Dr Siddesha G
This article explores the role of Homoeopathy in emotion and conscience. Cognitive abilities, emotional abilities and various other skills and talents are important in making us complete individuals. Being good at knowing how others feel, regulating the emotions of others and controlling one’s display of emotions are all skills that are prerequisites for any great Homoeopath. For a person to have an active conscience they must, I think, be in touch to a reasonable degree with emotions. In this article I have briefed what is emotion and conscience, its role in health and illness and how Homoeopathy system offers a bright future in the moral psychology.
Keywords; – Emotions, Conscience, Guilt, Homoeopathic remedies.
Emotions is an acute disturbance of an organism as a whole, physiological in origin involving behaviour, conscious experience and visceral functioning.
Emotions will be expressed as:-
- Facial expression : anger, fear, joy, redness of face, expression of the eyeball, etc.
- Voice : variations in vocal expression in different circumstances are more dependable than facial expression itself.
- Body language : attacking attitude in anger, the on run when afraid, still when puzzled, sitting when bowed head in sadness and many other bodily postures are noticeable.
Kinds of emotions
- Positive Emotions :Pleasant emotions like amusement, love, curiosity, joy and happiness which are helpful and essential to the normal development are termed as positive emotions.
- Negative Emotions: Unpleasant emotions like fear, anger, jealousy which are harmful to the well-being and development of an individual are termed as negative emotions
However, by their nature of positiveness and negativizes, It should not be concluded that experiencing a positive emotion is good and experiencing a negative emotions is bad. Excess of everything is bad. Even the negative emotions may prove very essential for human welfare.
PHYSIOLOGY OF EMOTIONS
- Emotions are controlled by the endocrine glands, the ANS, and brain. The endocrine glands affect the emotional behaviour of an individual by the under secretion or over secretion of the respective hormones.ANS plays significant role in controlling and regulating emotional behaviour. Both sympathetic and para sympathetic ANS work close cooperation at the time of emotional experience.
- The sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system are having centres in the HYPOTHALAMUS.Stimulation of posterior area of the hypothalamus increases sympathetic activity leading to excitement and tension etc.Stimulation of anterior area causes increase in parasympathetic activities leading to relaxation and depression etc.Impulses that come from hypothalamus increase both smooth muscle (involuntary) and skeletal muscles (voluntary) activities.
- It has been known that various areas in the limbic system may produce a variety of emotional reactions, and the stimulation of which will produce the concerned emotional reactions.
EMOTIONS IN HEALTH AND ILLNESS
Emotions play an important role in our life. They give us energy to carry out the activity. they provide change and colour to life. A positive emotion can improve the quality of life and improve health. People who are emotionally healthy are in control of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviour. They feel good about themselves and have good relationships.
A negative emotion prevents a person seeing and accepting life situations normally. Anger, fear, shame, guilt, arrogance, envy, jealousy, resentment, sadness, or disappointments are negative emotions expressed through the aggression and violence, as well as self-pity, loneliness, boredom, and inadequacy. Negative emotions can hamper health and happiness. poor emotional health can weaken the body’s immune system and increase one’s vulnerability to cold and other infections during emotionally difficult times, when negative feelings dominant in person depression can set in. when emotionally disturbed one will not be able to take care of health properly. The psychosomatic disorder usually applied when a person has physical symptoms that appear to be caused or worsened by psychological factors.
Conscience is the psychological faculty by which we are aware of and respond to the moral character of our own actions. It is most commonly thought of as the source of pains we suffer as a result of doing what we believe is wrong — the pains of guilt, or “pangs of conscience.” It may also be seen, more controversially, as the source of our knowledge of what is right and wrong, or as a motive for moral conduct. Conscience is a natural disposition to approve or disapprove of our motives and actions in accordance with reason and to act accordingly.
