homoeopathy?

In a direct response, 21 internationally well-known colleagues (amongst others R. Morrison, J. Shore, N. Herrick, C. Hiwat, H. van der Zee, S. Sankaran, D. Collins) wrote a letter to the editor in which they urged Julian Winston to resign from his position as editor.

A debate followed in North American homoeopathic journals, which we believe should be engaged in by as many homoeopaths as possible on an international level due to its significance. We sent out 150-200 letters to colleagues around the world which included documents of this discussion. Well into the year of 2003 we collected statements and articles concerning this topic, which eventually filled up 400 to 500 pages.

One objection which we have often heard is that this whole debate is superfluous, since the question as to whether or not a certain technique makes sense, is ultimately settled at the patient’s bedside. Generally speaking, this is of course correct. However, this debate does not concern itself primarily with individual prescribing techniques, rather it deals with the fundamental principles of the method. How does our Materia medica evolve and how do provings of remedies work? – What we are dealing with here are development trends that do not directly reveal themselves in individual treatment results, and even if they did do so, they would generally not be recognized as a possible source of error, because they already belong to the unquestionable paradigmas of the individual colleague.

A lot of further questions could be raised: Do dream provings and other similar meditative approaches have the same reliability as classical provings of remedies? Just how valid are our provings of remedies on the whole? Is there even a way of checking the reliability of remedy provings? Can the doctrine of signatures be considered appropriate when it comes to a post hoc case examination or can it be permitted as a reliable method of gaining knowledge? Do we learn anything about whales from a proving of Ambra? Does it get us any further to deal with systematic considerations like “drug families” or the “periodic table of elements”? Can such considerations be made based on rubrics? Can treatment results serve as a permissible confirmation of hypotheses? Is it always so, that he who cures is right? Does homoeopathy have to develop its own theory of science and knowledge – or has it already existed for a long time? Does paying reference to a quotation from Hahnemann provide for sufficient evidence in homoeopathy? What about making reference to a hermetic world view and to the tradition of shamanism – does this constitute a basis for homoeopathy that makes sense or does it just shift problems towards a nirwana in the epistemological sense?

We do not consider this documentation as the end but rather as the starting point of a broad debate relating to the methodology and scientific character of homeopathy as well as to ways of establishing the validity of homoeopathy.

The articles read reveal a lot of very rational lines of thought and we learned a great deal from them. We hope this publication will encourage colleagues here and abroad to occupy themselves with the fundamentals of homoeopathy and that they will be more critical in dealing with new ideas and speculations which often appear promising at the start, but unfortunately often do not lead to any more certainty of cure in practice.

You can read up on this complete documentation on the web under A CD-Rom is currently being worked on, in particular for those interested who do not have access to the internet. Printed copies are also available on request.

Translation: Judith Widderich

Dr. Klaus Habich Curt Kösters Dr. Jochen Rohwer
Adenauerallee 1 Eggerstedtstraße 56/58 Schwartauer Allee 10
22297 Hamburg 22765 Hamburg 23554 Lübeck
Germany Germany Germany

*This information first appeared in “Allgemeine Homoeopathische Zeitung” (AHZ 2004; 249:303-304), published by Haug Verlag in MVS Medizinverlage, Stuttgart, Germany ( It is presented here with kind permission of the publishing house

Arndt Schultz Law and its applications in Homeopathy

Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma
Email :

According to the Arndt Schultz Law, substances vary in action depending on whether the concentration is high, medium, or low.High concentrations kill; medium concentrations suppress or inhibit; and low, or minute concentrations stimulate. Over a century ago Schultz’s experiments (1888) showed that many chemical agents had the effect of stimulating the growth and respiration of yeast. The phenomenon became known as the Arndt-Schultz Law and was widely referred to in the pharmacological literature for over 30 years and became one of the scientific principles.

Hueppe (1896) at about that time made similar observations on bacteria, apparently unaware of Schultz’s experiments. His generalization became known as Hueppe’s Rule. Long before them both, the German alchemist and physician Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim ((1493-1541), who coined for himself the name Paracelsus, had recognized with respect to the medical use of small amounts of toxic chemicals that their efficacy depended principally on the dose. Such ideas are perhaps more easily accepted nowadays, when it is in the experience of most to use the stimulatory effects of alcohol, caffeine or nicotine, all of which are toxic at high concentrations.

Much later Southam and Ehrlich (1943) studied the effect of a natural antibiotic in cedar wood that inhibits the growth of wood-decaying fungi. They found that subinhibitory concentrations of the antibiotic had the reverse effect and stimulated fungal growth. The term “hormesis” was coined to describe it.

Some of the observations have an interesting origin.
In the later stages of World War II, when supplies of penicillin were in such short supply, work of Miller et al. (1945) explained why reducing the dose to make short supplies of the new drug go further sometimes had the reverse of the desired effect. At low doses penicillin actually stimulated the growth of Staphylococcus.

Arndt – Schultz Law and Microcurrent Therapy Microcurrent therapy, commonly referred as MENS (Microcurrent Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation), is extremely small pulsating currents of electricity.

These currents are finely tuned to the level of the normal electrical exchanges which take place at body’s cellular level. These currents being more biologically compatible than any other electrical stimulation device. MENS have the ability to penetrate the cell – as opposed to passing over the cell as other stimulation devices do. It works on ARNDT – SCHULTZ Law which states that: “Weak stimuli increases physiological activity and very strong stimuli inhibit or abolish activity.”

This subsensory current normalizes the ordinary activity taking place within the cell if it has been injured or otherwise compromised.

The external addition of microcurrent will increase the production of ATP, protein synthesis, oxygenation, ion exchange, absorption of nutrients, elimination of waste products, and neutralizes the oscillating polarity of deficient cells. Homeostasis is restored.

The biologically sensitive stimulation effect of microcurrent picks up where the body’s own electrical current fails, as the human body must adhere to the natural law of electricity which is: “electricity must take path of least resistance.” Therefore, its electrical current is destined to move around an injury or defect, rather than through it.
By normalizing cell activity, inflammation is reduced while collagen producing cells are increased. Healthy cell metabolism creates a healthy, pain free internal environment. Arndt – Schultz Law and Homoeopathy-Law of Minimum Dose The similimum remedy works in a sick individual while administered in minimum possible dose. The minute dose means that smallest quantity of a medicine which is sufficient to produce the least possible excitation of the vital force. This concept of minimum dose led to the discovery of potentisation theory.

Administration of the minimum dose has the following advantages:
&#61558; No unwanted reaction
&#61558; The specific dynamic action which produces
the uncommon, characteristic, distinguished symptoms of the drug.
&#61558; Not any chance of organic damage nor there do any risk of drug addiction and drug effects.
The concept of minimum dose can be verified by Arndt-Schultz law that small doses stimulate, medium doses suppress and large doses kill. In other words, the action of small and very large doses of the same substance on living matter is opposite.

The Law of Least Action, formulated by Maupertius, the French mathematician, states: “The quantity of action necessary to affect any change in nature is the least possible; the decisive amount is always a minimum, an infinitesimal.”

Health is a theme of ideal equilibrium, perfect balance, trivial circumstances may persuade it, and so may it be balanced by the least possible medication.

The second Law is the most controversial: use the infinitesimal dose, a dose so small that no molecules are left in the substance resulting in a gentle speedy, cure, with no side effects, allergic reactions or toxic after effects.

