Dr Varsha V Sharma
We all frequently come across the word ‘PHOBIA’ in our daily routine. There are various questions which arise in our minds related to phobia like, “What is phobia?, How does it arise?, Does Homoeopathy have any role in treating phobia?” and many more. To have a better understanding of phobia let’s go through the article below.
Definition: Phobia is defined as an irrational fear of a specific object, situation or activity, often leading to persistent avoidance of feared object, situation or activity.
As per The Clinical descriptions & Diagnostic Guidelines (CDDG) of International Statistical Classification of Diseases & Related Health Problems – 10th Revision (ICD-10), Phobias have been classified under neurotic, stress related & somatoform disorders. In DSM III, phobic disorders are sub classified as Agoraphobia, simple phobia & social phobia.
Common in women.
Onset in late second decade or early third decade.
Chronic course increasing with restriction of daily activities.
1. Psychodynamic Theory –
In phobia, by displacement, anxiety is transferred from a really dangerous object to a neutral object. This neutral object chosen unconsciously is the one, which can be avoided, in day to day activities.
2. Behavioural Theory –
Phobia is explained as a conditioned reflex to a neutral object.
3. Biological Theory –
Characteristic features of phobia:-
1. Presence of fear of an object, situation or activity.
2. Fear is out of proportion to the dangerousness perceived.
3. Patient recognizes the fear as irrational and unjustified (insight is present).
4. Patient is unable to control the fear and is very distressed by it.
5. This leads to persistent avoidance of the particular object, situation or activity.
6. Gradually the phobia & the phobic object become a preoccupation with the patient, resulting in marked distress & restriction of the freedom of mobility (afraid to encounter the phobic object- phobic avoidance).
Psora lies in the background of all sorts of phobias. As psoric miasm manifests various types of
fear, they are anxious to the point of worry & fear.
– Anxiety Disorder.
– Panic disorder.
– Obsessive compulsive disorder.
– Delusional disorder.
– Major depression.
– Avoidant Personality Disorder.
Supportive psychotherapy in adjunct to behaviour therapy. Cognitive therapy is used to break the anxiety pattern in phobic disorder.
2. Behaviour Therapy –
If well planned this mode of treatment is usually successful. Important techniques of behaviour therapy are –
b) Systematic desensitization.
c) Exposure & response prevention.
d) Relaxation techniques.
3. Homoeopathic – Along with all these above therapies, Homoeopathic treatment is quite essential. There are various important remedies for different types of phobias along with their constitutional remedy. Some of them are as follows
Medical term meaning Remedy
- Zoophobia Fear of animals China
- Coitophobia Fear of coition Kresote
- Cynophobia Fear of dogs Belladonna
- Phagophobia Fear of eating Causticum
- Coprophobia Fear of faeces Cuprum met.
- Pyrophobia Fear of fire Cuprum met.
- Thermophobia Fear of heat Ars. Alb.
- Bacillophobia Fear of infection Borax
- Traumatophobia Fear of injury Stramonium
- Noctophobia Fear of night Camphora
- Androphobia Fear of man Lycopodium
- Algophobia Fear of pain Bryonia, Pip. M.
- Peniaphobia Fear of poverty Bryonia
- Ombrophobia Fear of rain Elaps.
- Anthrophobia Fear of mankind Hyoscyamus
- Xenophobia Fear of strangers Carbo veg
- Autophobia Fear of self Arg. Nit.
- Syphilophobia Fear of syphilis Hyos
- Phronemophobia Fear of thinking Phos.
- Astraphobia Fear of thunder Phosphorus
- Haphephobia Fear of being touched Ars. Alb.
- Emetrophobia Fear of vomiting Ars. Alb.
- Phonophobia Fear of voice Cann. Indica
- Anemophobia Fear of wind Chamomilla
- Gynophobia Fear of women Pulsatilla
- Hydrophobia Fear of water Lyssin
So the answer is “YES”, Homoeopathy does have a significant role to play in phobic disorders.
Dr Varsha V Sharma MD(Hom.)
E mail : [email protected]