An open observational study on the efficacy of Homoeopathic Medicines in the prevention of Japanese Encephalitis epidemic in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India from 1999-2004
Professor, Department of Organon of Medicine,
J.S.P.S. Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com,
Paper presented at Homoeo Prophylaxis, An International Conference held at Florida, USA in 2016
Background: Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is an endemo-epidemic acute encephalomyelitis accompanying a viral infection, and is one of the most important viral encephalitis world-wide, including India. The first case of JE was detected in 1979 in Andhra Pradesh state, India. Initially Belladonna was administered with favorable results, but the Government did not take any effective steps to continue the prophylaxis. Between 1993 and 1999 there were 5308 recorded cases of JE in the state, of which 1511 resulted in fatalities. As the vaccination efforts were not completely effective, The Government of Andhra Pradesh recruited homeopaths to help curb the JE epidemic at a mass scale in 1999.
Methods: As prophylactic drugs, Belladonna 200 on 1, 2, 3 days one dose each, Calcarea Carb 200 on 10th day and Tuberculinum 10 M on 25th day were administered in a phased manner to all children in the age group of 0-15 years in the month of August every year for three consecutive year (BCT Project). Symptom similarity, complementary relationship, virulence and underlying miasms were taken into consideration while selecting these drugs.
Results: After the commencement of BCT in 1999, both mortality and morbidity rates of JE fell significantly. A total of 343 cases were reported in 2000 with 72 deaths, in 2001 only 30 cases with 4 deaths, in 2002 only 18 cases but no deaths, in 2003 and 2004 no cases were recorded. The Government had officially published the statistics and acknowledged the efficacy of homeopathy. This is the first major involvement of homeopathy in the field of prevention of epidemic diseases in our country.
Neighbouring states which have not adopted this method continued to show higher incidence of JE cases. After witnessing the decline in India other nations are showing keen interest in this innovative method.
Conclusions: Endemics and epidemics should be studied from the miasmatic viewpoint to understand their virulence, change of patterns and recurrence.
Keywords: Epidemics, homeopathic prophylaxis, Belladonna, Calcarea Carbonica, Tuberculinum.