Arndt-Schultz says that, “Minimal doses of a drug stimulate, medium doses inhibit or suppress and large doses destroy cellular activity.” Pasteur should have known this when he introduced his rabies vaccination, killing thousands of innocent people before he finally reduced the doses. This was 1888 and unfortunately, he did not learn from the genius of Hahnemann who already 100 years before Pasteur and Koch, cured epidemics of scarlatina, typhoid, cholera, syphilis, gonorrhea and TB. That success alone has given Hahnemann his well-deserved place in history but he did so much more. However, the potency of homeopathic medicines is believed to increase with their dilution over many orders of magnitude, rather than restricted to a narrow range of concentrations like hormesis.

Arndt – Schultz Law and Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) & Physiotherapy
Electrotherapy and low-level laser are used in physiotherapy to assist in the attenuation of pain and to stimulate tissue repair. As such, their application is also bound by the Arndt-Schultz Law of Biomodulation, as described above. Thus, it can be seen that the dosage delivered by the practitioner during a laser treatment is determined by the condition being treated, and the desired therapeutic effect. For example, if the desired effect of an initial treatment is that of pain attenuation, an inhibitory dosage (8.0 to 16.0 Joules/cm2) would be indicated.

Australian research has also shown that dosages of between 0.5 and 5 Joules/cm2 (Laakso et al, 1994) applied to Myofascial Trigger Points will effect an analgesic response through the body’s hormonal/opoid mechanisms. If the desired effect is that of tissue repair, then the required dosage per treatment point will generally fall within the optimal therapeutic window between 0.5 and 5 Joules/cm2. Available laser Output Power may range from 5mW to 500mW, with the higher powers indicated for larger muscle groups and treatment of the back. Near-infrared lasers penetrate further into the tissue. Multi-diode cluster probes may be effective in reducing overall treatment times where large tissue areas are to be treated. However, it must be noted that multi-diode cluster probes generally contain multiple wavelengths, which can lead to a degradation of the effectiveness of laser therapy (Karu, 1998) Treatment will be effected by application of the laser probe to points along tendons and ligaments, and at the origins and insertions of muscles. Larger muscles can be treated by application of the laser in a grid pattern to a series of points across the body of the muscle.

Joint conditions, such as osteoarthritis, can be treated by applying the laser probe to a series of points along the joint line, aiming the probe tip at the articular surface where possible, and to the origins and insertions of muscles around the joint. Open wound healing can be accelerated through laser therapy, by the application of 4 Joules/cm2 to a series of points in a 1cm square grid pattern across the surface of the wound. As a gereral rule, optimal biostimulation is effected by the application of smaller dosages-per-point to more points at the treatment site. Optimal bioinhibition is achieved through applying higher dosages-per-point, but to less treatment points.

Arndt – Schultz Law and LLLT & Acupuncture Laser Acupuncture relies upon similar dosage principles as needling, and knowledge of acupuncture theory and practice is required. Dosage is determined by way of the intended effect, which is generally characterised as to TONIFY or SEDATE Acupuncture Points (APs), Ah-Shi Points, and Trigger Points (TPs).
Basing dosage selection upon the Arndt-Schultz Law, it can be seen that low dosages will TONIFY, whereashigher dosages will SEDATE.
Dosages of 0.5 to 2.5 J/cm2 are reported to be effective in the stimulation (tonification) of superficial Acupuncture Points, with 2.5 to 5.0 J/cm2being effective for deeper APs and Myofascial Trigger Points. Higher dosages (8 – 12 J/cm2) are effective for the sedation of APs.
LEDs and LASERs both generate biomodulatory effects within living tissue, however, most published research
relates to LASER; Therapeutic effects of laser are both wavelength and dosage dependent;
Low dosages stimulate, high dosages inhibit (ref:Arndt-Schultz Law of Biomodulation) – both have therapeutic applications;
Optimal therapeutic window for photobiostimulation -0.5 to 5.0 Joules/cm2;
Optimal Biostimulation: lower dosages per point – more treatment points;
Optimal Bioinhibition: higher dosages per point – less treatment points;
Visible red wavelengths (~620-690 nanometers) -shallow penetration – superficial tissue treatment, eg. wound healing, superficial APs, acne, etc.;

Infra-red wavelengths (~760-1260 nanometers) – deeper penetration – deeper tissue treatment, eg. musculoskeletal injuries, sports therapy, deeper APs and myofascial TPs, also wound healing,etc; High Output Power + Infrared Wavelength + Safe Power Density = Maximum Effective Penetration Treatment parameters to be recorded in minimum terms of Output Power (mW), Beam Spot Size (cm2), Treatment Duration (Seconds), and, Wavelength (nm); Laser therapy works on the principle of inducing a biological response through energy transfer, in that the photonic energy delivered into the tissue by the laser modulates the biological processes within that tissue, and those within the biological system of which that tissue is a part.
The Arndt-Schultz Law of Biomodulation infers that low dosages of photonic energy will stimulate those biological processes, and higher dosages will inhibit them.


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  • Baxter, G. D. (1994) Therapeutic Lasers: Theory and Practice. Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh
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  • Dyson,M. and Yang,S. (1986) Effect of laser therapy on wound contraction and cellularity in mice. Lasers in med. science 1/2,125-130.
  • Grosman. Z. (1976) Effect of laser irradiation on different cell structures. SB Omik Vedeckych Praci
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  • Karu, T. (1998) The Science of Low-Power Laser Therapy. Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, p.xv
  • Kolari,P.J., Hietanen,M., v. Nandelstad,P.,Airaksinen,O. and Pontinen,P.J. (1988) Lasers in physical therapy-measurement of optical output power.
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  • L u c k e y, T.D., 1956. Mode of action of antibiotics evidence from germ – free birds. In: 1st International Conference on the Use of Antibiot ics in Agricult ure. p135. National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC. Laakso, E.L., Cramond, T., Richardson, C., & Galligan, J.P. (1994) Plasma ACTH and b-Endorphin Levels in Response to Low-Level-Laser Therapy (LLLT) for Myofascial Trigger Points. Laser Therapy 6: 133-142 M i l l e r, W.S., Green, C.A. & Kitchen, H., 1945. Biphasic action of penicillin and other similiar sulphonamides. Natur e , Lond., 155, 210-211. Mester & Mester, (1989) Wound Healing. Laser Therapy 1: 7-15
  • Mester,E., Mester,A.E. and Mester,A. (1985) The biomedical effect of laser application. Lasers in surgery and medicine 5, 31-39.
  • Muxeneder,R. (1987). Soft laser in the conservative treatment of chronic skin lesions in the horse. Der Prakt. Tierarzt, 68, No. 1, 12-21.
  • Norton, J.P. & Stebbing, A.R.D., 1984. Measurement and interpretation of growth rate oscillations in a marine yeast. In: Oscillations in Physiological Systems, pp. 67-71. The Institute of Measurement and Control  Pontinen,P.J. (1987) Mid-laser and TNS in back pain.
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NRHM Kerala Homeopathy Medical Officer Application invited

job13The last date of submission of ONLINE application is 30th June 2012 till 5 PM

Last date for Submission of Copy of Online Application is on 5th July 2012 till 5PM.

