Homoeopathic Medicines made out of Labiatae group of plants and their preparation, properties and clinical indications
The Labiate family about 3000 species of plants. They are mainly grasses, shrubs and herbaceous plants. They are rich in essential oils and most of them contain aromatic compounds. The important medicinal plants belonging to this natural order are:
- Collinsonia candensis
- Cataria Nepeta
- Leonurus cardiaca
- Lycopus Virginicus
- Mentha piperita
- Mentha pulegium
- Ocimum canum
- Origanum vulgare
- Salvia Officinalis
- Scutellaria laterifolia
- Teucricim marum verum
- Teucrium Scorodina
Botanical Name Common name Part used in making the medicine
1. Collinsonia Canadensis Stone root Fresh root
2. Cataria nepeta Catmint, catnip Top of fresh plant in flower
3. Hedeoma American Pennyroyal Whole fresh plant
4. Lamium White nettle, Dead nettle Whole fresh plant
5. Leonurus Cardiaca Mother wort, Lion’s tail Fresh plant whilst in flower and seed
6. Lycopus Bugle weed Fresh plant
7. Mentha Piperita Peppermint Fresh plant
8. Mentha pulegium British or English Pennyroyal Whole fresh plant
9. Ocimum canum Alfacara, Hoary basil Fresh leaves
10.Origanum Vulgare Wild marjoram Fresh herb in flower
11.Plectranthus Plcetranthus fruiticosum Fresh plant
12.Rosmarinus Rosemary Whole plant
13.Salvia officinalis Sage Fresh leaves
14.Scutellaria laterifolium Skull cap Fresh plants
15.Teucrium marum Cat thyme Whole fresh plant
16.Teucrium scorodina Wood sage Whole fresh plant
1. Nervous excitement: Many members of this family produce intense nervous excitement with great agitation and anxiety. Restlessness of body and mind along with trembling of extremities, twitching and jerking of muscles
- Lycopus:- Mind wanders from one thing to other Confusion of mind and insomnia dependant upon chronic diseases of heart and kidneys. It increases the mental and physical activity and improves the power of concentration.
- Scutellaria:- This remedy is indicated when there is nervous fear that pre-dominates everything. The patient fears some calamity Confusion of mind on attempting to study. Chorea, paralysis agitans, irregular, muscular twitching, insomnia and night terrors of children and palpitations of heart.
- Origanum:- Nervous disorders of women that are dependent upon irritation of sexual organs. Irritability and restlessness with irritability of sexual organs. Impossible to remain tranquil.
Rosemarinus, mentha piperata are use full in mental anxiety and restlessness.
Cataria nepeta: Hysteria, nervous irritability and nervous headache.
2. Dyspepsia:- Along with obstinate constipation and dysenteric stool.
- Collinsonia: Catarrhal gastritis. Nausea and vomiting with cramp like pain in stomach. Sensation of heat and weight in epigastrium Haemorrhoidal dysentery with tenesmus Stool contains mucus or mucus mixed with dark blood. Obstinate constipation with sensation as if rectum is loaded with sticks. Alternate diarrhoea and constipation.
- Lamium: Burning sensation in oesophagus or middle of chest immediately after eating or drinking. Excessive distension of abdomen. stool hard with emission of blood.
- Lycopus: Indigestion with pain and distress in gastric region. Gastritis. Diarrhoea and dysentery. Forcible diarrhoea preceeded by severe colic. Flatulence and rumbling
- Leonurus Cardiaca: Nausea and violent retching Increased thirst yet drinking causes epigastric pain. Frequent stool dark brown or bloody contain large quantity of blood but no mucus
- Mentha Piperita: Hysteria attended with nausea and vomiting. Infantile colic and flatulent colic. Gastrodynia. Deranged digestion.
- Mentha pulegium: Dyspeptic symptoms with increased salivation.
- Cataria nepeta: Abdominal complaints of children with abdominal pain, colic with constant flexion of thighs twisting of body and crying.
