Understanding sanguine temperament in relation to repertory

Dr Pallavi RN

Temperaments are our patterns of behaviour, the way we usually respond to situations. They are instinctive natural behaviours, rather than learned behaviours. It is also defined as a person’s nature, one’s usual way of thinking or acting. The physical data can be easily elicited, but problem arises in understanding the mental makeup of the patient. Knowledge of temperaments can be used as a tool to understand the mental general better.

KEYWORDS “Temperaments, Sanguine, Repertory, Rubric.


  • To define temperament
  • To list the characteristics of Sanguine temperament
  • To list the characteristics of Sanguine temperament at work
  • To list the Emotions of Sanguine temperament
  • To list the features of Sanguine temperament as a friend
  • To list the features of Sanguine temperament as a parent

Temperament is our inborn nature. Temperament remains constant throughout our life. No temperament type is good or bad. Each temperament has its own set of strength and weakness. With the similimum the weakness can be diminished. By studying temperaments we get a holistic view of a case, thus helping us to understand the individual in a better way. We can see mixture of temperaments playing role in single person but one of the temperament predominate in everyone, that will be helpful for us to identify their constitution as a keynote.


  • These people are extremely happy by nature and openly emotional.
  • They seek every possible enjoyment in life.(Restless and dissatisfied due to this desire)
  • Never feels that life is boring.
  • Does not spend time by thinking about tomorrow.
  • In sad circumstances they are able to express sympathy fully in a way that others would find comforting – most sympathetic type, Easily demonstrates feelings and experiences others.
  • When people are rude to them it upsets, but they quickly forgets an insult or offense, it does not continue to bother them nor does it affect their future relationship with that person. 
  • These people does not think about their goals in life because they are so much involved with the present – ‘forget tomorrow, the excitement is today’.
  • Has no problem making decisions, but has great difficulty taking positive action –great beginners, bad finishers.
  • Does not like people whose lives and schedules are so planned.
  • They enjoy giving suggestions and helping people with their problem.
  • They enjoy being with people and accept them as they are. 

Sanguine at work

  • Their immediate and abundant enthusiasm for a new project and ability to communicate is infectious to other people. 
  • Can work rapidly but is not always concerned about the quality of her work. 
  • Easily distracted so tasks are left unfinished.
  • They postpone unpleasant jobs in favour of doing what they enjoy.
  • They are very creative and very colourful people.
  • Since they live as though they have no past or future, they rarely learn from their past mistakes.
  • They are prone to exaggerate, they appear more successful than they are.
  • Need a job in which they can be creative, free from the limitations and routines.


  • They posses a good sense of humour.
  • They are inborn entertainers. 
  • They can lose their temper and say what they think but they get over it very quickly and is very apologetic.
  • They soon forgets the whole matter, moving on from such unpleasantness.

As a friend

  • People’s person.
  • They thrive on compliments.
  • Neither faithful nor loyal as friends. 
  • No commitments.
  • Has millions of friends and enjoys with their company and calls them all as their best friends and close confidants.
  • Wins friends easily and effortlessly because they are very affectionate and pleasant.
  • They rarely thinks about a friend who is away from them, when they loses one friend they will soon find another one.

As a parent

  • They make living at home fun. 
  • They enjoy the company of friends and of their children.
  • They have the knack of turning a disaster into a funny situation.

Fundamental disposition

  • Superficiality –never tries to know in depth.
  • Instability – they can quickly pass from tears to laughter, he always find the reason for his changes.
  • They loves variety in everything- social butterfly.
  • Tendency towards extroversion –about their own appearance.
  • They sees everything, hears everything and talks about everything. 
  • They are noted for their vivacity of speech, their inexhaustible variety of topics and flow of words.
  • Absence of deep passion –they are quickly excited but they do not make a deep and lasting impression.
  • Optimism – they overlooks difficulties and always sure of success.
  • If they fail, they does not worry about it too long but consoles himself easily.