Qualification : BHMS + Registration at TC Medical Council. Kerala

Mode of appointment : Contract

Districts : Thiruvanathapuram Kollam Pathanamthitta Alappuzha Kottayam Thrissur Ernakulam Palakkad Malappuram Kozikkode

Number of vacancy : Not finalised

Salary : Rs.20740/-


  1. The applications should be forwarded through ONLINE only
  2. The candidates should apply only for one district. Those applying in more than one district will be summarily disqualified.
  3. The applications that are not complete in all respect will not be considered.
  4. The maximum age limit will be 60 years as on 1st April 2012
  5. The undersigned will have the power to relax age, qualifications for the post. The selected candidates should be willing to relocate anywhere in the State
  6. Selection will be based on qualification, post qualification experience and performance in the interview/written test.
  7. The successful candidates will be appointed on contract basis initially for a period of three months. The State Health & Family Welfare Society (Arogyakeralam) based on the performance, may extend the period of contract.
  8. Opportunities for advanced training will be available.
  9. The location for posting mentioned above is only tentative. Candidate should be willing to work in any District of Kerala as decided by the Society.
  10. The successful candidate will have to enter into a contract with the Society as per format annexed as Annexure-I.
  11. Candidates who have attended regular classes in colleges under recognized Universities need only apply.
  12. The posts are for immediate requirement and the Society may prioritize the written test and interview for different category of posts, on the basis of its requirement. The Society may also require the candidates to undertake demonstration of skills in the area/ specialization concerned, on the basis of recommendations of a selection committee.
  13. Claims in respect of qualifications/ experience etc. should be supported by copies of relevant documents; candidates may be required to produce the originals at the time of interview.
  14. It will be ideal to provide reference, especially the names of superior officer, whom the candidate had worked in the previous organization (s).
  15. Candidates are also advised to desist from contacting the head office over phone for clearing doubts/ seeking more information, as far as possible. The Society will provide necessary details to the queries raised through email by candidates.
  16. The posts are temporary in nature during the period of the operation of the Mission. The contract of the selected candidates may be extended according to the directions of Government of India/Government of Kerala in the matter and no claim for permanency of job or labour claims to the NRHM, DHS or the Government.
  17. The total number of positions stated as above are the requirements as on date and it is likely that more number of candidates may be taken on contract from the selected list prepared in the process either at the State Mission Office or at the District Health and Family Welfare Societies.
  18. No TA/DA will be paid for the interview/written test.
  19. All communications, including the interview call letter, from the Society side will be only through e-mail/post. Candidates are advised to browse the website regularly for updates/ notices and announcements.
  20. Canvassing in any form will lead to automatic disqualification. Candidates are advised to desist from such unholy practices.
  21. The last date of submission of ONLINE application is 30th June 2012 till 5 PM and last date for Submission of Copy of Online Application is on 5th July 2012 till 5PM. 22. Hard / Print copy of ONLINE application should be forwarded to NRHM office without fail. The envelope containing application should be super scribed “Application for the Post of……………..” should reach ‘The State Mission Director, National Rural Health Mission, Directorate of Health Service Compound, General Hospital Junction, Trivandrum-695035”.

More details :

Apply online :

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Avian Flu and Homeopathy – A Pilot Project

Prof. (Dr.) Niranjan Mohanty.

With the beginning of trans-border migration of birds from November, chances are there that the Avian Flu virus too flies into new areas. Is this the beginning of a pandemic? Nations are in a state of panic and scare as the virus threatens to melt borders and spread the wings of death.

With the bird flu outbreak in Asia spreading to Europe, alarm bells have started ringing with the UN also asking for action. Thousands of ducks and chickens have been killed to curb the disease’s spread. As human death toll continues to grow, many are concerned that the virus will mutate and trigger a human pandemic.

But the subtle homoeopathic philosophy as well as vivo and vitro studies conducted in the past with clinical evidences indicate the efficacy in viral infectious diseases. However, it is felt imperative to establish scientifically that homoeopathic medicament do act curatively in combating this Avian Flu.

Methodology (For mathematical model)

Aim – To ascertain the preventive and curative medicine for Avian Flu.

Methods – A diagnostic criterion was determined by taking clinical features such as: fever, sore throat, rhinitis, dry cough, headache, bodyache, malaise, redness of conjunctiva, nausea, vomiting and otitis media.

Results of mathematical model
By using RADAR & HOMPATH Software above symptoms were repertorised. Drugs evolved as closer remedy for Avian Flu are as follows:

RADAR                                                    HOMPATH

Belladonna – 24/10                            Belladonna – 27/10

Pulsatilla – 24/10                                Ars. alb. – 26/10

Mercurius – 21/10                              Nux vom. – 26 /10

Rhus tox. – 21/10                                Sulphur – 26/10

Causticum – 18/10                             Pulsatilla – 25/10

Silicea – 23/9                                     Bry. alb. – 23/10

Sulphur – 23/9                                 Calc. carb. – 23/10

Ars. alb. – 22/9                                  Mercurius – 23/10

Calc. carb – 21/9                                 Nat. mur. – 23/10

Proposed Methodology
Aim – To determine the efficacy of the drugs evolved through mathematical model in providing prophylactic and curative role in Avian Flu.

Methods – Target groups

Domesticated birds
Human being of globe
The experiment will be double blind control trial with different determinants with various dosages and repetition schedule

The exclusion and inclusion criteria will be as per our earlier discussed clinical feature and diagnostic tests (viral culture / serology / antigen test / PCR and immunofluroscent assay). Route of administration of medicine will be oral. Follow up and monitoring will be done periodically for improvement of clinical feature and diagnostic tests. A standard protocol will be developed to document the data for its positive and negative responses. Finally statistical evaluation will be done by using EPINFO soft ware.

Expected results
Drug(s) evolved in the reportorial result will emerge as the drug of choice for Avian Flu.

Conclusion / Recommendation
The drug(s) established after clinical trial can be used for preventive and curative purposes for combating Avian Flu (both for birds and homosapiens).

Prof. (Dr.) Niranjan Mohanty.
National President,Indian Institute of Homoeopathic Physicians
Email –

Identification of Homeopathic Medicines – A New Method

Dr Devendra Kumar
Email :

Homeopathy is the most admired system of medicine after the conventional system of medicine in the world, due to lack of  substantiation in the present day scientific world it is not getting  reputation, to a great extent it has to get.

In the present study it was attempted to show the verifiable data to  the action of Homeopathic medicines.

This work is not a complete work; this is only my observation,  which I am presenting in front of considerate intelligence. I hope that it  will certainly provoke a thought in an enthusiastic mind.

This work shows the way through which one can substantiate the  action of Homeopathic medicine.

This work presents an experimental study to identify the  Homeopathic Medicines without label and to select accurate Homeopathic Medicine to a patient at a given time.

The method of selection of Homeopathic Medicine based on  symptoms, given by Hahnemann, the founder of Homeopathy, in the 18th  century is used in the present century. This is useful but obtaining same  set of symptoms at a given time by any given two expert Homeopaths in  the field is controversial, ultimately the two physicians will select two  medicines for a single patient at the same time based on their knowledge.

But in the present study, there is no scope for second opinion.  According to this method of selection of medicine, the indicated medicine  will be same at a given time wherever around the globe. The method is  based on the natural phenomenon, which is related to biorhythms.

Present day what happens u see there is only one medicine to be  indicated to a patient according to symptoms but old method of selection  leading to selection of 10 medicines by 10 experts, it is difficult to select  medicine. Observation of effect of homeopathic potencies on the living  subjects leading to the present method of selection and identification of

homeopathic medicines. Using this method it enabled to Identify  Homeopathic Medicine without label, by giving a single dose of  Homeopathic Potency to a person.

This method also makes possible to write a computer program,  which can monitor the indicated medicine to a patient with in 10 mits or  less. This work leading into the Revolution in the field of medicine by  showing the material evidence to the immaterial Homeopathic Potencies.

