Denotations of urinary system in various repertories

exam9Denotations of urinary system in various repertories 

ACETONURIA

– BBCR/ SYNTHESIS/ MURPHY – Urine – ACETONURIA

– abnormal increase in the amount of acetone in the urine

– Seen in –  fevers, diabetic acidosis, malignancy and intestinal disorders

ADDISON’S DISEASE

– KENT/SYNTHESIS/MURPHY: Kidneys – ADDISON’S disease

– a disease caused by the failure of the adrenal cortex to function

– Characterised with anemia, weakness, low blood pressure, hypoglycemia, feeble heart actions, small heart and bronzing of the skin

ALBUMINURIA

– BOERICKE- URINARY SYSTEM – Urine – Type – Albuminuria

– a type of proteinuria where in albumin is present in the urine

– Seen with nephrotic syndrome etc

ANURIA

– BOERICKE- URINARY SYSTEM – Urinary flow –Suppression (=ANURIA)

– total suppression or lack of urine with urine output < 100 mL

AZOTURIA

– BOERICKE-URINARY SYSTEM – Urine – sediment, type – Acetone (= AZOTURIA)

– excess of urea or other nitrogenous compounds in the urine

– Synonyms – Monday Morning Disease, Tying-Up, Paralytic Myoglobinuria, Myositis, Setfast and Equine Rhabdomyelosis

BERGER’S DISEASE

– SYNTHESIS-KIDNEYS – BERGER’S DISEASE

– Or IgA nephropathy is a form of mesangial proliferative nephritis in which IgA antibodies build up in kidney tissues and where glomeruli become inflamed and damaged

BRIGHT’S DISEASES

– MURPHY -Kidneys – BRIGHT’S disease

– a generic term for acute and chronic diffuse disease of the kidneys, usually associated with dropsy and albuminuria

– Syn – parenchymatous nephritis

CARUNCLE

– SYNTHESIS/BOERICKE/PHATHAK-Urethra – caruncle

– MURPHY-Bladder – CARUNCLE

– a small fleshy mass or growth usually occurring at the meatus of the female urethra (caruncula myrtiformes)

CASTS – epithelial

– MURPHY/KENT/SYNTHESIS: URINE – CASTS, containing – epithelial

– Seen in urine in renal tubular injury

CASTS – granular

– KENT/SYNTHESIS: URINE – CASTS, containing – granular

– Usually Non specific

– Can seen in tubular necrosis, pyelonephritis

CASTS – hyaline

–  KENT/SYNTHESIS: URINE – CASTS, containing – hyaline

–  Nonspecific

–  Seen in – normal urine, Concentrated urine, febrile disease, after strenuous exercise and in diuretic therapy

CHORDEE

– KENT/SYNTHESIS: URETHRA – CHORDEE

– MURPHY- Bladder – CHORDEE, urethra

– painful downward curved erection of the penis usually caused by gonorrheal inflammation of the corpus spongiosum or in Peyronnies disease due to lack of distensibility of corpus cavernosum

– Syn- Penis lunatus

CHYLURIA

– BOERICKE -URINARY SYSTEM – Urine – sediment, type – Chyluria

– presence of lymph fluids  or white turbid fluid containing suspended fat globules in the urine

COLOR – sherry

– MURPHY/KENT: URINE – COLOR – sherry

– SYNTHESIS – Urine – SHERRY

– Sherry is a fortified wine made from white grapes that are grown near the town of Jerez, Spain

– similar to Mahagony in colour

CYSTITIS

– Murphy- Bladder – CYSTITIS

– refers to urinary bladder inflammation most commonly caused by bacterial infections

CYSTOCELE

– Murphy- Bladder – CYSTOCELE

– BOERICKE- URINARY SYSTEM – Bladder – Cystocele

– Prolapse of the bladder into the vagina

– Syn – fallen bladder/ Hernia of the bladder

DIABETES INSIPIDUS

– BOERICKE- URINARY SYSTEM – Urinary flow – Diabetes insipidus

– Syn – neuropituitary syndrome

– a disease characterized by the passage of large quantities of urine, intense thirst and dehydration, due to an inadequate output of pituitary antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Here polyuria occurs without glycosuria or hyperglycemia and the specific gravity of urine is low

DYSURIA

– TPB – Micturition- dysuria

– KENT/SYNTHESIS: BLADDER – URINATION – dysuria

– difficult or painful urination

– most often as a result of a urinary tract infection, STDs, bladder stones, tumours, prostatic affections and anticholinergic medications

ENURESIS NOCTURNA

– SYNTHESIS –  BLADDER – ENURESIS NOCTURNA

– involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control

usually occurs. Mostly just a developmental delay—not an emotional problem   or physical illness