  • Inclined to flirtation. 
  • Instability.
  • Impulsive.
  • Cheerfulness and inordinate love of pleasure.
  • Jealousy and envy.
  • Vanity.
  • Self-complacency (contented) 
  • Susceptible to flattery.


  • •    Witty
  • Kindness                           
  • Optimistic 
  • Spontaneous 
  • Confident
  • Extrovert-communicative, loquacious.


  •        Knerr‘s repertory – chapter – Stages of life & Constitutions
  •        Complete repertory – chapter – Mind
  •        Robin Murphy repertory – chapter – Constitution
  •        Lippe’s repertory – chapter – Generalities, aggravation & amelioration
  •        J H Clarkes repertory –Temperament sectio
  •        Muphy’s repertory – chapter Constitution
  •        Kent’s repertory –Generalities chapter, Mind chapter
  •        BBCR repertory –Sensation and complaints chapter


  • A/F : excitement, Emotional                           
  • Impetuous
  • Loquacity                                                      
  • Impulsive
  • Vivacious                                                            
  • Vanity  
  • Cheerful                                                           
  • Jealousy
  • Company, desire for                                         
  • Envy
  • Forgetful                                                            
  • Optimism
  • Careless                                                             
  • Extroverted
  • Theorizing                                                         
  • Exuberance


  • Ferrum metallicum
  • Phosphorus
  • Lachesis
  • Coffea cruda 
  • Belladonna
  • Agaricus
  • Cannabis indica
  • China
  • Fluoric acid
  • Hyoscyamus
  • Palladium
  • Stramonium

In our day- to -day life we encounter many people of different temperaments.

It is very much important to identify temperament and to individualise a person. We may find many temperaments in a person but one of the temperament may predominate, that will guide us for the selection of the remedy. Here are some of the cases to explain about how we can find out sanguine temperament in our daily practice by their behaviour.

A case of male patient of age 25years complaining of eruptions in between thighs since 1 month. Ring shaped eruptions which are red and itching since 10 days, on scratching it started spreading to other parts, he feels better by uncovering the part which is affected, sweat aggravates itching.

In general he is very much friendly in nature, takes things very easily, have many friends but without much attachment with anyone, having too much energy for any work at the beginning followed by laziness to work.

Desires cold drinks, ice cream. Wants someone to be with him when he is sick.

Rubrics considered are affectionate, magnetized desire to be, laziness, desires cold food and drinks  

By considering above rubrics Phosphorus was prescribed, he felt better with itching and eruptions got better within few days.

A Case of boy of 8 years with pain in throat since 3 days, pain more on left side, with difficulty in swallowing liquids, great sensitiveness to touch, pain is more on taking hot drinks, tonsils purple in colour, difficult in expectoration and is sticky.

He entered clinic by with his mother, he was quiet for some time, later started playing with the things which were kept on the table in between looking at my face for a reaction, became restless within few minutes.

He was thermally hot with intolerance of clothing around his neck.

Rubrics considered are Restlessness, Timid, clothing- loosening of- amelioration, hot, Throat pain –drinking agg.

By considering above symptoms a dose of Lachesis mutus was prescribed.

He felt better with his throat pain after a day.

Prescription based on temperaments is effective as an indication of disposition. General symptomatology is more valuable than the physiognomy. For example, faintness and aggravation from closed room are far more indicative of pulsatilla than blue eyes and fair skin. The totality of symptoms along with temperament and personality guides the physician to the similimum.


  • 1.LUC DE SCHEPPER. Hahnemannian text book of classical homoeopathy for the professional. New delhi.B jain publishers.p.
  • 2.Dr.Parinaz Humranwala. Temperament types-A study . 2nd edition. Mumbai. Nina foundation.2005
  • 3.https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four temperaments
  • 4.Roberts H.A.the principles and art of cure by homoeopathy ,Indian journal of homoeopathic sciences ,Dr. Yashika arora 2018;2(3),1-2

Dr.Pallavi RN
PG scholar