3. Dragging down sensation felt especially towards inguinal region or genitals:
- Collinsonia: A heavy dragging ache in pubis with prolapsed uterus associated with constipation and hemorrhoids Pain on sitting down. Dark redness of genitals.
- Hedeoma: Excessive bearing down pain with pressure outward towards vulva from whole lower abdomen accompanied by backache especially in sacral spine and an excoriating leucorrhoea.
- Lamium: A dragging sensation in left side of abdomen down in to pubic region as if a hernia would protrude there.
- Lycopus: Bearing down as from hernia. Aching in inguinal canal when walking.
4. Haemorrhoids: Congestion of veins and venous radicles
- Collinsonia: Congestion of portal veins. Bleeding or blind piles Bleeding
profuse or scanty. Obstinate constipation or diarrhoea. Alternate diarrhoea and constipation. Cardiac complaints and haemorrhoidal complaints alternate.
- Lamium: Hard stool with emission of blood and great lassitude.
5. Complaints resulting from checked hacmorrhage especially haemorrhoidal bleeding.
- Collinsonia: Dull frontal headache with constipation when haemorrhage is checked. Also cardiac complaints especially palpitation and pain in chest Cardiac complaints are relieved when piles return.
- Lycopus: Violent headache with throbbing and nausea after suppressed haemorrhoids.
6. Wormifuge Some of then are powerful worm expellants
- Plectranthus: Evacuation of roundworms. Intense itching of anus followed by burning.
- Teucrium marum: Itching and tingling of anus in bed Crawling in rectum after tool.
7. Action on cardiovascular system
- Collinsonia: Cardiac complaints in patients suffering from haemorrhoids. Palpitation,. chest pain and dropsy. When head complaints are ameliorated, piles return.
- Lycopus: Exopthalmic goitre with cardiac complaints. Aneurism, pericarditis, hypertrophy. Constrictive sensation in cardiac region Pulse quick and irregular. Darting pain in the region of heart with intermittent heart beat. Audible action of heart. Can only walk few step having to stop and get breath Oedema of left arm, leg and foot.
- Scutellaria: Tobacco heart. Sticking in heart region. Throbbing about heart Pulse variable in force. Intermits
8. Action of excretory system:
- Collinsonia: Catarrhal cystitis of chronic nature
- Lycopus: Brights disease, DM. Diabetes with great thirst and emaciation.
Fearful thirst. Drinks large quantity of water Relief only by drinking very cold water Urine scanty, and frequent contains mucus, epithelial cells and oxalate of lime Tenderness of bladder.
- Ocimum canum: Uric acid diathesis Kidney disease. Albuminuria Renal calculi. Urine has the odor of musk. Renal colic espccially right sided with violent vomiting and crampy pain in kidney. Burning during micturition. Urine is turbid with white and albuminous deposits. Brick dust sediment. Glandular swelling mammary or inguinal gland with renal complaints.
- Hedeoma: Pain along left ureter. Colic. Urine is dark colored and is attended with tenemus. Red sand in unine. Frequent urging.
- Teucrium: Excrescences in urethra with smarting pain in upper part of urethra.
9. Action on female genitalia:
- Collinsonia: Inflamed condition of genitals with swelling. Amenorrhoca, dysmenorrhoea or prolapse of uterus when associated with or secondary to rectal congestion and constipation. Heamorrhoidal complaints occur during later months of pregancy.
- Hedeoma: Bearing down sensation as if everything would escape from vulva. ovaries congested and painful. Least movement aggravates Dsymenorrhoea-labour like pain with regular periodicity Leucorrhoea with itching and biting
- Rosmarinus: Abortion or miscarriage. Violent pain and uterine haemorrhage.
- Lamium: Menses too early and too scanty. Profuse leucorrhoea with biting sensation.
- Lycopus: Menses irregular. Menorrhagia and metorrhagia. Vagina hot with puffiness of vulva.
- Ocimum: Prolapse of vagina. Swelling of whole vulva with lancinating pain in labia.
- Teucrium: Polyp of vagina.
Govt. Homeopathic Medical College. Calicut,Kerala