GLEET

– KENT/SYNTHESIS – URETHRA – DISCHARGE – gleety

– A chronic slight discharge of thin mucus from the urethra following gonorrhoea 

GLYCOSURIA

– TPB -Urine-Glycosuria

– SYNTHESIS -GENERALS – DIABETES MELLITUS – accompanied by – glycosuria; true

– sugar in the urine nearly always caused by elevated blood glucose levels, most commonly due to untreated diabetes mellitus

GONORRHEA

– MURPHY-Bladder – GONORRHEA, infection

– a specific infectious inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urethra and adjacent cavities due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae

– characterized by pain, burning urination, a profuse mucopurulent discharge, and may be accompanied by complications such as prostatitis, periurethral abscess, epididymitis, cystitis, purulent conjunctivitis, arthritis, endocarditis and salpingitis

HAEMATURIA

– MURPHY-Kidneys – BLEEDING, from – chronic hematuria

– presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine

– idiopathic or due to renal stones or tumor in the urinary tract

HEMOGLOBINURIA

– MURPHY- Diseases – HEMOGLOBINURIA

– BOERICKE-URINARY SYSTEM – Urine – sediment, type Haemoglobinuria

– condition in which hemoglobin is found in abnormally high concentrations in the urine, often associated with hemolytic anemia, Acute glomerulonephritis, Burns, Renal cancer, Malaria etc

HYDRONEPHROSIS

– BBCR-URINARY ORGANS – Kidneys – hydronephrosis

– SYNTHESIS -KIDNEYS – HYDRONEPHROSIS

– Distension of renal pelvis & calyces with urine due to obstruction of the ureter with atrophy of kidney parenchyma

INDICAN

– KENT/SYNTHESIS/MURPHY/PHATHAK:- Urine – indican containing

– A general term for substances of or containing potassium salts found in the sweat and in variable amounts in the urine, which when found in abnormal amounts can indicate protein putrefaction in the intestine 

IRRITABLE BLADDER

– KENT /SYNTHESIS-BLADDER – IRRITABLE BLADDER

– Or urge incontinence is the strong, sudden need to urinate due to bladder spasms or contractions

ISCHURIA

– BBCR- URINE – Micturition – urination – retention (ischuria)

– BOERICKE- URINARY SYSTEM – Urinary flow – Retention(=ISCHURIA)

– Commonly known as urinary retention or suppression of urine is the lack of ability to urinate


LIMPID

– KENT/SYNTHESIS/MURPHY-URINE – LIMPID

– characterized by transparent clearness, pellucid


NEPHROSIS

– SYNTHESIS-KIDNEYS – NEPHROSIS

– refers to a non-inflammatory nephropathy


NEPHRITIS

–  MURPHY-Kidneys – NEPHRITIS, infection

–  inflammation of the nephrons in the kidneys

–  word “nephritis” was imported from Latin through Greek


NEPHROLITHIASIS

– BOERICKE-URINARY SYSTEM- Kidneys–Calculi gravel(=nephrolithiasis)

– formation of kidney stones or the diseased state that leads to their formation


NEPHROCALCINOSIS

– SYNTHESIS-KIDNEYS – NEPHROCALCINOSIS

– disorder in which there is too much calcium deposited in the kidneys

– common in premature babies and most of the time, both kidneys are affected

NEPHROPTOSIS

– BOERICKE – URINARY SYSTEM – Kidneys – Floating kidney reflex symptoms, nephroptosis

– Downward displacement of the kidney, into the pelvis when the patient stands up

– Syn – Hypermobile, movable, or wandering kidney or floating kidney

– It is believed to result from deficiency of supporting perirenal fasciae, more common in women 

NERVOUS BLADDER

– SYNTHESIS – BLADDER – NERVOUS BLADDER

– the condition where the individual senses the need to urinate, but is unable to completely empty the bladder

– can be attributed to factors such as anxiety and other emotional issues as well as have a physical origin

NEPHROTIC SYNDROME

– MURPHY/SYNTHESIS-Kidneys – NEPHROTIC, syndrome

– a nonspecific disorder in which the kidneys are damaged, causing them to leak large amounts of protein into the urine, with oedema

ODOR – chamomile tea

– SYNTHESIS- URINE – ODOR – chamomile tea

– odor similar to an apple

ODOR – musk

– KENT/SYNTHESIS: URINE – ODOR – musk

– Musk is a class of aromatic substances commonly used as base notes in perfumery, include glandular secretions from animals such as the musk deer, numerous plants emitting similar fragrances and artificial substances with similar odors

ODOR – nutmeg

– KENT/ SYNTHESIS/BBCR- URINE – Odor – nutmeg, like

– The nutmeg tree is any of several species of trees in genus Myristica

Similar to  hints of Cinnamon

ODOR-valerian

– BBCR- URINE – Odor – valerian, like

– Valerian is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or

white flowers which bloom in the summer months

– smells as ‘unwashed foot’ or ‘sweaty socks’