Review of literature:
With the aim to draw a valuable conclusion through discussion to  the central concept the following entities are scanned from various  locations.

Time of aggravation – Homeopathy:
Chronobiology is the study of the temporal characteristics of  biological phenomena, thus leading to an objective description of biologic  time structure. Biologic time structure, in turn, can be defined as the  sum of nonrandom, and thus predictable, temporal aspects of organismic  behavior, including bioperiodicity and developmental changes, among others. It characterizes species, groups of organisms, and individuals as  well as their subdivisions: organ systems, organs, tissues, cells, and  intracellular elements (including ultramicroscopic structures). Rhythmic  changes can be demonstrated at all these levels of organization, and they  can be considered objectively as a fundamental property of living matter. 

Time of aggravation of Homeopathic remedies: 

  •  Ars —– 1-2 a. m. and 1-2 p. m.
  •  Kali Carb —– 2-4 a. m.
  •  Calc. —– 3 a. m.
  •  Sulphur —– 3-5 a. m.
  •  Nux Vom. —– 4-5 a. m.
  •  Arn., Hep., Nux Vom. —– 6 a. m.
  •  Bov., Bry., Eupat., Pod. —– 7 a. m.
  •  Eupat., Pod. —– 7-9 a. m. (Fever)
  •  Nat. Mur., Stann. —– 9-10-11 a. m.
  •  Chin. S., Nat. Mur. —– 10-11 a. m.
  •  Cactus, Bapt., Nat. Mur., Nux, Sulph. —– 11 a. m. 

Homeopathic prescriptions are guided by several factors – the  symptoms, the timing of those symptoms, and any changes in character  which might accompany the symptoms.

It is interesting that an anti-histamine remains in the body for up  to 17 hours if taken at 7.00 am. Taken at 7.00p.m. it stays for only seven  hours. Hayfever and other allergies typically are worse at this time. One  homeopathic remedy for this is pulsatilla, which, constitutionally, is  suitable for shy, gentle and eager to please types. Sepia, (made from  cuttlefish ink) also treats allergies but here the personality is indifferent,  snappy and irritable. The allergies treated by sepia are worse in the  morning.

Time and space effect:
Two distinct views exist on the meaning of time. One view is that  time is part of the fundamental structure of the universe, a dimension in  which events occur in sequence. This is the realist view, to which Sir  Isaac Newton subscribed, in which time itself is something that can be  measured.

Water Molecule theory of Brian:
Using newly developed infrared analytical methods, there has been  considerable study of molecular clusters in a variety of liquids. Some of  this research, using FT-ICR spectra (Jongma, 1998) confirms the existence of stable molecule clusters in water using technologies  involving surface impact. In other words, they demonstrated creation of  water clusters, using sudden adiabatic expansion to create plasma-like  conditions. These conditions will be shown later to be akin to the  cavitation conditions created by succussion.

Experimental verification: (Original work)
Materials and methods: Apparently healthy persons are selected and given medicine of 6 to 9  pills, freshly medicated. No of subjects taken for each medicine are very  less. Readings of temperature were taken with the help of clinical  thermometer after one hour of medicine administration.

Readings of temperature were noted at an interval of one hour from  9am to 6pm. Persons were instructed to avoid spicy food and very hot  cold food. Avoid taking any kind of food or drink before 15 mits of noting  temperature.

Experiments were started in 2002 November, since then experimented  on family members, people around home with their consent and PG  students in JSPS Homeopathic medical college, Hyderabad.

Temperature data logger by onset computers and software prepared  by greenline was used later, which can permits to take readings of  temperature at an interval of 1 sec. Readings were taken at an interval of  1 mit for ½hour in the night from 8.00pm to 8.30 after synchronizing the  system clock with the website There is no reason in selecting that time, it is the available time for me in Hyderabad.

Medicine after administration acts on Bio -clock control area in  the brain parenchyma and setting the clock according to the time of  medicine. Medicine will have own impression and that impression  transmits to the living organism, now the control mechanisms in living  being are under the control of medicine and fluctuate according to the  medicinal memory.

The process of potentization might have generating electromagnetic  energy, which might carry the information of the basic substance.

The Homeopathic dilutions will have a kind of network of bonds, as  they produced variations in temperature around the clock.

The electromagnetic field around person is subjects to the  electromagnetic field around the earth. So the fluctuations in  physiological parameters in the living being are related with time in tern  the rotation of earth.

It was observed constant fluctuations in physiological parameters  in the human body and living beings, around the clock, month and year.  Those fluctuations are looking to be irregular with time but they are  regular at a given time.Fluctuation in temperature, blood pressure,  pulse, urine quantity, activity of mind, weight of body or any biochemical  values in 24 hrs (around clock) eg –Hb%, wbc, Creatine levels etc.

Wide extensive research is needed in these lines to identify the  Homeopathic medicines.

Homeopathic medicines if identified in this way it is possible to  write a computer programme. By which it is easy to identify similar  medicine for patient in a short time, as soon as patient is connected to  device the required medicine at that time would be monitored.

It opines that the solution of medicine contains certain kind of  bonds specific to medicines as for Brian theory of water molecule  clusters. This network of bonds may be similar to the graphs that  obtained from above experiments.

There is a possibility that if a drop of a medicine separated from its  vicinity, the separated drop may also show the same network as if the  whole solution likes an amoeba producing from another amoeba in  vegetative reproduction.

Structure of hydrocarbons should be studied. Procedures to  identify the bonds in between hydrogen atom and carbon atom are need.

The procedure to measure the bond strength should be studied. The  procedures to measure Bond energy are needed.

The procedure to identify alcohol by volumetric analysis is helpful.

If it is possible to measure bond energy in homeopathic dilutions then it enables to design a test of identifying different medicines. Alcohol will  show various colors at various energy levels.


  • This work is helpful to identify the homeopathic medicine among  many samples.
  • It is possible to select similar medicine for a patient at a given time.
  • Relation ship of remedied can be explained with this work.
  • This study may lead to identification of Homeopathic Medicines  without proving.

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Study on Irritant Contact Dermatitis & Homeopathy

skinDr Achamma Lenu Thomas.BHMS,MD(Hom)
Medical Officer,Dept. of Homoeopathy, Govt. of Kerala

Irritant dermatitis includes several inflammatory reactions, which follow non-immunological damage to the skin. This may be the result of an a/c toxic insult to the skin, or due to the result of repeated and cumulative damage from both physical and chemical agents. Irritant dermatitis is also called as the irritant contact dermatitis (ICD).Irritant dermatitis is not a uniform entity of disease each irritant exerts its particular noxious effects on the skin.
Dermatitis is a term used to denote a polymorphic pattern of inflammation of skin characterized by erythema, edema, vesiculation, oozing, crusting, papules scaling and lichenification.

Contact dermatitis includes:
1) Irritant contact dermatitis
2) Allergic contact dermatitis
3) Phototoxic, photoallergic and light aggravated contact dermatitis
4) Immediate type contact dermatitis

Irritant contact dermatitis is due to non-immunologocial damage to skin.
Allergic contact dermatitis leads to type IV hypersensitivity and cell mediated immune damage to skin. Here the offending agent is a hapten and it combines with skin protein to become antigenic.
Photo dermatitis involves immunological and non-immunological damage to skin due to exposure to sun.
Immediate type contact dermatitis also leads to both immunological and non-immunological damage to skin.