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) and Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), saw the acquisition of conscience as a more decisive break with our animal past. Both believed that conscience resulted from a process of “internalization.” When our natural aggressive instincts are suppressed for the sake of social life, we find an outlet for them by turning them against ourselves, inflicting pain on ourselves in the form of guilt. The resulting psychological formation, the existence in the psyche of a superego or conscience which can punish us for giving way to our natural impulses, makes self-mastery possible
Conscience represent a key element of human moral behavior. The self-conscious emotions like shame, guilt, and embarrassment will have an immediate punishment on behavior. When person started to experience the feeling of self-conscious emotions will start to think whether he is right or wrong. the negative approach of these emotions can harm the individual’s behavior and health.
Conscience or the self-conscious emotions will manifest in variety of expressions like remorse, self-recrimination, masochism, and the whole gamut of symptoms of victimhood.
PSYCHO-PHYSICAL DISORDERS DUE TO EMOTIONAL IMBALANCE AND CONSCIENCE
In psycho-physical disorders are characterized by physical symptoms that are caused by emotional factors and involve a single organ system , usually under autonomic nervous system innervation.
Some examples are :
The emotional disturbance like anxiety, depression, anger, irritation, neglect, or frustration and conscience may effect as precipitating for varies respiratory disorders,
Stress , anxiety, anger, and excitement may become the predisposing cuases for coronary diseases by increasing heart palpitation leads to increase resistance to the flow of blood and speeds of blood clotting.
Peptic ulcer or colitis will be the result of a strong and sustained conflicts evokes a chronic emotional response usually a hostility or anxiety.
The stages of embarrassment, anger, tension, and stresses may exhibit some typical form of skin diseases like acne, eczema, hives, hyperhidrosis, and dandruff.
THUJA– dismisses the state of internal conflict, which consists of a strong and unpleasant feeling that we are not okay, and therefore we are trying to cover up all those aspects of personality that can point to our flaw or weakness. People in this form consider that other would nor prefer them if they knew their real character. Attempt to hiding “dark” side makes people emotionally closed and they become secretive, sometimes even are lying, with the intent to conceal the truth.
ANACARDIUM (Anac)- is used for people who because of their own feeling of worthlessness humiliate others.
CHELIDONIUM (Chel)- is for the persons who dominate over the others and force them to satisfy their wishes. Those who need this remedy have problems with the liver and gallbladder.
DIGITALIS (Dig)- suits the persons with weak heart and pulse, who feel guilty related to emotions (issues of the heart), believing that they do not behave good.
KALIUM BROMATUM (Kali-br)- is for the persons who believe that God punished them for their mistakes.
SYPHILINUM (Syph)- is for the persons who feel contaminated, because of which obsessively wash their hands.
NATRIUM MURIATICUM (Nat-mur)- helps people to stop thinking about the mistakes that have been done in the past in intimate relationships. They are too sensitive to accept criticism and do not express emotions, which leads to the accumulation of misunderstandings.
ARUM METALLICUM – helps people who thinks of self-condensation, feeling of guilt after the expression of anger, suicidal thoughts due to feelings of done unforgivable sin , loathing of life.
- Mangal S.K general psychology New Delhi, sterling publishers, 2011 ; 75,77.
- Bhatia and Craig’s Elements of psychology and Mental health for nurses in india edited by aruna balachandra, hyderabad, universal press (india),2013
- Nietzsche, Friedrich. On The Genealogy of Morals. Translated by Walter Kaufmann and R.J. Hollingdale. New York: Random House, 1967.
- Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and Its Discontents. Translated by James Strachey. New York Norton, 1961.
- Mangal S.K abnormal psychology New Delhi, sterling publishers, 2015; 103, 104,105,113
- Philip M. Baily Homeopathic psychology personality profiles of the major constitutional remedies, New Delhi , B. Jain publishers(p), 2012
Name and degree of the author: Dr.Siddesha. G ,BHMS, MD (part1)
College address : Father Muller homoeopathic medical college and hospital, DERLAKATTE (SUB OFFICE), DAKSHINA KANNADA, KARNATAKA (KA), India (IN), Pin Code:- 575018
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