Referencing methods and free reference managers for dissertation work

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referenceDr Mansoor Ali

Referencing methods in post graduate dissertation.
Vancouver style is the most accepted referencing method in Indian Universities for post-graduation.

Use only Standard text book and websites. Wikipedia is not accepted and reliable as far as medical information is concerned.

Methods

  • Arrange your list chronologically
  • Number all references
  • List the first 6 authors followed by ‘et al.’ if there are more than 6 authors
  • Use official abbreviations for titles of journals
  • Reference list always begins on a new page.
  • Superscript after the full stop.1
  • Round brackets – before the full stop (1).

Book reference
Surname Initial(s). Book title. Edition – if available. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Rang HP, Dale MM, Ritter JM, Moore PK. Pharmacology. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2003

Remember the position of  : . , : ;  too important.

vancouverJournal article
Surname Initial(s). Title of article. Journal title/or title abbreviation. Year; volume(issue):page(s). DOI – if available

Leurs R, Church MK, Taglialatela M. H-antihistamines: inverse agonism, anti-inflammatory actions and cardiac effects. Clin Exp Allergy. 2002 Apr;32(4):489-498

Example : 2002 Apr;32(4):489-498

32 stands for volume, usually in a year 1 volume

(4) stands for issue – Quarterly –  4th issue

489-498 means pages

Dissertation and master thesis
Surname Initial(s). Title [type of publication]. Place: Publisher; Year.

Hasund IK. The discourse markers like in English and liksom in Norwegian teenage language : a corpus-based, cross-linguistic study [dissertation]. Bergen: Universitetet i Bergen; 2003.

Editor(s) or compiler(s) as authors
Beers MH, Porter RS, Jones TV, Kaplan JL, Berkwits M, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 18th ed. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 2006.

Web page
Author. Title [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Date of publication [date updated; cited date].

Drug-interactions.com [homepage on the Internet]. Indianapolis: Indiana University Department of Medicine; 2003 [updated 17 May 2006; cited 30 May 2006]. Available from: http://medicine.iupui.edu/flockhart/

Image from internet
McCourtie SD, World Bank. SDM-LK-179 [image on the Internet]. 2009 Apr 29 [cited 2009 Jun 14]. Available from:  ttp://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/3486672699/

Source: http://www.ntnu.no/viko/english/papers/vancouverlist

Referencing Online
You can do all the above referencing online by a single click

Mendely  & Zotero  are two accepted free tools available online incorporated in word also.

Zotero  is free, work with word, simple, word processor plug-in – an open source software.

Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network. Make your own fully-searchable library in seconds, cite as you write, and read and annotate your PDFs on any device

Download : from www.zotero.org or www.mendeley.com

Video tutorial
on how to use this simple tool available at youtu.be/4AcPaYVxHaw

Data Entry & Correction methods
Data Entry : Excel & Word

Correction is easy with Microsoft Word
Take Review section -track changes – accept-reject-comment-reviewing pan

Statistical software
Statistics is the most difficult part to many homoeopaths and medical students. You can opt the service of a statistician or utilise this simple tools.

  • Epiinfo
  • SPSS
  • Nmaster

All these softwares are free – but SPSS is the most user friendly and simple.

References

  1. Ananatha Krishnan N:medicaal postgraduate dissertation a step by step approach.India:Wolters Kluwer;2013
  2. Munir Ahammed R : Research Methodology.Bangalore: Centre for Homeopathic Studies;2005
  3. Writing a reference list in the Vancouver style:VIKO; [Published 29.04.2011;Cited on 30-04-2016].Available from http://www.ntnu.no/viko/english/papers/vancouverlist

Dr Mansoor Ali K R BHMS,MD(Hom)
Associate  Professor- Govt. Homeopathic Medical College, Calicut
Email : homoeobook@gmail.com