Irritant contact dermatitis
due to soap detergents commonly affects housewives and cleaners who immerse their hands in water and detergent. It is presumably due to the combination of asteatosis, exposure to mild irritants such as soap and mild trauma. e.g. wringing out dishcloths.

ICD is one of the greatest health problems. This problem is on the increase as the new brands of soaps and detergents marketed are having many additives like perfumes, antibacterial, antimicrobials coloring agents etc which act as sensitizers. Hygienic measurements like avoidance of soaps and detergents is not wholly possible for many owing to the cultural and socio economic conditions. Modern school medication offers sudden relief for all the symptoms but there is resurgence of the symptoms on discontinuing the meditation and when the patient is again, exposed to soaps and detergents. Many patients are not able to continue modern medicines because of their disastrous side effects and also due to economic reasons. Homoeopathic medicines becomes their only hope and aid, as the cure affected is rapid, gentle and permanent without any deleterious effect.

has for its foundation, solid concrete facts united by great natural principles. The practical demonstration of Homoeopathy is committed to its personal representatives whose ability, acquired technical proficiency and logical consistency can bring to the system a scientific stand and success. Master Hahnemann through years of closest observation and careful experimentation has constructed this system on the basic principles of similia similibus curenter, minimum dose and single remedy. The structure is further raised on the fundamental principles, which are consistent with the universal laws and the framework is being furnished by years of study and experiments by the younger generations of homoeopaths. A humble effort in this regard is made on attempting to study the efficacy of homoeopathic medicines in the management of irritant contact dermatitis due to soap and detergents with the help of experienced hands in homoeopathy.

It is not ICD as such, which is the object of our consideration, but the man affected with ICD. The man is affected in the internals and it is the manifestation of internals, which present as ICD. It should be given due thought that, all people exposed to the noxious effects of soaps and detergents are not having the disease manifestation. Why is some people peculiarly disposed to have this disease? What brought forth the disease manifestation? What is behind the cell disturbance or life perversion in the affected part?

Hahnemann through his diligent study and 12 years of accurate observation and experimentation came to the fact that the ostensible disease manifestation was a mere fragment of a much more deep seated primitive evil, which he called miasm. Thus miasms were discovered to be the unknown primitive malady, which caused all ailments and symptoms. Understanding miasm involves understanding sum total of all the sufferings of the patient, which in turn involves a comprehensive study of the etiology, symptamatology, pathology and life situation of the patient. So in the succeeding pages, the subject matter is dealt with, due stress on etiology, symptamatology, pathology, diagnostic criteria’s and miasmatic interpretation.

To ascertain the effectiveness of homoeopathic medicines in the management of irritant contact dermatitis due to soap and detergents. There are many effective homoeopathic medicines for this malady but until now nobody has undertaken a scientific study in this manner based on statistical data.

In addition to this special attention is given to
1) Trace out the prominent miasm behind the malady.
2) Relation of irritant contact dermatitis to the socio-economic status of the patient.
3) Whether medicinal management is effective, if so to what extent.
4) Are there cases beyond the scope of homoeopathic treatment?

Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by direct chemical or physical damage to the skin. It is not a uniform entity of disease ,each irritant exerts its particular noxious effects on the skin and each occupation has its special risk of substance and mode of physical contact .Everyone is susceptible to the development of an irritant contact dermatitis if exposed to an irritant (toxic) agent is sufficient quantity. It occurs particularly where the stratum corneum is thinnest. Hence, it is often seen in the finger webs and back of the hands rather than the palms.

Observations and Discussions
20 patients who attended the organon of medicine and homoeopathic philosophy out patient department of Govt. Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital from April 2003 to April 2004 were studied.
The statistical analysis is based on the data obtained from these patients, who completed the treatment.

Irritant dermatitis is not only an occupational problem, but also a cosmetic problem. Patients become reluctant to appear in the public due to the disfigurement of their hands. In this study 20 patients who attended O.P department of Organon of medicine from April 2003 to April 2004 were included. These patients belonged to various socio- economic status and of age group between 15 – 50 years. The results of the study were evaluated using statistical principles.

Maximum age groups affected were between 21-40 years. Housewives were found to suffer more than those who were pursuing other occupation. Looking into the socio-economic condition of the patient and analyzing whether there is any relationship between irritant dermatitis and socio-economic status it could be seen that a definite relationship existed. Lower middle class and lower class people were more prone to develop irritant dermatitis. About 30 % of the patients had previous history of infectious diseases and 25% had previous skin complaints .15% of patients had family history of similar complaints and 30% of patients had winter aggravation. Psora was found to be the miasm in the background and as pathology progressed Syphilis was found to become prominent.

The study aims at determining the efficacy of homoeopathic medicines in the management of ICD. The evaluation is based on clinical improvement. As per the advise of my guide, the major signs and symptoms were included as the basic criteria for the diagnosis.

All the cases had peeling, itching and erythema while only 80% of the patients had cracks on palms. 90% got relief for peeling of skin and in 5% of cases it completely disappeared. 80% got relief for erythema and 10% of cases it completely disappeared. 80% got relief for itching in 15% it was no more. In 25% of the cases there was complete disappearance of cracks and 62.5% had relief.

From the analysis of the above results it is obvious that the homoeopathic medicines are quiet effective in preventing the recurrence of the major features of ICD and also is effective in reducing the intensity of the chronic, long lasting manifestations.

The effectiveness of homoeopathic treatment was evaluated by statistical analysis of the pre-treatment and post-treatment disease intensity scores, which were given to each case. After statistical analysis, the calculated value was 10.86, which was well above the tabled value at 5% and 1% levels P<0.01. Thus this study provides an evidence to say that homoeopathic medicines are effective in preventing the recurrence of the complaints and lessening the intensity of the complaints .

Medicinal management was found to be very much effective, in 25% of the case Graphities was indicated, in 20% of the case Sepia was indicated, in15% of the case Sulphur was indicated, in 10% of the case Lycopodium was indicated, in 10% of the cases Ars Alb was indicated, Natrum Mur, Malandrinum, Petroleum, Ars iod were found to be indicated in 5% of the cases. One case treated with Graphities showed aggravation. All potencies ranging from 30 to CM were used. In one case 50 millesimal potency was used. There were no cases that were beyond the scope of homoeopathic management. An aggravation was found to happen on using Graphities in one patient. It needs assurance and confidence on the part of physician and patient while managing the aggravated condition.

Irritant dermatitis due to soap and detergents is one of the greatest public health problems as it interferes with the daily activities of the patient. It is also one of the social problems as majority of the patients belong to the poor socio-economic group. Inability to work with their hands means loss of work and money, which in turn leads to poverty.

Various steps are recommended on the basis of this study to improve the health status of the patient. If these measures are given due consideration it will improve the health status of the community.

It is seen that many manufacturing firms are adding perfumes, antimicrobials, antibacterial agents, colouring agents etc to soap and detergents in order to make their products attractive to the consumer. These agents acts as sensitizers and perpetuate and aggravate irritant dermatitis. Government should set up regulation to decrease the amount of sensitizers in soap and detergents. Legal measures should be taken against companies marketing soaps and detergents with strong sensitizing agents. Names of the ingredients should be labeled on the products, so that patients will be able to select a soap and detergent which is less irritant to them. As majority of the patients are from low socio – economic condition, compensation should be granted for the injury sustained at their work place. Protective clothing should be provided by the employees. Awareness programmes about the ICD should be conducted and patients should be advised to stick on to hygienic measures. Occupational site survey should be carried out by the officials to assess the problem in the workplace and initiate preventive and curvative measures.

