Dr Dussa Vamshikrishna
Abstract: A case study of Chronic Non-healing Trophic Foot Ulcer in 24 years old women treated with Homoeopathic remedy based on her totality of Symptoms. The Ulcer got healed miraculously in a very short period of time with the selected similimum Rx Acidum Nitricum.
Key words: Foot, Trophic, Non-healing, Homoeopathy, Nitric Acid.
The word ‘Trophic’ is derived from the Greek word Trophe means ‘nutrition’. Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary, defines trophic ulcer as ‘an ulcer (as a bedsore) caused by faulty nutrition in the affected part’. Mosby’s Medical Dictionary 2009 defines trophic ulcer as ‘a pressure ulcer caused by external trauma to a part of the body that is in poor condition because of disease, vascular insufficiency or loss of afferent nerve fibres’.
NEUROGENIC ULCERS2: The mechanism of formation of such ulcer is repeated injury or pressure in an area which has lost appreciation of pain. Neurogenic/Neuropathic ulcers (Figure: 01) on the sole of feet or fingertips usually develop at sites exposed to repeated high pressures during daily activities like walking or standing for long hours. These ulcers are commonly seen on the heel and ball of the foot when the patient is ambulatory; on the buttock and on the back of the heel when the patient is non-ambulatory. This ulcer starts with callosity under which suppuration takes place. The pus comes out and the central hole forms the ulcer which gradually burrows through the muscles and the tendons to the bone. That is why this ulcer is also called perforating ulcer. These ulcers are painless. People with normal sensation in their extremities, avoidance measures like changing gait or modifying activity would relieve the discomfort caused by pressure. However patients with peripheral sensory deficits as in spina bifida/ Neuropathy cases, this protective pain perception being absent, they do not relieve pressures and hence the repetitive trauma leads to skin breakdown and ulceration. The neurological conditions which predispose to formation of such ulcer include diabetes, alcoholic peripheral neuritis, Tabes dorsalis, spina bifida (e.g. Meningomyelocele), leprosy, peripheral nerve injury, paraplegia and Syringomyelia. A detailed history and clinical examination will help in diagnosing and classifying the ulcer as diabetic, venous, arterial, neuropathic, pressure sore or due to malnutrition.
MENINGOMYELOCELE3: A type of Spina bifida, where normally developed spinal cord or cauda equina is protruded along with the meninges and these structures may be adherent to the posterior aspect of the sac. It is the most common type of spina bifida in children. Neurological manifestations are almost always present and there may be sensory disturbances along with trophic changes in the lower extremities. Trophic Ulcers are very common in pressure areas. There may be motor disturbances and in advance cases one may find extensive paralysis of the legs. Urinary incontinence is also seen.
A female patient of 24 years came to OPD at Government Homoeopathic Dispensary with following complaints:
- Painless ulcer on the heel of right foot since 3 years formed after a minor trauma when she is walking, which is deep with ragged edges and exposing inner muscles of foot.
- Painless Swelling around right ankle.
- No sensation of right lower limb for external pressure or any stimuli.
- Completely lost control for urination. Wears diapers every day.
- Born with Congenital spinal disease at birth. Diagnosed as
- She undergone for surgery after 3 days of her birth.
- Mother is diabetic and suffers occasionally with seizures since her childhood for which she is using antiepileptic drugs.
- Father is apparently healthy.
- She is anxious about health and future due to this complaint. Worried about incurability of her complaint.
- She is dissatisfied with her life, feels isolated as she stays continuously at home due to her problem.
- Hates her parents as she feels they are responsible for her illness.
- Fears of Cancer as this illness is incurable and may land in cancer of her foot.
- Avoids meeting friends and family members. Desires to be alone even though she feels isolated.
- Thirsty, Desires Sweets+, Aversion to meat, Perspiration more on neck, Regular Bowels, Dreams not particular, sleeps for 6 hours, refreshing.
General Physical Examination:
- Fair, 5.6 Height, 65 kgs weight, moderately built.
- No signs of Pallor, Generalized Odema, Lymphadenopathy, Cyanosis, Clubbing, Icterus.
B.P: 130/70 MM HG, P/R: 74/MIN, H/R: 74/MIN, R.R: 19/MIN
- CVS: NAD
- GASTRO-INTESTINAL: NAD
- LOCOMOTOR: Mild Deformity of Right Foot. Charcot’s Joint?
- NEUROLOGICAL SYSTEM: Loss of reflexes- Negative for all reflexes in right knee and foot joints, Sensory loss in Right gluteal region and right lower limb. Low muscle tone and strength of Right leg.
- SKIN: Ulcer on the heel of right foot.
Ulcer: Pain: Absent, Depth: deep up to muscles, Discharge: Absent, Odor: Odorless, Edges: Ragged with dry scaly tissue, Floor: Non healing, poor and pale granulation tissue, Slight induration of the base. Clinically callus type. Lymph nodes: Not palpable. For assessing the severity of the ulcer Meggitt -Wagner Classification of Foot ulcer4 is used. According to the classification ulcer comes under Grade -02.
- CBP: Normal study, Test for Blood sugars: FBS: 98 mg/ml, PLBS: 115 mg/ml. CUE: Normal findings, NERVE CONDUCTING STUDY OF LOWER LIMBS: Suggesting of Sensory motor neuropathy of right lower limb.
The case was repertorized in radar repertory (figure-02) with the following rubrics and the selected drug is Acid nitric 30 CH. She was given single dose on 28/02/2022 after repertorising and advised to maintain hygiene of ulcer.
Rubrics selected based on following symptoms:
- Anxiety about health
- Fear of cancer
- Hatred towards parents
- Dissatisfied life
- Desires sweets
- Aversion to meat
- Ulcers of feet
- Painless ulcers
- Indolent ulcers
Results and discussion:
This case of stubborn chronic non healing trophic ulcer of Grade 02, according to Meggitt-Wagner Classification of Foot ulcer, didn’t respond to any sort of conventional treatment and other surgical procedures. However post homoeopathic treatment, the ulcer got almost healed. The patient is advised to take care from being injured since the chances of new ulcers are inevitable in this case due to lost sensation in her leg. She was advised to take necessary oral supplements like Vitamin B12 and other nutraceuticals to prevent neuropathy. She was advised to continue homoeopathic medicines further any illness noted in the foot.
I sincerely express my gratitude to Dr. V.S. Alagu varshini, I.A.S, Director, Department of AYUSH, Telangana State, and Dr. Ravi naik, Regional Deputy Director, Department Of Ayush, Telangane State for encouraging us in the dispensaries to treat the patients by providing the necessary medicines for the patients on time. My sincere thanks to the patient family for their consent to take homoeopathic treatment and for having their faith on Homoeopathy. Last but not least I must acknowledge Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, the father of Homoeopathy, for discovering the Homoeopathy for the humanity. AUDE SAPERE.
- Ghauri AS, Nyamekye IK. Leg ulceration: The importance of treating the underlying pathophysiology. Phlebology 2010;25 (Suppl 1):42-51.
- Somen Das, A concise textbook of Surgery, Sixth Edition, 2010, Ulcer, Sinus, Fistula, page: 159-160.
- Somen Das, A concise textbook of Surgery, Sixth Edition, 2010, Ulcer, Sinus, Fistula, page: 389
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Dr. Dussa Vamshikrishna is a Medica Officer, under NRHM, working at Government Homoeopathic Dispensary in Jammikunta, Karimnagar District, Telangana State, India. Did Post graduation in Homoeopathic pharmacy at J.S.P.S Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Hyderabad.