ODOR – violets

– KENT/ SYNTHESIS/BBCR- URINE – Odor – violets, like

– Viola odorata (sweet violet) has a light scent

– Viola alba (Parma violets) have a stronger scent

OXALURIA

– SYNTHESIS /BBCR- URINE – Oxaluria

– Presence of oxalic acid or oxalates in urine often leads to calcium oxalate kidney stones

– Syn- Bird’s disease

PHOSPHATURIA

– BBCR- URINE – Phosphaturia

– hyperexcretion of phosphate in the urine

– Primarly from primary renal dysfunction and by diuretics

– Secondarly due to hyperparathyroidism

POLYCYSTIC kidneys

– SYNTHESIS-KIDNEYS – POLYCYSTIC kidneys

– a cystic genetic disorder of the kidneys

– two types -autosomal dominant and less-common autosomal recessive

POLYURIA

– BBCR-URINE – Micturition – urination – profuse, copious, polyuria, etc

urine output of  > 2 litres/24 hours

Seen with diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, drug-induced etc

PORPHYRINS

– SYNTHESIS- URINE – PORPHYRINS increased

– Porphyrins help to form many important substances in the body including hemoglobin

– found in urine in excess in Liver cancer, Hepatitis, Lead poisoning and Porphyria

PROSTATITIS

– PROSTATE GLAND – PROSTATITIS

– inflammation of the prostate gland, in men

– due to a bacterial infection or auto-immune response or disordered immune response or neuromuscular tension or physical injuries

PROSTATORRHEA

– PROSTATE GLAND – PROSTATORRHEA

– a thin urethral discharge coming from the penis, originating from the prostate mostly found in chronic prostatitis

PYELITIS

– BOERICKE-URINARY SYSTEM – Kidneys – Pyelitis

– inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney

PYELOCYSTITIS

– SYNTHESIS-KIDNEYS-INFLAMMATION-Pelvis and bladder (=pyelocystitis)

-inflammation of the renal pelvis and bladder; called also cystopyelitis

PYELONEPHRITIS

– MURPHY-Kidneys – NEPHRITIS, infection – pyelo-nephritis

– inflammation of the kidney and the pelvis of the kidney, often due to an infection ascending from the ureter

RENAL FAILURE

– SYNTHESIS-KIDNEYS – RENAL FAILURE

– or kidney failure (formerly called renal insufficiency) describes a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter toxins and waste products from the blood

STRANGURY

– BBCR/MURPHY-URINE – Micturition – urination – strangury

– SYNTHESIS-BLADDER – URINATION – strangury

– frequent painful urination drop by drop caused by muscular spasms of the urethra & bladder

STRESS INCONTINENCE

– SYNTHESIS-BLADDER – STRESS INCONTINENCE

– Stress incontinence is losing urine without meaning to during physical activity, such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, or exercise

STRICTURE

– KENT / SYNTHESIS-URETHRA – STRICTURE

– BOERICKE-URINARY SYSTEM – Urethra – Stricture

– Urinary stricture is constriction of some part of the urinary apparatus (urethra, neck of the bladder, or its opening) making urination impossible or restricted and accompanied by severe pain 

TENESMUS

– TPB-Micturition-Tenesmus of bladder

– KENT/SYNTHESIS/MURPHY-Bladder – TENESMUS

– The feeling of constantly needing to pass urine (stools), even if the bladder (bowels) are already empty ie, ineffectual straining to urinate

– It can involve pain, straining, and cramping. 

URAEMIA

– MURPHY – Kidneys – UREMIA

– PHATHAK – U – Uraemia

– SYNTHESIS – GENERALS – UREMIA

– a toxic condition of the blood from accumulation of urea and other urinary constituents, usually due to some form of kidney disease, Presents with headache, vomiting, dyspnea, insomnia, delirium, convulsion and coma 

URETHRITIS

– MURPHY-Bladder – URETHRITIS

– inflammation of the urethra with swelling may be caused by bacterias like E. coli, chlamydia, niesseria and Viruses like herpes simplex and cytomegalovirus

References :

  1. Homeopathic Dictionary – YASGUR J
  2. Pocket Medical Dictionary of The Principal Words Used in Medicine and The Collateral Sciences – JAIN B.
  3. Essentials of Repertorisation – Dr.Shashi Kant Tiwari
  4. wikipedia.org
  5. Repertorium homoeopathicum syntheticum , edition 9.1- Frederick Shroyens
  6. Homoeopathic Medical Repertory- Robin Murphy
  7. Repertory of homoeopathic materia medica (6th indian edition) -Kent.J.T
  8. Boenninghausen’s Therapeutic pocket book
  9. Boger Boninghausen’s characteristics and Repertory – Boger C.M.
  10. A concise repertory of homoeopathic medicines – Phatak

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