When this study was summarized many suggestions for further investigation came up.

1) To assess the ph of soap and detergents and find out their relationship with irritant reaction
2) To assess the potential of soap and detergents to cause irritant reaction by testing on laboratory animals and on human volunteer subjects
3) To find out whether the soap and detergents causing a marked irritant reaction in the cruder form can be used as a curative agent in an some in a highly potentised form,

These suggestions are put forward for further study and research on this subject which may help to enrich this subject and enhance the scope of homoeopathy in this field.

The following salient conclusions have been drawn on the present study after summarizing its findings.

  1. Homoeopathic medicines are effective in the management of ICD
  2. There are no specific medicines for ICD but there is a specific medicine for each patient suffering from ICD
  3. Age group mostly affected in between 21 – 40 years
  4. Incidence is mostly seen in housewives
  5. More than one fourth of the cases shows winter aggravation
  6. There is also a chance for the family members of the patients to be affected by ICD
  7. Incidence of the disease is more in lower middle class and low socioeconomic classes and much scarce in upper middle class and high class families

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The International Homeopathic Renaissance or the end?

Dr (Mrs) Smita Nisanth
Dr K M.Nisanth Nambision

Since its inception 200 years ago, homeopathy has attracted support from European royalty, the educated elite, and leading artists. It was thus no surprise that the most expensive painting ever sold was that of a portrait of a homeopathic physician, Dr. Gachet, drawn by her personal friend and patient, Vincent Van Gogh. Although homeopaths use exceedingly small doses of medicines, it seems that people greatly value portraits of them. In this case, the portrait of Dr. Gachet sold for $82.5 million.1

Friday 26 August 2005, Lancet medical journal, Published a study conducted by Matthias Egger of Switzerland’s University of Berne the study’s lead author and statistical analyst, wrote “We acknowledge that to prove a negative is impossible, but we have shown that the effects seen in placebo-controlled trials of homoeopathy are compatible with the placebo-hypothesis.”

“The report should be treated with extreme caution. It is being heavily spun,” Peter Fisher, clinical director at the Royal London Homoeopathic Hospital, said on behalf of the BHA.

“For a prestigious medical journal it is a strange bit of reporting. It is a small sample and they don’t even tell you what they are basing this on. Yet they come to these very sweeping conclusions and write this very strongly worded editorial,” he said.
“Homoeopathy has been suffering these types of attacks for 200 years but it goes from strength to strength because people want it and many studies prove it works.”

Why has homoeopathy baffled some people, with vested interest, all over the world? Some facts about the growth of Homoeopathy speaks for itself:

WHO report, which states that most of the studies published in the last 40 years have shown homeopathic remedies to be superior to placebo and “equivalent to conventional medicines in the treatment of illnesses, in both humans and animals”. (,11381,1556831,00.html)

The World Health Organisation states that Homoeopathy is the second most used medical system internationally, with over $1 Billon in expenditures for such therapy. Twenty to 30 percent of French & German physicians use Homoeopathy in clinical practice. In Great Britain, five Homoeopathic hospitals are part of the National health System, and over 30% of generalists use Homoeopathy. In the United states, there are more that 500 physicians and 5000 non-physicians using Homoeopathy in clinical practice, and 2.5 million Americans currently use Homoeopathic medicines – of which two-thirds are self-prescribed spending more than $250 million annually .17

According to recent surveys in France, an astounding 40% of the French public have used homeopathic medicines, and 39% of French physicians have prescribed them.2 At least six French medical schools offer courses leading to a degree in homeopathy, and homeopathy is taught in all pharmacy schools and in four veterinary schools.3

A recent survey of French Doctors revealed that approximately 11.000 physicians utilize Homeopathic Medicines. Twenty Thousand French Pharmacies now sell Homeopathic Medicines.

Homeopathy is growing so rapidly in France that a recent cover story of Le Nouvel Observateur, one of France’s leading magazines, noted That President Mitterrand and six Medical School Deans had called for more research on Homeopathy.

In a prominent French news magazine President Francois Mitterand and six medical school deans called for more research on homeopathy, and Dana Ullman editorialized, “It is a fact that homeopathy obtains results, sometimes spectacular results.”4

One further bit of evidence for the growing acceptance of homeopathic medicines as a household items in France is that the most popular cold and flu medicine is not Contact or any other conventional drug; it is a homeopathic remedy.5

Homeopathy is not as popular in England as it is in France, but according to an article in the British Medical Journal, 42% of British physicians surveyed refer patients to homeopathic physicians.6 Another survey of British physicians discovered that 80% of recent graduates wanted training in either homeopathy, acupuncture, or hypnosis.7

In Britain alone, sales of homoeopathic medicines have grown by a third in the past five years to 32 million pounds in 2004.

The Scots hate to be overshadowed by the English, and this is true in homeopathy too. According to The Times of London, homeopathy is now the fastest growing alternative therapy in Scotland. The number of Scots who have used homeopathic medicines have more than doubled from 1985 to 1990, increasing from 5% to 11%. Similarly, in 1985 23% of those Scots interviewed in 1985 said they would “seriously consider” going to a homeopath, and in 1990 this figure grew to 40%.8

Homeopathic medicine is very popular in Germany as well. One respected author estimated that 20% of German physicians use homeopathic medicines occasionally.9 At present, the most popular hay fever remedy in Germany is a homeopathic medicine, and other homeopathic medicines for the common cold, sore throats, and circulatory problems are in the top ten of their respective categories.10

To further aid the growth of homeopathy, the late President of Germany, Karl Karstens, and his wife, Dr. Veronica Carstens, who is a medical doctor and a homeopathic physician, recently started a homeopathic research foundation.11 Numerous new research efforts in Germany and throughout Europe have begun in the past couple of years.

It is also interesting to note that homeopathy is gaining such respect in medical and business circles that the same company that owns the BMW car company owns one of the leading German homeopathic manufacturers.

In addition to homeopathy’s popularity in France, England, Scotland, and Germany, it is also very popular in The Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, and Greece.

Despite homeopathy’s impressive popularity in Europe, it is even more popular in India. Presently, there are over 100,000 homeopathic doctors and over 180 four- and five-year homeopathic medical colleges in this country.

Homeopathy has achieved such respect that in 1987 the government established homeopathic drug detox clinics in six different police stations in New Delhi. A recent conference in India which described impressive results in the homeopathic treatment of drug addiction received accolades from India’s Minister of Health and Family Welfare, the Finance Minister, and the Chief Justice.12 In addition to the Indian government’s support of homeopathic drug detox clinics, they have also supported various research projects and homeopathic hospitals and clinics.

Even Mother Teresa, who for many decades has served India’s poorest citizens with medical care, has added homeopathic care to the services offered at her missions. Mother Teresa has a special interest in homeopathic medicine because of its effectiveness and low cost.

At present, four charitable homeopathic dispensaries are run under the guidance of the Mother’s Missionaries of Charity. One of these dispensaries primarily provides homeopathic medicines to poor and sick children in Calcutta, while the other three provide homeopathic medicines to anyone who needs them. Considering the serious health problems that poor people in India experience, it is truly miraculous that homeopathic medicines are so effective as the primary method of treatment for many children and many adults.

Mother Teresa opened her first charitable homeopathic dispensary in Calcutta in 1950. She is known to prescribe homeopathic medicines herself sometimes.Dr. (Sister) M. Gomes, a physician who has worked at the Mother’s Mission in Calcutta since 1945, notes that one of the obstacles to the spread of homeopathy in the Mother’s work is inadequate funding for homeopathic hospitals.

Homeopathic peristroika in the soviet union 13
Homeopathy is even relatively popular in the Soviet Union. Although there are only about 500 homeopathic physicians, they are popular enough that most of them charge for their services. Since most Russians receive free conventional medical care, it is indeed a tribute to homeopathy that a growing number of Russian citizens are paying for homeopathic care.

Because Russian homeopaths charge for their services, they have become part of the new entrepreneurial “peristroika” that is presently occurring.

Even Izvestia recently published a series of articles on homeopathy in which they reported that a homeopathic clinic established for factory workers in 1984 resulted in a 10.1% decrease in days lost due to sickness. The series of articles concluded with an editorial that advocated further support for it from the Ministry of Health.
As a further sign of homeopathy’s growing acceptance, President Gorbachev awarded a medal to Dr. Demyan Popov for his work in popularizing homeopathy in the USSR.

Homeopathy is also relatively popular throughout South America, especially in Brazil and Argentina. Homeopathy has become a bit of a legend in Argentina because its greatest hero in the 19th century, General San Martin, was known to carry a homeopathic medicine kit when he travelled.

Homeopathy is also quite popular in Mexico there are five homeopathic medical colleges, including two in Mexico City.

Homeopathy in America
At the turn of the century there were over 20 homeopathic medical schools in America, including Boston University, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, and Hahnemann College in Philadelphia. There were also over 100 homeopathic hospitals and over 1,000 homeopathic pharmacies. In 1900 homeopathy was more popular in America than anywhere else in the world.14

However, as the result of a concerted effort by the American Medical Association and the drug companies, homeopathy went into a sharp decline. By the 1950s there were less than 200 homeopathic physicians.

Although homeopathy in America is presently lagging behind the rest of the world, Americans hate being second to anybody. Lucky for us all, homeopathy is growing at an extraordinary rate. According to the F.D.A., sales of homeopathic medicines grew by 1,000% from the late 1970s to the early 1980s.15 According to the Washington Post, the number of physicians in the United States who specialize in homeopathy doubled from 1980 to 1982.16

In the past two years homeopathy has received more media coverage than it has in the past 50 years. More research on homeopathy has also stimulated its growth, and more and more new books have been published that have updated old homeopathic knowledge.

Homeopathy may be more popular in other countries, but because America is just waking up to homeopathy’s impressive healing potential, we can all expect a tremendous resurgence of this marvelous healing art and science.

“The natural healing force within each one of us is the greatest force in getting well.” – Hippocrates

Learn from everyone, from everywhere, from every source, from every incident.
Learn, apply and utilise. Life is a glorious opportunity. Utilise this opportunity to the maximum so that we can say at the end as Hahnemann said,  “Non inutilis vixi.” (I did not live in vain.)- Dr. P. Sankaran

Dignitaries who have supported homeopathy:
In England, The Royal Family has regularly used Homeopathy since the 1830’s. Today, QUEEN ELIZABETH II is a patron to the famed Royal London Homeopathic Hospital and PRINCE CHARLES is known to carry Homeopathic medicines whenever he travels.

Gay Gaer Luce. Ph.D. (twice winner of The National Science Writer’s Award) said that, “Homeopathy is a highly developed health practice that uses a systematic approach to the totality of a person’s health. Anyone seeking a fuller understanding of health and healing will find Homeopathy extremely important and applicable.”

MARK TWAIN once said: “…. (For) the introduction of Homeopathy, which forced the old school doctor to stir around and learn something of a rational nature about his business. YOU MAY HONESTLY FEEL GRATEFUL THAT HOMEOPATHY SURVIVED THE ATTEMPTS OF THE ALLOPATHS (THE ORTHODOX PHYSICIANS) TO DESTROY IT.” Harper’s Magazine. February 1890.

WILLIAM JAMES stated that, “An enormous mass of experience, both of Homeopathic doctors and their patients, is invoked in favor of the efficacy of these remedies and doses.”

JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER thought that Homeopathy is a “progressive and aggressive step in medicine.”

“Homeopathy is wholly capable of satisfying the therapeutic demands of this age better than any other system or school of medicine.” — Charles Menninger, M.D., Founder, Menninger Clinic

“Effective natural remedies that have no side effects.” — Robert Mendelsohn, M.D., Professor, University of Illinois Medical School and best-selling author

“Homeopathy is the safest and most reliable approach to ailments and has withstood the assaults of established medical practice for over 100 years.” — Yehudi Menuhin, world famous violinist

In the past:
Mahatma Gandhi
William James
John D. Rockefeller
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Daniel Webster
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Samuel F.B. Morse

In the present:
Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of England
Tina Turner, Singer. Actress
Yehudi Menuhin, Master Violinist
Nicholos Von Hoffman, Syndicated Columnist
William Tiller. Ph.D., Stanford Professor
Pat Riley, Coach of the L.A. Lakers
Lindsay Wagner, Actress
Andrew Weil, M.D., Researcher and Author
OJ Simpson, Football Superstar
Jim Bouton, Ex-Yankee Pitcher
Bob MacAdoo, NBA Rookie-Of-The-Year 1972
Sally Little, Pro Golfer
Kate Schmidt, Two Time Olympic Medallist in The Javelin

1.Suzanne Muchnic, “Van Gogh Painting Sells at Record $82.5 Million,” Los Angeles Times, May 16, 1990.
2.F.Bouchayer, “Alternative Medicines: A General Approach to the French Situation,” Complementary Medical Research, May, 1990, 4(2)4-8.
3.Poll I.F.O.P., February, 1989.
4.”Medecines douches: La revanche de l’homeopathie,” Le Nouvel Observateur, April 12, 1985, 36-41.
5.”Herbal and Homoeopathic Remedies: Enhanced Status for Alternative Medicines,” OTC News and Market Report, July, 1990.
6.Richard Wharton and George Lewith, “Complementary Medicine and the General Practitioner,” British Medicine Journal, 292, June 7, 1986, 1498-1500.
7.David Taylor Reilly, “Young Doctors’ Views on Alternative Medicine,” British Medical Journal, 287, July 30, 1983, 337-339.
8.”Take a Little of What Ails You,” The Times, November 13, 1989.
9.Lynn Payer, Medicine and Culture, New York: Holt, 1988.
10.”Herbal and Homoeopathic Remedies.”
11Berlin Journal on Research in Homoeopathy, Universitatsklinikum Steglitz, 1000 Berlin, Germany.
12.”National Congress on Homoeopathy and Drug Abuse,” New Delhi, India, Sponsored by the Foundation for Medical Research and Education and the Dehli Police Foundation for Correction, Deaddiction and Rehabilitation, March 16-18, 1990.
13.”A First for Homoeopathy in USSR,” Homoeopathy Today, Winter, 1987-88, 17-20. Also, a personal report from Yuri Sidorenko.
14.Dana Ullman, Homeopathy: Medicine for the 21st Century, Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 1988.
15.”Riding the Coattails of Homeopathy,” FDA Consumer, March, 1985, 31.
16.Ann Chase, “Options: Homeopathy,” Washington Post, April 28, 1983, 31.
17.Lawrence M.Tierney, Jr. et al, “Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment”, USA: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2004

mansoor (395)

Homeopathy in the Managemnt of Ulcer

mansoor (395)Ulcers of skin with Homeopathic Management and Construction of a Repertory of Ulcers
Dr. C. Abdul Gaffoor  BSc,BHMS,MD(Hom)

To construct a repertory on ulcers of the skin by collecting the related rubrics from various authentic repertories and reportorial conversion of the symptomatology given in various classical works on therapeutics and proving the effectiveness of this work by clinical verificaion for Homoeopathic therapeutics.

Chronic skin ulcers are a source of great misery, suffering, incapacity and economic loss for the patients. Their treatment by modern medicine have yielded unsatisfactory results.despite their best endeavours many of the ulcers remain indolent and chronic. Prolonged tretment with strong and potent agents not only ruin patient’s health, but also add to his financial burden. This makes the patient to search for a new and safe mode of medication that inflicts no disastrous effect on health. Homoeopathy meets these requirements, having in its fold thousands of remedies that not only bring about a permanent cure, but also affect it in a mild, most reliable and harmless way.

There are many effective medicines in homoeopathy for the treatment of ulcers of skin. It is high time that a scientific and systematic study be conducted on this subject, so that the hard solid, true, indispoutable facts could be laid bare before the eyes of the scientific community. Scrutiny and judgment over such facts will heip to establish the efficacy of homoeopathic medicines and genuinity of the homoeopathic system. A humble effort is done in this direction, by undertaking a scientific study based on statistical data. The proper selection of homoeopathic medicine is essential for this study.

Repertory is an indispensable tool for this process. Until now, there is no complete textbook or reference to look to for the treatment of ulcers. Searching for a remedy suitable for a particular presentation and modality of an ulcer in the vast array of materia medica and repertory is an uphill task. So a sincere effort is made to bring out a complete, concise, and comprehensive repertory on ulcers of skin by collecting informations from various authentic repertories, materia medicas and therapeutic textbooks. . It has been found that many rare remedies are indicated in various kinds of ulcers of the skin. An abstract of the symptomatology of thes rare and often-neglected remedies also is reproduced for ready and easy reference.
I hope this work would help the students and practitioners for the selection of acute simillimum as well as a ready reference

This is a new and a different work in Homoeopathy to construct a repertory dealing with the ulcers of the skin. This work is expected to serve the purpose of selecting the simillimum based on the acute and distressing symptoms of the ulcer. After the relief of the acute symptoms it may be needed to follow the case with some constitutional medicine. However it also serves the purpose of synthetic repertorisation by using appropriate general repetories. Here the rubrics from various important repertories are brought together and arranged in different order. Various classical books of materia medica are referred and the important symptoms related to the ulcers are converted to the rubrics and added.
However this work does not serve the purpose of complete repertorisation but to work out the sector totality of ulcer symptoms.
This work is small but comprehensive and will help in better management of ulcers.
I hope this will benefit the profession and welcome any suggestions to improve this work.                                                                                                                                 

Features of the repertory
Additions have been made to the Kent’s repertory from various repertories and materia medicas. There are two hundred and ten new rubrics and one thousand five hundred new additions. A reference number is given for additions of medicines as well as rubrics . The medicines in the added rubric from same source book has given no reference number
ULCERS – painful – burning- Around about14
This rubric is from the Boenninghausan’s characteristics and repertory by
C.M.Boger. The medicines from the same source book

Grading of medicines is similar to that of the kent’ s repertory. Grading of certain medicines are changed when other repertories are given a higher grading. Here The medicines with changed grading is denoted by an ‘asterix’ mark after the Reference number. Certain Repertories are having more than three grades.  Here first grade remedies are given three marks, second and third grade  medicines are given two marks and fourth and fifth grade medicines are given  three marks. As it is difficult to grade the medicines from materia medica and  therapeutics, Medicines from this source are given one mark.

All the modifications of ulcers are given under one main rubric in Kent’s repertory. In this book these rubrics are divided to suit into diffeent chapters such as sensation , appearance, edges, margin, floor, base, surrounding area, discharges, modalities. The area involved in the ulcer is important in diagnosis as well as in management. So the part involved is brought under the chapter ‘location’. The pathological and clinical types of ulcers are brought under one heading for easy reference.

Chapter modalities are divided into two. Generals and Particulars. Rubrics showing aggravations and ameliorations of ulcers without mentioning any particular symptoms are brought under the section Generals. Rubrics of aggravation and amelioration for particular symptoms of ulcer such as pain, bleeding etc, are given under the section Particulars. Rubrics representing ulcers seen associated with certain other conditions are also brought under the chapter modalities for convenience.
For e.g.
Ulcers, Emaciation with: Lyc3

The materials for this study were collected from the out patient and in patient department of Government Homoeopathic Medical college, Calicut from September 2003 to April 2004.

The method used for this study is clinical method and for the confirmation and specificity the result obtained has been statistically analyzed and evaluated. the method of approach was clinical study without the use of controls. 30 cases were selected for the study, out of which 15 cases were treated with Kent’s repertory and 15 cases were treated with the new repertory and compared. As the new repertory is having only the rubrics representing the symptoms of ulcer any generals or characteristic particulars important in medicine selection were worked out in the synthesis repertory. Detailed history was taken in each case with special reference to mental generals, physical generals, habits, family history and past history. Age, sex and socioeconomic status were considered as attributes. Each case was reviewed on one week, two week, and monthly time intervals. In between the period medication all patients were kept under blank tablet continuously. In each case a routine hematological examination and urine examination was done. Potencies ranging from 30c to 10m have been used in this study.

Diet and regimen
All patients were directed to continue with the same diet as earlier. All of them were directed to stop the use of all the medicines prior to the start of this treatment.

Effectiveness of the treatment is assessed on the basis of relief from symptoms, clinical improvement and changes in the scores taken after working out in kent and the new repertory.

Various facts obtained during the comparative study were treated according to statistical principles for final conclusion.

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Homeopathy treatment for Uterine Myomas and Ovarian Cysts

Dr Narendra Kumar H

The disease of uterine fibroid or myomas ( tumor) and ovarian cysts is very common in women these days. As a result of these disease so many symptoms are found such as irregular and painful menstruation, vaginal discharge infertility, anemia, pressure in urinary bladder, Abortions etc.

The only treatment in modern allopathy is to remove the uterus which is called medical science hysterectomy in some case only myoma (tumor) are removed called Myomectomy.

In above patient the Homoeopathic treatment has been very fruitful and convenient. These Myomas (Tumor, cyst) can be dissolved during 1-3 months with the help of homoeopathic medicine. While taking homoeopathic medicine women may continue there home work, they may save money and their operation may be avoided as well.As for operation is concerned it make the patient bodily, mentally and economically tensed. They can not performed there house hold activities for at lest above 6 months. It place of looking after member of the family such woman them self looked after by the family members, a part from these they have to under go other physical problems and ailments also.If such patients are given homoeopathic treatment they cannot only be cure from the disease but they can keep them self physically and mentally fit and avoid monetary burden also.

Conclusion – Concluding while looking at the above treatment it can be said that homoeopathy is well effective in treating uterian moymas / fiborid (tumor) and ovarian cyst (excluding cancer) homoeopathy take comparatively less time, less monetary burden and without physical and mental tension on the part of patient. Homoeopathy is quite and safe, economically, simple effective treatment for uterine moymas / fibroids (tumors) and ovarian cysts.

Dr Narendra Kumar H.  M.D. (London)
Kile Ka Maidan (kumar Medical) Tikamgarh(M,P.) 472001 India
E mail-1-
Ph: 07683 245615 Mob: 07683 214615

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